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well as of that class of the distinguished whole system is subjected to a rigid historideparted, who cannot be so designated, and cal treatment. The author has a thorough whose memorial serves a good purpose as understanding of his subject; and, while a beacon, rather than as a guide. The whole writing in a spirit of calmness and of good range of modern christian biography has feeling, he does not scruple to call things been laid under contribution, to furnish by their right names when necessity reforth his pictures of christian experience; quires it. and his ample materials he manages with remarkable wisdom and tact. The volume

SCRIPTURE GEMS DEVOTIONALLY Excannot fail to prove a favourite one with pious and thoughtful readers. In the course

HIBITED. By the Author of "College

Recreations, &c. of perusing it, we have marked several

Belfast: Banner of Ulster Office. graphic and very useful passages, wbich may hereafter be presented in another de- BRIEF meditations on some of the choicest partment of this Magazine.

sayings of the Word. The author being We have been struck with the odd col- restrained by bodily affliction from entering location of words in the description of the on the duties of the ministry, to which he author's title. Tolbooth Church and had been looking forward, has set himself Parish," sounds well enough in connection to address the churches from the press. He with a church in bondage : but “ Free Tol- writes as a son of consolation, and the booth Church” has an incongruous aspect. Perusal of his animated and glowing sentiThis comes of the attempt to maintain ments will afford a pleasing relaxation to something of the style of Egypt, after Egypt the Christian in his evening devotional has been triumphantly abandoned.

hour, after the toils and troubles of the

day. The TRIPLE CROwn; or, the Power, Course,

and Doom of the Papacy. By WILLIAM The Battles of the Bible. By a ClergyURWICK, D.D. 12mo. Pp. 454. 1852. man's Daughter, Authoress of “ ChapDublin : J. Robertson,

ters on the Shorter Catechism.” Pp. 315. The author delivered a course of lectures

Edinburgh: Paton & Ritchie. on the Papacy in the spring of 1850, which The warlike scenes and incidents of patrihe was urged to publish, but declined. archal and ancient Jewish history are here When the Papal aggression was exciting set forth in the form of conversations beso much interest in the autumn of that tween a grandfather and his three grandyear, the manuscript was taken up with the children. The various interlocutors bring intention of revising it for the press. He out, among them, in a natural and effecresolved, however, to write what would tive way, the general lessons taught by really be a new work, and hence the delay. the subjects they discuss. The style is The work is much superior to the mass of marked by both simplicity and animation, publications on the Romish question, which and altogether the book is a sound and have recently been issued; and Dr Urwick useful one. We could have wished that is quite correct in stating, that not one of more frequently occasion had been taken them has occupied the niche which he in- to exhibit the spirit of the New Testament tended for his own. Its views of the Pa- in relation to war. How could such an acpacy are the following seven-ITS PRERO. complished and generally accurate writer, GATIVE, CREDENTIALS, ORIGIN, ESTABLISH- let slip the following sentence : -" The next MENT, ASCENDANCY, DECLINE, Fall. The evening found George, Johnnie, and I in weapon with which Romanism is chiefly our usual places, waiting for our story?” assailed in this production is history, the (P. 134.)

Intelligence.—United Presbyterian Church.

UNITED PRESBYTERIAN SYNOD.

The Synod

of the United Presbyterian Church the whole earth, is Mount Zion." The Synod commenced its sittings on Monday eveningproceeded to the election of a moderator for 3d May, in the Synod Hall, Edinburgh. The the ensuing year, and, on the motion of the Rev. Dr Lindsay, the retiring moderator, Rev. Mr Pringle, Newcastle, seconded by the preached the opening sermon from Psalm Rev. Mr Watson, Langholm, the Rev. Henry xlviii. 2.-“ Beautiful for situation, the joy of Renton, Kelso, was unanimously elected.

CHANGES ON THE ROLL OF MINISTERS.

NEW PRESBYTERIES.

The following changes were reported as Petitions were read from the sessions of having taken place on the roll of ministers Huntly, Banff, Aberchirder, and Gardenston, since last meeting of Synod :

in the presbytery of Buchan, and from the Removed by Death (8).—John Craig, Avon- sessions of Grange and Keith, in the presbridge, 18th July 1851; Francis Christie, Kil: bytery of Elgin, praying to be disjoined from maurs, 30th August; James Bow, Canal their respective presbyteries, and to be formed Street, Perth, 15th September; James Gar. into a new one under the designation of the diner, Craigs, Old Kilpatrick, 28th October; “Presbytery of Banffshire,”-the reason asWilliam Brash, East Campbell Street, Glas signed being chiefly the expense and fatigue gow, 24th November; George Clark, Chapel entailed upon members of session in attendknowe, 23d February 1852; Daniel Gorrie, ing meetings of the presbytery, having to Kettle, 31st March ; James Áarrower, Denny, travel thirty, twenty-five, and nineteen miles 7th April.

for that purpose. Demitted their Charges (8).-D. C. Brown Mr Ogilvie, Broughty Ferry, moved that ing, Blackett Street, Newcastle, 8th July these petitions be acceded to, and that the 1851; James Caldwell, Stockton-on-Tees, 5th new presbytery be formed as desired. August; James Watson, Walker, 2d Septem Mr MAILLER, Huntly, spoke briefly in supber; Alexander Walker, 4th Congregation, port of the petitions, which were then agreed Newcastle, 9th September; Alexander Tillie, to, and the new presbytery was appointed to Burgh-head (on account of bad health), 20th hold its first meeting at Aberchirder on the April ; David Forrest, Troon (on account of first Tuesday of June, at twelve o'clock-Mr bad health), 13th April; Alexander Cross, R. Paterson, moderator. West Linton (on account of bad health), 3d Four sessions and congregations under the February.

charge of the Dunfermline presbytery, nainethe Inducted (5).-James M‘Fadien, at Patna, ly, Balgedie, Milnathort, East and West Kin3d September 1851 ; Robert Paterson, at ross, and two from the presbytery of Perth, Aberchirder, 10th September; Alexander namely, Pathstruie and Edenshead, were Henderson, at Hexham, 31st December ; formed in the same way into a new presbyAlexander Leitch, at Wigton, Cumberland, tery, under the title of the “Presbytery of 12th April 1852; William Gillespie, at Shiels, Kinross," and appointed to hold its first Aberdeenshire, 28th April.

meeting at Kinross on the last Tuesday of Translated (3).- Alexander Wallace, to May, at eleven o'clock-Rev. Mr Leishman, Potterrow, Edinburgh, from Bradford, York- moderator. shire, 2d September 1851; James Robertson, to Shamrock Street, Glasgow, from Ports

SYNOD IN ENGLAND, burgh, Edinburgh, 6th November; David The reports of presbyteries on the remit Sim, to Bradford, Yorkshire, from Girvan, regarding the formation of a Synod in Eng9th April 1852.

land, subordinate to the General Synod, were Ordained (25).-James Galloway, Sutton, laid on the table. Four presbyteries were in Cheshire, 17th June 1851; John Mathison, favour of the overture; two were in favour Monkwearmonth, 18th June; Robert Nelson, of it, provided the presbyteries and congrePitcairn, 24th June; John Scott Craig, Mary gations in England were agreed upon the port, 1st July; James Muir, Bridge of Allan, measure : two were against it, and seven Ist July; Samuel Huston, City Road, Brechin were not prepared to report. 220 July; John Dobie, Linlithgow, West Mr PARKER, Sunderland, was heard at some Congregation, 6th August; William M'Laren, length in support of the scheme. After some Blairlogie, 12th August; Charles C. Leitch, remarks from Dr Robson, Dr M‘Kelvie, Dr (Missionary to India), ordained by Glasgow Struthers, Mr Pringle, and others, Mr ThoPresbytery 25th August; David Russel, St mas proposed the following resolution, as the Margaret's, Dunfermline, 3d September ; deliverance of the Synod, which was agreed George C. Hutton, Canal Street, Paisley, 9th to :-“ After reasoning, the Synod agreed in September; David M'Ewen, Cathcart Street, approving generally of the object contemAyr, 24th September; David Young, Chatton, plated in the overture, in as far as it respects Northumberland, 14th October; William the bringing of the presbyteries of this church, Turner, Craigdam, 14th October; William situated in England, into closer corresponCochran, Muckart, 9th December; John dence with each other, but delayed taking Torrance, Queensberry Street, Dumfries, 20th any farther steps to form these into a Synod November; Peter Leys, Strathaven, 1st, 17th till a much more general and decided expresDecember; William Limont, Clayport Street, sion of opinion in favour of the measure be Alnwick, 230 December; Matthew Orr, Dal- given by the parties immediately interested; reoch, 30th December; James Dunlop, Kilma and, in the meantime, recommended that the ronock, Dumbartonshire, 6th January 1852; presbyteries in England hold friendly and fraPeter Barron, Dunning, 14th January, David ternal correspondence on the subject, and that S. Goodburn, Waterbeck, 29th January; Wil it be submitted by them, if they shall deem liam Drummond, Whitehaven, 13th April; it desirable, to the consideration of the sesGeorge Dodds, 4th Congregation, Newcastle, sions and congregations under their charge." 21st April; John Thomson, A.M., West Calder, 27th April.

COMMITTEE ON STATISTICS.
Dr PEDDIE said the report which the Com-

last year.

mittee on Statistics had to give this year was sent in, to enjoin all the presbyteries of the in some respects much less satisfactory than church to attend annually to this matter, and

As the committee had strictly transmit the returns of the congregations obeyed the injunctions of the Synod in send- within their bounds before the 1st of Februing out schedules, and a circular or address ary, and that the committee give all the destating the reasons why the Synod had faulting congregations another opportunity of adopted the scheme, they had expected to sending in returns for the present year. receive numerous returns, but in this they had been disappointed. The number of congre

THE DEACONSHIP. gations in the body was 514, and of these Mr DAVIDSON, of Stockbridge, submitted a only 371 had sent in returns. Last year the report from the committee on the deaconnumber of congregations was 507, and of this ship. The committee were of opinion that in number 408 had reported, that is to say, the the primitive church an office existed under number of defaulters last year was 99, and this that name; but as in respect to the particuyear it was 143. In three preshyteries, those lar work wbich the elders had to perform, of Arbroath, Kelso, and Buchan, every con- contrary opinions exist among the members gregation had sent returns. In the Glasgow of committee, and may be supposed more or presbytery there were forty-nine congrega- less widely to pervade the Synod, they were tions, only twenty-seven of which had re- not prepared precisely to recommend the ported; and, in the Edinburgh presbytery, adoption of any new enactment, but rather there were forty-eight congregations, but advised that the matter should remain for the only thirty-nine returns had been received.

present as provided in the Synod's rules and The committee were of opinion that the forms of procedure—“ That where a congreSynod must either abandon the scheme alto- gation judges it proper to have deacons to gether or take other measures for enforcing serve the Church, they are intrusted with the attention to it. What those means should be, management of the whole financial concerns, they did not pretend to say, but the scheme as well as the distribution of the contribucould not serve the purposes for which it was tions to the poor, subject always to the obintended, unless it were made more complete. servance of the rules or constitution sancAs the returns were getting more incomplete, tioned by the presbytery." the committee had very little heart to proceed Mr R. GEMMELL, Dundee, moved the adopwith the scheme. They were anxious, how- tion of the report, which was agreed to withever, to proceed with the scheme, but it was out remark. impossible for them to do more than they had done. A second circular had been sent to

RULES OF PROCEDURE. the defaulting congregations, which had pro- An overture was read from the presbytery duced a few more returns, but as yet the re- of Stirling in favour of an alteration in certurns had been so incomplete as to preclude tain rules of procedure. The purport of the the possibility of making up a complete first part of the overture was, that in cases return. If the Synod could devise means for where students left the Divinity Hall, and getting in more complete returns within a went to presbyteries different from that from month or so, the statistics received could be which they entered the Hall, they should be printed, as usual, at the end of this year's required to take with them a certificate, not proceedings. He was of opinion that com- only from the professor but also from the plete statistics were not received, not so presbytery which they had left. much from the existence of objections to the After some remarks from Dr M Kerrow, scheme, as from carelessness on the part of Dr Taylor, and Mr France of Paisley, that ministers.

part of the overture was agreed to. The next Mr Thomas moved that the Synod give part had reference to the rules of procedure effect to Dr Peddie's suggestion about the generally, and set forth," That when changes sending in of returns, so as to allow the sta- are made in the rules of procedure, these tistics to be completed within a month or two. shall be specifically intimated to presbyThe scheme was a very useful one in many

teries,” ways, and particularly in its helping to get the Dr M‘KERROW explained the object of the management of their congregations into a presbytery in this case to be, that in case of state of greater efficiency. If the ministers alterations in the form of process, these and office-bearers procured the needful books, ought to be recorded in the minute-books of and kept them in a regular business-like way, presbyteries, so that they might be referred all that would be necessary in making up the to. returns, would be the transference of the re- Mr Hay, Arbroath, approved of the obquired facts from these books, which would ject of this part of the overture, but the quesnot cost above a quarter of an hour's trouble. tion came to be, Was it necessary to adopt a

Mr MEIKLE, Beith, thought it would be specific rule in order to put presbyteries in better to have a complete return once in the possession of the necessary information ? three years, than an incomplete return an- On the motion of Mr THOMAS, it was unnually.

animously resolved—“That annually there Some discussion ensued in which several should appear in the appendix to the Synod's suggestions were made for the purpose of minutes the whole of the alterations that remedying the evil, but it was ultimately have taken place since the last edition of our agreed, as the Synod had found that a con- forms of process up to the present time, so siderable number of returns had not been that regularly the presbyteries of the church

CHANGES ON THE ROLL OF MINISTERS.

NEW PRESBYTERIES.

The following changes were reported as Petitions were read from the sessions of having taken place on the roll of ministers Huntly, Banff, Aberchirder, and Gardenston, since last meeting of Synod :

in the presbytery of Buchan, and from the Removed by Death (8).—John Craig, Avon- sessions of Grange and Keith, in the présbridge, 18th July 1851; Francis Christie, Kil- bytery of Elgin, praying to be disjoined from maurs, 30th August; James Bow, Canal their respective presbyteries, and to be formed Street, Perth, 15th September; James Gar. into a new one under the designation of the diner, Craigs, Old Kilpatrick, 28th October; “Presbytery of Bantfshire,”-the reason asWilliam Brash, East Campbell Street, Glas- signed being chiefly the expense and fatigue gow, 24th November; George Clark, Chapel- entailed upon members of session in attendknowe, 23d February 1852; Daniel Gorrie, ing meetings of the presbytery, having to Kettle, 31st March ; James Harrower, Denny, travel thirty, twenty-five, and nineteen miles 7th April.

for that purpose. Demitted their Charges (8).-D. C. Brown- Mr Ogilvie, Broughty Ferry, moved that ing, Blackett Street, Newcastle, 8th July these petitions be acceded to, and that the 1851; James Caldwell, Stockton-on-Tees, 5th new presbytery be formed as desired. August; James Watson, Walker, 20 Septem- Mr MAILLER, Huntly, spoke briefly in sup, ber; Alexander Walker, 4th Congregation, port of the petitions, which were then agreed Newcastle, 9th September; Alexander Tillie, to, and the new presbytery was appointed to Burgh-head (on account of bad health), 20th hold its first meeting at Aberchirder on the April ; David Forrest, Troon (on account of first Tuesday of June, at twelve o'clock-Mr bad health), 13th April; Alexander Cross, R. Paterson, moderator. West Linton (on account of bad health), 3d Four sessions and congregations under the February.

charge of the Dunfermline presbytery, naineInducted (5).-James M‘Fadien, at Patna, ly, Balgedie, Milnathort, East and West Kin3d September 1851 ; Robert Paterson, at ross, and two from the presbytery of Perth, Aberchirder, 10th September; Alexander namely, Pathstruie and Edenshead, were Henderson, at Hexham, 31st December; formed' in the same way into a new presbyAlexander Leitch, at Wigton, Cumberland, tery, under the title of the "Presbytery of 12th April 1852; William Gillespie, at Shiels, Kinross,” and appointed to hold its first Aberdeenshire, 28th April.

meeting at Kinross on the last Tuesday of Translated (3).-Alexander Wallace, to May, at eleven o'clock-Rev. Mr Leishman, Potterrow, Edinburgh, from Bradford, York- moderator. shire, 20 September 1851; James Robertson,

SYNOD IN ENGLAND, to Shamrock Street, Glasgow, from Portsburgh, Edinburgh, 6th November; David The reports of presbyteries on the remit Sim, to Bradford, Yorkshire, from Girvan, regarding the formation of a Synod in Eng9th April 1852.

land, subordinate to the General Synod, were Ordained (25).-James Galloway, Sutton, laid on the table. Four presbyteries were in Cheshire, 17th June“ 1851; John Mathison, favour of the overture; two were in favour Monkwearmonth, 18th June; Robert Nelson, of it, provided the presbyteries and congrePitcairn, 24th June; John Scott Craig, Mary- gations in England were agreed upon the port, 1st July; James Muir, Bridge of Allan, measure: two were against it, and seven Ist July; Samuel Huston, City Road, Brechin, were not prepared to report. 22d July; John Dobie, Linlithgow, West Mr PARKER, Sunderland, was heard at some Congregation, 6th August; William M'Laren, length in support of the scheme. After some Blairlogie, 12th August; Charles C. Leitch, remarks from Dr Robson, Dr M'Kelvie, Dr (Missionary to India), ordained by Glasgow Struthers, Mr Pringle, and others, Mr ThoPresbytery 25th August; David Russel, St mas proposed the following resolution, as the Margaret's, Dunfermline, 3d September ; deliverance of the Synod, which was agreed George C. Hutton, Canal Street, Paisley, 9th to :-“ After reasoning, the Synod agreed in September; David M'Ewen, Cathcart Street, approving generally of the object contemAyr, 24th September; David Young, Chatton, plated in the overture, in as far as it respects Northumberland, 14th October; William the bringing of the preshyteries of this church, Turner, Craigdam, 14th October; William situated in England, into closer corresponCochran, Muckart, 9th December; John dence with each other, but delayed taking Torrance, Queensberry Street, Dumfries, 20th any farther steps to form these into a Synod November; Peter Leys, Strathaven, 1st, 17th till a much more general and decided expresDecember; William Limont, Clayport Street, sion of opinion in favour of the measure be Alnwick, 230 December; Matthew Orr, Dals given by the parties immediately interested; reoch, 30th December, James Dunlop, Kilma- and, in the meantime, recommended that the ronock, Dumbartonshire, 6th January 1852; presbyteries in England hold friendly and fraPeter Barron, Dunning, 14th January; David ternal correspondence on the subject, and that S. Goodburn, Waterbeck, 29th January; Wil- it be submitted by them, if they shall deem liam Drummond, Whitehaven, 13th April; it desirable, to the consideration of the sesGeorge Dodds, 4th Congregation, Newcastle, sions and congregations under their charge.” 21st April; John Thomson, A.M., West Calder, 27th April.

Dr PEDDIE said the report which the Com

COMMITTEE ON STATISTICS.

last year.

mittee on Statistics had to give this year was sent in, to enjoin all the presbyteries of the in some respects much less satisfactory than church to attend annually to this matter, and

As the committee had strictly transmit the returns of the congregations obeyed the injunctions of the Synod in send within their bounds before the 1st of Februing out schedules, and a circular or address ary, and that the committee give all the destating the reasons why the Synod had faulting congregations another opportunity of adopted the scheme, they had expected to sending in returns for the present year. receive numerous returns, but in this they had been disappointed. The number of congre

THE DEACONSHIP. gations in the body was 514, and of these Mr Davidson, of Stockbridge, submitted a only 371 had sent in returns. Last year the report from the committee on the deaconnumber of congregations was 507, and of this ship. The committee were of opinion that in number 408 had reported, that is to say, the the primitive church an office existed under number of defaulters last year was 99, and this that name; but as in respect to the particuyear it was 143. In three preshyteries, those lar work which the elders had to perform, of Arbroath, Kelso, and Buchan, every con- contrary opinions exist among the members gregation had sent returns. In the Glasgow of committee, and may be supposed more or presbytery there were forty-nine congrega- less widely to pervade the Synod, they were tions, only twenty-seven of which had re- not prepared precisely to recommend the ported; and, in the Edinburgh presbytery, adoption of any new enactment, but rather there were) forty-eight congregations, but advised that the matter should remain for the only thirty-nine returns had been received. present as provided in the Synod's rules and The committee were of opinion that the forms of procedure

_" That where a congreSynod must either abandon the scheme alto- gation judges it proper to have deacons to gether or take other measures for enforcing serve the Church, they are intrusted with the attention to it. What those means should be, management of the whole financial concerns, they did not pretend to say, but the scheme as well as the distribution of the contribucould not serve the purposes for which it was tions to the poor, subject always to the obintended, unless it were made more complete. servance of the rules or constitution sancAs the returns were getting more incomplete, tioned by the presbytery." the committee had very little heart to proceed Mr R. GEMMELL, Dundee, moved the adopwith the scheme. They were anxious, how- tion of the report, which was agreed to withever, to proceed with the scheme, but it was out remark. impossible for them to do more than they had

RULES OF PROCEDURE. done. A second circular had been sent to the defaulting congregations, which had pro- An overture was read from the presbytery duced a few more returns, but as yet the re- of Stirling in favour of an alteration in certurns had been so incomplete as to preclude tain rules of procedure. The purport of the the possibility of making up a complete first part of the overture was, that in cases return. If the Synod could devise means for where students left the Divinity Hall, and getting in more complete returns within a went to presbyteries different from that from month or so, the statistics received could be which they entered the Hall, they should be printed, as usual, at the end of this year's required to take with them a certificate, not proceedings. He was of opinion that com- only from the professor but also from the plete statistics were not received, not so presbytery which they had left. much from the existence of objections to the After some remarks from Dr MʻKerrow, scheme, as from carelessness on the part of Dr Taylor, and Mr France of Paisley, that ministers.

part of the overture was agreed to. The next Mr Thomas moved that the Synod give part had reference to the rules of procedure effect to Dr Peddie's suggestion about the generally, and set forth,“ That when changes sending in of returns, so as to allow the sta- are made in the rules of procedure, these tistics to be completed within a month or two. shall be specifically intimated to presbyThe scheme was a very useful one in inany teries,” ways, and particularly in its helping to get the Dr M KERRow explained the object of the management of their congregations into a presbytery in this case to be, that in case of state of greater efficiency. If the ministers alterations in the form of process, these and office-bearers procured the needful books, ought to be recorded in the minute-books of and kept them in a regular business-like way, presbyteries, so that they might be referred all that would be necessary in making up the to. returns, would be the transference of the re- Mr HAY, Arbroath, approved of the obquired facts from these books, which would ject of this part of the overture, but the quesnot cost above a quarter of an hour's trouble. tion came to be, Was it necessary to adopt a

Mr MEIKLE, Beith, thought it would be specific rule in order to put presbyteries in better to have a complete return once in the possession of the necessary information ? three years, than an incomplete return an- On the motion of Mr THOMAS, it was unnually.

animously resolved—“That annually there Some discussion ensued in which several should appear in the appendix to the Synod's suggestions were made for the purpose of minutes the whole of the alterations that remedying the evil, but it was ultimately have taken place since the last edition of our agreed, as the Synod had found that a con- forms of process up to the present time," so siderable number of returns had not been that regularly the presbyteries of the church

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