Imágenes de páginas

vereign uniting exactly the opposite characteris- of the attributes ascribed to it al present risible, tics, than one possessed of all the happy quali- | The nine Muses could hardly have stood in via ties ascribed to this emperor. “When he mount- niches; and Juvenal certainly does not allude ed the throne," says the historian Dion, “he was to any individual cave. *) Nothing can be able strong in body, he was vigorous in mind ; age lected from the satirist but that somewhere bra had impaired none of his faculties; he was al- the Porta Capena was a spot in which it was together free from envy and from detraction; he supposed Numa held nightly consultations with honoured all the good and he advanced them; his nymph, and where there was a grove and a and on this account they could not be the ob- sacred fountain, and fanes once consecrated ject of his fear, or of his hate; he never listened the Muses; and that from this spot there wa i to informers; he gave not way to his anger; he descent into the valley of Egeria, where were abstained equally from unfair' exactions and un- several artificial caves. It is clear that the sa just punishinenis; he had rather be loved as a tues of the Muses made no part of the decassinan than honoured as a sovereign ; he was af- tion which the satirist thought misplaced i fable with his people, respectful to the senate, these caves; for he expressly assigns other fast and universally beloved by both; he inspired (delubra) to these divinities above the talm none with dread but the enemies of his country." and moreover tells us, that they had been pre

ed to make room for the Jews. In fact, Rienzi, last of Romans! [p. 49. St. 114. little temple, now called that of Bacchus, va The name and exploits of Rienzi must be fa- formerly thought to belong to the Moses, and miliar to the reader of Gibbon.

Nardini places them in a poplar-grove, which

was in his tine above the valley. Egeria! sweet creation of some heart

It is probable, from the inscription and posla Which found no mortal resting-place so fair tion, that the cave now shown may be obtu

As thine ideal breast. [p. 49. St. 115. the "artificial caverns," of which, indeed, tee The respectable authority of Flaininius Vacca is another a little way higher up the ralim, would incline us to believe in the claims of the under a tuft of alder bushes: but a single grote Egerian grotto. He assures us that he saw an of Egeria is a mere modern invention, grated inscription in the pavement, stating that the npon the application of the epithet Egeria w fountain was that of Egeria dedicated to the these nymphea in general, and which might trai nymphs. The inscription is not there at this us to look for the haunts of Numa apo the day but Montfaucon quotes two lines *), of banks of the Thames. Ovid from a stone in the Villa Giustiniani, which Our English Juvenal was not seduced into a he seems to think bad been brought from the translation by his acquaintance with Pepe: be same grotto.

carefully preserves the correct pluralThis grotto and valley were formerly frequented in summer, and particularly the first Sunday

Thence slowly winding down the vale we vies in May, by the modern Romans, who attached a

The Egerian grots; ok, how unlike the cree! salubrious quality to the fountain which trickles The valley abounds with spring, and me from an orifice at the bottom of the vault, and, these springs, which the Muses might bant overflowing the little pools, creeps down the from their neighbouring groves, Egeria presiune matted grass into the brook below. The brook hence she was said to supply them with water is the Ovidian Almo, whose name and qualities and she was the nymph of the grottos throeg are lest in the modern Aquataccio. The valley which the fountains were taught to flow. itself is called Valle di Calfarelli, from the dukes The whole of the monuments in the vicinit of that name who made over their fountain to of the Egerian valley have received sans the Pallavicini, with sixty rubbia of adjoining land. will, which have been changed at will. Ter

There can be little doubt that this long dell is owns he can see no traces of the temples of the Egerian valley of Juvenal, and the pansing- Jove, Saturn, Juno, Venus, and Diana, which place of Umbricius, notwithstanding the general. Nardini found, or hoped to find. The 5*** ity of his commentators have supposed ihe des- rium of Caracalla's circus, the temple of tiene cent of the satirist and his friend to have been and Virtue, the temple of Bacchus, and abort into the Arician grove, where the nymph met all, the temple of the god Rediculus, are che Hippolitus, and where she was more peculiarly antiquaries' despair. worshipped.

The circus of Caracalla depends The step from the Porta Capena to the Alban of that emperor cited by Pulvins l'rsinos hill, fifteen miles distant, would be too consider which the reverse shows a cireus, supposed, b* able, unless we were to believe in the wild ever, by some to represent the l'ircus Marian conjecture of Vossius, who makes that gate tra- It gives a very good idea of that place el nog vel from its present station, where he pretends cise. The soil has been but little raised, if * it was during the reign of the Kings, as far as may judge from the small cellular stracture # the Arician grove, and then makes it rccede to the end of the Spina, which was probablosbe its old site with the shrinking city. The tufo, or chapel of the god Consus. This cell is ball be pumice, which the poet prefers to marble, is the neath the soil, as it must have been in ton et substance composing the bank in which the groito cus itself

, for 'Dionysius could not be persuaded is sunk.

to believe that this divinity was the Rean The modern topographers find in the grotto Neptune, because his altar was underground the statue of the nymph and nine niches for the Muses, and a late traveller has discovered that the cave is restored to that simplicity which the “) Substitit ad veteres arcas, madidappat poet regretted had been exchanged for injudi

Capenam, cious ornament. But the headless statue is pal- Hic ubi nocturna Numa constituebat snie pably rather a male than a nymph, and has none Nunc sacri fontis nemus, et delabra locant

Judæis quorum copbinus fenuen que supe les

Omnis eniin populo mercedem pendere jaune “) in villa Justiniana exstat ingens Japis quadratus solidus in quo sculpta hæc duo Ovidii Arbor, et ejectis mendicat silva Capezis carmina sunt:

lu vallem Egeria descendimus, et opeo Egeria est quæ præbet aquas dea grata Camenis.

Dissimiles veris: quanto prestantius esset Ula Numa conjux consiliumque fuit.

Numen aquæ, viridi si margine clander

undas Qui lapis videtur ex eodein Egeria fonte, ant

Herba, nec ingenuum violarent naran ejus siciuia isthuc comportatus.


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Yet let us ponder boldly. (p. 50. St. 127.

I see before mo the Gladiator lie. "At all events," says the author of the Aca

(p. 52. St. 140. denical Questions, “I trust, whatever may be Whether the wonderful statue which suggested the fate of my own speculations, that philosophy this image be a laquearian gladiator, which in will regain that estimation which it ought to spite of Winkelmann's criticism has been stoutly possess. The free and philosophic spirit of our maintained, or whether it be a Greek herald, as sation has been the theme of admiration to the that great antiquary positively asserted ) or world. This was the proud distinction of Eng- whether it is to be thought a Spartan or barlishmen, and the luminous source of all their barian shield-bearer, according to the opinion of glory: Shall we then forget the manly and dig- his Italian editor, it must assuredly seem a nified sentiments of our ancestors, to prate in copy of that masterpiece of Ctesilaus which rethe language of the mother or the nurse about presented "a wounded man dying, who perfectly our good old prejudices ? This is not the way expressed what there remained of life in him." **) to defend the cause of truth. It was not thus Mountfaucon and Maffei thought it the identical hat one fathers maintained it in the brilliant statue ; but that statue was of bronze. The glaperiods of our history. Prejudice may be trust- diator was once in the villa Ludovisi, and was d to guard the outworks for a short space of bought by Clement XII. The arm is an entire ime while reason slumbers in the citadel : but restoration of Michael Angelo. is the latter sink into a lethargy, the former will quickly erect a standard for herself. Philo

--He, their rire, sophy, wisdom, and liberty, support each other; Butcher`d to make a Roman holiday. se who will not reason, is a bigot; he who can

[p. 52. St. 141. not, is a fool; and he who dares not, is a slave." Gladiators were of two kinds , compelled and

voluntary; and were supplied from several con

-Great Nemesis ! ditions ; from slaves sold for that purpose ; from Here, where the ancient paid thee homage long. culprits; froin barbarian captives either taken

(p. 51. St. 132. in war, and, after being, led in triumph, set We read in Suetonius that Augustus, from a apart for the games, or those scized and conwarning received in a dream, counterfeited, once demned as rebels; also from free citizens, some 1 year, the beggar, sitting before the gate of sighting for hire (auctorati), others from a his palace with his hand hollowed and stretched depraved ambition: at last even knights and but for charity. ') A statue formerly in the Villa senators were exhibited, a disgrace of which the Horghese, and which should be now at Paris, first tyrant was naturally the first inventor. ***) represents the Emperor in that posture of sop- In the end, dwarfs, and even women, fought; an plication. The object of this self-degradation enormity prohibited by Severus. Of these the *as the appeasement of Nemesis, the perpetual most to be pitied undoubtedly were the barbaattendant on good fortune, of whose power the rian captives ; and to this species a Christian Roman conquerors were also reminded by cer- writer +) justly applies the epithet “innocent," tain symbols attached to their cars of triomph. to distinguish them from the professional glaThe symbols were the whip and the crotalo, diators. Aurelian and Claudius supplied great which were discovered in the Nemesis of the numbers of these unfortunate victims; the one Vatican. The attitude of beggary made the above after his triumph, and the other on the pretext statue pass for that of Belisarius : and until the of a rebellion." No war, says Lipsius, was ever criticism of Winkelmann had rectified the mis- so destructive to the human race as these sports. take, one fiction was called in to support another. In spite of the laws of Constantine and Constans, li was the same fear of the sudden termination gladiatorial shows survived the old established of prosperity that made Amasis king of Egypt religion more than seventy years; but they warn his friend Polycrates of Samos, that the lowed their final extinction to the courage of a pode loved those whose lives were chequered Christian. In the year 404, on the kalends of with good and evil fortunes. Nemesis was sup- January, they were exhibiting the shows in the posed to lie in wait particularly for the prudent: Flavian amphitheatre before the usual immense that is, for those whose caution rendered them concourse of people. Almachius or Telemachus, accessible only to mere accidents: and her first an eastern monk, who had travelled to Rome altar was raised on the banks of the Phrygian intent on his holy purpose, rushed into the midst #sepus by Adrastus, probably the prince of that of the area, and endeavoured to separate the same who killed the son of Cresus by mistake. combatants. The prætor Alypius, a person inHence the goddess was called Adrastea.

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credibly attached to these games, gave instant The Roman Nemesis was sacred and august; orders to the gladiators to slay him; and Telethere was a remple to her in the Palatine under machus gained the crown of martyrdom, and the the nane of Rhamnusia : so great indeed was the title of saint, which surely has never either propensity of the ancients to trust to the revo- before or since been awarded for a more noble lution of events, and to believe in the divinity exploit. Honorius immediately abolished the of Fortune, that in the same Palatine there was shows, which were never afterwards revived. #temple to the Fortune of the day. This is the last superstition which retains its' hold over the human heart, and , from concentrating in one *) Either Polifontes, herald of Laius, killed object the credulity so natural to man, has al- by Edipus; or Cepreas, herald of Euritheus, was appeared strongest in those unembarrassed killed by the Athenians when he endeavoured by other articles of belief. The antiquaries have to drag the Heraclida from the altar of Mercy, *opposed this goddess to be synonimous with for- and in whose honour they instituted annual tone and with fate : but it was in her vindictive games, continued to the time of Hadrian; or quality that she was worshipped under the name Anthemocritus, the Athenian herald, killed

by the Megarenses, who never recovered the

impiety. ') Suetonius in vit. Augusti, cap. 91. Casan- *) Vulneratum deficientem fecit in quo posbon, in the note, refers to Plutarch's Lives of sit intelligi quantum restat anima. Plin. Nat. Camillos and Æmilius Paulus, and also to his Hist. XXXIV. 8. Apophthegme, for the character of this deity. ***) Julius Cæsar, who rose by the fall of the The hollowed hand was reckoned the last aristocracy, brought Furius Leptinus and A. degree of degradation : and when the dead Calenus upon the arena. body of the præfect Rufinns was borne about +) Tertullian, “certe quidem et innocentcs in iriumph by the people, the indignity was gladiatores in ludum veniunt, ut voluptatiu increased by putting his hand in thai position. publicæ hostiæ fiant."

of Nemesis.

(p. 52. St. 16

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The story is told by Theodoret and Cassiodorus, / which enabled him to wear a wreath of laure! and seems worthy of credit notwithstanding its on all occasions. He was anxious, not, to be place in the Roman martyrology. Besides the that he was the conqueror of the world, bet to torrents of blood which flowed at the funerals, hide that he was bald. A stranger a Rose in the amphitheatres, the circus, the forums, and would hardly have guessed at the notive, 18 other public places , gladiators were introduced should we without the help of the historian. at feasts, and tore each other to pieces amidst the supper-tables, to the great delight and ap- While stands the Coliseum, Rome shall stond. plause of the guests. Yet Lipsius permits himself to suppose the loss of courage, and the evident This is quoted in the Decline and Fall of the degeneracy of mankind, to be nearly connected | Roman Empire. with the abolition of these bloody spectacles.)

Spared and blest by time.

(p. 52. & in Here, where the Roman million's blame or praise. Though plundered of all its brass, esce pe they Was death or life, the playthings of a croud. ring which was necessary to preserve the art

(p. 52. St. 142. ture above; though exposed to repeated When one gladiator wounded“ another, he though sometimes flooded by the river, and al shouted “he has it." “hoc habet ,' or “habet." ways open to the rain, no monument of equal The wounded combatant dropped his weapon, antiquity is so well preserved as this rotatia and advancing to the edge of the arena , suppli- It passed with little alteration from the per cated the spectators. If he had fought well, the into the present worship; and so convenient ser people saved him; if otherwise, or as they hap its niches for the Christian altar, tbat Michael pened to be inclined, they turned down their Angelo, ever stodious of ancient beanty, istro thumbs, and he was slain. They were occasion- duced their design as a model in the Catbalsene ally, so savage that they were impatient if a church. coinbat lasted longer than ordinary without wounds or death. The emperor's presence ge- And they who feel for genius may repose Derally saved the vanquished: and it is recorded their eyes on honour'd forms, whose busts creen se an instance of Caracalla's ferocity, that he

them close. sent those who supplicated him for life, in a The Pantheon has been made a receptacle is spectacle at Nicomedia, to ask the people ; in the buists of modern great, or, at least, distit other words, handed them over to be slain. A guished men. The flood of light, which one te? similar ceremony is observed at the Spanish through the large orb above on the whole earted bull-fights. The magistrate presides; and after of divinities, now shines on a numerous asica the horsemen and piccadores have fought the blage of mortals, some one or two of who love bull, the mata dore steps forward and bows to him been almost deified by the veneration of their ! for perinission to kill the animal. If the bull countrymen. has done his duty by killing two or three horses, or a man, which last is rare, the people interfere There is a dungeon, in whose dim drear light with shouts, the ladies wave their handkerchiefs, and the animal is saved. The wounds and death This and the three next stanzas allude to the of the horses are accompanied with the loudest story of the Roman daughter, which is recalled acclamations, and many gestures of delight , es- to the traveller by the site, or pretended toite, pecially from the female portion of the audience, of that adventure now shown at the church of including those of the gentlest blood. Every thing Saint Nicholas in carcere. depends on habit. The author of Childe Harold, the writer of this note, and one or two other Turn to the mole which Hadrian rear'd endid Englishmen, who have certainly in other days borne the sight of a pitched battle, were, during The castle of Saint Angelo. the summer of 1809, in the governor's box at the great amphitheatre of Santa Maria, opposite to Cadiz. "The death of one or two horses com- This and the six nert stanzas have a referent pletely satisfied their curiosity. A gentleman to the church of St. Peter, present, observing them shudder and look pale, noticed that unusual reception of yo delightful a

-The strange fate sport to some young ladies, who stared and smil- Which tumbles mightiesl sovereigne. ed, and continued their applauses as another horse fell bleeding to the ground. One bull kill- Mary died on the scaffold; Elizabeth or ed three horses of his own horns. He was saved broken heart ; Charles V. a hermit; Louis U by acclamations, which were redoubled when it a bankropt in means and glory; Crowel was known he belonged to a priest.

anxiety; and, "the greatest is behind," lapeloos An Englishman who can be much pleased with lives a prisoner. To these sovereigns a lune bad seeing

two men beat themselves to pieces, cannot superfluous list might be added of games epsalim bear to look at a horse galloping round an arena illustrious and unhappy. with his bowels trailing on the ground, and turns from the spectacle and the spectators with hor- Lo, Nemi! navelld in the roody Mix ror and disgust.

The village of Nemi was near the Arican Like laurels on the bald first Cæsar's head.

retreat of Egeria, and, from the shades ved

[p. 52. St. 144. embosomed the temple of Dia na, has presentando Suetonius informg us that Julius Cæsar was particularly gratified by that decree of the senate, Grove. Nemi is but an evening's ride from i

comfortable inn of Albano. *) "Quod ? non ta Lipsi momentum aliquod habuisse censes ad virtutem ? Magnum. Tempora nostra, nosque ipsos videamus. Oppidum The Tiber winds, and the mood orfan det ecce unum alterumve captum, direptuin est; The Latian coast. tumultus circa nos, nou in nobis ; et tamen

The whole declivity of the Alban kill in one per annos meditara sapientiæ studiar ubi ille highest point, which has succeeded to the training concidimus et turbamur. Ubi robur, ubi tot unrivalled beauty, and from the con cut into animus qui possit dicere , si fractus illabatur of the Latian Jupiter, the prospect embraces and orbin ?". "The prototype or Mr. Windhams pa The objects alluded to in 40 cited namna ile negyric on bull-baiting.

Mediterranean, the whole socne of the law

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hall of the Æneid, and the coast from beyond dam, and thenco trickles over into the Digentia.
the mouth of the Tíber to the headland of Cir- | Bat we must not hope
cæum and the Cape of Terracina.
The site of Cicero's villa may be supposed

“To trace the Muses upwards to their spring," either at the Grotta Ferrata, or at the Tusculum by exploring the windings of the romantic valley of Lucian Buonaparte.

in search of the Bandusian fountain. It seems The former was thought some years ago the strange that any one should have thought Banactual site, as inay be seen from Middleton's dusia a fountain of the Digentia ; Horace has Life of Cicero. At present it has lost something not let drop a word of it; and this immortal of its credit, except for the Domenichinos. Nine spring has in fact been discovered in possession monks, of the Greek order, live there, and the of the holders of many good things in Italy, the adjoining villa is a Cardinal's summerhouse. The monks. It was attached to the church of St. other villa, called Rufinella, is on the summit Gervais and Protais near Venusia, where it was of the hill above Frascati, and many rich re- most likely to be found. We shall not be so mains of Tusculuin have been found there, be-lucky as a late traveller in finding the occasionsides seventy-two statues of different merit andal pine still pendant on the poetic villa. There preservation, and seven busts.

is not a pine in the whole valley, but there From the same eminence are seen the Sabine are two cypresses, which he evidently took, or hills, embosomed in which lies the long valley mistook, for the tree in the ode. The truth is, of Rustica. There are several circumstances that the pine is now, as it was in the days of which tend to establish the identity of this valley Virgil, a garden-tree, and it was not at all likely with the “Usticaof Horace; and it seems pos- to be found in the craggy acclivities of the valsible that the mosaic pavement which the pea- ley of Rustica. Horace probably had one of sants uncover by throwing up the earth of a them in the orchard close above his farm, immevineyard, may belong to his villa. Rustica is diately overshadowing his villa, not on the rocky pronounced short, not according to our stress heighis some distance from his abode. Tho upon "Uoticæ cubantin.”—It is more rational 10 tourist may have easily supposed hiinself to have think that we are wrong than that the inhabitants seen this pine figured in the above cypresses, of this secluded valley have changed theii tone in for the orange and lemon trees which throw this word. The addition of the consonant pre- such a bloon over his description of the royal fixed is nothing : yet it is necessary to be aware gardens at Naples, unless they have been since that Rustica may be a modern name which the displaced, were assuredly only acacias and other peasants may have caught from the antiquaries.cominon garden-shrubs. The extreme disappoint

The villa, or the mosaic, is in a vineyard on ment experienced by choosing the Classical Toura knoll covered with chesnut trees. A stream ist as a guide in Italy must be allowed to find rons down the valley, and although it is not true, vent in a few observations, which, it is asserted as said in the guide-books, that this stream is without fear of contradiction, will be confirmed called Licenza, yet there is a village on a rock by every one who has selected the same conducat the head of the valley which is so denominat- tor through the same country. This author is ed, and which may have taken its name from in fact one of the most inaccurate, unsatisfactory the Digentia. Licenza contains 700 inhabitants. writers that have in our times attained a temOn a peak a little way beyond is Civitella, con- porary, reputation, and is very seldom to be taining 300. On the banks of the Anio, a little trusted even when he speaks of objects which he before you turn up into Valle Rustica, to the must be presumed to have seen. His errors, left, about an hour from the villa, is a town from the simple exaggeration to the downright called l'ico-varo, another favourable coincidence misstatement, are so frequent as to induce a suswith the Paria of the poet. At the end of the picion that he had either never visited the spots valley, towards the Anio, there is a bare hill, described, or had trusted to the fidelity of forcrowned with a little town called Bardela. Ai mer writers. Indeed the Classical Tour has every the foot of this hill the rivulet of Licenza flows, characteristic of a mere compilation of former and is almost absorbed in a wide sandy bed notices, strung together upon a very slender before it reaches the Anio. Nothing can be more thread of personal observation, and swelled out fortunate for the lines of the poet, whether in a by those decorations which are so easily supmetaphorical or direct sense:

plied by a systematic adoption of all the commonMe quoties reficit gelidus Digentia rivus,

places of praise, applied to every thing and Qaen Mandela bibit rugosos frigore pagus.

therefore signifying nothing.

The style which one person thinks cloggy and The stream is clear high up the valley, but cumbrous, and unsuitable, may be to the taste before it reaches the hill of Bardela looks green of others, and such may experience some saluand yellow like a sulphur rivulet.

tary excitement in ploughing through the periods Rocca Giovane, a ruined village in the hills, of the "Classical Tour." 'It must be said, however, Ball an hour's walk from the vineyard where the that polish and weight are apt to beget an er pavement is shown, does seem to be the site of pectation of value. It is amongst the pains of The fane of Vacuna, and an inscription found the damned to toil up a climax with a huge round there tells that this temple of the Sabine victory stone. *as repaired by Vespasian. With these helps, The tourist had the choice of his words, but and a position corresponding exactly to every there was no such latitude allowed to that of his Ehing which the poet has told us of his retreal, sentiments. The love of virtue and of liberty, we may feel tolerably secure of our site. which must have distinguished the character,

The hill which should o. Lucretilis is called certainly adorns the pages of Mr. Eustace, and Campanile, and by following up the rivulet to the gentlemanly spirit, so recommendatory either the pretended Bandusia, you come to the roots in an author or his productions, is very conspiof the higher mountain Gennaro. Singularly cuous throughout the Classical 'Tour. But these enough, the only spot of ploughed land in the generous qualities are the foliage of such a perwhole valley is on the knoll where this Bandasia formance, and may be spread about it so promi

nently and profusely, as to embarrass those who .... Tu frigus ainabile

wish to see and find the fruit at hand. The Pessis vomere tauris

unction of the divine, and the exhortations of Præbes, et pecori vago."

the moralist, may have made this work some

thing more and better than a book of travels, but The peasants show another spring near the mo- they have not made it a book of travels; and felis pavement, which they call Oradina," and this observation applies more especially to that which Bows down the bills into a tank, or mill-enticing method / instruction conveyed by the

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perpetual introduction of the same Gallic Helot | ping of the copper from the capola of St. Pe to reel and bluster before the rising generation, ter's, must be much relieved to find that sacriand terrify it into decency by the display of lege' out of the power of the French, ar an all the excesses of the revolution. An animosity other plunderers, the cupola being covered witā against atheists and regicides in general, and lead. ) Frenchmen specifically, may be honourable, and If the conspiring voice of otherwise rival erimay be useful, as a record; but that antidote tics had not given considerable currency to t should either be administered in any work ra- Classical Tour, it would have been anderen ther than a tour, or, at least, should be served to warn the reader, that, however it may ade up apart, and not so mixed with the whole mass his library, it will be of little or no servierte of information and reflexion, as to give a bitter- him in his carriage; and if the judgment ness to every page: for who would choose to those critics had hitherto been suspended. * have the antipathies of any man, however just, attempt would have been made to antica for his travelling companions ? A tourist, unless their decision. As it is, those wbo sland as the he aspires to the credit of prophecy, is not an- relation of posterity to Mr. Eastace was he swerable for the changes which may take place permitted to appeal from cotemporary pret, in the country which he describes; but his rea- and are perhaps more likely to be just is po der may very fairly esteem all his political por portion as the causes of love and batred are we traits and deductions as so much waste paper, farther removed. This appeal had, in tim the moment they cease to assist, and more par- measure, been made before the above retara ticularly if they obstruct, his actual survey. were written; for one of the most respectable

Neither encomium nor accusation of any go- of the Florentine publishers, who had been per vernment, or governors, is meant to be here suaded by the repeated inquiries of these a offered, but it is stated as an incontrovertible their journey southwards, to reprint a cbear fact, that the change operated, either by the edition of the Classical Tour, was, by the cu address of the late imperial system, or by the curring advice of returning travellers, indured disappointment of every expectation by those to abandon his design, ahhough he had already who have succeeded to the lialian thrones, has arranged his types and paper, and had struci been so considerable, and is so apparent, as not one or iwo of the first sheets. only to put Mr. Eustace's Antigallican philippics The writer of these notes would wish to Mart entirely ont of date, but even to throw some (like Mr. Gibbon) on good terms with the Parent suspicion upon the competency and candour of and the Cardinals, but he does not think it a the author himself. A remarkable example may cessary to extend the same discreet silene ta be found in the instance of Bologna, over whose their humble partisans. papal attachments, and consequent desolation, the tourist pours forth such strains of condolence and revenge, made louder by the borrowed trum- *) “What then will be the astonish beste pet of Mr. Burke. Now Bologna is at this mo- rather the horror, of my reader, whes is ment, and has been for some years, notorious form him

the French Coundture amongst the states of Italy for its attachment to turned its attention to Saint Peter's, apie revolutionary, principles, and was almost the ployed a company of Jews to estimate 20 only city which made any demonstrations in purchase the gold, silver, and bronze hat favour of the unfortunate Murat. This change adorn the inside of the edifice, as well as the may, however, have been made since Mr. Bustace

copper that covers the vaults and dame as the visited this country ; but the traveller whoin he outside." The story about the Jews is positro has thrilled with horror at the projected strip. ly denied at Rome.


That tomb which, gleaming o'er the cliff. (p. 57. , tempted in description, but those who hate

, wil A tomb above the rocks on the promontory, by probably retain a painful remembrance of the some supposed the sepulchre of Themistocles. singular beauty which pervades, with ferro Sultana of the Nightingale.

ceptions, the features of the dead, a few beita

[p. 57. after the spirit is not there." It is to be The attachment of the nightingale to the rose marked in cases of violent death by russball is a wellknown Persian fable. if I mistake not, wounds, the expression is always that of armony the “Bulbul of a thousand tales" is one of his whatever the natural energy of the saferet: appellations.

character ; but in death from a stab ebe toit

tenance preserves its traits of feeling or letras, Till the gay mariner's guitar. The guitar is the constant amusement of the

[P: 57, and the mind its bias, to the last. Greek sailor by night: with a steady fair wind, Slaves-nay, the bondsmen of a slare. and during a calm, it is accompanied always by Athens is the property of the Kislar Aga is the voice, and often by dancing.

slave of the seraglio and goardian of the web

who appoints the Waywode. Where cold Obstruction's apathy. (p. 59. eunuch-these are not polite, yet toe appel "Ay, but to die and go we know not where tions-now governs the governor of Athess' To lie in cold obstruction."

In echoes of the far tophaite. Measure for Measure, Act. 111. Sc. 1. “Tophaike," musquet. - The Bairas is so

ced by the cannon at sunset: the illuminarias The first, last look by death reveal'd. (p. 58. of the Mosques, and the firing of all dimensi I trust that few

of my readers have ever had small arms, Toaded with ball, proclaim is derines an opportunity of witnessing what is here at the night.

A paadet il

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