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Heavena! what a piie ! whole ages perish there, Sce, the Cirque falis, th' unpillar*d temple nođi, And one bright blaze turns Learning into air. Streets pav'd with heroes, Tyber chok'd with godss

Thence to the south extend thy gladden'd cyes; Till Peter's keys some christen's Jove adorn, There rival Aames with equal glory rise, 80 And Pan to Moses lends his Pagan horn;

110 From shelves to shelves see greedy Vulcan roll, See gracelels Veous to a virgin turn'd, And lick up all their physic of the foul.

Or Phidias broken, and Apelles burn'd. How little, mark! that portion of the ball, Behold yon ille, by Palmers, pilgrim's trod, Where, faint at beft, the beams of science fall: Men bearded, bald, cowl'd, uncowl'd, shod, unSoon as thcy dawn, from Hyperborean skies

fhod. Embody'd dark, what clouds of Vandals rise ! Peeld, parch'd, and pyebald, linsey-wolfey broa Lo! where Mæotis fleeps, and hardly flows


(others. The freezing Tanais through a waste of snows, Grave mummers ! fleeveless fome, and Mirtless The north by myriads pours her mighty fons, That one was Britain-Happy ! had she seen Great nurse of Goths, of Alans, and of Huns! 90 No fiercer fons, had Easter never been. See Alaric's stern port! the martial frame

In peace, great goddess, ever be ador'd; Of Genseric; and Actila's dread pame!

How keen the war, if Dulness draw the fword! See, the bold Ostrogoths on Latium falt;

Thus visit not thy own! on this blest age Sec, the fiesce Visigoths on Spain and Gaul! Oh spread thy influence, but restrain thy rage. See, where the morning gilds the palny fhore And see, my fon! the hour is on its way, (The foil that arts alıd infant letters bore) That lifts our goddels ta imperial fway; His conquering tribes th' Arabian prophet draws, This favourite ide, leng sever'd from her reign, And savirg Ignorance enthrones by laws. Dove-like she gathers to her wings again. See Christians, Jews, one heavy Sabbath keep, Now look through Fate! behold the scene the And all the weltern world believe and sleep. 100

draws ! Lo! Rome herself, proud mistress now no more What aids, what armies, to affert her cause ! Of arts, but thundering against heathen lore; See all her progeny, illustrious light ! Her gray-hair'd fynods damning brooks unread, Behold, and count theni, as they rise to light. 130 And Bacon trembling for his brazen head. Padua, with fighs, beholds her Livy burn, And even th' Antipodes Virgilius inourn.

perpetuo verfatur". The same pope is accused

by Voffius, and others, of having caused the noble REMARKS.

monuments of the old Roman magnificence to be Ver. 81, 82. The Caliph, Omar I. having con destroyed, left thofe who came to Rome Mould quered Egypt, caused his general to burn the Pto give more attention to triumphal arches, &c. than Jomzan library, on the gares of which was this to holy things. Bayle, Dia, inscription, YTXHE IATPEION, the physic of the Ver. 109. Till Peter's keys some christena Jove foul.

adorn,] After the government of Rome devolved Ver. 96. (The soil that arts and infant letters to the popes, their zeal was for some time exerted bore)] Phænicia, Syria, &c. where letters are said | in demolithing the heathen temples and ftatues, ro to wave been invent:d. In these countrics Maho- that the Goths scarce destroyed more monunients, met began his conquests.

of antiquity out of rage, than these out of devoVer. 102. thundering against heathen lore , ) A tion. At length they fpared fome of the temples, Strong instance of this pious rage is placed to Pope by converting them to churches; and some of the Gregory's account. John of Salisbury gives a statues, by modifying them into images of saints, very odd encomium of this pope, at the same time in much later times, it was thought necessary to that he mentions one of the trangest effects of this change the statues of Apollo and Pallas, on the cxcess of zeal in him : “ Dodor fanctiflimus ille tomb of Saunazarius, into David and Judith; the

Gregorius, qui melleo prædicationis imbra totam lyre easily became a harp, and the Gorgon's head “ rigavit et inebriavit ecclefiam; non modo M3 turned to that of Holofernes, " thelin juffit ab aula, fed, ut traditur, a majoribus, Ver. 117. 118. Happy! bad Easter never Sincendio dedit probats lectionis fcripta, Palati- been!), Wars in England anciently, about the

nus quæcunque tenebat Apollo." And in ano- right time of celebrating Easter. ther place: “ Fertur beatus Gregorius bibliothe. Ver. 126. Dove-like, the gathers] This is ful“ cam combuliffe gentilem ; quo divinæ paginæ filled in the fourth book. " gratior effet locus, et major authoritas, et dili Ver. 128. What aids, what armies to assert her "gentia sudiofor." Desiderius, Archbishop of cause!] 1. e. Of poets, antiquaries, critics, divines, Vier na, was fharply reprovej by him for teaching free-thinkers. But as this revolution is only here grammar and literature, and explaining the poets; Set on foot by the first of these classes, the poets, becaufe (says this Pope) “ In uno fe ore cam Jovis they only are here particularly celebrated, and " laudibus Chrifti laudes non capiunt: Et quam they only properly fall under the care and review " grave nefandumque fit Epifcopis canere quod nec of this colleague' of dulness, the laureat. The “ Laico religioso conveniat, iple considera.” He others, who finish the great work, are reserved for is faid, among the reft, to have burned Livy; the fourth book, where the Goddess herself appears " Quia in fuperftitionibus et sacsis Romanorum in full glory.


As Berecynthia, while her offspring vic

Lo, P-ple's brow, tremend'ous to the town, In homage to the mother of the sky,

Horneck's fierce eye, and Roome's funereal frown Surveys around her, in the bleft abode,

Lo sneering Goode, half malice and half whim, An hundred sons, and every fon a God:

A fiend in glee, ridiculously grim. Not with less glory mighty Dulness crown'd Each Cygnet sweet, of Bath and Tunbridge racer Shall take through Grub-ireet her triumphant Whose tuneful whistling makes the waters pasa: round;

Each songfter, riddler, every nameless name, And, her Parnassus glancing o'er at once, Al crowd, who foremost shall be damn'd to Fame. Behold an hundred sons, and each a Dunce. [place, • Mark first that youth who takes the foremost And thrusts his perfona full into your face.


VARJATIONS. With all thy father's virtues blett, be born!

Ver. 155, 156, are added since the first edit. And a new Cibber Thall the stage adorn.

Ver. 157. Each longster, riddler, &c. In the A second fee, by meeker manners known, former edit, And modest as the maid chat fips alone;

Lo Bond and Foxton, every nameless name. From the Atrong fate of drams if thou get free, After ver. 158. in the first edit. followed, Apother d'Urfey, Ward fhall fing in thee. How proud, how pale, how earnest all appear? Thee shall each alehouse, thee each gillhouse | How rhymes eternal gingle in their ear :

mours, And answering gin-fhops fourer fighs return.

REMARKS. Jacob, the scourge of grammar, mark with awe;

of Thunderbolt to Scipio, was meant in his how Nor less revere him, blunderbuss of law. 150

Mr. Dennis argues the same way. “ My

" writings have made great impresion on the VARIATIONS

“ minds of all sensible men, Mr. Pi repented, and Ver. 149. in the first edit. it was,

to give proof of his repentance, subscribed to Woolfton, the scourge of Scripture, mark with awe! my two volumes of Letters." ibid. p. 8o. We And mighey Jacob, blunderbuss of law !

should hence believe, the name of Mr. Dennis Ver. 151, 152, Lo, P-p-le's brow, &c.] In hath also crepe into this poem by some mistake. the former edit. thus :

But from hence, gentle reader ! thou may'lt beLo, next two flip-fhod muses traipse along,

ware, when thou givelt thy money to such authors, In lofty madness, meditatiug song,

not to flatter thyself that thy motives are good. With Gresies itaring from poetic dreams,

nature, or charity. And never wash'd, but in Caftalia's Itreams.

Ver. 152 Horneck and Roome) These two Haywood, Centlivre, glories of their race,

were virulent party-writers, worthily coupled tom Lo, Horneck's fierce, and Roome's funereal face. gether, and one would think prophetically, lince,

after the publifing of this piece, the former dying REMARKS.

the latter succeeded him in honour and employVer. 149. Jacob, the scourge of Grammar, The first was Philip Horneck, author of mark with awe ] “ This gentleman is son of a

a Billingsgate paper called the High German " considerable master of Romsey in Southampton Dottor. Edward Roome was son of an underta. " fhire, and bred to the law under a very eminent ker for funerals in Fleet-street, and writ some of attorney: Who, between his more laborious the papers called Pasquin, where, by malicious in.

ftudies, has diverted himself with poetry. He uendoes, he endeavoured to represent our author " is a great admirer of poets and their works, guilty of malevolent pradices with a great man " which has occafioned him to try his genius that then under prosecution of Parliament. of this *.y. He has writ in profe the Lives of the

man was made the following epigram : Poets, Essays, and a great many law books, the

“ You ask why Roome diverts you with his Accomplifhed Conveyancer, Modern Justice,

jokes, &c. Gilcs Jacob of himself, Lives of Poets, " Yet if he writes, as dull as other folks! " vol. 1." He very grossly, and unprovoked, “ You wonder at it-This, Sir, is the case, abused in that book the author's friend, Mr. Gay.

“ The jest is loft unless he prints his face.”

Ple was the author of fome vile plays and pam.' Jacob, the scourge of grammar, mark with awe;

phlets. He published abuses on our author in a paNor lelo revere him, blunderbuss of law.]

per called the Prompter. There may seem some error in these verses, Mr. Ver. 153. Goode, an ill natured critic, who Jacob Having proved our author to have a respect writ a fatire on our author, called The Mock Æfor him, by this undeniable argument. “'He lop, and many anonymous libels in newspapers for * had once a regard for my judgment; otherwise hire. * he never would have subscribed two guineas to Ver. 156. Whose“ tuneful whistling makes the

me, for one small book in octavo." Jacob's waters pais ] There were several fucceßions of Letter to Dennis, printed in Dennis's Remarks on these forts of mioor poets at Tunbridge, Bath, &c, , the Dunciad, p. 49. Therefore I Mould think the singing the praise of the annals flourishing for appellation of Blunderbuss to Mr. Jacob, like that that season; whose names indeed would be namer


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Ver. 149, 150.

Some strain in rhyme; the muses, on their racks, So fweetly mawkish, and so smoothly dall;
Scream like the winding of ten thousand jacks! 160 Heady, not strong; o'er Aowing, though not full.
Sonie, free from rhyme or reason, ruie or check, Ah Dennis! Gildon ah! what ill-Atari'd rage
Break Priscian's head, and Pegasus's neck; Divides a friendship long confirm'd by age!
Down, down the larum, with impetuous whirl, Blockheads with reason wicked wits abhor,
The Pindars and the Miltons of a Curll,

But fool with fool is barbarous civil war. Silence, ye wolves! while Ralph to Cynthia Enıbrace, embrace, my sons! be foes no more ! howls,

Nor glad vile poets with true critics gore. And makes night hideous—answer him, ye owls! Behold yon pair, in ftri& embraces join'd; Sense, speech, and measure, living tongues and How like in manners, and how like in mind; 180

dead, Let all give way, and Morris may be read. Flow, Welfted, flow! like ţhine inspirer, beer;

VARIATION. Though stale, not ripe; though thin, yet never After ver. 180. in many editions, food, clear;

Fam'd for good-nature, Burnet, and for truth;

Ducket for pious passion to the youth.

Ver. 168. In former edit.--and Burgen may indges pronounce he even rivalled his maters

be read.

His love-verses have rescued that way of writing

from contemp-In his crandations, he has given REMARKS. Jess, and therefore the poct shuts them over with

us the very soul and spirit of his author. His others in general.

Ode-his Epiftle-his Verses--his Love-tałe --Ver. 165. Ralph) James Ralph, a name insert

are the molt perfect things in all poetry Welited ed after the first editions, not known to our author

of himself, Char, of the Times, 8vo, 1728, page till he writ a swearing piece called Sawney, very

23, 24. It should not be forgot for his honour, abusive of Dr. Swift, Mr. Gay, and himself. These

that he received at one time the sum of five hualines allude to a thing of his, intituled Night, a

dred pounds for secret service, among the other es poem. This low writer attended his own works ministry. See Report of the Secret Committee,

cellent authors hired to write anonymoudy for the with panegyrics in the Journals, and once in par.

&c. in 1742. ticular praised himself highly above Mr. Addison, in wretched remarks upon that afthor's Account

Ver. 173. Ah Dennis! Gildon ah! These of English Poets, printed in a London Journal of their talents. They would needs turn critica

men became the public scorn by a mere milake Sept. 1728. He was wholly illiterate, and knew of their own country writers (just as Aristotle and no language, not even French. Being advised to read the rules of dramatic poetry before he began beauties and defeas of composition :

Longinus did of their) and discourse upon a play, he smiled and replied, Shakespeare writ * without rules." He ended at last in the com. How parts relate to parts, and they to whole ; mon fink of all such writers, a political newspa.

The body's harmony, thabeaming soul. per, to which he was recommended by his friend Whereas had they followed the example of those Arnal, and received a small pittance for pay. microscopes of wit, Kuster, Burman, and their lol

Ver. 168. Morris,] Belaleel. See book ij. lowers, in verbal criticism on the learped iar

Ver. 169. Flow, Welfted, &c.] of this author guages, their acuteness and industry mighs have fee the remark on book ii. v. 209. But 1 to be raited them a name equal to the most famous of impartial) add to it the following different charac the fcholiasts. We cannot thertfore but lament ter of him.

the late apostacy of the Prebendary of Rochester, Mr. Welfted had, in his youth raised so great who beginning in fo good a train, has now turned expectations of his future genius, that there was a Mort to write comments on the Fire-6de, and kind of fruggle between the most eminent of the Dreams upon Shakespeare; where we ford the two Univerlitics, which should have the honour of spirit of Oldmixon, Gildon, and Dennis, ail se his education. To compound this he (civilly) vived in his belaboured observations. became a member of both, and after having passed Here Scriblerus, in this affair of the Fire-lide, ! some time at the one, he removed to the other. want thy usual candour. It is true, Mr. Upton did From thence he returned to town, where he be write notes upon it, but with all the honour and came the darling expe&ation of all the polite good faith in the world. He took it to be a paper writers, whose encouragement he acknowledged gyric on his patron. This it is to have to do with in his occasional poems, in a manner that will wits; a commerce unworthy a scholiaft of fo folid make no imall part of the fame of his protcctors./ learning, It also appears from his works, tha: he was hap

Ver. 173, Ah, Dinnis, &c.] The reader, who py in the patronage of the most illustrious cha

has leen, through the course of these notes, what a 12&ters of the present age- Encouraged by such a constant attendance Mr. Dennis paid to cur author combination in his favour, he-published a book and all his works, may perhaps wonder he thould of poems, fome in the Ovidian, fome in the Ho be mentioned but twice, and so fligluş touched

, satian manner; in both which the mult exquifite ins pocm. But in truth be looked upon this





By his



Equal in wit, and equally polite,

To future ages may thy dulness fast, Stiall this a Pasquin, that a Grumbler write ; As thou preserv'ft the dulness of the part!. 190 Like are their merits, like rewards they share, There, dim in clouds, the poring scholialts That shines a Consul, this Commissioner.

mark, " But who is he, in closet close y-pent,

Wits, who, like owls, see only in the dark,
" Of Cober face, with learned dust beforent ?" A lumberhouse of books in every head,
Right well mine eges arede the myster wighe, For ever reading, never to be read?
Ou parchment scraps y-fed, and Wormius hight. But, where cach Science lifts its modern type,

History her pot, Divinity her pipe,
While proud Philosophy repines to show,

Dishonest fight! his breeches rent below: with some efteem, for having (more generously

Imbrown'd with native bronze, lo! Henley Itands, than all the rest) set his name to such writings. Tuning his voice, and balancing his hands. He was also a very old man at this time. own account of himself, in Mr. Jacob's Lives, he muß have been above threescore, and happily lived many years after. So that he was senior to Mr. Ver. 197 in the first edit. it was, d'Urfey, who hitherto of all our poets enjoyed And proud Philosophy with breeches tore, the longest bodily life.

And English Music with a dismal score. Ver. 179. Behold yon pair, &c.] One of these Fast by in darkness palpable insorin'd was anthor of a weekly paper called the Grumb W-s, B-r, M-, all the poring kind. ler, as the other was concerned in another called Pasquin, in which Mr. Pope was abused with the Duke of Buckingham, and Bishop of Rochester, Ver. 192. Wirs, who, like owls, &c.] There They also joined in a piece againīt his first under- few lines exactly describe the right verbal critic: taking to translate the Iliad, intituled, Homerides, the darker his author is, the better he is pleased; by Sir Iliad Doggrel, printed 1715.

like the famous quack doctor, who put up in his of the other works of these gentlemen the bills, he delighted in matters of difficulty. Someworld has heard no more, than it would of Mr. body said well of these men, that their heads were Pope's, had their united laudable endeavours dif- libraries out of order. couraged him from pursuing his studies. How Ver. 199. lo! Henley ftands, &c.] J. Henley few good works had ever appeared (since men of the orator; he preached on the Sundays upon crue merit are always the least presuming) had Theological matters, and on the Wednesdays upon there been always such champions to fifle them in all other sciences. Each auditor paid one thilling. their conception ? And were it not better for the He declaimed some years against the greatest perpublic, that a million of monsters should come in- fons, and occasionally did our author chat honour. to the world, which are sure to die as soon as born, Welsted, in Oratory Transactions, N. 1. pub. than that the serpents should strangle one Hercules lished by Henley himself, gives the following acin his cradle ?

count of him : " He was born at Melton-Mow. The union of these two authors gave occasion “ bray in Leicestershire. From his own parish to this epigram :

" school he went to St. John's College in Cam“ Burnet and Ducker, friends in spite,

bridge. He began there to be uncaly; for it

“ shocked him to find he was commanded to be“ Came billing out in verse;

“ lieve against his own judgment in points of re* Both were lo furward, each would write,

“ ligion, philosophy, &c. for his genius leading " So dull, each hang an am " Thus Amprisbæoa (I have read)

“ him freely to dispute all propositions, and call all " At either end afrails;

" points to account, he was impatient under those

" fetters of the free-born mind.-Being admitted # None knows which leads or which is led,

" to Prielt's orders, he found the cxamination " For both hcads are but tails."

very short and superficial, and that it was not After many editions of this poem, the author « necessary to conform to the Christian religion, thought fit to omit the names of these two per " in order either to deaconship or prieithood." fons, whose injury to him was of fo old a date. He came to town, and, after having for some

Ver. 184. (bár fhines a Conful, this Commif. years been a writer for booksellers, he had an foner.) Such places were given at this time to ambition to be so for ministers of state. The such fort of writers.

only reason he did not rise in the church, we are Va. 187 myfter wight,) Uncouth mortal. told, “ was the envy of others, and a difrelith en

Ver 188 Wormius hight.] Let not this name, tertained of him, because he was not qualified purely fictitious, be conceited to mean the learned " to be a comlete Spaniel.” However, he offerOlaus Wormius; much less (as it was unwar ed the service of his pen to tuo great men, of santably foifted into the surreptitious editions) our opinions and interests direaly opposite; by both own antiquary, Mr. Thomus Hearne, who had no of whom being rejected, he set up a new project, way aggrieved our poet, but on the contrary pub- and styled himself the Restorer of ancient tilos lifhed many curious tra&s which he hath to his quence. He thought it as lawful to take a ligreat contentment perusedo

" cense from the kirg and parliament in one place,

How fluent nabfen se trickles from his tongue 'Tis yours, a Bacon or a Locke to blame,
How sweet the periods, neither said, nor fong! A Newton's genius, or a Milton's flame:
Still break the benches, Henley! with thy strain, But ob! with One, immortal One, dispense,
While Sherlock, Hare, and Gibson, preach in vain. The source of Newton's lighe, of Bacon's sense.
Oh great reftoper of the good old stage,

Content each emanation of his fires
Preacher at once, and Zany of thy age!

Thar beams on earch, cach virtue he inspires, 270 Oh worthy thou of Egypt's wife abodes,

Each art he prompts, each charm he can create, A decent priest, whece monkeys were the gods ! Whate'er he gives, are given for you to hate. But Fate with butchers plac'd thy priestly itall, Persilt, by all divine in maa unaw'd, Meek modern faith to murder, hack, and mawl; 210 But, “ Learn, ye Dunccs! not to fcorn your God." And bade thee live, to crown Britannia's praise, In Toland's Tindal's, and in Woolston's days.

Yet oh, my fun, a father's words attend : (So may the faces preserve the years you lend)

Ver. 216. In former ed.

-ur a seraph's flame,




REMARKS. Ver. 204. In former ed.

of others, but their own. And so we see that While K**, B**, W**, preach in vain.

when that danger is removed, on the open eta.

blishment of the Goddess in the fourth Book, the After ver. 112. followed in former ed.

encourages her sons, and they beg alistance to Here too, great Woolfton! here exalt thy throne, pollute the source of light itself, with the same viruAnd prove, no miracles can match thy own. lence they had before done the purell emanations

from it.

Ver. 215. 'Tis yours, a Bacon or a Locke to " as mother; at Hickes's Hall, as at Doctor's


[flame :) * Commons; so set up his oratory in Newport

A Newton's genius, or a Milton's “ market, Butcher-row. There (fays his friend) Thankfully received, and freely used, is this gra“ he had the assurance to form a plan, which no cious license by the beloved disciple of that prince “ mortal ever thought of; he had success against of Cabalistic dunces, the tremendous Hutchinson. " all opposition; challenged his adversaries to fair Hear with what honest plainness he createth our " difputatione, and none would dispute with him; great Geometer. “ As to mathematical demon. " writ, read, and studied twelve hours a day; "Itration (faith he), founded upon the proportions “ composed three differtations a-weck on all sub “ of lines and circles to each other, and the ring"jects; undertook to teach in one year what “ing of changes upon figures, these have no more " schools and univerfities teach in five; was not “ to do with the greatest part of philosophy, than " terrified by, menaces, insults, or satires, but still chey have with the Man in the Moon. Indeed,

proceeded, matured his bold scheme, and put the " the zeal for this sort of gibberish (mathematical

church, and all that in danger." WelsTED, “ principles] is greatly abated of late : and though Narrative in Orat, Tranfa&. N. I.

“ it is now upwards of twenty years that the DaAfter having food some prosecutions, he turned gon of modern philosophers, Sir Isaac Newhis rhetoric to buffoonry upon all public and pri. TON, has lain with his face upon the ground vate occurrences. All this passed in the same “ before the ark of God, Scripture philosophy; room; where sometinies he broke jests, and “ for so long Moses's PRINCIPIA have been pub. fometimes that bread which he called the Primi. “ lished; and the Treatise of Power Essential and tive Eucharift. - This wonderful person ftruck “ Mechanical, in which Sir Isaac Newton's philomedals, which he dispersed as tickets to his sub sophy is treated with the utmost CONTEMPT, fcribers : the device a star riling to che meridiar,“ has been published a dozen years ; yet is there with this motto, AD SVMMA; and below INVENI “ not one of the whole society who hath had the AM VIAM AVT PACIAM. This man had an hun “ COURACE to attempt to raise him up. And fo dred pounds a-year given him for the secret service “ let him lie."-The philosophical principles of of a weekly paper of unintelligible nonsensc, calo Moses asserted, &c. p. 2. by JULIUS BATE, A M. led the Hyp-Doctor.

Chaplain to the Right Honourable the Earl of Ver. 204. Sherlock, Hare, Gibson,) bishops of Harrington. London, 1744, odavo. SERIBL. Salisbury, Chichester, and London; whose fermons Ver. 224. But, “ Learn ye Dunces! not to and pastoral letters did honour to their country as fcorn your God."] The hardest leftuo a dunce can well as stations.

learn. For being bred to scorn what he does not Ver. 21270 Of Toland, and Tindal, see Book ii. understand, that which he understands leart he Tho. Woolston was an impious madman, who will be apt to Scorn most. Of which, to the difwrote in a most infolent style againt the miracles grace of all government, and (in the poet's apiof the Gospel, in the year 1726, &c.

nion) even of that of Dulness herself, we have Ver. 213. Yet oh, my fons, &c.] The caution had a late cxample is a book intituled, Philofophiagainst blasphemy here given by a departed son of cal Effays concerning human Understanding. Dulness to his yet existing brethren, is, as the poet Ver. 224.-not to scorn your God."] Sec this righily istimates, not out of tenderness to the cars | fubject pursued in Book iv.


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