Alcyone: Nietzsche on Gifts, Noise, and Women
SUNY Press, 1991 M01 1 - 158 páginas
Shapiro explores an interrelated series of themes that contest and offer alternatives to some of the traditional concepts of metaphysics. The notion of gift giving and related ideas are seen to play fundamental roles in the economy of Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Shapiro articulates the relevance of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Marcel Mauss, and Georges Bataille for the thought of the gift and shows that Nietzsche's writing contains a conception of an archaic economy that is radically different from the order of property and exchange usually associated with Western metaphysics. This leads to a critique of Martin Heidegger's interpretation of Nietzsche as a philosopher of value.
Shapiro reads the fourth part of Zarathustra as the libretto for an anti-Wagnerian, postmodern opera in which food, noise, feasting, and parasitism are the major themes, and in which the thought of eternal recurrence is sung and orchestrated in ways that usually go unnoticed. He demonstrates that the fourth part constitutes a rigorous analysis of the logic of the supplementary and the parasitic.
In the final chapter, Shapiro undertakes a reading of the classical texts presupposed by Nietzsche's claim that Zarathustra will not be understood unless one hears its "halcyon tone." By juxtaposing Nietzsche's halcyon with the Homeric version of the myth, Shapiro shows how Nietzsche's appeal to the halcyon evokes a premetaphysical economy and a voice suppressed by ontotheology.
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already animals appear attempt become begins bird circulation comes complete conception death describes desire distress ears Ecce Homo economy Emerson everything evil example exchange fact figure final follows friends friendship German gift given giving Greek guests halcyon halcyon tone hear Heidegger higher host human interruption language later light listen means metaphysics Morals myth nest Niet Nietzsche Nietzsche's noise once one's parasite perhaps philosophical play possible present question readers receiving reference relation repeated says seems sense sing song sounds speaks speech spirit Spoke Zarathustra squandering story structure suggests taken tells things thought tion tone tradition trans transformation truth turns understand virtue voice Wagner woman writes York Zarathustra
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