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minister to ask him if he knew of any Now just bear in mind all the aforeone who might appear suitable to suc- mentioned things : Mr. Shenston's ceed Mr. Shenston, he replied, “No; affliction-his desire to resign; the but I have no doubt if you applied to prayer-meeting; the brethren waiting brother Foreman, he might be able to upon brother Foreman-his giving help you, for he knows most of the them the letter we had written their ministers and churches in the king- writing to Mr. Elven; and Mr. Birt's dom.” The good brother took the strong recommendation. All these suggestion, and waited on Mr. Fore- things occurred before we heard from man; he was then going off upon a Alie-street, or knew where Alie-street journey, and in reply to the question was; and while we were in deep trousaid at once, “No." Then in a few ble as to what we should do, just then seconds said, “Yes; I think I do know came an invitation from Alie-street, of one; I think he is moveable, and if to supply them one month on probaso, will be just the man to suit you. tion. I cannot stop now, but he wrote this Surely, the whole appears to be of letter [giving the friend a copy of the God: so it struck the writer then, nor circular letter on Redemption], add- has he dared to question it, after forty ing: that letter contains a sample of eight years have run by. his sentiments, and his preaching; and his character is all right.”

« Blind unbelief is sure to err,

And scan His work in vain : The letter was taken to the next

God is His own interpreter, prayer meeting; the afflicted pastor

And He will make it plain.” was there, and he suggested it should be read that evening, which was With deep anxiety of soul, arrangedone. The brethren were pleased with ments were made to commence our it, and the aged pastor said he had month's probation at Alie-street, in Lever seen anything which better January, 1832. expressed his views upon the sub- Yours in the kingdom and patience ject; and as they had a friend then of Christ, residing at Bury St. Edmund's, they

PHILIP DICKERSON. resolved to write to him respecting

(To be continued.) me: hence the letter referred to which I had received from brother Elven, of Bury. Just at that time, an aged

REPENTANCE. minister (Mr. Isaiah Birt) called on the senior deacon of Alie-street, and TRUE evangelical repentance is a in the course of conversation inquired godly sorrow on account of sin, as if they had heard of a minister likely well as a hatred to it, and a longing to suit them.

desire to be delivered from its power Mr. Birt had several times preached

and guilt.

In one that is born of God for them, and communed with them, there is a tenderness of conscience, and was therefore much interested in as also a keen sensitiveness of intheir case.

The good deacon said they dwelling corruption (Rom. vii. 17.) had heard of a man in Suffolk about As soon as the quickening power of whom they had written to Mr. Elven, grace begins to operate in the soul, of Bury. " What is his name? I

commences between flesh and know nearly all the Baptist minis- Spirit, and various are the fears roters in Suffolk,” said Mr. Birt. “His specting the result. The mind coginame is Dickerson,” said our friend. tates, as is fully represented by Paul Dickerson ?- What, Philip Dickerson, (Gal. v. 17), and "as understood by of Rattlesden? I know him well; good old John Kent: I have heard him preach, and I do not believe there is a man in the

“Why should a son redeemed with blood,

Born not of man, but born of God, whole British Empire more likely to Feel a perpetual war within suit you than Philip Dickerson."

"Twixt reigning grace and striving sin ?”


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There is not only the desire to escape the punishment due to sin, but an actual dread of committing it, in which feeling is evinced the fear of the Lord, being the outcome of love shed abroad in the heart, and one of the most potent preventatives to evil. Godly repentance is experienced not more on account of actual transgression than of the susceptibility of the heart to sin in thoug'it, which does not ripen into action. And here we see the force of Christ's ministry, in the New Testament, beyond that of Moses, in the Old Testament. Christ treats of the thoughts of the heart, not necessarily developed into action; and Moses deals with sins openly committed. And he who is sensible of his own innate depravity, need not to commit gross outward sin to prove himself a sinner,-he is grievously aware of his proneness to wander from the Lord, which, to him, is an incessant source of regret.

“Prone to wander, Lord, I feel it,

Prone to leave the God I love;
Here's my heart, O take and seal it,

Seal it from Thy courts above." He who sings from the heart thus, oftent. mes feels that God would be just in sending him to eternal perdition; and all this side of hell he realizes to be sovereign mercy indeed! God is here seen to be as perfect in His mercy as He is in His justice; and the believer, under the sanctifying grace of the Holy Spirit, can say with Paul, “I delight in the law of God after the inward man.” He delights in the fulfilment of the law by Christ, who is the end of it, as also in the holiness of the law itself (Rom. vii. 22.) There are three synonymous words used in the Greek Testament, which are rendered in the authorized version repentance. One of the three is understood to signify godly sorrow for sin, i.e., literally and properly, to change one's mind; or,

" to take afterthought,”metanoeite, which is opposed to pronoein, " to change one's opinion.' The cognate noun metanoia is generally employed to signify evangelical repentance, as also to be wise

after facts (sins) committed ; this repentance is associated with faith, the genuineness of which is manifest in confession before God. Legal repentance is seen in a person who is detected in his crime, and sorrows that he is discovered and made amenable to the punishment which is likely to follow. He is sorry for his crimes simply because they have exposed him to suffering; but he is not grieved

account of his offending God thereby. This repentance is not accompanied with hatred to sins, nor does the infliction realized on account of sins committed and discovered, produce repentance after a godly sort, or else deyils might hope for forgiveness. Judas repented after he was discovered and condemned by Christ (Matt. xxvii. 3), and went and hanged himself. How different the repentance of Peter after his denial ! The gentle reproof of Christ opened the floodgates of his soul, and he went out and wept bitterly. The Old Testament writers often speak of God Himself being moved with regret, or repenting of having permitted this, or done that; but in all such cases, the word is used only to denote a change of God's conduct or procedure, and not a change of mind, for He is of one mind, immutuably the same. This expression does not imply that the great and only wise God ever did anything which He afterwards regretted. He is not capable, as man is, of taking a false step, or of doing wrong. But God changes His conduct towards man in general, and to His saints in particular, when they prove unfaithful to Him. He is represented in holy writ as repenting of the penalty He was about to inflict, after signs of repentance had appeared, and confession made. He had turned the course of events, and prevented certain national calamities taking place, as also removed the cloud or rod from His people, when they have in truth repented. Several instances appear in Scripture to prove the fact. See Hosea xiy. 2; Isaiah i. 18; Jer. xviii. 8, xxxi. 20; Jonah iii. 10; Psalm cvi. 45. Gospel, or evangelical repentance, is as much the gift of God

as is faith; Jesus is exalted a Prince Dissenting sermons contained much and a Saviour, for to give repentance exposition of Scripture. In illustratto Israel, and forgiveness of sins (Acts | ing one passago by another, and v. 31.) This sorrow is associated with

searching deeply into the meaning of Divine love and filial fear. It is the sacred oracles, they have not been repentance unto life that needs not to excelled in any age of the Christian repented of. As sin is mixed with all church. As it rendered honour to the we do, may we always realize godly Spirit of God, by holding up His sorrow for sin, as also Divine pardon truth before the eyes of their hearers, and justification, through our Lord He honoured them, and made their Jesus Christ, by the operation of His discourses effectual for the salvation Spirit. So prays

of sinners, and the edification of beW. WINTERS. lievers. Of that simplicity of manner, Waltham Abbey.

perspicuity of representation, and familiarity of illustration, which is

calculated to make a strong impresTHE STATE OF RELIGION

sion on the people, an example will AMONG DISSENTERS IN THIS

be found in the posthumous discourses

of one who lived through more than COUNTRY DURING THE REIGNS

half this period, John Howe. OF KING WILLIAM AND QUEEN A close and pungent application of ANNE.

the doctrine to the conscience closed

these sermons in a manner which has The members of their congregations seldom been equalled, never excelled. had lived in the days of persecution, The manner of the preaching was when their religion exposed them to warm, affectionate, and animated. the risk of losing both their liberty To this we should unite the public and their substance, and to the cer- prayers of the dissenting ministers. tain loss of their reputation and in- They had learned in the school of perfluence in civil society.

secution to wrestle mightily with In the whole history of the Christian God, and seek from Him the comfort Church it would be difficult to find so which was denied by man.

From great a number of ministers in any this school they brought into the sancone religious community by whom tuary of God a holy unction, which the principles usually denominated penetrated deeply into the hearts of evangelical were generally preached the people. as the Nonconformists, whose faith We may form a judgment of the had stood the test of persecution, and state of religion by the conduct of who, one after another, finished their those who profess to be "Christ's discourse during this period. Though ciples. There are two practices which few survived to the next, those who may be considered as peculiarly markentered into their labours brought ing the character, and distinguishing forward the same doctrine, for con- those who observe them from the men gregations so intelligent and so godly of the world-family worship, and would receive nothing else.

the sanctification of the Lord's-day, The earliest dissenting preachers It was the general custom among the insisted chiefly on the most important Dissenters for the master of the subjects, and the minds of the hearers family to call his household together were habitually recalled to the view to read the Scriptures for their inof redeeming love. The efficacy of struction, and to offer up prayer

and this is incalculable. Topics of inferior praise to God. The whole of the moment, however ably and ingeni- Lord's-day was devoted to the services ously handled, wanting force and of religion. After attending pnblic persuasion, the effect produced is worship, Dissenters. devoted the rest feeble on the hearts either of sinners of the sacred time to the instruction or of saints.

of their families, and to the private

and secret exercises of devotion. The complaints of the tediousness of such a day to the younger branches of a family will be found destitute of foundation where children have been trained up to it from their earliest years.

If it should be asked what peculiar excellence shall be assigned to the Dissenters, without hesitation we answer—their attention to the secret exercises of devotion. Morning and evening they had their seasons of retirement, and according to their degrees of leisure or piety, half-an-hour, an hour, or more, was employed in reading the Scriptures, in perusing the most spiritual writings chiefly of the Puritans and Nonconformists, in meditation, in self-examination, and in prayer. From these employments they came forth into the bosoin of their family, and to the duties of their station in society, with a reverence for God which communicated sanctity to their temper, and integrity to their conduct.

If there be nothing in our deportment by which we can be distinguished from those who evidently take no pains to regulate their lives by the Gospel, there is reason to fear that the principles of religion have never renewed our hearts.

When our God says, “Be not conformed to this world,” He teaches us that we must differ from others. The peculiarity of Dissenters rendered them the butt of ridicule to the careless and profane. The younger Dissenters were subject to parental authority, and restrained from intimate familiarity with such as were reckoned improper companions of those that fear God. The whole family was laid under what were conceived to be the restraints of the Gospel.

Diligence in business was another feature in their character. Sober industry, and an assiduous pursuit of their temporal affairs, were considered as becoming their profession. There was at the same time a frugality, an economical arrangement of their affairs, a distance from parade and show, and they lived under, rather

than above their rank and circumstances in life. In consequence of this, a bankruptcy among them was almost unknown.

The amusements of the world, to which both the busy and the idle have recourse for pleasure, the Dissenters of this period in general looked upon with disapprobation. At a card-table, at an assembly, and at the theatre, a Dissenter, professing to be a man of piety, could not be found. Among the more sober delights of domestic life they sought their pleasures. This was a general rule, and a distinguishing feature of the body.

The benevolence of the Dissenters during this period may be proved. They had displayed a willingness to part with their substance for the sake of their religious profession in the persecuting reigns of Charles and of James. For their liberality there were now peculiar calls. Meetinghouses were almost everywhere to be built, ministers were to be supported, and the wants of the poor supplied, besides those occasional applications to liberality which so frequently

It may with confidence be asserted that in the Christian world during this period, there was not to be found a body of people who, in proportion to their numbers, excelled the English Presbyterians, Independents, and Baptists, in the knowledge of the principles of the Gospel, in the uniform and persevering practice of its precepts, and in the diligent and conscientious observance of its ordi



Bogue and Bennett's History of Dissenters.

The utmost gift that could be bestowed in redemption, was the gift of God's dear Son: the utmost treasure the gift of Himself to the Church as her portion; so the utmost pledge of an eternal state of happiness is the gift of His Spirit. Stevens.

In Remoriam.

To the Editor of the Gospel Herald.

DEAR SIR, –Friends at Chadwell-street Chapel and elsewhere having wished for a few particulars of the life and death of my late father-in-law, Richard Burton, which I have been asked to supply, though hardly in a position to say much, I will try and do the best I can.

He was born in the year 1810, at Fenny Stratford, North Bucks.

His parents, though poor, were respectable, and did their best to train him up in the way he should go. The Sabbath had to be kept as a sacred day of rest, and the house of God had to be regularly attended; but still I believe for many years in his case it was a formal matter; and though he did not really sink into the depths of sin and vice, yet up to near the age

of thirty, sin and Satan reigned, and spiritual darkness pervaded his mind. Somewhere about the year 1838, he was led to seek employment in London, which, in due course, he found at Messrs. Keen's, of Garlick-hill, City, in whose employ he remained respected and beloved by both master and workmen up to the day the Lord laid him on a bed of painful affliction. When he first came to London he attended for a short time at Mr. Lucombe's, of City-road, but was soon led to Mr. Jones', of Brick-lane ; and it was somewhere about this time that the Lord met with him, and he was led to see the sinfulness of his nature. I cannot give you the exact particulars of the great change, for I never heard him say. He was not a man to talk much of himself; for though he was quite willing

to carry out the injunction of the Psalmist, “Come and hear, all ye that fear God, and I will declare what he has done for my soul,” yet he preferred to declare more by his actions than by his words. But if ever he did refer to this part of his experience, which was very rare, about all he would say was,

" that it was a matter entirely between himself and his Master. He, and He only, did the work ; and though He did it by a slow and secret process within, I am none the less confident was done effectually. It was grace which did the work from first to last-no human agency, nothing great, no great minister, no heart-searching ser

mon, but a silent, secret working of the Holy Spirit within.” But though I believe he could not give the actual time or place of this great change, he had a substantial witness witbin that “ he was born of God," and those who knew him can also bear witness that it was true. “By their fruits shall ye know them;" and surely we can do so in this case.

It was not long, I believe, after he came to London when he was led to cast in his lot with the people under Mr. Jones' ministry, and after he had been baptized, he enjoyed some years of sweet fellowship and communion at this place. But some dissensions arose, and, with some thirty others, he felt it his duty to leave, after which they formed them. selves into a small company, banded together for prayer, and exhortation, and study of the Scriptures, meeting with one accord at each other's houses. After a time they took a small room, and then again the little chapel in Nelson-place, City-road. Here they were enabled to obtain supplies, and in the end to secure Mr. Hazelton for the pastorate, after which the place very soon became too small, and they took their present chapel in Chadwell-street. In all these movements our brother took an active part, and doubtless



your readers will long remember him at his post in the gallery, where he acted as pew-opener, a post in which he thoroughly gloried, in fact, being an humble Christian, and not having the ability to perform

a greater service for his Lord and Master, he felt it his duty to carry this out effectually, nor would he allow a small thing to keep him from his post. I have seen him myself

, when hardly able to hold up, but no persuasion would keep him away. And so much was his heart in this work, that as a rule, on such occasions, the effort improved his bodily feelings: and Mr. Hazelton spoke truly when he said at the grave that he had seen his face beam with delight when he thought he had made all the people comfortable. He considered this the best post, and the best place on earth, and would often say with David of old, “I would rather be a doorkeeper the house of my God, than dwell in the tents of wickedness.”

But in nothing, perhaps, did he show his Christian character more than in his

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