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Mossbank.- The Rev. J. R. Scott, Cree ing afterwards been read privately, and town, called 13th November—the Rev. A. their several merits adjudged, were Macfarlane, Lerwick, presiding.

ported on at a full meeting of the commit

tee, held in Greyfriars' Session House, ORDINATIONS.

Glasgow, on 12th November. It was found Girvan.-Mr John Stillie, ordained ist that fifty-eight students had engaged in November-Mr Dickic, of Cumnock; Mr the competition--twenty-one at Edinburgh, M‘Fadzen, of Patna ; and Mr Symington, fourteen at Glasgow, thirteen at Aberdeen, of Kilmarnock, officiating.

and ten at St Andrews. The numerical Newbigging, Forfarshire.-Mr Alexander value of the different papers having been Millar, ordained 26th October—Mr J. P. ascertained, and their sum cast up in the Millar, Carnoustie ; Mr Huston, Brechin ; case of each competitor, it was agreed that and Mr Johnston, Letham, officiating. scholarships should be assigned to twenty

six out of the fifty-eight. The sealed enINDUCTION.

velopes revealing their several names were Edinburgh, College Street.-The Rev. 1). then opened. In the first section, the M'Ewan, late of Ayr, induc:ed 230 Nov.- competitors being students who are to -Mr Semple of Peebles and Dr Harper, attend college at least three sessions before officiating

applying for admission to the Divinity Hall

, ten scholarships were assigned. In

the second section, including students one HOME MISSIONARY INDUCTION.

year further advanced, the number of Gorbals.The Rev. David M.Rae, late

scholarships assigned was nine. In the of Oban, was set apart to the home mis

third section, a year still further advanced, sion station at Gorbals, Glasgow, on 21st the number assigned was

The October-Mr Brown, of Wishawtown; Mr

nature of the scholarship scheme does not M'Gill, Dr Macfarlane, and Dr Anderson, permit the publication of the names of the of Glasgow, officiating.

successful competitors; but

allowed us to state, that they are furnished OBITUARY.

by the several university towns in the folDied, at Ibroxholm, near Glasgow, on lowing proportions:-

Ist Sec. the 23d October, the Rev. William Kidston,

Edinburgh, 4 D.D., senior minister of the East United

Glasgow,

4 Presbyterian Church, Campbell Street,

Aberdeen,

1 Glasgow, in the 85th year of his age, and

St Andrews,

1 63d of his ministry. Dr Kidston was the father of the United Presbyterian Synod,

In the second section, six of the successand the oldest minister in Scotland.

ful students had previously held scholarDied, at Leslie, Fifeshire, on 1st Novem.

ships; in the third section, all the successber, the Rev. John Johnston, minister of

ful competitors had their bursaries conthe United Presbyterian Church there, in

tinued. We sincerely regret to find that the 38th year of his ministry.

the state of the funds did not admit of any increase this year in continued scholar

ships. All the examinators spoke in terms SCHOLARSHIP EXAMINATION.

of high commendation of the progress TAE examination of university students manifest in the essays of the advanced competing for scholarships in the United competitors-proving clearly the satisfacPresbyterian Church, commenced simul

tory working of the scholarship scheme. taneously in the four university cities of We expect to publish, in an early Number Scotland, on Wednesday, 4th November. of the Magazine, a specimen of the extemThe papers written on the occasion by the

poraneous answers to the questions prodifferent students, in presence of a deputa posed in the department of English literation from the scholarship committee, hav.

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INTERESTING ACCOUNTS FROM FLORENCE. mainder of it He restrains." The Grand The sujoined is taken from the “ Christian Duke, who is perbaps more to be pitied Times,” the writer of which has had ac- than to be blamed, as a silly tool in the cess to evidence which is not yet laid be- hands of Jesuits, must have been confore the public. It is another illustration founded at the interest taken by the Proof the doctrine, " that God makes even the testant world in the case of a poor man and wrath of man to praise Him, while the re- his wife, of whom nothing was known ex

cept that they loved the Bible, and were with buman suffering, has enlarged the persecuted for reading it. It is a lesson, regions of science, and has won trophies we hope, which will not be losť upon Italy, in every field, of civil, social, and political both as a warning and an encouragement. liberty. A proportion, perhaps, and probIt is confidently expected, that the Madiais ably a large proportion, of these persons will shortly be liberated, on condition of

are unconverted, but the remainder are leaving their native land.

exhibiting all the well-known features of " The gentlemen deputed to Florence on earnest discipleship which those who aro behalf of the Madiai bave returned-re in familiar with the early ages of Christianity jectâ in one sense, but in another, and a know to be common to tha: honoured band inore important one, having succeeded that, by an instinctive necessity, is doomed very much beyond expectation. The to suffer. The ingenious devices to which Grand Duke acted upon his prerogative, they are driven in order to follow the and refused to receive either the depu- yearnings of their hearts are touching betation itself, or the memorial of which yond expression; a tyrant's hand prohibits they bad charge; but we are glad to their entering a place of public worship, understand that, after some difficulty, Lord and they have to read the Bible by stealth; Roden was indulged with permission for in order to multiply copies of this to them an interview with Rosa Madiai, an event the greatest of treasures, it has been known which took place under circumstances to have been actually copied out in manuof touching interest, which will doubtless script. To such a blighting process does be given to the public. Even the iron hand Popery reduce her votaries, and such anof the Tuscan Government was unable to acbronisms is she not ashamed to perform; restrain the expression of popular sympathy – while, as no fraternal meetings are alat Lucca, when Lord Roden's mission was lowed, it has been ascertained that at a known by the inhabitants, and a crowd es. café two Christians have been known to corted his carriage to the prison door. meet, and at the humble board, under cover Both Rosa Madiai and her husband are of their ordinary fare, they have contrived kindly treated, and although she has been to spread a napkin, and thus, by twos subjected to the indignity of the convict and threes, they celebrate the Supper of tonsure, we are informed that the reports the Lord. It is calculated that the supply of which have been circulated as to the un- Bibles for these 25,000 readers, amounts to wholeso character of her diet, and her from 10,000 to 16,000; and it is beyond doubt being exposed to unseemly outcries pro- that a spirit of earnest inquiry has been ceeding from other persons in confinement, awakened which no effort or coercion will, together with that of her working in by any means, be able to repress. We are chains, are unfounded. Amongst the in- given to understand that no question is ericidents of substantive value which occur- tertained of the speedy release of the red, was the reception by the deputation Madiai—an event, therefore, which may of an address from the Protestant Christians be looked for with but little fear of disapin Florence, to whom this mission has pointment. The impression which this given an importance in social position upon movement on the part of the European which it is difficult to lay too much stress. nations has produced, has been profound Hitherto they have been regarded as out- and unexpected. In the Italian States a casts—in fact, proscrits—and such is the new complexion has been imparted to relentless persecution carried out in Tus- Protestantism;-men who were yesterday cany, that although, in the providence of the offscouring of the earth have become God, the specific case of the Madiai has all at once objects, if not of respect, at been prominently brought forward, these least of interest; and when crowned heads, honoured victims of Papal intolerance are and statesmen, and nobles, say that in the but a type of a considerable class which, treatment of two humble servants at Lucca under various pretences, and in various Volterra they feel an interest which has a localities, are at the present moment en- reflex action upon themselves, the partizans during bondage, and degradation, and phy- of Rome must pause at least, before, in sical suffering, for their confession of the the broad glare of European light pourGospel. It is a fact which this most auspi- ing a flood of indignant publicity upon their cious mission will proclaim to civilised Eu. proceedings, they venture to proclaim rope, that there are about 25,000 subjects themselves the unrelenting enemies of of Tuscany, we believe in and in the im- mankind. A new phase of national inmediate neighbourhood of Florence, who tervention has been exhibited unheard of ure diligently reading the Bible to ascer. before, and least of all carried into executain what this way' really is, which, tion. This effort is without a precedent in wherever it has asserted its righteous do- the history of the world, but we trust minion, has elevated the understanding, that it will not be without a parallel. We has been forward to proclaim sympathy may add, for the satisfaction of our readers,

66

that the denouement has fully proved the and attentive audience. The Rev. Profeswisdom of those who deprecated all approach sor M‘Michael gave a brief review of the to the Grand Duke through the medium of United Presbyterian Church, in its two diplomatic relations. Such a course would branches. He described how the great probably have complicated the affair, by Head of the church gave each of them its infusing into it elements of delicacy and own separate mission; how Truth waved difficulty which might have been fatal to upon the banners of the Secession, and its success. The mission was undertaken Freedom upon the banners of the Relief; in the fear of God, and the management not, indeed, that the Secession was unwas confided to gentlemen who, it was be- mindful of Freedom, or the Relief unmind• lieved, would act in that fear. We may ful of Truth, but that each had its own safely leave the result to His sovereign special commission; and how well these two direction without solicitude.

glorious symbols, Truth and Freedom, were Papers, it is understood, will be made written in large and legible characters public which will throw augmented light upon the banners of the United Presbyupon the proceedings of the deputation, terian Church. The Rev. Dr A. Thomson, and explain the difficulties of their position. Edinburgh, spoke on “ The Secession Meanwhile the country is indebted, and the Church: its origin and principles ;" the Rev. cause of European liberty is indebted, to Dr Johnston, Limekilns, on “ The Relief Lord Roden, Lord Caven, and Captain Church : ils origin and principles ;" the Trotter, for their generous exertions. We Rev. Dr Anderson, Glasgow, spoke on the cannot conclude this notice without stat- “ Influence of the United Presbyterian ing, that the conduct of Sir H. Bulwer Church;" Professor Eadie spoke on “The is mentioned by them in terms of grateful present position and obligations of the recognition."

United Presbyterian Church.” Our limits do not allow us to characterise the speeches

and the speakers, as they deserve. The CHURCH, DUNFERMLINE.

speeches are fully reported in the local

newspapers; and they are all distinguished The mother church in Dunfermline, as for their warm and generous spirit towards might have been expected, has not forgot- the illustrious dead their lofty assertion of ten her centenary, and she has been engaged principle--their sympathy with humanity in commemorating her origin, On Sabbath, in its struggles, and in their hopeful asthe 7th of November, there were special pirations for the future. Professor Harper services in Gillespie Church, the services closed the proceedings of the evening by being conducted by Drs M‘Michael and pronouncing the apostolic benediction; and Anderson. On Monday evening a soiree from all accounts, the services were of unwas held in the same place, which was usual interest, and will long be remember. crowded to the doors, with a respectable ed by a delighted audience.

CENTENARY COMMEMORATION-GILLESPIE

UNIVERSITY TESTS-NATIONAL EDUCATION. The appointment of Professor M.Dougall to the Chair of Moral Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh, has given a fresh impulse to the question of University Tests. It is well known, that according to law, Professors, Principals, Regents, etc., in the Scottish Universities, should be members of the Established Church. The law is rigid and unbending. It enacts, “ That, before or at their admissions, they do, and shall acknowledge and profess, and shall subscribe to the foresaid Confession of Faith, as the confession of their faith, and that they will practise and conform themselves to the worship presently in use in the church, and submit themselves to the government and discipline thereof; and never endeavour, directly or indirectly, the prejudice or subversion of the same; and that before the respective presbyteries of their bounds.” Such is the law, and though, in its present form, it dates as far back as 1707, it has been in disuse for about a century here in Edinburgh. Such is the law, and with respect to the chair in question, it has never been complied with by any one of its occupants. Principal Lee, in the Commission of the General Assembly, specially convened for this business, declared the remarkable fact, that the subscrip

tion had never been made by a single Professor of Moral Philosophy in the Metropolitan University. Such is the law, and though it was originally passed to exclude Episcopalians, on account of their supposed Jacobitical and disloyal sentiments, the practical effect has been, that with one exception or two, the Episcopalians are the only Dissenters who have occupied these chairs. We have Episcopalian Professors in Edinburgh who have never subscribed these tests. And we have Episcopalian Professors in Glasgow, St Andrews, and Aberdeen, who have subscribed these tests, and who have thus entered upon their academical career, by signing a Confession of Faith which they did not believe to be true. Such is the law; and while it was not applied to Professors Brown and Wilson, the previous occupants of this Chair, though the former was a Unitarian, and the latter an Episcopalian, an attempt is made to enforce it upon Professor M.Dougall. And whence all this outcry? Is Mr M.Dougall an Episcopalian, a Unitarian, or an Anythingarian? Is he unsound in the faith, or is his moral character suspicious ? No! The head and front of his offending is this--that he is a Free Churchman, and as such a practical Dissenter, though an advocate of the creed, government, and theory of the national Establishment. A special Commission of the General Assembly was convened, and nothing could exceed the horror and consternation of some reverend gentlemen who took part in the proceedings. All sorts of gloomy prophecies were poured forth. The Established Church was on the very verge of ruin; her mighty pillars would soon crumble into dust; Ichabod would be written upon all her walls ; philosophy would be polluted at its source; and the young students would certainly become infidels ; and we suppose the world would speedily come to an end, all if a Free Churchman of an orthodox creed, and of unexceptionable conduct, were permitted to teach moral philosophy in one of our national universities ! And in a kind of hysterical paroxysm, the students in connection with the Establishment were forbidden to attend the prelections from this chair, during the present session. Mr Stevenson, of St George's, Edinburgh, made himself foolishly conspicuous during this discussion ; and we beg leave to remind him of a Professor of Moral Philosophy in a western University, whose class he attended along with ourselves. This Professor signed the usual tests, and was, moreover, a minister of the Established Church; but, we ask Mr Stevenson, as

an honest man, to lay his hand upon his heart, and to ask himself the questionWere these any securities for the soundness of his faith any guarantees for the character of his teaching ? Wretched simpletons must such persons be, and miserably oblivious of all they have seen or heard, if they are really in earnest, and actually believe, that a Presbyterian Dissenter cannot teach moral philosophy, without sowing around him the seeds of infidelity and eternal death. But these men cannot be sincere, It would be an insult to their understanding to suppose that they have faith in the nonsense which they enunciate. They want to place our national universities at the feet of the Established Church, and the more impracticable such an attempt appears, the more insolent and overbearing become their pretensions. An Established Church claiming the monopoly of the professorial chairs, and that, too, at a time when two-thirds of the people have deserted her, is as ridiculous as it is impertinent. A great meeting was held in Edinburgh, in the Synod Hall, immediately after the commission had uttered its childish and querulous threats; the speakers were men of mark and intelligence, and the resolutions, as well as the addresses, were manly and vigorous. The dissolution of this ecclesiastical monopoly is now merely a question of time. The present government may take this honour to themselves, or they may leave it to their successors. We can afford to wait a session or two, for we know that this system of

organised hypocrisy is doomed, and that nothing can save it from a speedy destruction. The universities belong to the nation, not to the Established Church ; and we must get the best men to occupy their chairs, irrespective of denominational distinctions.

We wish we could write as favourably on the progress of national education in Scotland. Voluntary dissenters cannot agree among themselves as to what should be done; and the consequence is, that the education of the young is fast getting out of their hands. Government grants from the committee of Council on Education are increasing every year. Sectarian schools are becoming more numerous, and the children of our members are receiving their education in them, while the more active and intelligent of their number are pensioned as pupil teachers. But we stand still and do nothing, for we can agree about nothing. Next year a new arrangement will require to be made, with regard to the parochial teachers. Their salaries will then be fixed, probably for twenty-five years. As that portion of their income which is derived from land has been reduced, say one-third, from the repeal of the corn laws, an attempt will be made to increase it. The heritors will, no doubt, resist the attempt, should it be made, to make up this deficiency from the land, and probably it will be paid from the national exchequer. We should oppose this with all the energy in our power, unless these schools be placed upon a better footing, and be emancipated from their sectarian disabilities. We are solicitous that teachers should have a larger remuneriition than the greater part of them possess; but we are equally anxious that no fresh burden should be laid upon the shoulders of the community to support schools, which are confined to one sect of religionists. And yet, if Scotland does not act with unanimity and vigour, this will assuredly be done. The business of Scotland is disposed of very quietly in Parliament, and unless we bestir ourselves in time, we may learn some day that the measure has passed, and that all our efforts are vain. Indeed, we almost expect that this will prove to be the case. And it will certainly take place, unless the Free Church and ourselves enter upon some combined plan of action. The Established Church interest will prove more than a match for either of us fighting single-handed; but if our forces be united, we have infuence enough to neutralise their exertions.

Printed by THOMAS MURRAY, of 2 Arniston Place, and WILLIAM GIBB, of 12 Queen

Street, at the Printing Office of MURRAY and GIBB, North-East Thistle Street Lane, and Published by WILLIAM OLỊPHANT, of 21 Buccleuch Place, at his Shop, 7 South Bridge, Edinburgh, on the 27th of November 1852.

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