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Or rob Rome's ancient geese of all their glories, Hold - to the minister I more incline ;
And cackling save the monarchy of Tories? To serve his cause, O queen! is serving thine.

And see! thy very gazetteers give o'er,
Ev'n Ralph repents, and Henley writes no more

What then remains ? Ourself. Still, fill remain REMARKS. “ postpone mine, cilt theirs were determined : But This brazen brightness, to the 'fquire fo dear;

Cibberian forehead, and Cibberian brain. " had my father carried me a month sooner to the University, who knows but that purer fountain

This polith'd hardness, that reflects the peer : 220 " might have washed my imperfections into a ca

This arch absurd, that wit and fool delights; “pacity of writing, instead of plays and annual

This mess, toss'd up of Hockley-hole and White's; “ odes, sermons, and pastoral letters ?”

Where dukes and butchers join to wreathe my

Apology for bis Life, cbap. iii.
Ver. 203. At White's, amidł the doctors.] At once the bear and fiddle of the town.
These doctors had a modest and upright appear.

O born in fin, and forth in folly brought!

Works damn'd, or to be damn'd! (your father's ance, no air of overbcaring; but, like true Maf

fault) ters of Arts, were only habited in black and white: They were justly styled subtiles and graves, but

Go, purify'd by flames, ascend the fky, not always irrefragabiles, being fometimes examin- My better and more Christian progeny!

Unstain'd, untouch'd, and yet in maiden theets; ed, and, by a nice dilindion, divided and laid open.


While all your smutty lifters walk the Grects. 23• This learned critic is to be understood allegorically: The doctors in this place mean no more than false dice ; a cant phrase used among gamefters. So the meaning of these four sonorous lines ters whatsoever : " That he defends the supreme is only chis, “ Shall I play fair or foul ?"

powers, as the geese by their cackling defended Ver. 208. Ridpath-Mift.) George Ridpath, " the Romans, who held the Capitol; for they faauthor of a Whig paper, called the Flying Post; “ voured them no more than the Gauls, their eneNathaniel Mist, of a famous Tory Journal. “ mies, but were as ready to have defended the

Ver. 211. Or rob Rome's ancient geese of all “ Gauls, if they had been possessed of the Capitheir glories.] Relates to the well-known story of “ tol.”—Epil. Dedic. to ibe Leviatban. the geese that saved the capitol; of which Virgil, Ver. 215. Gazetteers.) A band of minifterial Æn. viii.

writers, hired at the price mentioned in the note

on book ii. ver. 316, who, on the very day their “ Atque hic auratis volitans argenteus anser patron quitted his post, laid down their paper, “ Porticibus, Gallos in limine addesse canebat." and declared they would never more meddle its

politics. A paffage I have always fufpected. Who sees not Ver. 218. Cibberian forehead.] So indeed all the the antithesis of autatis and argenteus to be unwor- MSS, read, but I make no scruple to pronounce thy the Virgilian Majesty? And what absurdity them all wrong, the laureac being elsewhere cele. to say a goose sings ? canebat. Virgil gives a con brated by our poet for his great modefty-modeft trary character of the voice of this filly bird, in Cibber-read, therefore, at my peril, Cerberian kel, ix.

forehead. This is perfe&ly clafrical, and what is

more, Homerical; the dog was the ancient, as the argatos inter ftrepere anfer olores." bitch is the modern symbol of impudence : Koro

imuno' ixw, says Achilles to Agamemnon) which, Read it, therefore, addese strepebat. And why , when in a superlative degree, may well be denoauratis porticibus ? does not the very verse preced- minated from Cerberus, the dog with three heads. ing this inform us,

But as to the latter part of this verse, Cibberian

brain, that is certainly the genuine reading. “ Romuleoque recens horrebat regia culmo.”


Ver. 225. O born in fin, &c.] This is a tender Is this thatch in one line, and gold in another, con and paffionate apostrophe to his own works, which sistent ? fcruple not (repugnantibus omnibus ma- he is going to facrifice, agreeable to the nature of nuscriptis) to correct it atritis. Horace uses the man in great affli&ion; and refleding, like a padame epithet in the fame fense,

rent, on the many miserable fates to which they

would otherwise be subject. Auritas fidibus canoris

Ver. 228. My better and more Christian pro. “ Ducere quercus."

geny !) “ It may be observable, that my mufe and

my spoufe were equally prolific ; that the one And to fay that walls have ears is common even “ was seldom the mother of a child, but in the co a proverb.

SCRIBL. “ same year the other made me the father of a Ver. 212. And cackling save the monarchy of “play. I think we had a dozen of each fort beTories?) Not out of any preference or affection “ eween us; of both which kinds fome died in to the Torics. For what Hobbes fo ingeniously “ their infancy," &c. Life of C. C. p. 217. 8va * Confesses of himself, is true of all ministerial wri- | edit.


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Ye shall not beg, like gratis-given Bland, Oreat Cæfar roars, and hifles in the fires;
Sent with a pass, and vagrant through the land ; King John in silence modestly expires :
Nor sail with Ward, to ape-and-monkey climes, No merit now the dear Nonjuror claims,
Where vile Mundungus trucks for viler rhymes : Moliere's old Iubble in a moment flames.
Not, fulphur-tipe, emblaze an ale-house fire; Tears guth'd again, as from palc Priam's eyes,
Nor wrap up oranges to pelt your fire!

When the last blaze sent llion to the skies. 0! pass morc innocent, in infant fate,

Rous’d by the light, old Dulness heav'd the To the mild limbo of our father Tate ;

head, Or peaceably forgot, at once be blest

Then snatch'd a sheet of Thule from her bed;
la Shadwell's bofom with eternal reft! 240
Soon to the mass of Nonsense to return, (born.
Where things destroy'd are swept to things un-

With that, a tear (portentous sign of grace!)
Stole from the master of the seven-fold face :

to take fire, as appears by these lines, with which And thrice he lifted high the birth-day brand,

he begins the play, And thrice he dropt it from his quivering hand;

“By heaven ! it fires my frozen blood with rage, Then lights the ftru&ure, with averted eyes : The rolling smokes involve the sacrifice.

“And makes it scald my aged trunk.”The opening clouds disclose each work by turns,

Rodrigo, the chief personage of the Persidious Now dames the Cid, and now Perolla burns ; 250 Brother (a play written between Theobald and a

watch-maker). The Rape of Proserpine, one of

the farces of this author, in which Ceres, setting VARIATIONS.

fire to a corn-field, endangered the burning of the Ver. 250. Now flames the Cid, &c.] In the for- play-house. mer edit.

Var. And last, his own cold Æschylus took fire.] Now flames old Memnon, now Rodrigo burns, He had been (to use an expresfion of our poet) In one quick flash see Proferpine expire,

about Æschylus for ten years, and had received And last, his own cold Æschylus took fire. subscriptions for the same; but then went about Then guth'd the tears, as from the Trojan's eyes, other books. The charader of this tragic poet, is When the latt blaze, &c.

fire and boldoefs in a high degree ; but our author Var. Now flames old Memnon, now Rodrigo supposes it very much cooled by the translation : borns,

upon sight of a specimen of which, was made this In oac quick flash see Proserpine expire.]

epigram, Memnon, a hero in the Persian Princess, very apt

“ Alas, poor Eschylus! unlucky dog! REMARKS.

" Whom once a lobster kill'd, and now a log!" Ver. 236. gratis-given Bland.---Sent with a pass] It was a practice fo to give the Daily Ga But this is a grievous error; for Æschylus was not Zerreer and ministerial pamphlets (in which this Nain by the fall of a lobster on his head, but of a Rwas a writer) and to send them poft-free to all tortoise, tefko Vel. Max.b. ix. cap. 13. SCRIBLE the towns in the kingdom.

Ver. 233--with Ward, to Ape-and-monkey climes,] “ Edward Ward, a very voluminous poet in these few lines); the three firft of them were "in Hudibrastic verse, but best known by the fairly printed, acted, and damned; the fourth sup* London Spy, in prose. He has of late years pressed in fear of the like treatment. kept a public house in the city (but in a gentcel Ver. 253. the dear Nonjuror-Moliere's old way), and with his wit, humour, and good li- | Aubble] A Coniedy threshed out of Moliere's quor (ale), afforded his guests a pleasurable en Tartuffe, and so much the translator's favourite, tertainment, especially those of the high-church that he assures us all our author's dillike to it could

party." Jacob, Lives of Poets, vol. ii. p. 225. only arise from disaffection to the government. Great number of his works were yearly fold into He'affures us, that " when he had the honour to the plantations.---Ward, in a book called Apollo's " kiss his Majesty's hand upon presenting his Maggot, declared this account to be a great fallity, 1 “ dedication of it, he was graciously pleased, out protesting that bis public house was not in the " of his royal bounty, to order him two hundred city, but in Moorfields.

pounds for it.

And this he doubts not grieved Ver. 2:8, 240. Tate... Shadwell] Two of his " Mr. P." predeceffors in the laurel.

Ver. 258. Thule] An unfinished poem of that Ver. 250. Now fames the Cid, &c.] In the first name, of which one sheet was printed many years foies on the Dunciad it was said, that this author ago, by Ambrose Philips, a northern author. It was particularly excellent at tragedy. “ This is an urnal method of putting out a fire, to cast * (says he) is as unjust as to say I could not dance wec sheets upon it. Some critics have been of

on a rope." But certain it is that he had at- opinion that this sheet was of the nature of the tempted to dance on this rope, and fell most Albestos, which cannot be consumed by fire: but thamefully, having produced no less than four I rather think it an allegorical allusion to the coldsagedies (the names of which the poet prcferves ncso and heaviness of the writing.




Sudden the flies, and whelms it o'er the pyre; 'The Goddess then, o'er his anointed head,
Down sink the flames, and with a hiss expire. 260 With myftic words, the facred opium sed.

Her ample presence fills up all the place; And lo' her bird (a monster of a fowl.
A veil of logs dilates her awful face : (mayors Something betwixt a heidegger and owl) 290
Great in her charms! as when on shrieves and Perch'd on his crown. Ail hail! and hail again,
She looks, and breathes herself into their airs. My son! the promis'd land expects thy reign.
She bids him wait her to her sacred dome : Know, Eusden thirsts no more for fack or praise ;
Well pleas'd he enter'd, and confes'd his home. He fceps among the dull of ancient days ;
So, fpirits ending their terrestrial race,
Ascend, and recognise their native place.
This the great mother dearer held than all 269
'The clubs of quidnuncs, or her own Guildhall :
Here stood her opium, here me nurs'd her owis,

Ver. 293. Know, Eusden, &c.] In the former Ed.

Know, Settle, cloy'd with custard and with praise, And here the plann'd th' Imperial feat of fools. Here to her chosen all her works she shows;

Is gather'd to the dull of ancient days,
Profe swell'd to verse, versc loitering into profe: 1 Where Gildon, Banks, and high-born Howard, reit.

Safe where no critics damn, no duns molest,
How random thoughts now meaning chance to
Now leave all memory of sense behind :

I fee a king! who leads my chosen fons

To lands that flow with clenches and with puns; How prologues into prefaces decay,

Till each fam'd theatre my empire own; And these to notes are Tritter'd quite away :

Till Albion, as Hibernia, bless my throne!
How index-learning turns no student pale,

I see! I see — Then rape she spoke no more,
Yet holds the cel of scicnce by the tail: 280
How, with less reading than makes felons 'scape,

God save king Tibbald! Grubitreet alleys roar. Less human genius than God gives an ape,

So when Jove's block, &c.
Shall thanks to France, and none to Rome or


Ibid. Ozell.] " Mr. john Ozell (if we credit A past, vamp'd, future, old, reviv'd, new piece,

“ Mr. Jacob) did go to school in Leicestershire, "Twixt Flautus, Fletcher, Shakspeare, and Cor.

“ where somebody left him something to live on, Can make a Cibber, Tibbald, or Ozell. (neille,

“ when he shall retire from business. He was de
“ figned to be sent to Cambridge, in order for

priesthood; but he chose rather to be placed in VARIATIONS,

“ an office of accounts, in the city, being qualified After ver. 268. in the former Ed. followed “ for the same by his skill in arithmetic, and writhese two lines,

ting the necessary hands. He has obliged the Raptur'd, he gazes round the dear retreat, « world with many translations of French plays." And in sweet numbers celebrates the seat. JACOB, Lives of Dram. Poets, P 198.

Var. And in sweet numbers celebrates the seat.] Mr Jacob's character of Mr. Ozell seems vastly Tibbald writ a poem called the Cave of Poverty, short of his merits, and he ought to have further which concludes with a very extraordinary wish, justice done him, having lince fully confuted all " That some great genius, or man of diftinguished sarcasms on his learning and genius, by an advers' merit, may be farved, in order to celebrate her tisement of Sept. 28, 1729, in a paper called the " power, and describe her cave." It was printed Weekly Medley, &c. “As to my lçarning, this in octavo, 1715.

" envious wretch knew, and every body knows, Ver. 286. Can make a Cibber, Johnson, or Ozell. “ that the whole bench of bithops, not long ago,

were pleased to give me a purse of guineas, for REMARKS.

“ discovering the erroneous translations of the Ver. 269 Grcat mother) Magna mater, here " Common-prayer in Portuguese, Spanish, French, applied to Dulness. The Quidnuncs, a name given “ Italian, &c. As for my genius, let Mr. Cleland to the ancient members of certain political clubs, " show better verses in all Pope's works, than who were constantly inquiring Quid nupc? What “ Ozell's version of Boileau's Lutrin, which the news?

“ late Lord Halifax was so pleased with, that he Ver. 286. Tibbald,] Lewis Tibbald, as pro complimented him with leave to dedicate it to nounced) or Theobald (as written) was bred an « him, &c. Let him Mow better and truer poetry attorney, and son to an attorney (lays Mr. Jacob) " in the Rape of the Lock, than in Ozell's Rape of Sittenburn in Kent. He was author of some “ of the Bucket (ia Secchia rapita). And Mr. forgotten plays, translations, and other pieces. He “ Toland and Mr. Gildon publicly declared Ozell's was concerned in a paper called the Cenfor, and " translation of Homer to be, as it was prior, lo a translation of Ovid. “There is a notorious idiot, “ likewise superior to Pope's.--Surely,surely,every “ one hight Wachum, who, from an under-spur. man is free to deserve well of his country?" “ lcather to the law, is become an under-Grapper

Joun OzELL. " to the play-house, who hath lately burlesqued We cannot but subscribe to such reverend tefti. * the Metamorphoses of Ovid by a vile translation, monies, as those of the bench of Bishops, Mr. To* &c. This fellow is concerned in an impertinent land, and Mr. Gildon.

paper called the Censor." DENNIS, Rem. on Ver. 290. a Heidegger) A ftrange bird from Pope's Hom, !. 9, !0.

Switzerland, and not (as lome have fuppofed) be


Safe, where no critics damn, no duns molest, | Till senates nod to Lullabies divine, Where wretched Withers, Ward, ard Gildon And all be sleep, as ac an ode of thine. rest,

She ceas'd. Then (wells the chapel-royal throat: And high-born Howard, more majestic fire, God saye king Cibber! mounts in every note. 320 With Fool of Quality completes the quire. Familiar White's, God save king Colley! cries; Thou, Cibber! thou, his laurel shalt support, God save king Calley! Drury-lane replies : : Folly, my son, has still a friend at Court.

300 To Needham's quick the voice triumphal rode, Lift up your gates, ye princes, see him come: But pious Needham dropt the name of God; Sound, found ye viols, be the cat-call dumb! Back to the devil the last echoes roll, Bring, bring the madding bay, the drunken vine; And Coll! cach butcher roars at Hockley-hole. The creeping, dirty, courtly ivy join.

So when Jove's block descended from on high And thou! his aid-de-camp, lead on my sons, (As sings thy great forefather Ogilby) Light-arm'd with points, antitheses, and puns. Let Bawdry, Billingsgate, my daughters dear, Support his frout, and oaths bring up the rear : And under his, and under Archer's wing, 309 Ver. 319. Chapel-royal] The voices and instruGaming and Grub-ftreet skulk behind the king. ments used in the service of the Chapel-royal

O: when shall rise a monarch all our own, being also employed in the performance of the And I, a nursing mother, rock the throne ; Birth-day, and New-year-odes. 'Twixt prince and people close the curtain draw,

Ver. 324. But pious Needham) a matron of Shade him from light, and cover him from law; great fame, and very religious in her way; whose Fatten the courtier, starve the learned band, constant prayer it was, that the might" get enough And suckle armies, and dry-nurse the land : “ by her profession to leave it off in time, and

“ make her peace with God.” But her fate was

“not so happy; for being convicted, and set in REMARKS.

the pillory, she was (to the lasting shame of all pame of an eminent person who was a man of her great friends and votaries) fo iil used by the parts, and, as was faid of Petronius, Arbiter Ele- populace, that it put an end to her days. gantiarum.

Ver. 325. Back to the Devil] The Devil Tavern Ver. 296. Withers,) See on ver. 146.

in Fleet-street, where these odes are usually reVer. 296. Gildon) Charles Gildon, a writer of hearsed before they are performed at Court. Upcriticisms and libels in the last age, bred at St. on which a wit of those times made this epigram: Omer's with the Jesuits ; but renouncing popery, " When laureates make odes, do you ask of what be published Blount's books against the Divinity

fort! of Chrilt, the Oracles of Reason, &c. He figna “Do you ask if they're good, or are evil? lized himself as a critic, having written some very “ You may judge-From the Devil they come to bad plays ; abused Mr. P. very scandalously in an " the Court, anonymous pamphlet of the Life of Mr. Wycher “ And go from the Court to the Devil.” ley, printed by Curll; in another, called the New Ver. 328--Ogilby)-God save King Log :) See Rehearsal, printed in 1714 ; in a third, intituled Ogilby's Æsop's Fables, where, in the story of the the Complete Art of English Poetry, in two vo. frogs and their king, this excellent hemistich is to lems; and others.

be found. Ver. 297. Howard,] Hon. Edward Howard, Our author manifests here, and elsewhere, a author of the British Princes, and a great number prodigious tenderness for the bad writers. We of wonderful picces, celebrated by the late Earls of Ice he selects the only good passage, perhaps, in Darsct and Rochester, Duke of Buckingham, Mr. all that ever Ogilby writ! which shows how canWallır, &c.

did and patient a reader he must have been. What Ver. 309, 310. under Archer's wing, -Gaming, can he more kind and affectionate than the words &c.) When the facute against gaming was drawn in the preface to his poems, where he labours to up, it was represented, that the king, by ancient call up all our humanity and forgiveness toward custom, plays at hazard one night in the year ; and these unlucky men, by the most moderate repretherefore a clause was inserted, with an exemption rentation of their case, that has ever been given as to that particular. Under this pretence, the by any author ? groom porter had a room appropriated to gaming But how much all indulgence is lost upon these all the summer the court was at Kentington, which people may appear from the just reflection made his majesty accidentally being acquainted with, on their constant conduct and constant fate, in the with a just indignation, prohibited. It is reported following epigram: the same pradice is yet continued wherever the court residcs, and the hazard table there open to " Ye litrle wits, that gleam'd a-while, all the profefied gamesters in town.

“ When Pope vouchfaf 'd a ray, “ Greatest and juftest SOVEREIGN ; know you this; “ Alas depriv'd of his kind smile, * Alas! no more, than Thames calm head can " How soon ye fade away! " know,

(o'erflow." " Whose nxeads his armis drown, or whose corn " To compar: Phæbus' car about,

Doxne to Queen E. “ Thus empty vapours rise,

. Loud thunder to its bottom fhook the bog, Or that where on her Curlls the public pours,

And the hoarse nation croak’d, God save kiog Log! All bountcous, fragrant grains and golden fhowers,



* Each lends his cloud to put him out,

We cannot therefore, enough admire the learn. " That rear'd him to the skies.

ed Scriblerus for his alteration of the text in the

two laft verses of the preceding book, which in all “ Alas! those skies are not your sphere;

the former editions stood thus: “ There he shall ever burn : • Weep, weep, and fall! for earth ye were, Hoarse thunder to its bottom fhook the bog, “ And must to earth return."

And the loud nation croak’d, God save king Log.
He has, with great judgment, transposed these

two epithets; putting hoarse to the nation, and BOOK II.

loud to the thunder : And this being evidently the

true reading, he vouchfased not so much as to ARGUMENT.

mention the former; for which assertion of the The king being proclaimed, the solemnity is gra- | just right of a critic he mcrits the acknowledge

ced with public games and sports of various ment of all found commentators. kinds; not instituted by the hero, as by Æneas

Ver. 2. Henley's gilt tub,] The pulpit of a difin Virgil, but for greater honour by the god- renter is usually called a tab; but that of Mr. Oradess in person in like manner as the games tor Henley was covered with velvet, aod adorneå Pythia, ihmia, &c. were anciently said to be

with gold. He had also a fair altar, and over it ordained by the Gods, and as Thetis herself ap- this extraordinary inscription, : The Primitive pearing, according to Homer, Odys. xxiv. pro.

Eucharift.' See the history of this person, book posed the prizes in honour of her son Achilles). | ii. Hither flock the poets and critics, attended, as Ver. 2. or Fleckno's Irish throne,) Richard is but juft, with their patrons and booksellers. Fleckno was an Irish priest, but had laid afide (as The goddess is first pleased, for her disport, to

himself expressed it) the mechanic part of prieh. propose games to the booksellers, and settech hood. He printed some plays, poems, letters, and up the phantom of a poet, which they contend

travels. ' I doubt not, our author took occafion to to overiake. The races described, with their mention him in respect to the poem of Mr Drydivers accidents. Next, the game for a poetess. den, to which this bears some resemblance, though Then follow the exercises for the poets, of tick of a character more different from it than that of ling, vociferating, diving : The first holds forth

the Æneid from the Iliad, or the Lutrin of Boileau the arts and practices of dedicators, the second

from the Defait de Bouts rimées of Sarazin. of disputants and fuftian poets, the third of pro

It may be just worth mentioning, that the emis found, dark, and dirty party-writers. Laftly,

nence from whence the ancient sophifts entertaire for the critics, the goddess proposes (with greated their auditors, was called by the pompous propriety) an exercise, not of their parts, but

name of a throne. Themiftius, Orat. i. their patience, in hearing the works of two vo

Ver. 3. Or that where on her Curils the public luminous authors, one in verse, and the other pours,] Edmund Curll food in the pillory at Chain prose, deliberately read, without Neeping : ring-cross, in March 1727-8. “ This (faith Ed. The various effects of which, with the several

“ mund Curll) is a false affertion- I had indeed degrees and manners of their operation, are " the corporal punishment of what the gentle here set forth ; till the whole number, not of men of the long robe are pleased jncofely to call critics only, but of spectators, adors, and all

“ mounting the roftrum for one hour but that present, fall fast asleep; which naturally and “ scene of action was not in the month of March, necesarily ends the games.

“ but in February." (Curlliad, ramo, p. 19.) Ilgu on

And of the history of his being toft in a blanket, on a gorgeous feat, that far out-thone

he faith, “ Here, Scriblerus! thou leefelt in what Healey's gilt tub, or Fleckno's Irish throne.

" thou afferteft concerning the blanket: it was

not a blanket, bue a rug," p. 25. Much in the

fame manner Mr. Cibber remonftrated, that his REMARKS

brothers, at bedlam, mentioned Book i. were bot Two things there are, upon the fupposition of brazen, but blocks; yet our author let it pass up. which the very basis of all verbal criticilm is found altered, as a trifle that no way altered the relativt ed and supported: The first, that an author could thip. never fail to ufc the best word on every occafion; We told think (gentle reader) that we but ni the second, that a criti. cannot choose but know performed our part, if we correded not as well which that is. "This bulis granted, whenever any our own crrors now, as formerly those of the prime word doch not fully conectit 119, We take upon us to Since what moved us to this work, was feliy conclude, firit, that the author could never have the love of fruth not in the least any vain-gher, widit; ani, kuondly, that he must have uted that or desire to contend with great authors. And very one, which we cori cure, in 15 itcad. larther, our mistakes, wc conceive, will the rackos


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