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was not seen, the place was always understood as being inhabited in a particular manner by the glory of the God-head.
In the words that follow, the use of the temple is signified-have thou respect unto the prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee this day. This house was the place, where God would give audience, and have respect to the petition, out of regard to the place in which it was offered. They, who expect to be heard, when they address a king, go into his court, and present themselves in the proper place for an audience. The temple is the court of the great King ; and though he can hear the voice of men in every place, yet it was expedient, that one place should be honoured above all others, to stir up reverence in men, and give them a reasonable ground of hope, when they should offer their petitions. It seems by the expression, that the people were encouraged not only to pray within the temple, but to have respect to it, and turn themselves toward it in their devotions, even when they prayed to the God of Israel in distant places-Hearken to the supplication of thy people Israel, when they shall pray towards this place. And the practice was duly observed by Daniel in his captivity at Babylon ; it was his manner to open
his window toward Jerusalem, and to kneel, and pray three times a day. . His respect was to the temple; and he held to the practice, though there was then no more than the ruins of it remaining. In fact, the tabernacle and temple were the places, where the devotion of the people and the favour of God met together; the house of God was the common assembly of heaven and earth; there God, was to be found, and there the people sought him, there Hannah, in the bitterness of her soul, offered up her devotions, and her petition was granted. Yea and Christ himself allows, that the Temple sanctified the gold which was offered in it; and, if it could sanctify gold, it would rather sanctify the more valuable offerings of prayer and thanksgiving. This was known to that godly woman Anna, the prophetess, who, having devoted herself to God, departed not from the temple, but served him there with fastings and prayers night and day. It is not said, that she ran gossipping after sermons, but that she served God with prayers. There the prayers of Simeon were granted, ard the promise of God fulfilled to him, when he took up the child Jesus in his arms, and blessed God, who in his temple had indulged him with a sight of what his eyes had most desired to behold.
But it is particularly worth our notice, that private devotion seems to have met with the regard of heaven on account of its connection with the services of the temple. It appears from the scripture, that there were settled hours of prayer, when the people resorted to public worship ; such as the third hour of the day, the sixth hour or noontide, the ninth hour, which answered to our three o'clock in the afternoon, and the sun setting, when they offered the evening sacrifice. These hours were preferred as the best for private devotion, that the prayer of the closet might be the prayer of charity and uniformity, and ascend to God with the incense of the church. Peter went up to the house-top to pray at the sixth hour, one of the seasons of public devotion at the temple. The prayer of Cornelius was answered by a vision from heaven at the ninth hour. Daniel confessed his sin and presented his supplication before the Lord about the time of the evening oblation, and was then favoured with a revelation from the Angel Gabriel : and lastly, on occasion of that great contest of Elijah with the worshippers of Baal, we read, that the prophet waited from the morning till the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, and then put up the prayer which brought down fire from
heaven, and determined the dispute. 1 Kings 18. 36.
These examples shew us plainly, that both God and man have had regard to stated hours of prayer ; and that private prayer was most acceptable, when it agreed with the services of the church. In the primitive ages of Christianity, certain hours of the day and night were set apart for public and private devotion, that the people of God might be upon their knees together, whether in the church or in their own families : and there are still extant the forms of devotion anciently adapted to the hours of prayer, which were put into the Saron language eight hundred years ago, and were probably used in Latin some hundreds earlier.
If all ages and nations have shewn so much regard to the places and the times of public worship, and all this reverence was commanded and encouraged by God himself in his dealings with his people, whether Jews or Chris. tians ; we shall be disobedient to God, and contrary to good men of all ages, if we nego lect the duty of public worship. It hath pleased God in his wisdom to inspire us with reverence for his name, by hallowing some places and things above others : and if God hath regard to what is so set apart for his own
honour, we must displease him and injure ourselves, if we do not conform to his institutions ; none of which were appointed without a view to our advancement in holiness and happiness. For consider the consequence of uniting in public worship. Does it not serve as a principle of 'unity, to promote charity among Christians, and bind them in affection to one another? Men, who resort to the same place by choice, that they may pray together, will contract an habit of considering themselves as constantly under the eye of God, and as members of the same family, and with such a relation, they cannot lightly offend or speak evil one of another. And will not every place become happier, in proportion as there is less offence and less evil to set men against one another? If the experiment were to be made, I dare be answerable for it, that the happiness of every society would be found to keep equal pace with their devotion. Where there is no prayer, there is no religion ; and where there is no religion, there is no peace; but instead of it the blusterings of pride, the cruelty of malice, the oppressiveness of avarice, the rage of blasphemy, slander and evil speaking. When Abraham sojourned in a land where the true God was either unknown or disregarded, he said within