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pours, wind and storm, fulfilling) 5 Let the saints be joyful with his word;

glory; let them rejoice in their 9 Mountains and all hills ; beds. fruitful trees and all cedars; 6 Let the praises of God be

10 Beasts and all cattle; worms in their mouth, and a two-edged and feathered fowls ;

sword in their hands. 11 Kings of the earth and all 7 To be avenged of the heathen, people ; princes and all judges of and to rebuke the people; the world ;

8 To bind their kings in chains, 12 Young men and maidens, and their nobles with links of old men and children, praise the iron. name of the Lord; for his name 9 That they may be avenged only is excellent, and his praise of them; as it is written, Such above heaven and earth.

honour have all his saints. 13 He shall exalt the horn of Psalm 150. Laudate Dominum. bis people : all hise saints shall O PRAISE God in his holi

in firIsrael, even the people that serv-mament of his power. eth him.

2 Praise him in his noble acts; Psalm 149. Cantate Domino. praise him according to his excelO

SING unto the Lord a new lent greatness.

song ; let the congregation 3 Praise him in the sound of of saints praise him.

the trumpet; praise him upon the 2 Let Israel rejoice in him that lute and harp. made him, and let the children of 4 Praise him in the cymbals Sion be joyful in their King. and dances; praise him upon the

3 Let them praise his name in strings and pipe. the dance ; let them sing praises 5 Praise him upon the wellunto him with tabret and harp. tuned cymbals; praise him upon

4 For the Lord hath pleasure the loud cymbals. in his people, and helpeth the 6 Let every thing that hath meek-hearted.

breath praise the Lord.



As established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United

States of America, in Convention, on the twelfth Day of September, in the Year of our Lord 1801.



Art. I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. And the other Books (as Hierome saith) the THERE is but one living and true God, ever- of manners; but yet doth it not apply them tu es

Church doth read for example of life and instruction finite

power, wisdom, and goodness; the Maker Lablish any doctrine ; such are these following: and Preserver of all things both visible and invisible. The Third Book of Esdras, The Fourth Book of And in unity of this Godhead, there be three per- Esdras, The Book of Tobias, The Book of Judith, sons, of one substance, power, and eternity; the The rest of the Book of Hester, The Book of WisFather, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

dom, Jesus the Son of Sirach, Baruch the Prophet,

The Song of the three Children, The Story of SuART. II. Of the Word, or Son of God, which was sanna, Of Bel and the Dragon, The Prayer of Ma. made very Man.

The First Book of Maccabees, The Second

Book of Maccabees. The Son, which is the Word of the Father, begotten from everlasting of the Father, the very and

All the Books of the New Testament, as they are eternal God, of one substance with the Father, took commonly received, we do receive and account them Man's nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin, of Canonical. her substance: so that two whole and perfect Natures,that is to say, ine Godhead and Manhood, were Art. VII. Of the Old Testament. joined together in one Person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God, and very Man; for both in the Old and New Testament everlasting

The Old Testament is not contrary to the New; who truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, life is offered to mankind by Christ, who is the only to reconcile his father to us, and to be a sacrifice, Mediator between God and Man, being both God not only for original guilt, but also for actual sins of and Man. Wherefore they are not to be heard,

which feign, that the Old Fathers did look only for Art. III. Of the going down of Christ into Hell. God by Moses, as touching Ceremonies and Rites,

transitory Promises. Although the Law given from As Christ died for us, and was buried; so also is do not bind Christian men, nor the Civil Precepis it to be believed, that he went down into hell. thereof ought of necessity to be received in any

Commonwealth ; yet notwithstanding, no Christian ART. IV. Of the Resurrection of Christ. man whatsoever is free from the obedience of the Christ did truly rise again from death, and took Commandments which are called moral. again his body, with flesh, bones, and all things appertaining to the perfection of Man's nature, where

Art. VIII. Of the Creeds. with he ascended into heaven, and there siteth, un- The Nicene Creed, and that which is commonly til he return to judge all men at the last day. called the Apostles' Creed, ought thoroughly to be

received and believed: for they may be proved by ART.V. Of the Holy Ghost.

most certain warrants of Holy Scripture. The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father

Art. IX. Of Original or Birth-Sin. and the Son, is of one substance, Majesty, and Glory, with the Father and the Son, vi y and eternal Original Sin standeih not in the following of Adam God.

(as the Pelagians do vainly talk ;) but it is the fault

and corruption of the nature of every man, that ART. VI. Of the Suficiency of the Holy Scriptures naturally is engendered of the offspring of Adam, for Salvation.

whereby man is very far gone from original righHoly Scripture containeth all things necessary to that the flesh lusteth always contrary to the Spirit;

teousness, and is of his own nature inclined to evil, so Salvation: so that whatsoever is not read therein, and therefore in every person born into this world, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of it deserveth God's wrath and damnation. And this any man, that it should be believed as an article of infection of nature doth remain, yea, in them that the Faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to are regenerated; whereby the lust of the flesh, Salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture we called in Greek, ozórnua cagnos, which some do ex: do understand those Canonical Books of the Old pound the Wisdom, some Sensuality, some the As. and New Testament, of whose Authority was never section, some the Desire of the Flesh, is not subject any doubt in the Church.

to the law of God. And although there is no eon[ Of the Names and Number of the Canonical Books. demnation for them that believe and are baptized;

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri, Deuterono- yet the Apostle doth confess, that concupiscence and nium, Joshue, Judges, Rudh, The First Book of Sa

lust hath of itself the nature of sin. muel, The Second Book of Samuel, The First Book

ART. X. Of Free-Will. of Kings, The Second Book of Kings, The First Book of Chronicles, The Second Book of Chronicles, The condition of man after the fall of Adam, is The First Book of Esdras, The Second Book of Es- such, that he cannot turn and prepare himself, by his dras, The Book of Hester, The Book of Job, The own natural strength and good works, to faith, and Psalms, The Proverbs, Ecclesiastes or Preacher, calling upon God: wherefore we have no power to Cantica or Songs of Solomon, Four Prophets the do good works pleasant and acceptable io God, greater, Twelve Prophets the less.

without the grace of God by Christ preventing us, that we may have a good will, and working with were laid) he hath constantly decreed, by his counus, when we have that good will.

sel, secret to us, to deliver from curse and damda

tion, those whom he hath chosen in Cbrist out of Art. XI. Of the Justification of Man. mankind, and to bring them by Christ to everlasting the Merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by God, be called according

to God's purpose by bis We are accounted righteous before God, only for salvation, as vessels made to honour. Wherefore

they, which he endued with so excellent a benefit of Faith; and not for our own Works or Deservings. Spirit working in due season: they through grace Wherefore, that we are justified by Faith only, is a most wholesome doctrine, and very full of comfort, made Sons of God by adoption : they be made like

obey the calling : they be justified freely : they be as more largely is expressed in the Homily of Jus- the image of his only begoulen Son Jesus Christ : tification.

they walk religiously in good works; and at length ART. XII. Of good Works.

by God's mercy they attain to everlasting felicity.

As the godly consideration of Predestination, and Albeit that good Works, which are the Fruits of our Election in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, and Faith, and follow after Justification, cannot put unspeakable comfort to godly persons, and such as away our sins, and endure the severity of God's feel in themselves the working of the Spirit of Christ, Judgment; yet are they pleasing and acceptable to mortifying the works of the Mesh and their earthly God in Christ, and do spring out necessarily of a members, and drawing up their mind to high and true and lively Faith ; 'insomuch that by them a heavenly things, as well because it doth greatly eslively Faith may be as evidently known, as a tree tablish and confirm their faith of eternal salvation, discerned by the fruit.

to be enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth fer

vently kindle their love towards God: so, for curious ART. XIII. OF Works before Justification.

and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit of Christ, to

have continually before their eyes the Sentence of Works done before the grace of Christ, and the God's Predestination, is a mosi dangerous downinspiration of his Spirit, are not pleasant to God, fall, whereby the Devil doth thrust them either into forasmuch as they spring not of faith

in Jesus Christ, desperation, or into wretchlessness of most unclean nejther do they inake men meet to receive grace, or living, wo less perilous than desperation. (as the School-Authors say) deserve grace of con- Furthermore, we must receive God's Promises in gruity: yea rather, for that they are not done as God such wise as they be generally set forth to us in holy hath willed and commanded them to be done, we Scripture: And in our doings, that will of God is to doubt not but they have the nature of sin.

be followed, which we have expressly declared unlo

us in the Word of God. ART. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. Voluntary Works, besides over and above God's

ART. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal Salvation only Commandments, which they call Works of Super

by the Name of Christ. erogaion, camot be taught without arrogancy and They are also to be had accursed, that presume impiety. For by them men do declare, Thai they to say, that every man shall be saved by the Law do not only render unto God as much as they are or Sect which he professeth, so that he be diligent bound to do, but that they do more for his sake than to frame his life according to that Law, and the of bounden duty is required : Whereas Christ saith light of nature. For holy Scripture doth set out plainly, When yé have done all that are commanded unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby to you, say, We are unprofitable servants.

men must be saved. ART. XV. Of Christ alone without sin,

ART. XIX. Of the Church. Christ in the truth of our nature, was made like The visible Church of Christ is a Congregation unto us in all things, sin only except, from which he of faithful men, in the which the pure Word of God was clearly void, both in his flesh, and in his spirit is preached, and the Sacraments be duly ministered He came in be a Lamb without spot, who by sacri- according to Christ's Ordinance, in all those things fice of himself once made, should iake away the sins that of necessity are requisite to the same. of the world; and sin (as St. John saith) was not in As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, and him. But all we the rest (although bapuzed and Antioch, have erred; so also the Church of Rome born again in Christ) yet offend in many things; hath erred, not only in their living and manner of and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, Ceremonies, but also in matters of faith. and the truth is not in us.

Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Church. ART. XVI. Of Sin after Buptism.

The Church hath power to decree Rites or CereNot every deadly sin, willingly committed after monies, and Authority in Controversies of Faith : Baptism, is sin against the Holy Ghost, and unpar. And yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain any donable. Wherefore the grant of repentance is not thing that is contrary to God's Word wriuen; nei to be denied to such as fall into sin after Baptism. ther may it so expound one place of Scripture, that After we have received the Holy Ghost, we may de- it be repuguant to another. Wherefore, although the part from grace given, and fall into sin, and by the Church be a Witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, grace of God (we may) arise again, and amend yet as it ought not to decree any thing against the our lives. And therefore they are to be condemned, same, so besides the same ought it not to enforce which say, they can no more sin as long as they live any thing to be believed for necessity of salvation. here, or deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly repent.

Art. XXI. Of the Authority of General Councils.* ART. XVII. Of Predestination and Election.

ART. XXII. of Purgatory. Predestination to life is the everlasting purpose of The Romish doctrine concerning Purgatory, Par. God, whereby (before the foundations of the world dons, Worsbipping, and Adoration, as well of Ima

* The 21st of the former articles is omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil nature, and is provided for, at to the remaining parts of it, in other articles.


ges, as of Reliques, and also Invocation of Saints,

ART. XXVII. Of Baptism. is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to

Baptism is not only a sign of Profession, and mark

or Difference, whereby Christian men are discerned the Word of God.

from others that be not christened: but it is also a Art. XXII. Of Ministering in the Congrega- sign of Regerteration, or new Birth, whereby, as by tion.

an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are

grafied into the Church: the promises of the forgiveIt is not lawful for any man to take upon him the ness of sin, and of our adoption to be the sons of Office of public Preaching, or Ministering the Sa- God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealeraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully ed: faith is confirmed, and grace increased by vircalled, and sent to execute the same. And those we tue of Prayer unto God. The Baptism of young ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be children is in any wise to be retained in the Church chosen and called to this Work by men who have as most agreeable with the institution of Christ. public Authority given unto them in the Congregation, to call and send Ministers into the Lord's

Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. Vineyard.

The Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the ART. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congregation in Love thai Christians ought to have among them

such u tongue as the People understandeth, selves one to another; but rather it is a Sacrament It is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith re

of our Redemption by Christ's death : insomuch God, and the custom of the Primitive Church, 10 ceive the same, the Bread which we break is a parhave Public Prayer in the Church, or to minister taking of the Body of Christ ; and likewise the the Sacraments in a longue not understanded of the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood of people.

ART. XXV. Of the Sacraments.

Transubstantiation (or the change of the Substance

of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of the Lord, Sacraments ordained of Christ be not only badges cannot be proved by Holy Writ; but it is repug or tokens of Christian men's Profession; but rather want to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth they be certain sure wituesses, and effectual signs the nature of a Sacrament, and bach given occasion of grace, and God's good will towards us, by the to many Superstitions. which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not

The Body of Christ is given, laken, and eaten in only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm our the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual faith in him.

And the mean whereby the Body of There are ewo Sacraments ordained of Christ Christ is received and calen in the Supper, is Faith. our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, Christ's Ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted

The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by and the Supper of the Lord.

Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is up, or worshipped. to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be counted for ART. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not of the Sacraments of the Gospel, being, such as have

Body of Christ in the Use of the Lord's Supper. grown, partly of the corrupi following of the Aposiles, partly are states of life allowed by the Scrip. although they do carnally and visibly press with

The wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith, tures; bui yet have not like nature of Sacraments their teeth (as St. Augustine saith) the Sacrament with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, for that they of the Body and Blood of Christ ; yet in no wise have not any visible Sign or Ceremony ordained of God.

are they partakers of Christ; but rather to their The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to Condemnation do eat and drink the Sign or Sacrabe gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we

ment of so great a thing. should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome effect or

Art. XXX. Of both Kinds. operation : but they that receive them onworthily, The Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul Lay-People: for both the parts of the Lord's Sasaith.

crament by Christ's Ordinance and Commandment,

ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike. ART. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers,

which hinders not the Effect of the Sacraments. Art. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished Although in the visible Church the evil be ever

upon the Cross. mingled with the good, and sometime the evil have

The offering of Christ once made, is that perfect chief authority in ihe ministration of the Word and redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the Sacraments : yet, forasmuch as they do not the sins of the whole world, both original and actual; same in their own name, but in Christ's, and do min- and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that ister by his Commission and Authority, we may use alone. Wherefore the Sacrifice of Masses, in which their Ministry, both in hearing the Word of God, it was commonly said, that the Priest did offer and in receiving the Sacraments. Neither is the Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission effect of Christ's Ordinance taken away by their of pain or guilt

, were blasphemous fables, and danwickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such, as by faith, and rightly, do receive the

gerous deceits. Sacraments ministered unto them, which be effectual, because of Christ's instiwtion apd promise, al

ART. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. shough they be ministered by evil men.

Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not com. Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Discipline of manded by God's Law, either to vow the estate of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil Ministers, single life, or to abstain from Marriage: therefore an that they be accused by those that have know it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, ledge of their offences : and finally being found guil- to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge ty, by just judgment, be deposed.

the same to serve better to godliness.

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Ant. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. they are to be avoided.

17. For the Rogation-days. That person which by opeo denunciation of the

18. Of the State of Matrimony. Church is rightly cut off from the Unity of the

19. Of Repentance. Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of

20. Against Idleness, the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen

21. Against Rebellion. and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by Penance, and received iuto the Church by a Judge it declares the Books of Homilies to be an explica

(This Article is received in this Church, so far as that hath authority thereunto.

tion of Christian doctrine, and instructive in piety Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church. and laws of England are considered as inapplicable

and morals. But all references to the constitution It is not necessary that Traditions and Ceremo- to the circumstances of this Church, which also susnies be in all places one, or utterly like; for at all pends the order for the reading of said Homilies in times they have been divers, and may be changed Churches until a revision of them may be conveniaccording to the diversity of countries, rimes, and ently made, for the clearing of them, as well from men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against obsolete words and phrases, as from the local reGod's word. Whosoever, through his private judg. ferences.] ment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the Traditions and Ceremonies of the Church, Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and which be not repugnant to the word of God, and be

Ministers. ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the

The Book of Consecration of Bishops, and Orderlike) as he that offendeth against the common Or-ing of Priests and Deacons, as set forth by the Ge der of the Church, and hurteth the Authority of the neral Convention of this Church in 1792, doth conMagistrate, and woundeth the Consciences of the tain all things necessary to such consecration and or weak Brethren.

dering ; neither hath it any thing that, of itself, is Every Particular or National Church hath Au- superstitious and ungodly: and, therefore, whosothority to ordain, change, and abolish Ceremonies ever are consecrated or ordered according to said ar Riies of the Church, ordained only by inan's au- form, we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and thority, so that all things be done to editýing.

lawfully consecrated and ordered. ART. XXXV. Of Homilies.

Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil Magis

trales. The second Book of Homilies, the several titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, doth The power of the Civil Magistrate extendeth to contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and ne. all men, as well Clergy as Laily, in all things temcessary for these Times, as doth the former Book poral; but hath no authority in things purely spiof Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Ed. ritual. And we hold it to be the duty of all men ward the Sixth, and therefore we judge them to be who are professors of the Gospel, to pay respectful read in Churches by the Ministers diligently and obedience to the civil authority, regularly and legitidistinctly, that they may be understanded of the mately constituted. people.

ART. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's Goods, which Of the Names of the Homilies. 1. Of The right Use of the Church.

The Riches and Goods of Christians are not com2. Against Peril of Idolatry.

mon, as touching the right, title, and possession of 3. Of Repairing and keeping clean of Churches. the same, as certain Ana-baptists do falsely, boast. 4. Of good Works : first of Fosting.

Notwithstanding, every man ought of such things as 5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness.

he possesseth, liberally to give alms to the poor, ac6. Against excess of Apparel

cording to his ability. 7. Of Prayer. 8. Of the Place und Time of Prayer.

ART. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oath. 9. That Common Prayers and Sucraments ought to be ministered in a known Tongue.

As we confess that vain and rash swearing is for 10. Of the reverent Estimation of God's Word. bidden Christian men by our Lord Jesus Christ, 11. Of Alms-Doistg.

and James his Apostle: so we judge that Christian 12. Of the Nativity of Christ.

Religion doth not probibit, but that a man may 13. Of the Passion of Christ.

swear when the Magistrate requireth, in a cause 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ.

of Faith and Charity, so it be done according to 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacrament of the the Prophets teaching in Justice, Judgment, and Body and Blood of Christ.


are not common.

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