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sons washed their hands and their feet thereat; 32. When they went into the Tent of Meeting, and when they approached the altar, they washed; as the Lord had commanded Moses. 33. And he reared up the Court round about the Tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the Court gate. So Moses finished the work. 34. Then the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the habitation. 35. And Moses was not able to enter into the Tent of Meeting, for the cloud rested on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the habitation. 36. And when the cloud 'arose from the Tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys: 37. But if the cloud did not arise, then they did not journey till the day that it arose. 38. For the cloud of the Lord was upon the Tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
Engl. Vers.-Was taken up.
tuary (Josh. xxii.; Judg. xviii. 31; xxi. 19; 1 Sam. i. 3; iii. 3, etc.), although other holy places of public assembly are mentioned from the lifetime of Joshua down to the period of the kings, as Shechem, Gilgal, Mizpah, and Bethel (Josh. xxiv. 26; Judg. xx. 1, 26, etc.). After the great victory of the Philistines in the time of Eli, the Tabernacle was removed to Nob, likewise in the territory of Benjamin (1 Sam. xxi.); but was, after the destruction of this town (xxii.), brought to Gibeon, where we meet it in the time of David and Solomon (1 Chron. xvi. 39; xxi. 29; 1 Kings iii. 4; ix. 2, etc.). The latter king ordered it to be brought to Jerusalem, and, with all its vessels, to be deposited in the temple (1 Kings viii. 4). From this time it is no more mentioned in the sacred records. The equally changeful fate of the Ark of the Covenant will be adverted to in its proper place.
So, then, had the descendants of Jacob
advanced a most momentous step; we found them, at the beginning of this book, as an increasing multitude of ill-treated and idolatrous slaves; we leave them as & free nation, the guardians of eternal truth, the witnesses of overwhelming miracles. Released from the vain and buisy worldliness of proud Egypt, they encamp in the silent desert, in isolated and solemn solitude, holding converse only with their thoughts and with their God. Before them stood erected the visible habitation of Him whom they acknowledged and adored as their rescuer from Egyptian thraldom; the mysterious structure disclosed to them many profound ideas of their new religion; and they respected the priests as their representatives and their mediators. The communion between God and His people was opened; the pious might preserve, the penitent sinner might restore the harmony of the mind; life had its aim, and virtue its guide.
מועד וּבָנָיו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם וְאֶת־רַגְלֵיהֶם : 32 בְּבֹאָם אֶל-אֹהֶל וּבְקָרְבָתָם אֶל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ יִרְחָצוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר צִנָּה יְהוָה אֶת־
33 וַיִּקֶם אֶת־הֶחָצֵר סָבִיב לַמִּשְׁכָּן וְלַמִּזְבֵּחַ וַיִּתֵּן מֹשֶׁה : אֶת־מָסַךְ שֶׁעַר הֶחָצֵר וַיְכַל מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הַמְלָאכָה :
: 34 וַיְכַס הֶעָנָן אֶת־אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וּכְבוֹד יְהוָה מָלֵא אֶת־הַמִּשְׁכָּן
וְלֹא־כָל מֹשֶׁה לָבוֹא אֶל־אֹהֶל ממֵד כִּי־שָׁבֶן עָלָיו הֶעָנָן וּכְבוֹד יְהוָה מָלֵא אֶת־הַמִּשְׁכָּן : 36 וּבְהֵעָלוֹת הֶעָנָן מֵעַל הַמִּשְׁכָּן
37 וְאִם־לֹא יַעֲלֶה הֶעָנָן וְלֹא יִסְעוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכָל מַסְעֵיהֶם :
38 כִּי עֲנַן יְהוָה עַל־הַמִּשְׁכָּן יוֹמָם וְאֵשׁ יִסְעוּ עַד־יְוֹם הֵעָלֹתוֹ : תִּהְיֶה לַיְלָה בְּוֹ לְעֵינֵי כָל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכָל־מַסְעֵיהֶם :
from which Moses then for ever abstained (see Levit. viii. ix).
(הענן) The same cloud
which was to the Israelites, since their exodus from Egypt, a sign and pledge of Divine protection (xiii. 21; xiv. 19, 20; xvi. 9, 10), covered now the holy Tent; the glory of the Lord filled it so completely that Moses was unable to enter (compare i Kings viii. 10, 11); this was for the people a guarantee that God intended to dwell among them (xxix. 44); that He had again accepted them as His “ peculiar treasure;" only when the cloud had withdrawn to the Holy of Holies, Moses could approach God and commune with Him. This cloud was at the same time a signal for the journeys of Israel; when it rested over the Tabernacle, they encamped; when it rose from it, they continued their marches, as is more fully described in Numb. ix. 17—22.
. This notice is here, by anticipation, inserted from the same principle, which guided the sacred historian in the remark contained in xvi. 35; he frequently com
bines the facts bearing on the same subject to one complete narrative; he writes no chronicle, but a pragmatical history. But further, the contents of these verses point, on the one hand, to the journeys detailed in the fourth Book, whilst they are, on the other hand, closely connected with Leviticus, where the whole organization of the Sanctuary and of priestdom is described: the Books of the Law are not only individually in harmony with their parts, but they form collectively a work internally pervaded by the spirit of unity and order.
The history of the Tabernacle may thus be traced. During the journeys of the Israelites, its various parts and utensils were carefully wrapped up and carried by the Levites (Numb. iv.), who erected it again when the Israelites encamped. In the time of Joshua it was brought to Shiloh (Josh. xviii. 1; xix. 51), where it remained during the whole period of the Judges, and where annually the great national festivals were celebrated; it was considered as the only legitimate sanc
may serve me as priest. 14. And thou shalt bring his sons, and clothe them with tunics; 15. And thou shalt anoint them, as thou hast anointed their father, that they inay serve me as priests: for their anointing shall certainly be for an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations. 16. Thus did Moses; according to all that the Lord had commanded him, so he did.-17. And it was in the first month of the second year, on the first day of the month, that the Tabernacle was reared up. 18. And Moses reared the habitation, and placed its sockets, and set up its boards, and fastened its bars, and reared up its pillars. 19. And he spread the tent over the habitation, and put the covering of the tent above upon it; as the Lord had commanded Moses. 20. And he took and placed the testimony in the ark, and set the staves on the ark, and put the mercyseat above the ark: 21. And he brought the ark into the Tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and hung it before the ark of the testimony; as the Lord had commanded Moses. 22. And he placed the table in the Tent of Meeting, upon the side of the Tabernacle northward, without the vail. 23. And he arranged the bread in order upon it before the Lord; as the Lord had commanded Moses. 24. And he put the candlestick in the Tent of Meeting over against the table, on the side of the Tabernacle southward. 25. And he put on the lamps before the Lord; as the Lord commanded Moses. 26. And he put the golden altar in the Tent of Meeting before the vail: 27. And he burnt incense of perfumes thereon; as the Lord had commanded Moses. 28. And he put the hanging of the door before the Tabernacle. 29. And he put the altar of burnt-offering before the door of the habitation of the Tent of Meeting, and offered upon it the burnt-offering and the meat-offering; as the Lord had commanded Moses. 30. And he set the laver between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and put water there for washing. 31. And Moses and Aaron and his
after the Tabernacle was erected and ancinted, during the seven days of con
secration; on the eighth day the priests themselves undertook these functions,
הַקְדֶשׁ וּמָשַׁחְתָּ אֹתוֹ וְקִדַּשְׁתָּ אֹתוֹ וְכִהֵן לי: 14 וְאֶת־בָּנָיו תַּקְרֵיב וְהִלְבַּשְׁתָּ אֹתָם בְּפֶנָת: 15 וּמָשַׁחְתָּ אֹתָם כַּאֲשֶׁר מָשַׁחְתָּ אֶת־אֲבִיהֶם וְכַהֲנָוּ לִי וְהָיְתָה לְהִוֹת לָהֶם מָשְׁחָתָם לִכְרְבַּת עוֹלָם לְדֹרֹתָם 16 וַיַּעֲשׂ מֹשֶׁה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר צִנָּךְ יְהוָה אֹתוֹ בֵּן עָשָׂה : ס ששי 17 וַיְהִי בַּחֹדֶשׁ הָרִאשׁוֹן בַּשָּׁנָה הַשֵּׁנִית בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ הוּקָם הַמִּשְׁכָּן : 18 וַיָּקֶם משֶׁה אֶת־הַמִּשְׁכָּן וַיִּתֵּן אֶת־אֲדָנָיו וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־קְרָשָׁיו וַיִּתֵּן אֶת־בְּרִיחָיו וַיָקֶם אֶת־עַמוּדָיו : 19 וַיִּפְרְשׂ אֶת־הָאֹהָל עַל הַמִּשְׁכָּן וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־מִכְסֵה הָאֹהֶל עֲלָיו מִלְמָעֲלָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִנָּה יְהוָה אֶת־ משֶׁה :
20 וַיִּקַח וַיִּתֵּן אֶת־הֶעדֶת אֶל הָאָרֹן וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־הַבַּדִּים עַל־הָאָרֹן וַיִּתֵּן אֶת־הַכַּפְּרֶת עַל־הָאָרְן מִלְמָעְלָה : 21 וַיָּבֵא אֶת־הָאָרן אֶל־הַמִּשְׁכָּן וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת פָּרֹכֶת הַמָּסָךְ וַיָּסֶךְ עֶל אֲרוֹן הָעֶרְוּת כַּאֲשֶׁר צִיָּה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה : אֶת־הַשְׁלְחָן בְּאֹהֶל מועד עַל יֶרֶךְ הַמִּשְׁכָּן צָפְנָה מִחוּץ לַפָּרְכֶת : 23 וַיַּעֲרֹךְ עָלָיו עֶרֶךְ לֶחֶם לִפְנֵי יְהוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִנָּה יְהוָה אֶת־ מֹשֶׁה :
24 וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־הַמְּנֹרָה בְּאֹהֶל מועד נְכַח הַשְׁלְחָן עָל יֶרֶךְ הַמִּשְׁכָּן נֶגְבָּה : 25 וַיַּעַל הַנֵּרֹת לִפְנֵי יְהוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צְנָה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה :
26 וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־מִזְבַּח הַזָהָב בְּאֹהֶל מועֵד לִפְנֵי הַפָּרְכֶת : 27 וַיַּקְטֵר עֲלָיו קְטְרֶת סַמִּים כַּאֲשֶׁר צִנָה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה : אֶת־מָסָךְ הַפָּתַח לַמִּשְׁכָּן : 29 וְאֵת מִזְבַּח הֶעלֶה שָׁם פָּתַח מִשְׁכַּן אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וַיַּעַל עָלָיו אֶת־הָעֹלָה וְאֶת־הַמִּנְחָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִנָּה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה :
30 וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־הַבְּוֹר בֵּין־אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וּבֵין הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וַיִּתֵּן שָׁמָּה מַיִם לְרָחְצָה: 31 וְרָחַצְוּ מִמֶנוּ משֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן
which the Samaritan text ,כפרת not
common priests required, later, no unction, but only a consecration; with the sons of Aaron all their descendants were anointed
. for all futurity.
23— 31. The ceremonies here de. scribed, were performed by Moses only
contains, and Targum Jonathan expresses.
15. Whilst every successive Highpriest was to be anointed in the same manner as Aaron had been anointed, the
hanging for the gate of the Court, its cords, and its pins, and all the vessels of the service of the habitation for the Tent of the Meeting; 41. The garments of office to do service in the holy place, 'the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons' garments, to serve as the priests. 42. According to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work. 43. And Moses saw all the work, and, behold, they had done it as the Lord had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.
| Engl. Vers. And the holy garments.
CHAP. XL. 1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2. On the first day of the first month shalt thou rear the habitation of the Tent of Meeting. 3. And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, ’and hang the vail before the ark. 4. And thou shalt bring in the table, and set in order the things which are to be set in order upon it; and thou shalt bring in the candlestick, and put on its lamps. 5. And thou shalt place the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door on the habitation. 6. And thou shalt place the altar of the burnt-offering before the door of the habitation of the Tent of Meeting. 7. And thou shalt place the laver between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and shalt put water therein. 8. And thou shalt erect the Court round about, and put the hanging at the Court gate. 9. And thou shalt take the anointing oil, and anoint the Tabernacle, and all that is therein, and shalt hallow it, and all its vessels; and it shall be holy. 10. And thou shalt anoint the altar of burnt-offering, and all its vessels, and hallow the altar; and it shall be an altar most holy. 11. And thou shalt anoint the laver and its base, and hallow it. 12. And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the Tent of Meeting, and wash them with water. 13. And thou shalt clothe Aaron in the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he
? Engl. Vers. And cover the ark with the rail.