Imágenes de páginas

P. Their own,


Not proud, nor servile; be one poet's praise. Let the wo Curlis of town and court, abuse 380
That, if he pieas'd, he pleas'd by manly ways: His father, mother, body, soul, and muse.
That flattery, ev'n to kings, he held a shame, Yet why? that father held it for a rule,
And thought a lie in verfe or prole the same; It was a fin to call our neighbour fool :
Tkat not in fancy's maze he wander'd long, 340 That harmless mother thought no wise a whore :
out ftoop'd to truth, and moraliz'd his song : Hear this, and spare his family, James Moure!
That not for fame, but virtue's better end, Unspotted names, and memorable long!
He stood the furious foe, the timid friend,

If there be force in virtue, or in song.
The damning critic, half-approving wit,

Of gentle blood (part shed in honour's cause, The concoinb hit, or fearing to be hit ;

While yet in Britain honour had applause) Laugh'd at the loss of friends he vever had, Each parent sprung-d. What, fortune, pray!The duli, the proud, the wicked, and the mad; The distant threats of vengeance on his head, And better got, than Bestia's from the throne. The blow unfelt, the tear he never shed;

Born to no pride, inheriting no strise, The tale reviv'd, the fie fo oft o'erthrown, 350 Nor marrying difcord in a noble wife, Th' imputed trafh, and dulness not his own; Stranger to civil and religious rage, The morals blacken'd when the writings 'scape, The good man walk'd innoxious through his The libel'd person, and the pictur'd shape; Abuie, on all he lov’d, or lov'd him, spread, No courts he saw, no suits would ever try, A friend in exile, or a father dead;

Nor dar'd an oath, nor hazarded a lie, The whilper, that, to greatness still too near, Unlearn'd, he knew no schoolmen's fubtle art, Perhaps, yet vibrates on his fovereign's car No language, but the language of the heart. Welcome for thee, fair virtue! all the past : By nature honest, by experience wise ; 400 For chec, fair virtue! welcome ev'n the last ! Healthy by temperance, and by exercise;

4. But why insule the poor, affront the great? His life, though long, to sickness past unknown, P. A knave's a knave, to me, in every state : 361 His death was inftant, and without a groan. Alike my scorn, if he succeed or fail.

Ogrant me thus to live, and thus to die ! sporus at court, or Japhet in a jail;

Who sprung fruih kings fall know less joy A hireling feribbler, or a hireling peer,

than l. Knight of the post corrupt, or of the fire ;

O friend! may each donieftic bliss be chine! If on a pillory, or near a throne,

Be no unpleasing melancholy mine : He gainghis prince's ear, or lose his own. Me, let the tender office long engage.

Yer soft by nature, more a dupe than wit, To rock the cradle of repofing age, Sappho can tell you how this man was bit: With lenient arts extend a mother's breath, 410 This dreaded fat'rift Dennis will confess 370 Make languor smile, and smooth the bed of death, For to his pride, but friend to his diftrefs : Explore the thought, explain the asking eye, So humble, he has knock'd at Tibbald's door, And keep a while one parent from the sky! Has drunk with Cibber, pay, has rhym'd for Moor. On carcs like these if length of days attend, Pull ten years flarder'd, did he once reply? May Heaven, to bless those days, preserve my Three thousand suns went down on Welited's lie. friend, To please his mistress one aspers’d his life; Preserve him social, cheerful, and serene, He lash'd him not, but let her be his wife : And just as rich as when he serv'd a queen! Let Badgell charge low Grub-street on his quill, A. Whether ihat bleflings be deny's or given, And write whate'er he pleas'd, except his will; Thus far was right, the rest belongs to Heaven.

Ver. 363, in the MS.
Once, and but once, his heedless youth was bit,
And lik'd that dangerous thing, a female wit ;
Safe as he thoughe, though all the prudent chid;
He writ rohbels, but my lady did :
G:cat odds in amorrus or poctic game,
Where womau's ia le fin, and neu's the lhame.

After vcr. 405, in the MS.
And of myself, too, something muft I fay!
Take then this verle, the trifle of a day.
And if it live, it lives but to commend
The man whole heart has ne'er forgot a friend,
Or head, an author; critic, yet polite,
And friend to learning, yet too wile to write.




Tus occasion of publishing these Imitations was the clamour raised on some of my epifles. An

answer from Horace was both more full, and of more dignity, than any I could have made in my own person; and the example of much greater freedom in so eminent a divine as Dr. Donne, seemed a proof with what indignation and contempt a Christian may treat vice or folly, in ever fo low, or ever so high a station. Both these authors were acceptable to the Princes and Ministers under whom they lived. The satires of Dr. Donne I versified, at the desire of the Earl of Oxford while he was Lord Treasurer, and of the Duke of Shrewsbury, who had been Secretary of State : neither of whom looked upon a fatire on vicious courts as any refle&tion on those they served in. And indeed there is not in the world a greater error, than that which fools are so apt to fall into, and knaves with good reason to encourage, the mistaking a fatirist for a libeller; whereas to a true satirist nothing is so odious as a libeller, for the same reason as to a man truly virtuous, nothing is so hateful as a hypocrite.

“ Uni acquus Virtuti atque ejus Amicis."


Timorous by nature, of the rich in awė,

() I come to councll learned in the law :
You'll give me, like a friend both fage and free,
Advice; and (as you use) without a fcc.

F. (d) I'd write no more. 3. There are (I scarce can think it, but am told)

P. Not write? but then I think, (a) There are, 'o whom iny fatire secmis too bold: (e) And for my foul I cannot fleep a wink. Scarce to wise Peter complaifint encugh, I nod in company, I wake at night, And something faid of Chartres much too rough. Fools rush into my head, and so I write. (life. (6) The lines are weak, another's pleas’d to fay, 7. You could not do a worse thing for your Lord Fanny spins a thousand such a day, Why, if the nights seem tedious-take a wife :

HORATIUS.-TREBATIUS. Mille die versus deduci poffe. (6) Trebati,

Quid faciam? praescribe.

T. (d) Quiefcas.

H. Ne faciam, inqui (a) Sunt quibus in Satira videar nimis acer, et Onnino versus ? ultra


T. Aio. Legem tendere opus; (6) fine nervis altera, quic.

H. Peream male, fi non Composui, pars elle putat, fimilesque nicorum Optimum erat : (-) verum ncqueo dormire.


Or rather truly, if your point be relt, (9) I love to pour out all myfell, as plain Le:tuce and cowflip wine ; " Probatum eft." As downright Shippen, or as old Montange : But talk with Celsus, Celsus will advise

In them, as certain to be lov'd as seen, Hartfhorc, or something that fall close your eyes, The foul stood forth, nor kept a thought within ; () Or, if you needs mukt write, write Cælar's In me what spots (for fpots I have) appear, praise,

Will prove at least the medium muit be clear. (6) You'll gain at least a knighthood, or the bays. In this impartial glass, my mule intends P. What? like Sir (1) Richard, rumbling, rough, Fair to expose myself, my foes, my friends; and fierce,

Publish the present age; but where my text With arms and George and Brunswick crowd the Is vice too high, reserve it for the next; verse,

My foes shall with my life a longer date, Rend with tremendous found your ears afunder, And every friend the less lament my face. With gun, drum, trumpet, biunderbuss, and thun- My head and heart thus flowing through my quill, der?

() Verseman or profeman, term me whac you Or nobly wild, with Budgell's fire and force,

will, Paint angels trembling round his falling horse? Papist or Protestant, or both between,

1. (1) Then all your muse's softer art display, Like good Erasmus in an hogeit mean, Le Carolina (mooth the tuneful lay,

In moderation placing all my glory, Lull with Amelia's liquid name the Nine, While Tories call me Whig, and Whigs a Tory. And sweetly flow through all the royal line. (s) Satire 's my weapon, but I'm too discreet

P. (1) Alas! few verses touch their nicer ear; To run a-muck, and tilt ar all I meet; They scarce can bear their laureate twice a year ; (t) I only wear it in a land of Hectors, And juftly Cæfar scorns the poet's Jays,

Thieves, supercargoes, sharpers, and directors. It is to history die trusts for praise.

(u) Save but our army: and let Jove incruft F. (m) Beiter be Cibber, I'll maintain it still, Swords, pikes, and guns, with everlasting rust! Thap ridicule all taste, blafpheme quadrille, (v) Peace is my dear delight-not Fleury'o Abuse the city's best good men in metre, And laugh at peers that put their trust in Peter. But touch me, and no minister so sore. (n) Ev'n those you touch pot, hate you.

Whoe'er offends, at some unlucky time P. What flould ail 'em ? (x) Slides into verse, and hitches in a rhyme, P. A hundred smart in l'inson and in Balaam : Sacred to ridicule his whole life long, The fewer ftill you name, you wound the more ; And the sad burden of some merry fong. Bord is but one, but Harpax is a score. (deny (y) Slander or poison dread from Delia's rage ;

P. (0) Each mortal has his pleasure : none Hard words or hanging, is your judge be Page. Scaridale his borile, Darty his ham pie!

Fron furious Sappho scarce a milder tate,
Rid ita fips and dances, till the fee

P-x'd by her love, or libeil'd by her haie.
The doabling lustres dance as fast as fhe; [ther,
(0) - loves the senate, Hockley hole his bro-
Like in all else, as one egg to another.

Pugnis. quot capitum vivunt, totidem ftudiorum
miillia. (g) me pedibus delectat claudere verba,

Lucili ritu, noitrùm melioris utroque.
T.(S) Ter uneti

Ilie velut fidis arcana fodalibus olim
Transnanto Tiberim, fomno quibus eft opus alto; Credebat libris; neque, li male yetiirat, usquam,
Imguumye mero sub noctem corpus habento. Dueurrens alio, neque fi bene ; quo fit, ut omnis

() Aut fi tantus amor fcribendite rapit, aude Votiva pateat veluti defcripta tabella Cactaris invidi res dicere, b) multa laborum Vita fenis. sequor hunc, (*) Lucanus an Appulus, Praca ja laturus.

anceps : H. Cupidum, Pater oprime, vires (Nam Venulinus arat finem sub utrumque colonus, Deficiunt : (i, neque enim quivis horrentia pilis Missus ad huc, pullis ( vetus eft ut sama) Sabellis; Agmina, nec fracta pereuntes cuspide Galios, Qulo ne per vacuum Romano incurreret hoftis; Aut labentis equo defcribat vulnera Parthi. Sive quod Appula gens, seu quod Lucania bellum 1. (4) Attamen et justum poteras et scribere | Incuteret viulenta) () led hic lylus haud petet fortem,

ultro Scipiadam ut fapiens Lucilius.

Quemquam animantem, et me veluti custodiet H. Haud mihi deero,

enfis Cum res ipfa feree : (1) nifi dextro tempore, Flacci Vagina tectus, quem cur deftringere coner, Verba fet attentam non ibunt Caefaris aurem : (1) Tutus ab inteftis latronibus? (w) O pater et Cunale fi palpere, recalcitrat undique lutus. 7. . Quanto rectius hoc, quam triti laedere versu Jupiter, ut pereat positum rubigine celum, Pantulavum fcurram, Nomentanumve nepotem ? Nec quisquam roceat (o; cupigo niihipacis! at ille, (*) Cum Gibi quisque timet, quanquam est inta&us, Qui me commorit, (melius son tangere, clamu) et odit,

(x, Febit, et insiguis tota cautabitur urbe, H.'.) Quid faciam? Saltat Milonius, ut femel ido (y) Cervius iratus leges miniatur et urnam; Accele fervor capiti, numerulque lle tois. Cunidia Albul', quibus iit inimica, venenum:, ) Caftor gaudet cquis ; ovo prognatus eodem, Grande malum Turius, fi quis fe ju lice curics:


(2) Its proper power to hurt, each creature feels; (8) To virtue only and her friends a friend, Bulls aim their horns, and afios list tKeir heels; The world beside may murmur, or commend, 'Tis a bear's talent not to kick, but hug;

Know, all the distant din that world can keep, And no man wonders he's not ftung by pug. Rolls o'er my grotto, and but sooths my fleep. (a) So drivk with Walters, or with Chartres eat, (b) There, my retreat the best companions grace, They'll never poison you, they'll only cheat. Chiefs out of war, and flatęsmen out of place.

(6) Then, learned Sir: (to cut the matter short) There St. John mingles with my friendly bowl Whate'er my fate, or well or ill at court;

'The feast of reason and the flow of foul : Whether old-age, with faint but cheerful ray, And he, whose lightning pierc'd th' Iberian lines, Attends to gild the evening of my day,

Now forms my quincunx, and now ranks iný Or death's black wing already be display'd,

vines; To wrap me in the universal shade ;

Or tames the genius of the fubborn plain, Whether the darken'd room to mufe invite, Almost as quickly as he conquer'd Spain. Or whiten'd wall provoke the fewer to write : (i) Envy must own, I live among the great, In Jurance, exile, bedlam, or the miut,

No pimp of pleasure, and no spy of state! (6) Like Lee or Budgell, I will rhyme and print, With eyes that pry not, tongue that ne'er repeats; F. (d) Alas, young man ! your days can ne'er Fond to spread friendships, but to cover heats; be long,

To help who want, to forward who excel; In flower of age you perish for a fong!

This, all who know me, know ; who love me, tell; Plums and director®, Shylock and his

wife, And who unknown defame me, let them be Will club their testers, now, to take your life! Scribblers or peers, alike are mob to me. P. (e) What? arm'd for virtue when I point This is my plca, on this I rest my cause

(4) What faith my council, learned in the laws ? Brand the bold front of shameless guilty men; F. (1) Your plea is good; but still I say, beDash the proud gamester in his gilded car;

ware: Barc the mean heart that lurks beneath a far; Laws are explain'd by men-so have a care. Can there be wanting, to defend her cause, It stands on record, that in Richard's times Lights of the church, or guardians of the laws? A man was hang'd for very honest rhymes; Could penfion'd Boileau lath in honelt train (m) Consult the statute, “ quart." I think, it is, Flatterers and bigots ev'n in Louis' reign? « Edwardi fext." or "prim et quint. Eliz." Could laurcate Dryden Pimp and Friar engage, See libels, satires--here you have it-read. Yet neither Charles nor James be in a rage ? P.(n)Libels and satires: lawless things indeed! And I not (S) trip the gilding off a knave, But brave epistles, bringing vice to light, Unplac'd, unpenfion'J, no man's heir or llave? Such as a king mighc read, a bishop write, I will, or perish in the generous cause :

Such as Sir Robert would approveHear this, and tremble! you, who 'scape the laws.

F, Indeed? Yes, while i live, no rich or noble knave

The case is alter'd—you may then proceed ; Shall walk the world, in credit, 10 his grave. () In such a case the plaintiff will be hiss'd,

My lords the judges laugh, and you're dismiss d.

the pen,


(3) Ut, quo quisque valet, fufpectos terreat, utque imperet hoc Natura potens, fic collige mecum. Scilicet (8) Uni aequus virtuti atque ejus Amicis., Dente lupus, cornu taurus petit; unde, nifi intus (1) Quin ubi se a vulgo et scena in secreta remoMonstratum ? (a) Scaevae vivacem crede nepoti Matrem; nil faciet sceleris pia dextra (mirum ? Virtus Scipiadae et mitis fapientia Laeli, Ut neque calce lupus quemquam, ncque dento petit Nugari cum illo, et discindi ludere, donec bos)

Dccoqueretur olus, soliti. Sed mala tollet anum vitiato melle cicuta.

Quidquid fum ego, quamvis (b)Ne longum faciam : seu metranquilla senectus | Infra Lucili cenfum, ingeniumque; tamen me Epectat, seu mors atris circumvolat alis;

(i) Cum magnis vixifTe invita sarebitur usque Dives, inops; Romae, feu fors ita jufferit, exsul; Invidia ; et fragili quaerens illidere dentem, (c) Quisquis erit vitae, fcribam, color.

Offender solido:
T.(d) O puer, ut fis

(6) nisi quid tu, docte Trebari, Vitalis metuo; et majorum ne quis amicus

Diflintis. Frigore te feriat.

T. (1) Equidem nihil hinc diffingere possum. H. (c) Quid? cum est Lucilus ausus Sed tamen ut monitus caveas, ne forte negoti Primus in hunc operis coniponerc carn,ina merem, Incutiat tibi quid sanctarum infcitia legum : (5) Detrahere et pellem, nitidus qua quisque “ (12) Si mala condiderit in quem quis carmins,

per ora Cederet, introrsum turpis; num Laelius, aut qui " Judiciumque." Duxit ab oppreffa meritum Carthagine nomen, H. Efto, li quis (n) mala : fed bona fi quis Ingenio cffensi? aut laefo doluere Metello, Judice condider it laudatur Caefare. fi quis Famofilque Lupo coperto verfibris? atqui Opprobriis dignum laceraverit, integer ipse. Primores populi arripuit, populumque tributim ; T. () Solvercur risu tabulae : tu miffus abibis.

jus est

(i) Of carps and mullets why prefer the great, BOOK 11. SATIRE II.

(Though cut in pieces tere my lord can eat)
Yet for small turbots such elteen profess?

Because God made these large, the other less.

(k) Oldfield, with more than harpy throat endued,

Cries, “ Send me, gods! a whole hog barbecued!" (a) WHAT, and how great, the virtue and the art

Oh blast it, (l) south winds tilla itench exhale To live on little with a cheerful heart;

Rank as the ripeness of a rabbit's tail. O (A doctrine sage, but truly none of mine)

By what criterion do you eat, d'ye think, Let's talk, my friends, but ralk (c) before we dine.

If this is priz'd for sweetness, that for stink? () Not when a gilt buffet's reflected pride When the tir'd glutton labours through a treat, Turns you from found philosophy aside;

He finds no relish in the swcerest meat, Not when from plate to place your eye-balls roll, He calls for something bitter, something four, And the brain dances to the mantling bowl. And the rich feast concludes extremely poor :

Hear Bethel's sermon, one not vero'd in schools, (m) Cheap eggs, and herbs, olives, fill we see; () But strong in sense, and wise without the rules.

Thus much is left of old fimplicity! v) Go work, hunt, exercise! (he thus began)

(n) The robin-red-breast till of late had reft, Then scorn a homely dinner, if you can.

And children sacred held a martin's nest, () Your wine lock'd up, your Butler stroll’dabroad, Till beccaficos sold fo dez'lith dear Or fish deny'd (the river yet unthaw'd),

To one that was, or would have been, a peer. If then plain bread and milk will do the feat,

(0) Let me extol a cat, on oysters fed, The pleasure lies in you, and not the meat.

l'll have a party at the Bedford-head; (6) Preach as I please, I doubt our curious men

Or ev'n to crack live crawfith recommend; Will choose a pheasant still before a hen;

I'd never doubt at court to make a friend. Yet hens of Guinea full as good I hold,

(P) 'Tis yet in vain, I own, to kcep a pother Except you eat the feathers green and gold.

About one vice, and fall into the other :
Between excess and famine lies a mean;

Plain, but not sordid ; though not fplendid, clean,

(9) Avidien, or his wife, (no matter which,

For him you'll call a (r) dog, and her a bitch) (a Quae virtus et quanta, boni, fit vivere parvo, Sell their presented partridges, and fruits, (Nec meus hic fermo : sed qua praecepit Ofel. And humbly live on rabbits, and on roots : lus,

(s) One half-pint bottle serves them both to dine, Rufticus, (*) abnormis Sapiens, crassaque Minerva) | And is at once their vinegar and wine. Discite, (d) non inter lances mensasque nitentes; Cum fupet insanis acies fulgoribus, et cum Acclinis falfis animus meliora recusa :

Captus hiet? ponte ne inter jactatus, an amnis (9) Verum hic impranfi mecum difquirite. Cur oftia sub Tusci? (i) laudas, infane, trilibrem [eft. hoc ?

Mullum; in singula quem minuas pulmenta neceffe Dicam, li potero, male verum examinat omnis Ducit te species, video. quo pertinet ergo Corruptus judex. (f) Leporum sectatus, equove Proceros odisse lupos ? quia scilicet illis Lallus ab indomito; vel (si Romana fatigat Majorem natura modum dedit, his breve pondus. Militia affuetum graecari) seu pila velox,

Jejunus raro ftomachus vulgaria temnit. Molliter aufterum ftudin fallente laborem ;

(k) Porrectum magno magnum spectare carino Scu te discus agit, pete cedentem aëra disco: Vellem, ait Harpyiis gula digna rapacibus. At Cam labor extulerit fastidia; ficcus, inanis,


(quamquam Sperne cibum vilem : nifi Hyniettia mella Falerno, (!) Praesentes Austri, coquite horum oplonia ; Ne biberis, diluta. (g) foris est promus, et atrum Putet aper rhombusque recens, mala copia quando Defendens pisces hiemat mare : tum sale panis Aegrum sollicitat fromachum; cum rapula plenus Latrantem ftomachum bene leniet. unde putas, aut Atque acidas mavult inulas. (m) necdum omnis Qui partum ? non in caro nidore voluptas

abacta Somma, sed in teipfo eft. tu pulmentaria quacre Pauperies epulis regum : nam vilibus ovis Sudando. pinguem vitiis albumque neque ofrea, Nigrisque est oleis hodie locus. Haud ita pridem Nec scarus, aut poterit peregrina juvare lagoïs. Galloni praeconis crat accipensere mensa [bant?

(6) Vix tamen eripiam, posito pavone, velis quin Infamis. quid ? tum rhombus minus aequora ale. Hoc potius quam gallina tergere palacum? (n) Tutus erat rhombus, tutoque ciconia nido, Corruptus vanis rerum : quia vencat auro Donec vos auctor docuit praetorius. ergo Rara avis, et picta pandat spe&acula cauda : () Si quis nunc mergos suaves edixerit aflos, Tamquam ad rem attincat quidquam. Num vel. Parebit parvi docilis Romana juventus. ceris ifta,

() Sordidus a tenui victus diftabit, Ofello Quam laudas, piuma ? cocove pum adeft honor Judice : nam frustra vitium vitaveris istud, idem ?

Si te alio pravus detorseris. (9) Avidienus, Carne tamen quamvis distat nihil hac, magis illa; (o) Cui Canis ex vero ductum cognomen adhaeret, Imparibus formis deceptum te patet, eslo. Quinquennes oleas eft, et sylvestria corna; Uode datumi sentis, lupus hic, Tiberinus, an alto (s) Ac, niâ mutatum, parcit defundere vinum ; et

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