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CHAP. thing more than a consequence of the system
which Spain had then adopted, and which was
The sword was not yet drawn, the door was still
, open for reconciliation, .. and he requested that
they would not close the gate of their city against
for foreign consumption, had been collected there; Neves, iii. promotion was offered to all officers of that nation
who should join them, and Kellermann's vigi. CHAP. lance could not prevent the emigration which took place in consequence. .
A considerable garrison was required in Elvas, as being the strongest fortress in the kingdom, tim of the and now of more importance because of the hostile attitude which the Spaniards at Badajoz Portugal. had assumed. Strong garrisons were placed at Peniche and Setubal, for fear of the English. Almeida also had been occupied by the French. Neves, iii. Except the troops in that place there were no other French in the whole north of Portugal than the small parties stationed upon the military road, a weak detachment at Figueira, and some fifty men at Coimbra. The great body of the French was collected at Lisbon, and in the adjacent country, where, in case of sudden danger, they might be brought to act promptly and with effect. Porto was in possession of the Spaniards, The Spawho had occupied it by virtue of the secret treaty Porto of Fontainebleau. General Bellesta, however, upon whom the command had devolved, had been the In
truder, and placed under the orders of the French General march into
Spain. Quesnel, when the abortive kingdom of Northern Lusitania was no longer held out as a lure to the court of Spain. Quesnel had with him about seventy dragoons, and a few other French, holding military or civil situations.
When news arrived of the movements in Gallicia, Bellesta, obeying without hesitation the voice of his country, arrested the French and their general, and June 6i. convoking the military, judicial, and civil autho
CHAP. rities, explained to them briefly the situation of
affairs, expressed a hope that Junot would by that time have been seized in Lisbon, as Quesnel was in Porto, and asked of them what course they would pursue, .. whether they would restore the national government, choose a Spanish one, or remain in submission to the French? The Vereador, Thomas da Silva Ferras, replied, that he, and the chamber, and the city, desired nothing more than to be under the government of their lawful sovereign, and required that the royal arms might immediately be re-established. A Desembargador ventured to observe, that they had no authority to determine such things, not being representatives of the people; that they were without arms, . . that they had no means of resisting so' terrible an enemy as the French ; and that it was better to wait till they knew what had happened at Lisbon. Reasonable as the fear was which this speaker expressed, a more generous feeling prevailed, and by Bellesta's orders the Sargento Mor, Raymundo José Pinheiro,
went from the meeting to take the command of Neves, iii. the fortress of S. Joam da Foz, at the mouth of
the Douro. The lawful
It was late at night when the meeting broke restored at up. Raymundo called together his officers; they
bound themselves by a formal deed and solemn oath to act for the service of their lawful Prince against the French, and invoking the aid of Our Lady of the Rosary, to whom that castle was dedicated, vowed in the Prince's name to solemnize
the anniversary of that day by a festival to her CHAP. honour. At daybreak the Quinas were once more seen flying upon the fortress, a royal salute was fired, and returned from the castles of Queijo and Matozinhos, the bells were rung, rockets were discharged, and the people gave themselves up to joy. The Spaniards without delay marched for Coruña, taking with them their prisoners. An English brig of war, which was cruising off the river, hearing an unusual stir in the city, drew near in hopes of ascertaining the cause ; Raymundo went on board, he was received with due honours, and an officer returned to shore with him, and was sent to Luiz de Oliveira da Neves, iii. Costa, who commanded at Porto during the absence of General Bernardim Freire de Andrada.
Luiz de Oliveira had been present at the meet- The going which Bellesta convened, and assented to heres to the the resolution which had there been taken. French, Whether his heart was with his voice on that presses the occasion, or whether he had submitted to the tion. prevailing opinion only while it was dangerous to oppose it, the fear of the French returned upon him, now that the Spaniards had left Porto to its own means of defence; and instead of receiving the English officer with open arms, he wrote to Raymundo, calling him to account for having opened a communication with the English brig, and saying that he knew nothing of the business. Raymundo replied with great spirit, that if the governor had forgotten what passed when the government of the Prince Regent was
CHAP. re-established, he had not; he and his officers
had proclaimed their beloved Sovereign, he had