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that the denouement has fully proved the and attentive audience. The Rev. Profeswisdom of those who deprecated all approach sor M‘Michael gave a brief review of the to the Grand Duke through the medium of United Presbyterian Church, in its two diplomatic relations. Such a course would branches. He described how the great probably have complicated the affair, by Head of the church gave each of them its infusing into it elements of delicacy and own separate mission; how Truth waved difficulty which might have been fatal to upon the banners of the Secession, and its success. The mission was undertaken Freedom upon the banners of the Relief; in the fear of God, and the management not, indeed, that the Secession was unwas confided to gentlemen who, it was be- mindful of Freedom, or the Relief unmind• lieved, would act in that fear. We may ful of Truth, but that each had its own safely leave the result to His sovereign special commission; and how well these two direction without solicitude.

glorious symbols, Truth and Freedom, were Papers, it is understood, will be made written in large and legible characters public which will throw augmented light upon the banners of the United Presbyupon the proceedings of the deputation, terian Church. The Rev. Dr A. Thomson, and explain the difficulties of their position. Edinburgh, spoke on “ The Secession Meanwhile the country is indebted, and the Church: its origin and principles ;" the Rev. cause of European liberty is indebted, to Dr Johnston, Limekilns, on “ The Relief Lord Roden, Lord Caven, and Captain Church : ils origin and principles ;" the Trotter, for their generous exertions. We Rev. Dr Anderson, Glasgow, spoke on the cannot conclude this notice without stat- “ Influence of the United Presbyterian ing, that the conduct of Sir H. Bulwer Church;" Professor Eadie spoke on “The is mentioned by them in terms of grateful present position and obligations of the recognition."

United Presbyterian Church.” Our limits do not allow us to characterise the speeches

and the speakers, as they deserve. The CHURCH, DUNFERMLINE.

speeches are fully reported in the local

newspapers; and they are all distinguished The mother church in Dunfermline, as for their warm and generous spirit towards might have been expected, has not forgot- the illustrious dead their lofty assertion of ten her centenary, and she has been engaged principle--their sympathy with humanity in commemorating her origin, On Sabbath, in its struggles, and in their hopeful asthe 7th of November, there were special pirations for the future. Professor Harper services in Gillespie Church, the services closed the proceedings of the evening by being conducted by Drs M‘Michael and pronouncing the apostolic benediction; and Anderson. On Monday evening a soiree from all accounts, the services were of unwas held in the same place, which was usual interest, and will long be remember. crowded to the doors, with a respectable ed by a delighted audience.

CENTENARY COMMEMORATION-GILLESPIE

UNIVERSITY TESTS-NATIONAL EDUCATION. The appointment of Professor M.Dougall to the Chair of Moral Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh, has given a fresh impulse to the question of University Tests. It is well known, that according to law, Professors, Principals, Regents, etc., in the Scottish Universities, should be members of the Established Church. The law is rigid and unbending. It enacts, “ That, before or at their admissions, they do, and shall acknowledge and profess, and shall subscribe to the foresaid Confession of Faith, as the confession of their faith, and that they will practise and conform themselves to the worship presently in use in the church, and submit themselves to the government and discipline thereof; and never endeavour, directly or indirectly, the prejudice or subversion of the same; and that before the respective presbyteries of their bounds.” Such is the law, and though, in its present form, it dates as far back as 1707, it has been in disuse for about a century here in Edinburgh. Such is the law, and with respect to the chair in question, it has never been complied with by any one of its occupants. Principal Lee, in the Commission of the General Assembly, specially convened for this business, declared the remarkable fact, that the subscrip

tion had never been made by a single Professor of Moral Philosophy in the Metropolitan University. Such is the law, and though it was originally passed to exclude Episcopalians, on account of their supposed Jacobitical and disloyal sentiments, the practical effect has been, that with one exception or two, the Episcopalians are the only Dissenters who have occupied these chairs. We have Episcopalian Professors in Edinburgh who have never subscribed these tests. And we have Episcopalian Professors in Glasgow, St Andrews, and Aberdeen, who have subscribed these tests, and who have thus entered upon their academical career, by signing a Confession of Faith which they did not believe to be true. Such is the law; and while it was not applied to Professors Brown and Wilson, the previous occupants of this Chair, though the former was a Unitarian, and the latter an Episcopalian, an attempt is made to enforce it upon Professor M.Dougall. And whence all this outcry? Is Mr M.Dougall an Episcopalian, a Unitarian, or an Anythingarian? Is he unsound in the faith, or is his moral character suspicious ? No! The head and front of his offending is this--that he is a Free Churchman, and as such a practical Dissenter, though an advocate of the creed, government, and theory of the national Establishment. A special Commission of the General Assembly was convened, and nothing could exceed the horror and consternation of some reverend gentlemen who took part in the proceedings. All sorts of gloomy prophecies were poured forth. The Established Church was on the very verge of ruin; her mighty pillars would soon crumble into dust; Ichabod would be written upon all her walls ; philosophy would be polluted at its source; and the young students would certainly become infidels ; and we suppose the world would speedily come to an end, all if a Free Churchman of an orthodox creed, and of unexceptionable conduct, were permitted to teach moral philosophy in one of our national universities ! And in a kind of hysterical paroxysm, the students in connection with the Establishment were forbidden to attend the prelections from this chair, during the present session. Mr Stevenson, of St George's, Edinburgh, made himself foolishly conspicuous during this discussion ; and we beg leave to remind him of a Professor of Moral Philosophy in a western University, whose class he attended along with ourselves. This Professor signed the usual tests, and was, moreover, a minister of the Established Church; but, we ask Mr Stevenson, as

an honest man, to lay his hand upon his heart, and to ask himself the questionWere these any securities for the soundness of his faith any guarantees for the character of his teaching ? Wretched simpletons must such persons be, and miserably oblivious of all they have seen or heard, if they are really in earnest, and actually believe, that a Presbyterian Dissenter cannot teach moral philosophy, without sowing around him the seeds of infidelity and eternal death. But these men cannot be sincere, It would be an insult to their understanding to suppose that they have faith in the nonsense which they enunciate. They want to place our national universities at the feet of the Established Church, and the more impracticable such an attempt appears, the more insolent and overbearing become their pretensions. An Established Church claiming the monopoly of the professorial chairs, and that, too, at a time when two-thirds of the people have deserted her, is as ridiculous as it is impertinent. A great meeting was held in Edinburgh, in the Synod Hall, immediately after the commission had uttered its childish and querulous threats; the speakers were men of mark and intelligence, and the resolutions, as well as the addresses, were manly and vigorous. The dissolution of this ecclesiastical monopoly is now merely a question of time. The present government may take this honour to themselves, or they may leave it to their successors. We can afford to wait a session or two, for we know that this system of organisect hypocrisy is doomed, and that nothing can save it from a speedy destruction. The universities belong to the nation, not to the Established Church ; and we must get the best men to occupy their chairs, irrespective of denominational distinctions.

We wish we could write as favourably on the progress of national education in Scotland. Voluntary dissenters cannot agree among themselves as to what should be done; and the consequence is, that the education of the young is fast getting out of their hands. Government grants from the coinmittee of Council on Education are increasing every year. Sectarian schools are becoming more numerous, and the children of our members are receiving their education in them, while the more active and intelligent of their number are pensioned as pupil teachers. But we stand still and do nothing, for we can agree about nothing. Next year a new arrangement will require to be made, with regard to the parochial teachers. Their salaries will then be fixed, probably for twenty-five years. As that portion of their income which is derived from land has been reduced, say one-third, from the repeal of the corn laws, an attempt will be made to increase it. The heritors will, no doubt, resist the attempt, should it be made, to make up this deficiency from the land, and probably it will be paid from the national exchequer. We should

oppose this with all the energy in our power, unless these schools be placed upon a better footing, and be emancipated from their sectarian dis. abilities. We are solicitous that teachers should have a larger remuneration than the greater part of them possess; but we are equally anxious that no fresh burden should be laid upon the shoulders of the community to support schools, which are confined to one sect of religionists. And yet, if Scotland does not act with unanimity and vigour, this will assuredly be done. The business of Scotland is disposed of very quietly in Parliament, and unless we bestir ourselves in time, we may learn some day that the measure has passed, and that all our efforts are vain. Indeed, we almost expect that this will prove to be the case. And it will certainly take place, unless the Free Church and ourselves enter upon some combined plan of action. The Established Church interest will prove more than a match for either of us fighting single-handed; but if our forces be united, we have influence enough to neutralise their exertions.

Printed by Thomas MURRAY, of 2 Arniston Place, and WILLIAM GIBB, of 12 Queen

Street, at the Printing Office of MURRAY and GIBB, North-East Thistle Street Lane, and Published by WILLIAM OLỊPHANT, of 21 Buccleuch Place, at his Shop, 7 South Bridge, Edinburgh, on the 27th of November 1852.

INDEX.

Page

92, 136

Page
Acbilli and Newman,

300
America and Britain the Bulwark against
Absolutism and Popery,

53
Angus (Rev. H.) on French Synod,

101
Anti-State-Churchism, Progress of

329
Atheism Subversive of Morality,

352
Australia, Souih, Grants for Religion refused
in,

281
Australia a Field for Missions,

510
Austria giving America a Lesson on Slavery, 43
Austria, Expulsion of Missionaries from
least, The Number of the

389, 442, 511
Bisliop of Calcutta and the D'ssenters,

186
Brash (Rev. W.), Obituary of

78
Bright's (Mr) Specch at Belfast,

524
Bryce (Rev. Dr) on Educational Reform, G7, 216
Lunyan and his Theological Writings,

109
Caffrarian Converts,

197, 463
Caffre War,

44,95, 189, 252, 364, 427, 519
Calls:-D. Croom, 186; G. Dodds, 185; W.

Drummond, 42, 89,555; W. Gillespie, 186; A.
Graham, 421; J. A. Johnston, E9; J. B.
Johnston, 186; W. Johnston, 516; J. M.
Lambie, 376; A. Leitch, 186; D. M.Ewan,
327, 473; J. Macfarlane, 280, 327 ; W. Main,
235, 327; A. Miller, 424; J. More, 516; W.
Riddell, 376; J. L. Rome, 516; G. Sandy, 235;
J. R. Scott, 565; D. Sim, 89; A. Stewart, 376;
J. Stillie, 42, 424; D. Taylor, 136, 280; J.

Thomson, 136, 186; A. Walker, 424.
Campbell (Rev. R.), Memoir of

504
Canadian Clergy Reserves,

522
Ceylon, Government Support of idolatry in 236
Christianity Suited to Man, 97, 115, 193, 241
Church of England,

92
Church (The) and the World,

57
Colonial Bishops,

186, 376
Colonial Policy--Recall of Sir B. Smith, 95
Confessional (The) Unmasked,

156
CONGREGATIONS, NOTICES OF:--

Bell St., Dundee, 43; Gillespie Church,
Dunfermline, 568; Blackett St., Newcastle, 89.
CRITICAL NOTICES :--

Aitou's Land of the Messiah, 491; Alman.
acks, 130, 181; Arnot's Race for Riches, 179;
Art and Faith, 34; Assembly's Catechism in
Hebrew, 31.

Barber's Hearths of the Poor, 372; Barnes
on Job, 180; Barnes on Revelation, 468; Bat.
tles of the Bible, 257; Bible Characteristics,
37; Bible in Every Land, 178; Biblical Re.
pertory, 255; Blackburn's Nineveh, 35;
Bloomfield's Annotations, 81; British Quar-
terly Review, 31, 416; Brown's Remarks
on A. Haldane, 318; Brown's Resurrection
of Life, 127; Brown's Plain Discourses,
254; \Brown on Salvation), 131; Bunyan's
Works, 109.

Cairns' Second Woe, 417; Candlish on Ge.
nesis, 254; Chalmers' Life, 357; Chapman
on Romans, 128; City of Rome, 420; Chris.
tian Fireside Library, 558; Classical Se.
Jections, 418; Cobbin's Oriental Bible, 35;
Combe's Secular Education, 345; Congre.
gational Year-Book, 256; Coppard's Ka.
tharine Douglas, 35; Cyclopædia Biblio.
graphica, 467.

Davidson's Introduction, 174; Duft's As.
sembly and Missionary didresses, 86.

Edmund's Milton, 35; Elles' Portrait, 129;
Englishman's Hebrew and Greek Concord.
ances, 557.

Fletcher's Constantine, 418; Foreign Eran.
geiical Review, 417.

Guthrie's Sermon on Gunn, 86.

Haney's Lectures, 371; Hengstenberg on
John, 413, Binton's Test, 418; Hood's Self-
Education, 130.

Jarvie's Discourses, 369; Jean Migault, 180;
Jeffrey's Life by Cockburn, 302.

Katterns' Sermons, 466; Kidstou's Funeral
Sermons. 551; Kitto's Bible Illustrations,
83, 319; Kitto's Journal, 85, 255, 416; Kitto's
Palestine, 177; Kirwan's Romanism, 419;
Knight's Valley of Decision, 131.

Laing's Historical Notices, 370: Leila Aday,
403; Leisure Hour, 129; Little Things, 180;
Luke's Female Jesuit, 244.

Macfarlane's Crystal Palace, 33; Macgill's
Life of Heugh, 178; Maclagau's Ragged
School Rhymes, 36; Manson's Bible in
Schools, 345; Memorial of the Exhibition,
36; Miall's Footsteps, 418; Milne's Garland,
420; Monthly Volumes, 131; Morisonian.
ism Refuted, 559; Morning of Life, 31;
Morning Watches, 318; Moses' Paradise,
139; My First Grief, 85.

Natural History of the Year, 372; Neander
on Philippians, 319; New Casket, 180; North
British Review, 32, 552.

Paul on Genesis, 465; St Paul's Life, 469;
Pictorial History of Scotland, 177; Pirke
Aboth, 31.

Real Religion, 130; Reports on Schools, 559.

Sabbath School Tickets, 468; Sailor's
Prayer Book, 556; Scripture Gems, 257;
Standish's Pastor's Family, 86; Stark's Me-
moir, 485; Stewart's Europe, 130 ; Strong's
West Indies, 131; Successful Merchant, 117;
Symington's Sermon, 468.

Thornley's Skeleton Themes, 35; Tomkin's
Hulsean Essay, 33; Tree of Life, 469;
Treg elles on New Testament, 554; Tweedie's
Lights and Shadows, 256.

Uncle Tom's Cabin, 452; Urwick's Triple
Crown, 257.

Wallace's Lecture's on the Bible, 368;
Wardlaw's Call to Repentance, 469; Weiss
on the Psalms, 415; Wolfe's Hebrew Gram.
mer, 553; Wright's Britain's Last Struggle,
417.
Crystal Palace-. Proposed Opening on Sab.
bath,

476
Diplomatic Relations with Rome,

523
Dissenting Electors, Responsibilities of 189
Drinking, New-Year's, by Dr Guthrie,

25
Educational Reform,

67, 216, 568
Elections (The) and the Free Church, 362
Elections, A Reminiscence of the

393
Elles (Rev. J.), Memoir of

400
Emigration and Christian Colonisation, 478
Evangelical Alliance in Dublin,

474
Fenale (The) Jesuit Again,

244
France, Another Revolution in

46
French Synod of Evangelical Churches,

90, 101
General Assembly of Church of Scotland, . 330
General Assembly of Frie Church,

332
Gillespie's Deposition, Centenary of 231, 430, 568
GLEANER, The .

121, 171, 314, 365, 408
Gorrie (Kev. D.), Memoir of

200
HoxORARY DEGREK :--Rev. W. M'Kerrow,
Hymn Book, The New

227, 493
INDUCTIONS :--D. Croom, 376; i. ii. Garnet,

516: W. Giilespie, 280; A. Leitch, 235; D.

M'Rre, 566; D Sym, 235.
Infidelity of the Workshop,

21

538

Page INTELLIGENCE, FOREIGN :-- Africa, 182, 422; Aus.

tralia, 281, 3:8; Burmah, 422; Calcutta, 186 ; Ceylon, 236; China, 38, 183, 421; Deaths of Missionaries, 39; Florence, 566; Greenland, 132; Hungary, 181; Jews, 38, 181, 421; Labrador, 132; Levant, 131; Madagascar, 560; Malacca, 37; New Hebrides, 561; Nova Scotia, 327; Palestine, 90; Persia, 37; Roman Catholic Missions, 37, 131, 559; Sierra Leone,

423; Tonquin, 559; Tuscany, 378. Intemperance in Scotland,

437 Ireland, New Reformation in

164 Ireland, Religious Equality Movement in 526 Jacob; Honours paid at his Death,

530
Jordan, Stopping of the, for the Israelites,
Lands of the Messiah, Mahomet, and the Pope, 491
Lauder (Rev. W.), Memoir of

460 Leila Ada, the Jewish Convert,

403 Madiai, Case of the

556 May (The) Meetings,

284 M'Donald (Rev. D.), Memoir of

542 M'Gregor (Rev. J.), Memoir of

544 Maynooth, Confederacy against

104 Maynooth Morality,

156 Maynooth Agitation and Candidates,

239 Moderator of Synod, The Election of

313 Mormonism in America,

137 Naaman : or, Humiliation the Path to Divine Favour,

385 Negro Life in America,

452 Obelisk, The Black, by Dr Kitto,

316 OBITUARY :- W. Brash, 43, 78; R. Campbell,

327, 504; G. Clark, 186; J. Elles, 400, 424; J. Forrester, 280; D. Gorrie, 235, 250; J. Harrower, 236; J. Johnston, 566; Dr Kid. ston, 566; W. Luder, 327, 460; D. M'Don. ald, 424, 512; J. M'Gregor, 517, 514; J. Read, sen., 376; J. Roy, 327; J. Stark, 485; C. I. Thomson, 122 ; Duke of Welling

ton, 477; T. Wilson, 473, 508. Operative Classes, Duty of Christian Em. ployers to

293 ORDINATIONS:-P. Barron, 89;W. Cochrane, 42;

G. Dodds, 235; W. Drummond, 235; J. Duna lop, 89; D. S. Goodbury, 135; J. A. John. ston, 473; P. Leys, 42; W. Limont, 43; W. Main, 473; A. Milar, 566; M. Orr, 89; W. Riddell, 516; A. Robb,516; A Stewart, 516; J. Stillie, 566; D. Taylor, 280; J. Thomson,

280. Original Secession Synod, Disruption in 283 Palestinian Museum, Proposal for a

124 Paul Preaching in a Storm,

481 Political Duties of Christians,

209 Popery-its Objects, Sympathies, and Operations,

58 Popery, Progress of

94 Popery (Revived) and the coming Struggle, 8 Popish Countries, Religious Freedom in

378 Popish Defence of Bible Burning,

- 237 Popish Jay stripped of his Feathers,

238 Popish Miracles and Inhumanity,

428 Popishs Processions,

328 Preachers' Board,

365 PRESBYTERIAL NOTICES :Aberdeen,

230, 469 Annandale,

39, 372, 469, 512 Arbroathi,

39, 133, 324, 562 Banff,

372, 562 Berwick,

133, 183, 230, 372, 563 Buchan,

87, 183, 278, 373, 512 Carlisle,

87, 181, 230, 512 Cupar,

39, 87, 231, 279, 512 Dumfries,

39, 231, 279 Dundee,

40, 184, 279, 373, 512 Dunfermline,

40, 134, 184, 324, 423, 512 Edinburgh, '87, 134, 184, 325, 373, 469, 513, 563 Elgin,

185, 279, 563 Falkirk,

325, 470 Glasgow, 40, 87, 134, 185, 231, 323, 374, 470, 513,

563

Page Hamilton,

40, 470, 564 Kelso,

40, 232 Kilmarnock,

134, 233, 374, 470, 513, 564 Kinross,

326, 374, 514 Kirkaldy,

4i, 134, 233, 279, 326, 471, 514 Lanark, 41, 135, 186, 280, 326, 374, 514, 564 Lancashire.

41, 89, 234, 471 Melrose,

42, 135, 234, 423, 565 Newcastle, 42, 89, 135, 186, 234, 326, 375, 472,

515, 565 Paisley and Greenock, 42, 135, 327, 424, 472, 515 Perth,

424,516, 565 Stirling,

42, 235, 327, 472, 516 PROBATIONERS LICENSED :-

G. Barlas, 327; T. Bruce, 136; A. Brunton,
135; J. Carrick, 12; A. Clark, 376; J. Don-
aldson, 472; R. S. Drummond, 135; A. Gra.
ham, 42; W: Johnston, 280 ; T. Kennedy,
327; J. Kirkwood, 42; J. M. Lambie, 42; J.B.
Logan, 135; J. M'Farlane, 42: M. M'Naugh-
ton, 42; A. Millar, 42; J. More, 136; A.
Robb, 472; J. Rome, 42; G. Smith, 42; A

White, 42.
Professors, Our Theological

151 Rainbow (The) Round the Throne !

269 Reform Bill, New, its effects on Dissenters

138 Renton (Rev. H.), Counsels to Theological Students by

517 Sailor, The Young

148 Sanitary Reform in Glasgow,

203 Scholarship Fund, 228; Examination,

566 Scholarships, Synodical Discussion on 310 Schools, The Bible in

314 Scotland, Illustrations of Scripture from 200, 501 Secession Extinguished in Scotland,

331, 364 Secession in Scotland in 1773, by Dr Porteous, 418 SIGNATURES :--A., 8, 144; A. B. G., 202; A.

H., 164, 400; A.M., 511; A. O., 357; B. E.,
293; B. R., 57; D., 209; D. H. E., 511; D,
K., 252; F. H. M., 512; G. G., 153; J., 100,
148, 197, 243; J. B, 4, 53; J. B. M., 58; J.
C., 313, J.C.H.,310 ; J.I., 124; L., 341; M.,
352, 441, 485; N., 21, 67, 116; Q., 156; R.,
491; R. H., 393, 447; T. D., 302; T. T., 540;
U. P. C., 365 ; W.B.E , 228; A Member of
Synod, 253; A City Minister, 171; Amicus,
20; An Elder, 229; A Preacher, 365; Omi.
(ron, 389; Resurgam, 534 ; D. Robertson,
230; G. Struthers, 199, 253, 364, 465, 551;

A Voluntary, 109; W. Watson, 313.
Stark (Rev. Dr J.), Memoir of

485 Stipends, how Paid,

229 Stockport Riots,

377 Students' Missionary Society,

280 Students Total Abstinence Society,

417 Support of the Ministry, Better .

253, 260, 314 Temperance Legislation in America, . Temperance, Recent Movements on behalf of 534 Theological Hall, Opening of, 424; Closing of, 517 Uncle Tom's Cabin, Sequel to

540 Union with the Free Church--Why not?

341 United Presbyterian Synod, Proceedings of 257, 286

319 United Presbyterian Synod in Canada,

425
University Tests,
Vine, The True

433
Voice (A) from the City to the Country,
Voluntaryism, The Tactics of
Voluntaryism in the New Parliament,
Wait, by Dr Kitto,

314 Wesleyan Disruption, The

329 Wesleyan (The) Conference,

429 Wilson (Rev. T.) Memoir of

508 Winter, Thoughts on .

49 World's (The), Estimate of Friends of Truth, 337 Written Rocks, by Dr Kitto,

27

1 Year, Thoughts for the New Zechariah--His Mission, 17; The Horsemen in

the Valley, 63, 112; The Four Horns and Carpenters, 213.

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