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I. The Irish REPEAL QUESTION
II. SONNET.-By H. T. Tuckerman
III. On the ORIGIN AND SOURCE of GOVERNMENT.-By Orestes A.

Brownson
IV. PROMETHEUS.-By J. R. Lowell

V. Ode.—By Miss Anne C. Lynch
VI. PENNINGS AND PencilliNGS, IN AND ABOUT Town.-By Joseph

C. Neal, Author of “ Charcoal Sketches." With Illustra

tions by Darley. No. II. -Street Corner Loungers
VII. Now and Then, a DIALOGUE.—By Harry Franco
VIII. CardiLLAC THE JEWELLER. From the GermAN OF HOFFMAN.

By Mrs. E. F. Ellet
IX. Hampton Beach.—By J. G. Whittier .

X. Roger Malvin's Burial.-By Nathaniel Hawthorne
XI. MENTAL HYGIENE

Mental Hygiene, or an Examination of the Intellect and
Passions ; designed to Illustrate their Influence on Health

and the duration of Life. By William Sweetser, M.D.
XII. AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE.-By Horatio Greenough
XIII. Another Last WORD ABOUT TYLERISM
XIV, STANZAS FOR Music

XV. Monthly FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL ARTICLE
XVI. New Books OF THE MONTH
XVII. MONTHLY LITERARY BULLETIN

American-English.

162 184 186 196

206 211 212 213 219 223

.

THREE SHEETS AND A HALF, OF THIRTY-TWO PAGES EACH.

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The movement now so deeply agitating which it is either to graze in triumphIreland is, in several of its features, ant safety or to strew with the shattered too remarkable a passage of contem- fragments of its wreck,—we behold poraneous history, not to arrest strongly it approaching the crisis of its fate. It the notice and interest of the general seems scarcely worth while to specuobserver, independent of its peculiar late upon the doubtful issue to which claim upon the sympathies of the Ame- so brief a period must now bring the rican democrat. Such a spectacle has solution. We can but hold our breath certainly never been exhibited before, as we strain the eager eye, awaiting as that afforded at this moment by that the imminent moment that is to decide noble and long-suffering people. We whether the pent voice shall burst forth have heard a great deal of the power in a shout of exulting joy, or find an of Public Opinion in the present age,- utterance only in the mournful accents this movement appears the most com- of lament. But possibly meanwhile, plete instance yet witnessed of its em- distant and feeble though it may be, a bodiment, expression, and application cheer of encouragement may not be to a particular point of action, as an wholly useless to strengthen the hearts actual practical force, sufficient to itself of the gallant crew; nor should the and to its object, and fearlessly confi- voice of any American freeman be dent in that sufficiency. If it is carried wanting from that swelling acclamation out to the end as it has been begun, as of sympathy whose peal already burit has thus far proceeded,-above all, thens every western breeze that sweeps if it shall achieve successfully the great across the Atlantic. national triumph to which it aspires, God save and speed them! What preserving still the wbite robe of its should any of us care though their pure moral purpose unstained with the great leader should so little understand desecrating defilement of blood, it will all the bearings of a diffcult local quesexhibit one of the most beautiful, as tion of our own, growing out of the well as sublime spectacles the world peculiar institution respecting which has yet had to witness, in all the history those States possessing it are so nervof the perpetual struggle of Man against ously sensitive ? What if O'Connell, his Chains.

in common with the general sentiment We watch its course with a deep of his country and time, views from his and anxious interest. Faster and faster, trans-Atlantic distance the subject of nearer and nearer,-like some noble American slavery in a light leading him ship, land-locked on an iron coast, to speak of it in a manner similar to and sweeping on towards the breakers that in which he is at the same time

denouncing the wrongs of England idea, as on all occasions declared by its towards his own native land ? His abo- head and representative, is its character litionism has nothing to do with the of Peacefulness. It is purely a moral wrongs of Ireland, nor with the remedy agitation. Even while it finds one mode for them which she and he are alike of its expression in the collection of the struggling after. With all respect to physical masses, on a scale so stupendous the gentlemen concerned, the demon- as to be scarcely conceivable even to our strations recently made in some of our American imaginations, familiar as we Southern cities on this point of offence, are with vast popular assemblages, it by dissolving their Repeal Associations, at the same time emphatically discounand withdrawing from the movement of tenances the idea of applying them to Irish Repeal, all their expressions of any other use, than an intense concensympathy and contributions of more tration of that moral power which practical aid, for the sole and simple asserts its own full ability to effect its reason of Mr. O'Connell's sentiments whole aim ; together with a sublime and language on this subject, strike us exhibition of the force and unanimity as absurd in the extreme; and as in of a national sentiment. If a lion is truth far more injurious to ourselves, introduced upon the scene of action, it than to those against whom, as an act is by a little child that it is led. Noof resentment and hostility, they are thing in the nature of rebellion is directed.

spoken of, thought of. On the conThe American reader needs perhaps trary, O'Connell has assumed ground to be made to understand rather better of even extreme Quakerism. He has than is generally the case, the true declared that could he obtain all that meaning and merits of this movement, he aims at for his country at the exwhich have indeed been more obscured pense of a drop of human blood, he than illustrated by the speeches and would not pay that awful price for it. proceedings of some of the recent The military array of the ministry, meetings held in various parts of the against the great moral might of a country, by its enthusiastic, but rather peacefully determined people, he laughs hasty and hot-headed friends. On some at as no less absurd than brutal. No of these occasions we have heard little attempt is made at any kind of organielse than the language of blood and zation of a similar character on the war, as though it were a revolution of popular side, such as have not been unviolence which was appealing to our familiar to the former history of the sympathies. Donations have been same unhappy country.

On the congiven for buying " powder and ball,” trary, he is constant in his cautions to and the prospect held out of a “hun- the people to beware of affording to dred thousand volunteers” ready and their adversaries the slightest pretext eager to follow their pecuniary contri- to charge upon them any violation of butions, to take part in the anticipated the law or disturbance of the peace. struggle of civil war,—with the inti That O'Connell is himself sincere in mation hinted, that after crossing an this position, is doubted by few, we beocean it would not be worth while to lieve, even of those to whom he and all he stop short at a petty channel, while the does are inost obnoxious—though whethree million Chartists of England's ther it will be possible for him to carry own tear-bedewed island await hut such out such a system to the end, with all a signal to rise too against their op- the inflammable materials with which pression. Against all this, while we he has to deal, is a very different quesdesire to express the sincere and tion. It is one consistent with his earnest sympathy of American demo- declarations and his conduct for many cracy with the cause of Irish emanci- years back, anterior to the present pation, we cannot omit to record at the occasion, for which it might otherwise same time its equally sincere and be supposed to have been assumed as a earnest protest.

Indeed those who mask for a different design, like a quaker thus deal with the subject, prove their garb cloaking a cuirass. As a powerful own total and gross misconception of opponent of the punishment of death, the true spirit of the whole movement, he has made strong expressions of his to which their misdirected zeal cannot sense of the sacred value of human life, fail to do much more harm than good. —which may well, perhaps, have had

Its highest, its peculiarly ennobling its origin in the bitter hour when he

seen.

himself beheld an enemy stretched at with that instalment of right, if not his feet by the act of his hand. And found to work satisfactorily. at the period of the Canada rebellion, The catalogue of grievances of which he was on frequent occasions severe the Irish have to complain under the against what he denounced as the felly Union, is a longer one than we have as well as crime of the insurgents in space, or than there is any occasion for having recourse to arms, and launching us to detail. For this purpose, it is their cause on a sea of blood, instead unnecessary to go back to the antiquiof the purer waters of peaceful and ties of the subject, though they too have legal agitation. There can be no their bearing upon even the actual predoubt, we repeat, of his sincerity. sent state of the question, from the conWhether even his unparalleled degree sistent uniformity of ruthlessness, in of power over his countrymen, whose every form of plunder and oppression, heaving millions he seems to sway as by which, from the earliest period, the the moon the tides of the ocean, will English government of Ireland was suffice to restrain them from all the characterized ; and of which some of the natural impulses of their brave spirits fruits, to the present day, are to be found and quick hands, remains yet to be in that bitter hatred of English domina

God grant that he may ! But tion rankling yet so deeply in the if he does, it will be in spite of the Irish heart. This national feeling, even difficulties created, or at least increased, though its earlier roots may have to be by those intemperate friends, here or sought centuries and centuries ago, in elsewhere, who, in direct opposition to periods whose long-buried atrocities it hira and his efforts, send to the Irish is a worse than idle task to dig up now, people such suggestions and such out of the catacombs of the past to the stimulations as those above alluded to. horror and disgust of the present, yet

The object in view is not, as so many constitutes a living and practical politiseem to suppose, dismemberment of cal fact, which the wise statesman canthe empire, the erection of a distinct not cast out of the account as an imnational independence for Ireland. In portant element in the present question. point of population and revenue, indeed, And the period is, indeed, so recent that beautiful island, which has been down to which the tyrannical rule of not more adorned by the loveliness of Ireland by the “ English Ascendency" her daughters than the genius of her continued animated by a spirit little sons, would be fully competent to main- better than that of its worst and blooditain a national position of dignity and est day—the forced relaxation of the importance in the European scale : chain of oppression, link after link, has after the first-rate powers of France, been at once so reluctant and so ungraAustria, Russia and Prussia, the only cious--the remnants and results of the ones that would be entitled to rank on old treatment, with that relation of the same level with her being Spain conquered subjection and degradation and Turkey. But it is merely a legis- on which it was based, are yet so lative separation that is sought, and not many and so galling—that it cannot be a disjunction from the British empire any subject of surprise that the herediand crown. The right of local self- tary transmission of this feeling, still legislation, by a domestic parliament, perpetually, in greater or less degree, in connection still with a common renewed and refreshed, should have executive, is what is demanded, such thus kept it alive, and so deeply and as, indeed, existed in Ireland, in full thoroughly woven it into the texture of force, for a period of nearly twenty the national character. years anterior to 1800, the date of that The history of the Act of Union itself, act of union of which the abrogation is too, while so recent as to be within the now sought. And, in fact, O'Connell memory of many who can relate the has even declared himself willing to recollections of those dark and disaccept of an inferior local legislature, astrous days, and traditionally familiar subject to the paramount control of an to the whole people, presents such a imperial parliament, if unable to obtain mass of abomination and atrocity, of the full restoration of an equal and which that act was the object and the independent parliament,—though with- result, that it may be said itself alone out any pledge of final contentment to constitute the sufficient motive for

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