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dealers money on pledge of them, tarded in an eminent degree by the uncreate a great and effective demand. certainty attending legislative action. The stocks are taken out of the hands The indomitable energies of the Ameof needy owners and deposited in the rican people may be checked, but canbanks. The money thus drawn out of not be controlled for any length of the banks finds its way very slowly into time. The internal navigation presents other branches of business. When there already a degree of activity scarcely is no adequate foreign vent for agricul- ever before equalled, and the tolls on tural produce, a similar effect can be all the great public works present a brought about only very slowly. As great excess over those for the same soon as a rise is effected on the sea- period last year. With a permanent reboard, the impulse runs through the turn to the republican principle of a whole country, carrying with it large purely revenue tariff, without restricsums of money, which becomes dis- tions or special privileges, the swelling tributed in all the channels of circula- volume of American wealth would soon tion. This natural result has been re- overshadow that of assembled Europe.


Classical Essays on Ancient Literature and combined lights we may discern more

Art, with the Biography and Correspond- clearly our way into the future, for it is ence of Eminent Philologists. By BA- the future the Americans are always MAS SEARS, President of Newton looking, not enough perhaps to the past, Theological Institution ; B. B. ED. and certainly not enough to the present. WARDS, Professor in Andover Theo- Herodotus somewhere tells of a people of logical Seminary; C. C. Felton, Pro- Asia, who promised the crown to him who fessor in Harvard University. Boston: should first behold the break of day. All Gould, Kendall, and Lincoln, 59 Wash- looked towards the East. One, howington-street. 1843.

ever, more sagacious than the rest, fixed

his eyes in the opposite direction, and This work appears to have been pre- while the East was all buried in utter pared primarily with a view of quicken- darkness, he discerns in the western ing the taste of the American public for horizon the first rays of the harbinger of classical studies, and indirectly to show day lighting up the summit of a distant the tendency of the German mind, and the tower. habits it has adopted in the culture of an We conceive that if we should turn to cient learning during the last half cen the past for its instruction and advice, for tury. For the first end, this work is the same purposes that this shrewd written too much in the spirit of idolatry. Asiatic turned to the western tower, There has been no proper transmutation we may be assisted by it in anticipatof the classic life and strength into ing the future. We should look at anmodern formulas, no discrimination of the cient institutions and ancient literature, beauties from the deformities of ancient not to imitate, but more frequently to speculation, but the whole pagan dispen- avoid. To see by the fact of ancient sation of the classic era is made the bur. errors, ways and means of preventing den of an unconditional panegyric. The their re-appearance Unless approached days of such advocacy are past. Who in that spirit, the popularity of ancient would now advance the cause of classi- writers is a curse rather than a benediccal learning must show some practical tion. and definite advantage to accrue from This is, we believe, substanti lly the their study, some result that can be public feeling with us, and until the habit weighed and measured. Such relation- of advocating classical studies by indisship between the past and the present criminale praise of what the ancients should be established, that from their said and did is abandoned, the public

feeling will not undergo any material renders the letters of great men the most change in their favor. So entirely practi- fascinating portion of their works. In cal, and we think sensible, are the opi- addition to this correspondence, which nions of Americans getting to be, that we occupies about one-third of the volume, are confident no defence of the ancients we have the Inaugural Discourse delivcan ever again elevate them, among the ered by Jacobs on entering, we presume, American people, to the dignity of exam upon his professorship at Munich. The ples or of authorities upon any of the subject is The Study of Classical line more important questions that agitate tiquity.From the same illustrious critic modern society. For this reason we do not we have three other very valuable essays. believe that the work before us, which is One upon the “ Wealth of the Greeks in conceived throughout in an idolatrous Works of Plastic Art.Another upon spirit, will materially elevate the con The Superiority of the Greek Language dition of classical learning among us. in the Use of its Dialects," and third, and Who, for instance, that has any idea of far the most interesting of them all, upon its true vocation, would think of asking the Education of the Moral Sentiment the following question which is presented among the Ancient Greeks.” We have in the Introduction, with the view of also here a very profound analytical hisshowing the importance of reading the tory of the Latin language by Hand, who ancients in the original instead of a trans- ranks among the first Latin scholars in lation :-“ So of law and political science. Germany, and succeeded Passon at WeiWho has laid the best foundation for mar, and was asterwards appointed to a statesmanship, the man that has patiently professorship in Jena. studied Demosthenes, Thucydides, and These comprehend all the translations Polybius, in the original, or he whose in the present volume, but by no means knowledge is made up from Langhorne's all of its valuable contents. Besides the Plutarch, and Mitford's jaundiced His- notes, which give brief but very imtory ?

portant biographical notices of all the The idea of an American of the nine- distinguished scholars whose works and teenth century studying statesmanship whose letters have been extracted by the either in Thucydides, or Langhorne's editors of this volume, we have two exPlutarch, is almost as grotesque, as if he ceedingly useful historic dissertations, one were to set about studying astronomy upon the “Schools of German Philology,' in Ptolemy's “Great Construction," or by President Sears, and the other upon botany in the “ History of Plants,” of the “Schools of Philology in Holland," Theophrastus.

by Professor Edwards.

We have no It is not, then, its direct advocacy of doubt these dissertations will prove to classic learning which gives this book its most of the readers of this book, as it has value, but as showing the achievements of to us, its most instructive and most conmodern German scholarship in that di- venient portion. They have made us for rection, and as presenting some of its the first time personally acquainted with most valuable observation and criticism men whom we have hitherto found it exin a language to which we all have ac- ceeding ditficult to invest with any of the cess, we weleome this book with our ordinary attributes of humanity. warmest acknowledgments. It is com In conclusion, we must say that we posed chiefly of dissertations and essays have not seen any book of miscellany in upon ancient literature and art, by Jacobs a long time, the perusal of which has and Hand, and what is to us far more in. yielded us so much pleasure. We comteresting, of a large mass of correspond. mend it earnestly to the attention of every ence upon philological subjects, between man of elevated taste and liberal culture, some of the greatest philologists probably though we know full well that no recomthat the world has ever seen. Among mendation of ours should add currency to which we may enumerate RHUNKEN, any work which comes endorsed by the RITTER, Ernesti, HEYNE, KANT, TYR- elegant and accomplished scholars to WHITT, Voss, WOLF, LARCHER, WITTEN- whose taste, to whose learning, and to BACK, Beck, CREUZER, MATTHIAE, BEK- whose industry,'the public are indebted KER, Schutz, HERMANN, Passow, and a for the preparation of this. Our only multitude of others equally distinguished. wonder is that they could have permitted We are presented with over a hundred of such a puerile, unreasonable, trashy “ Inthese letters, which have been translated troduction,” to be bound up with the rest from various collections of their authors' of the work. It has no one conceivable correspondence, and which abound not claim for a place in such society, only in valuable suggestions upon different points of literary interest, but also in all that personal incident which usually

Lectures on Magdalenism; its Nature, Er- Psychology, or the Embodiment of Thought;

tent, Effects, Guilt, Causes and Remedy. with an Analysis of Phreno-Magnetism, By Rev. RALPH WARDLAW, D.D. De Neurology," and Mental Hallucination, livered and published by special request including Rules to govern and produce of forty ministers of the Gospel, and the Magnetic State. By ROBERT H. eleven hundred fellow-Christians. First COLLYER, M. D., Member of MassaAmerican from second Glasgow edition. chusetts Medical Society, &c. Zieber New York: J. S. Redfield, Clinton Hall. & Co. Philadelphia. Boston: Saxton, Peirce & Co. 1843. 1ộmo. pp. 172.

This pamphlet, in the form of a letter

to Dr.Winslow Lewis, of Boston, has been We looked into a few of the pages of elicited by the articles that have appeared the earlier chapters of this most painfully in this Review in relation to “ Neurology,” interesting little work, till in very sickness &c. Its author, well known as a lecturer of heart, at the portraiture there drawn of on Animal Magnetism, denies to either the nature, extent and effects of that hide. Dr. Buchanan, or to the Rev. La Roy ous and awful national disease, we turned Sunderland, the merit of having been the from them and sought some relief in that first to discover the separate excitability portion which purports to treat of its of the different phrenological organs of the “ remedy." Alas, there is but little com

brain. Dr. Collyer shows that he perfort to be found there, in the miserably formed similar experiments, on patients petty expedients of alleviation, which are

in the mesmeric state, as early as May all it has to suggest! Of what avail your 15th, 1841, before large public audiences charitable projects and establishments, in Boston, the idea having been suggested your Female Refuges, and manifold Moral by Dr. Shattuck of that city. Mr. SunReform institutions, while the great root derland's discovery of the same fact was of the evil remains untouched, in that false not till August 5th. Dr. Collyer states, organisation of society which is for ever however, that he has subsequently abankeeping down in the dust of degradation, doned that ground, being satisfied that the and the starvation of vainly toiling des- effects are produced mesmerically by the titution, not only the great majority of the operation of the will of the person acting. whole human family, but, with a peculiar He therefore attacks Dr. Buchanan's peweight of oppression, its weaker and ten- culiar theory of “ Neurology," as imagiderer half! What avail they all! To in- nary and false. He states a number of dividual cases they may doubtless bring striking mesmeric effects produced by him incalculable good; and for the sake of before large audiences; dwelling particuthose individual cases they are well wor- larly on that of the injection of the thought thy of all the time, labor and money that of one brain into that of another person benevolence can bestow upon them. But in a manner similar to some of the wellas a “ remedy" for the great disease itself known performances of oriental magic. -as well undertake the task of emptying Those interested in these curious subjects the ocean through a goose-quill. How- of inquiry will do well to look at his pamever, we have no doubt that a remedy is phlet, which may be had at the office of yet to be brought about, in the develop- the Sun, in New York, and of Redding & Inent of that Providence whose combined Co., Boston. prophecy and instrumentation are found in Christianity; but it will be incidentally attendant upon other social changes, much more than the immediate effect of any of Bankrupt Stories. Edited by HARRY those partial and petty palliatives about FRANCO. Parts 1 and 2. The Haunted which these worthy and pious men busy Merchant. New York : Published by themselves so zealously. God speed the John Allen, 139 Nassau street. 1843. day on !—and the publication of this work, superficial as it is, as well as of several This very clever tale, by one of our others of the same general character, cleverest tale writers, which originally within a recent period, (of which that of appeared in the Knickerbocker, is now Parent-Duchatelet is the most remarka- republished in numbers, as the commenceble), is one of the influences calculated to ment of a series designed to extend to advance it, by forcing thousands to that eight or ten other stories, under a general painful and reluctant necessity to which title which is certainly calculated to comso few yield, namely, to open their eyes mend them to a very numerous class of and ears, and see and hear a little of all readers, at the same time that it will that surrounds every step of their own afford a wide range for materials of the daily life of comfort and content.

most exciting interest. One recommendation they have, in addition to their own

intrinsic merit, which in these latter days anxious to indulge the beautiful taste and is worthy of particular mention,- that healthful enjoyment to which, as its lille while very cheap in price, they are well imports, it is designed to minister, yet printed, in a large clear type and fair white sadly deficient in that practical combined paper; so that when a few years hence with scientific knowledge, necessary to every third person to be met will be make its labors at once successful and suffering from disease in the eyes, their agreeable. In the preface, it is planned publisher at least will feel his conscience and arranged precisely for those who know free from the responsibility of having but little if anything on the subject, yet contributed to the national ophthalmia. would desire both to know and to do a

great deal,-the author having herself

found herself in that exact situation, on The Pomological Magazine. By Charles her marriage with a gentleman well known W. Elliott. Cincinnati: Published by his publications to be mainly absorbed

in this and kindred pursuits. It by U. P. Jaines. June, 1813.

is illustrated with a great number of inThis is the first number of a bi-monthly structive drawings; and its American periodical which can scarcely fail to prove Editor, by thus bringing it out, has added highly acceptable to all who interest largely to the public gratitude to which themselves in the cultivation of fruits. It his own former works had so well entitled is to be devoted exclusively to the culture him. of choice fruits, each number containing five engravings of such, with descriptions, and two pages of other matter, consisting The Fortunes of Hector O'Halloran, and of short essays upon the history, culture, and diseases of fruit trees, drawn from the

his Man, Mark Antony O'Toole. By best experience. The fruits contained in

W. H. MAXWELL, &c., &c. With 23 the present number are the Beurre D'.

Illustrations by J. Leech. New York: Aremberg Pear, the Washington Plum,

D. Appleton & Co., 200 Broadway. the Baldwin Apple, the Elton Cherry, and

Philadelphia: George S. Appleton,

148 Chestnut street. the Detroit Apple. Its editor is a gentle

1843. 8vo. pp. man of fine intelligence and accomplish

412, ment, whom the more congenial attractions of country life have withdrawn from the

We have before noticed this amusing crowd of cities, to the cultivation of those and exciting Irish story, on the appearance pursuits which have peculiarly qualified of its monthly parts. It is now issued in him for the editorship of the present its complete form, in a handsome octavo, publication. The agents of the work in making one of the most readable books of

its class. New York are Wiley & Putnam; and we feel fully assured that it will well repay its subscription price (two dollars a year) The Complete Poetical Works of John to all who may feel interested in taking a

with Explanatory Notes, and a work of this character.

Life of the Author, by the Rev. H. Stebbing, A. M.; to which is prefixed Dr. Channing's Essay on the Poetical Genius

of Millon. New York: D. Appleton Gardening for Ladies ; and Companion to & Co., 200 Broadway. Philadelphia: the Flower-Garden. By Mrs. Loudon,

George S. Appleton, 148 Chestnut-st. First American, from the third London 1843, 12mo. Edition. Edited by A. J. DOWNING, Author of A Treatise on Landscape The Appletons have here added Milton Gardening, Cottage Residences, &c. to their cheap series of the Classic Poets, New York: Wiley & Putnam. 1843. in the same neat and compendious form 12mo. pp. 347.

with those already before the public,

Cowper, Scott, and Burns. We can only This is just the book that was wanted bid them go on and “be not weary in by many thousands of fair horticulturists, well doing."

Milion ;

pp. 562.



to print the edition in the obso

lete form of folio, as well as to incorLiterary news for the month is compara porate the Apocrypha, it will certainly

lively unimportant; the following com notwithstanding prove a a magnificent prise its principal items :-The new work of art, from the specimens we production by Mrs. Ellis, announced in have seen of the designs of Chapman our previous number, has just appeared, and Adams. It is certes a'great day for printed uniformly with the beautiful Biblical embellishments. Two other library edition of this popular writer's works of a kindred class are on the former works, by the Langleys. It is tapis. One is Redfield's edition of the entitled, “A Voice from the Vintage, “London Pictorial Bible,” which is to be on the Force of Example, addressed to completed in 16 Numbers, price twentythose who think and feel.” No person five cents each. This will be the we suppose will have failed to possess cheapest illustrated Bible ever offered bimself of a copy of this charming to the American public; and as the little work, and we need only say, that embellishments which number somethe Publishers have added to its charms thing over a thousand, are fac-similies by the elegant garb in which it is of the celebrated London edition, which ushered forth to the American public. cost about four times the sum, we supThe same firm have also just published, pose few will disregard such an opporuniform with the other works of this tunity for securing a copy of the work. favorite writer, “Poetry of Life,” The other work to which we allude is, a work of great beauty, and that Sears' “New and Complete History of which first laid the foundation the Bible,” deduced from the labors of for the great popularity which has the most renowned biblical scholars of attended all her after productions all countries, incorporated with numerThe forthcoming work by Dr. Pereira, ous original and curious embellishon “ Food and Diet, &c.," edited by ments, engraved by the first artists. Dr. C. A. Lee, is progressing, and will This work will be peculiar and highly probably be completed before we issue attractive; it will not only form an adour next Number. This book, about mirably illustrated Commentary of the which we hear considerable speculation sacred text-the quintessence of the in the scientific world, is said to be one ablest writers on the subjects extant, of high expectations and interest. The but it will also present one of the most same firm are printing this work in valuable contributions to religious litelegant style; they are also on the eve erature which has perhaps ever apof issuing the First Number of a New peared. It is to be comprised in about Medical Periodical, to be styled “ The 1000 pages, 8vo., and will be ready New York Journal of Medicine, &c.,' during the present month. Sears' edited by Samuel Forry, M.D., a excellent “ Family Magazine," still writer who has rendered himself em progresses with signal success; its inent among his professional brethren pages are rife with the best cullings by his elaborated philosophical produc from the best writers on every variety tions on the laws of climates, &c. One of useful and instructive reading. of the most unique and attractive forth- Riker of this city has just produced a coming productions will be the Life of very a dmirable little manual, entitled the octogenarian chief, General Jack A School Dictionary of Roots and son, by Amos Kendall. The work is Derivatives, designed to train Childto be compiled under the supervision ren in Tracing the Origin of Words," and inspection of the General, who will by Theodore Dwight, Jr. We comimpart much important elucidation to mend this work to the especial notice documents of value to the nation, of teachers generally, who will find in which would otherwise possibly fail to it much that is curious and labor-saving interest the reader.

in the instruction of youth. The same Adams's beautifully illuminated Bible publisher has nearly ready, a new and

is soon to appear ; 150 of the elegant Annual, called The Opal, to be plates have been handed in to the embellished with nine Plates, and the Publishers, (Harper & Brothers), and contributions by the ablest American although we think it questionable taste writers.

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