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of lectures on his art, said to be com- ideals in each new conception, and plete.

we felt how gratifying it was to the His reading lay much in the field of artist, thus to be criticised by his own fiction, doubtless as novels abound more works. But one feeling inspired the in pictures than any other class of spectator, that he was a truly rich man works. He admired stories having to have been permitted a sight so insomething of the terrible in them, and structive, and that no prouder monuI have heard him mention with appro- ment of fame could well be reared. bation a novel called the “Five Nights The gathered treasures of a life, devoof St. Albans," that most readers would ted to embalming the choicest images not find to their taste from its diablerie. of beauty, were open before the public. Anything deep, however, in metaphy Some persons have remarked, knowsics, anything that went down into the ing he rarely went abroad in the fields matter, and was not bungled, fixed it- and woods, (hardly at all, for some peself under his roof as a companion. riod before his death,) that his land

Of all critics, he was that one into scapes would have been better, or at whose hands it was safe for the artist !east more real, if he had not been so doto commit his design. So far was he mestic. We remember describing some removed from the ready sneer at imma- woods we had visited, when the scene turity which characterizes many who recalled a similar one of his boyhood, pretend to judge, that his kindness, his forty years before, and he surprised us careful fidelity, his sincere love of good by the extreme fidelity of his memory, intentions in others, has made his loss of the admirable portrait of the forest; almost irreparable among American ar- then he said, “ It seems, sir, as if I had tists. He had reached the age when visited the spot to-day, so vivid is my young painters came to him trustingly recollection of it.” Indeed, the tenafor his opinion, nor did they misplace city of his memory, was only equalled their confidence. Thus he has been by the surprising store of facts, aneccalled the “ Father of American art."

." dotes, and criticism, he had gathered, in A new artist, if a true lover of art, was a an education the most favorable in its treasure to him. He loved all sincere influences, both at home and abroad. followers of the muse, and named them His manner of painting was distinoften in his home, as if glad to have guished by its minute attention to all them mentioned. He expected good those details which heighten the sinthings of each, and delightedly prophe- gular effects of coloring. An artist sied their renown. If he said nothing who successfully copied his “ Lorenzo favorable of an artist, he forbore com- and Jessica," a picture on which he lavment yet not as some, who by their si- ished his skill, was told by him that he lence dispraise. He mused as it were, must have pursued the same course of as if those who sought art, had thereby tactics, to produce the same effect, but won a peculiar regard from him, and when the great painter was asked to rewere to be a hope, if not a present ful- peat the various steps, he said he could filment. He forbore to add to the dis- not recall them. He was so rich in satisfaction, so abundant in the world, design, that he could afford to invent with works of art.

an individual method adapted to the It has been said that Allston had not piece before him. He shared with the been much before the public latterly; great masters their desire for mechanbut by the exhibition of all his princi- ical perfection, and no toil was too pal pictures in America at Boston, a great for him, if he could but thereby year or two since, he was brought be- accomplish his purpose. As an infore the public more emphatically than stance of this, an alteration in his he could have been in any other shape. “ Belshazzar's Feast" may be taken, Seeing how sudden was his decease, where some change in the figures rewe must look with singular satisfaction quired the lamp to be lowered, that upon that glorious display of art. In hung from the ceiling. To effect this, that gallery we saw specimens of his the whole perspective of the immense earlier and later styles; the Italian picture was altered ; every line drawn landscape, painted-abroad, the last fe- over in chalk, requiring at least a male head completed in his silent stu- month's incessant labor, preparatory to dio at home. We were privileged to putting on the dead color. He presermark his eminent advances to loftier red to draw as much as possible from

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reality ; to be perfect in small things, duced to his last sixpence, when he as well as in great.

suddenly received the payment for his When his picture of the “Blood picture of the “ Resuscitation of the Hound,” from Mrs. Radcliffe's novel of young man on touching the bones of the “ Italian,” was exhibited, a little the prophet in the cave." If this had girl was observed shutting the blinds in gone only to his own benefit, it would the room, one after the other, and when not have been worth mentioning, but asked why, she said, " I want to shut when we learn that liberally and at out that light on the picture.” In his once he applied a part of this sum to great picture of “ Jeremiah," the wa- the needs of a brother artist, and gave fer jar on the left has attracted the no- him the means of visiting Paris, where tice of many, despite the majestic fig- the latter had long wished to proceed, ure of the prophet. The minutest we feel the noble generosity of Allston. parts of his pictures bear impress of His criticism on pictures was not the master's hand, no less than the gen- spread out in those sprawling Italianeral idea of the composition. In his isms common with amateurs. earliest drawings, in his last finished trees do not look as if the birds could pictures, he never any where slighted fly through them,” was his remark to or undervalued his genius.

the student. He describes the method of painting He used to mention with peculiar the light, in his celebrated picture of satisfaction the skill possessed by Pow“Uriel," where that angel dwelt, in the ers in the making of busts ; how closely following manner: “I surrounded him, he had imitated flesh; for other Ameand the rock of adamant on which he rican sculptors too he showed the warmsat, with the prismatic colors, in the est admiration ; while Greenough was order in which the ray of light is de- very near and dear to him. The modern Composed by the prism. I laid them German school of painting he considin with the strongest colors, and next ered very promising, and the great with transparent color so intimately work illustrating their pictures had blended them, I re-produced the origi- been sent to him from the compiler. nal rayIt was so bright, that it made His great picture, as it is called, of your eyes twinkle as you looked at it.” Belshazzar's Feast, which was to have

A young man who had a taste for contained two hundred figures, is left painting, and was looking about after a incomplete ; the scale of the piece profession, consulted Allston, through having been often changed, and the a friend, for his opinion. The great chief figure, that of the king, once painter replied: “It is a calling full of nearly finished, quite erased. delays and disappointments, and I can once asked how he got his light for this never recommend any one to pursue it. picture, when he said, “ from the mysIf he must be a painter, let him come terious letters on the wall ;—the MENE, prepared to bear up a mighty burden." MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN.

The lamp It was his opinion that artists and lite- in the vast hall grows dim, in the brightrary men must of necessity be poor, ness of that supernatural light." yet he added, " I, surely, cannot com

Mr. Allston's health had never been plain of the public.” Of pictures he fully established, since a severe sickused to say, that their interior meaning ness he had abroad, some thirty years should be as much attended to, as their since; but until within the last two superficial effect. His advice to a years, no anxiety of a painful kind had young artist was: “Do not be anxious, been felt. He died very suddenly on but put faith in your fingers. When I the evening of the 9th of June, 1843, paint I often do not look at my palette ;I aged sixty-three years, after painting take off my colors by a secret sympathy as usual during the day, and conversing between my hand and the pigments. with his friends almost to the hour of Being asked whether he did not pre- his death. fer a certain picture of his above the In so brief a notice of so eminent a rest, he replied : “ I love all mychild- painter, no particular criticism of his

Yet in his chalk outline of a various works can be looked for, and it scene from the “Midsummer Night's belongs to his biographer fully to porDream,” he pointed out a dancing figure tray his moral excellencies. It has to an artist, as happily drawn.

been said, that he will not be chiefly At one time, in London, he was re- celebrated in future times as an historiVOL, XIII.-NO, LXIV,


He was


cal painter, yet what American will His fame will not rest merely on these. compare, thus far in this line of art, Those designs, drawn from the artist's with him? In the course of time, can soul, so harmonious and perfect, that any one doubt that such works as fitly to praise them seems impossible, Miriam,”

" " Jeremiah,” “Uriel," and must for ever remain to keep the name others of the like character, will rank of Allston fresh in the memory of his with the best historical pictures extant. country.




There is “ Founjain" in our woodland dells,
Deep in the solemn shadow of high nulls,
Where an unbroken sabbath stillness dwells
Through the long summer day; where Memory fills
Her golden bowl with nectar which distils
From heaven; where the low, dim hum of bees,
And a deep, mystic spirit-music thrills

Upon the heart-strings, lulling it to ease,
With spirits of love around and thou art one of these..

And oft in the warm sunset hours of June,
On the green margin of our mountain stream,
Under the sparkling stars and crescent moon,
While scanning the blue fields where poets dream
Is Love's eternity, the immortal theme
Has come upon me in the “ Evening Wind;"
So sweet the visitation, one might deem

The invisible zephyrs angels good and kind,
Diffusing from their wings those sweets which fill the mind.

And in mild Autumn's “melancholy days,”
When the birds cease to sing, the flowers to bloom ;
Yet when around us a voluptuous blaze,
The skies, the earth, the spirit doth illume,
So that we scarce regret the work of gloom
In Nature's desolation :-in such hours,
I think of that “meek blossom" of the tomb,

With others gather'd from our summer bowers,
That fair and gentle girl " who perished with the flowers."

Sweet is it to commune on Nature's page,
Her ample page, meek bard, with such as thee;
Who teachest that a flower may assuage
The mind, and quell its murmurs; that a tree
May give a friend's companionship to me ;
That the hush'd woods are hallow'd temples, where
Amid their sounding aisles, whate'er may be

Our creed, or vur condition, or our care,
The heart unfolds its leaves like flowers which bloom but there,


The imports of the month have slight- has been ruinous, and exhibits itself ly increased, but the effect of the ta- chiefly in the fact, that although the riff of the Twenty-seventh Congress national debt had been increased as folupon the finances of the Government lowsPublic Debt, including Treasury Notes, March 4th, 1841,....



,27,394,261 Increase in ten years,.





since then a $7,000,000 stock has been England would be short. The Atlantic issued for the redemption of Treasury cities are now feeling the benefit of Notes, and the

is still that advance. In the Western States, $5,000,000 deficit for the year ending at the opening of the spring, the farmJanuary, 1844. This amount, it is ers, although possessed of good stocks, understood, will be issued in Treasury were not disposed to accept the extreme Notes in the old form, which according low prices then current. In May and to existing laws may be done to that June, the accounts from abroad gave an extent, or in notes bearing a nominal impulse to prices, which brought forth rate of interest, redeemable on demand stocks and stimulated trade. In the valin the city of New York, and receiva- ley of the Illinois in particular, wheat ble for all Government dues. This was at 30 a 35 cents, and farmers latter will be a mere Government paper would not part with their stock; when money, and is now in contemplation. the rate rose, however, to 50 a 55 cents,

The general appearance of the fall extensive sales immediately took place. trade thus far has been good. The The proceeds passed from the farmers. dealers from the country who have vis- into the hands of the storekeepers, who ited the city, have been numerous and were thus, in a great measure unexhave purchased fairly at prices which, pectedly placed in a position to make for most descriptions of goods, show a their accustomed visits to the sea-board, reasonable advance from the extreme and both in New York and sister cities low rates to which they had fallen. the presence of Illinois traders has been This has grown out of an advance in both welcome and profitable. No class most articles of agricultural products, of dealers stand in better credit or have giving the consumers of goods the paid up more promptly. The same means of paying their store bills, and gratifying result has been evinced in the dealers in their turn the means of other sections, and although prices of coming to the city, and both paying old agricultural products have not been accounts and making new purchases. sustained, their effects in drawing forth In a former article we alluded to the produce are indicated in the following advance in price which most articles table of wheat and flour arrived at tide had undergone in the interior, conse water by the Erie canal for several quent upon a belief that the crop of years :


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Total wheat & flour, bbls. 1,083,407 2,083,977 1,776,250 1,747,520

The receipts to September 1st, are continuance of that movement, which, larger than ever before, even in the by raising the prices of produce, giving year 1840. Showing the immense in- the people the ability and will to pay crease of natural wealth, and also the commercial debts, will inevitably refact, that the business now doing in the store to them the disposition to pay Atlantic cities is a real business. The taxes for the discharge of public debts. purchases are not on credit nor with This view of the state of affairs money borrowed, but with the actual seems, at the date of our last advices proceeds of industry. Hence the busi- from England, to have wrought a ness has not been accompanied with change in regard to American securithe usual demand for money for its ties, to which that market had long been prosecution ; on the other hand, the a stranger. The negotiation of the plenteousness of money seems rather Illinois Commissioners, which we deto increase as it progresses.

The scribed in our June Number, proceeds weather of the past summer has, how- favorably; and the result of the dispoever, been far from propitious to the sition of the people of that State to setdevelopment of business. The last tle their debts has been such as we then winter was an unusually “hard” one, anticipated, viz., to remove in a great and the absence of snow in many large degree the imputation of disinclination sections had an injurious effect upon to pay just debts. Accordingly, for the the winter crops. The spring was first time in many months, a disposition then very backward, so that the cotton to speculate in American stocks was crop was thrown back some three weeks apparent in London, and many sales later than usual, and, followed by a long had taken place at improved prices. drought, destroyed in a great measure Nothing was wanting but a movement in succession the crops of wheat, corn, on the part of Indiana, Maryland, and and cotton ; while the drought in the Pennsylvania, towards paying their State of New York was so severe as debts in order to recover American absolutely to suspend the flouring of credit. Indeed, when we reflect upon wheat; all these are events which will the population and resources of the lathave an influence on the winter and ter State, we are struck with the despring trade. These untoward events, moralising effects of the paper system. however, in our varied climate, occur The creation of bank credits to an unbut seldom. The general result of the limited extent, the legalising of their summer business has been to give an fraudulent suspension, and the subseimpulse to the cash system, and put in quent passage of a bankrupt act, were motion the elements of great prosperity. well calculated to suggest to the people The general features of the whole trade a resistance to taxation, and as a natuare, abundant products at advancing ral consequence injure the national prices, an increase of trade, a great character. plenteousness of money, and a con That Pennsylvania is abundantly able tinued firmness in public securities. to pay, is sufficiently apparent, even if All these are indications that the crisis we compare the population and debt of has passed ; that the lowest point of the whole United States in 1796, with depression has been reached, and a those of Pennsylvania now, as follows:

Population. Debt per head. United States, 1796,.

$83,762,172 3,929,827 21.31 Pennsylvania, 1843,.

37,500,000 1,930,224 19.40 The debt of Pennsylvania is not so and when they are in possession of publarge by $1.91 per head, after a season lic works constructed with the proceeds of twenty-five years profound peace, of the debt, which was all spent among


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