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ernor, 231.

Mendacity of clerks, 112.

over government, 55; coutinental
Metaphor, use of, 30.

dependence on, 102.
Metonymy, use of, 28.

Prominence of jaw, meaning of, 151.
Mettray, case of, 233.

Protecting the individual against
Mind and feature, relation of, 155. himself, 55.
Mis-education, evils of, 372.

Protection, governmental, 91.
Mixed currency self-adjusting, 327. Protuberant cheekbones, signifi.
Morality, relative and absolute, 210; cance of, 153.
of various classes, 354.

Public prudence liable to fluctuation,
Morals of trade, 107; signs of im- 321.
provement in, 148.

Punishment, grounds of its justice,
Mútual restraint of class interests, 221–225; in what it should consist,
381.

225; just limits of, 226; how to fi.s

its duration, 242; schéme of, dia
N

tated by justice, 244; evil effects

of excessive, 239.
National character, how formed, 100.

R
0

Railroad companies paralleled with
Obermair's experience as prison gov- Railroad officials, character of, 260.

the state, 252.
Officialism, slowness of, 67; stupid- Railroads, order of their appearance

ity of, 67; extravagance of, 68; Railway administration, essential vi.
unadaptiveness of, 69; corruption
of, 71; obstructiveness of, 72.

ciousness of, 256.
Offspring, mixed qualities of, 157.

Railway companies, dishonesties of,
Opinions, distrust of, 48.

253-255.
Order of social requirements, 85; Railway engineers, morality of, 271.

Railway directors; how elected, 269.
government cannot judge of, 87.
Over-legislation, negative evils'of, 93. Railway politics, morality of

, 213.
Railway system, fundamental vice

of, 290,

Reform-bill, horror of, 353.
P

Reform-bill of Lord John Russell,

377.
Paper circulation, excess of, when Representative government, faults
salutary, 324.

of, 172-191; why it is the best,
Parental constitutions, traits of in 201–204; failures of, due to misap.
offspring, 158.

plication, 204–207; when danger-
Peel, Sir Robert, on the efficacy of
legislation, 104.

Representatives, acts of governed by
Philanthropy, short-sightedness of, interest, 175; principle in choosing,
100.

175; naval and military officers as,
Poetic speech, in what it consists, 177 ; lawyers as, 179; qualifications
37.

of, 184.
Political education, necessity of, 374. Representative system in corpora-
Popular character determines the tions, 251.
penal code, 216.

Restrictions on the hours of labor,
I’redicate and subject, arrangement 358.
of, 18.

Right to coerce the criminal, basis of,
Printers Union, working of, 359. 221-225.
Prison discipline in relation to idle-
ness, 240; to self-control, 240.

S
Prison ethics, approved system of,
244.

Salesmen, their falsehood and dupli.
Private enterprise, what it has ac-

city, 110.
complished, 54: superiority of, Saxon English, 12; brevity of, 13.

ous, 376.

Self-dependent races, progressive-

т
ness of, 102.
Seit-criticism, 49.

Tailors, how they are cheated, 111.

Taxation should be direct as the fran
Self-help, national, 101.
Sensibilities, economy of, 40.

chise is extended, 37.
Sentences, arrangement of parts of, Town councils, character of, 169 ;
20; suspensions of, 23.

extravagance of, 171.
Shareholders, railway, small influ- Trade essentially corrupt, 134.
ence of, 279; characters of, 283.

Trade immoralities, are they growing
Sheep, mixture of French and Eng. Trades-unions, tyranny of, 378.

82.

worse? 136; remedy for, 146.
lish races of, 158.
Silk-business, frauds in, 119.

U
Simile, use of, 28.
Social changes, unlikely origin of, University education, estimate of,

373.
Social science, importance of diffus- | Utopianisms of the working classes,
ing a knowledge of, 375.

365.
Solitary system increases the ten-

dency to crime, 220.
State agency contrasted with private Valencia, prison of, 237.

enterprise, 77; dependent upon
private action, 79.

W
State enterprise, positive injuries of,
60.

Wealth, indiscriminate respect paid
State, failure of to perform its du- to, 140; protest against the adora.
ties, 52.

tion of, 147; the possessor or hon.
Stimulus to social action, 65.

estly acquired, respectable, 145.
Stocking weavers, distress and re- Whately, Dr., 26, 30.
lief of, 83.

Working classes in England, de.
Style, why it should be varied, 44; mands of, 357.

direct and indirect, 24; varies with Working classes, education of, 371.
the mind addressed, 25; employ- Words, economic use of, 12; use of
ment of figures in, 27.

long, 14; strength of Saxun, 15;
Synechdoche, use of, 27.

sequence of, 16.

THE END.

THE SYNTHETIC PHILOSOPHY

OF

HERBERT SPENCER.

FIRST PRINCIPLES.

1 vol. $2.00.

CONTENTS.

PART I.-THE UNKNOWABLE.

1. Religion and Science.

4. The Relativity of all Knowl. 2. Ultimate Religious Ideas.

edge. 3. Ultimate Scientific Ideas.

5. The Reconciliation.

PART II.-THE KNOWABLE. 1. Philosophy defined.

13. Simple and Compound Evolu2. The Data of Philosophy.

tion. 3. Space, Time, Matter, Motion, 14. The Law of Evolution. and Force.

16. The Law of Evolution (con4. The Indestructibility of Matter. tinued). 5. The Continuity of Motion. 16. The Law of Evolution (con6. The Persistence of Force.

tinued). 7. The Persistence of Relations 17. The Law of Evolution (conamong Forces.

cluded). 8. The Transformation and Equiv. 18. The Interpretation of Evolution. alence of Forces.

19. The Instability of the Homoge 9. The Direction of Motion.

neous. 10. The Rhythm of Motion.

20. The Multiplication of Effects. 11. Recapitulation, Criticism, and 21. Segregation. Recommencement.

22. Equilibration. 12. Evolution and Dissolution. 23. Dissolution.

24. Summary and Conclusion.

THE PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY.

2 vols. $4.00.

CONTENTS OF VOL. I.

PART I.—THE DATA OF BIOLOGY. 1. Organic Matter.

4. Proximate Definition of Life. 2. The Action of Forces on Or- 5. The Correspondence between ganic Matter.

Life and its Circumstances. 3. The Reactions of Organic Mat. 6. The Degree of Life varies as the ter on Forces.

Degree of Correspondence. 7. The Scope of Biology.

Part II.—THE INDUCTIONS OF BIOLOGY. 1. Growth.

7. Genesis. 2. Development.

8. Heredity. 3. Function.

9. Variation. 4. Waste and Repair.

10. Genesis, Heredity, and Varia 5. Adaptation.

tion. 6. Individuality.

11. Classification. 12. Distribution.

Part III.-TAE EVOLUTION OF LIFE. 1. Preliminary.

7. The Arguments from Distribu. 2. General Aspects of the Special

tion. Creation Hypothesis.

8. How is Organic Evolution 3. General Aspects of the Evolu- caused ? tion Hypothesis.

9. External Factors. 4. The Arguments from Classifica. 10. Internal Factors. tion.

11. Direct Equilibration. 5. The Arguments from Embryol. 12. Indirect Equilibration. ogy.

13. The Coöperation of the Factors. 6. The Arguments from Morphol. 14. The Convergence of the Eviosy.

dences. CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

Part IV.-MORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT. 1. The Problems of Morphology. 9. The Shapes of Leaves. 2. The Morphological Composition 10. The Shapes of Flowers. of Plants.

11. The Shapes of Vegetal Cells. 3. The Morphological Composition 12. Changes of Shape otherwise of Plants (continued).

caused. 4. The Morphological Composition 13. Morphological Differentiation in of Animals.

Animals. 5. The Morphological Composition 14. The General Shapes of Animals. SPENCER'S SYNTHETIC PHILOSOPHY.

of Animals (continued). 15. The Shapes of Vertebrate Skele6. Morphological Differentiation in

tons. Plants.

16. The Shapes of Animal Cells. 7. The General Shapes of Plants. 17. Summary of Morphological De8. The Shapes of Branches.

velopment. Part V.-PHYSIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT. 1. The Problems of Physiology. 6. Differentiations between the 2. Differentiations among the Out- Outer and Inner Tissues of

er and Inner Tissues of Plants. Animals. 3. Differentiations among the Out- 7. Differentiations among the Outer Tissues of Plants.

er Tissues of Animals. 4. Differentiations among the In- 8. Differentiations among the Inner Tissues of Plants.

ner Tissues of Animals. 6. Physiological Integration in 9. Physiological Integration in Anj. Plants.

mals.
10. Summary of Physiological Development.

3

PART VI.-LAWS OF MULTIPLICATION. 1. The Factors.

8. Antagonism between Expendi2. A priori Principle.

ture and Genesis. 3. Obverso a priori Principle. 9. Coincidence between High Nu4. Difficulties of Inductive Verifi. trition and Genesis. cation.

10. Specialties of these Rela5. Antagonism between Growth tions. and Asexual Genesis.

11. Interpretation and Qualifica6. Antagonism between Growth

tion. and Sexual Genesis.

12. Multiplication of the Human 7. Antagonism between Develop- Race.

ment and Genesis, Asexual 13. Human Evolution in the Fu. and Sexual.

ture,

APPENDIX. A Criticism on Professor Owen's The- On Circulation and the Formation

ory of the Vertebrate Skeleton. of Wood in Plants. THE PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY.

2 vols. $4.00.

CONTENTS OF VOL. I.

PART I.—THE DATA OF PSYCHOLOGY. 1. The Nervous System.

4. The Conditions essential to Ner2. The Structure of the Nervous vous Action. System.

5. Nervous Stimulation and Ner3. The Functions of the Nervous vous Discharge. System.

6. Æstho-Physiology. PART II.-THE INDUCTIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY. 1. The Substance of Mind.

6. The Revivability of Relations 2. The Composition of Mind.

between Feelings. 3. The Relativity of Feelings. 7. The Associability of Feelings. 4. The Relativity of Relations be- 8. The Associability of Relations tween Feelings.

between Feelings. 5. The Revivability of Feelings. 9. Pleasures and Pains.

PART III.--GENERAL SYNTHESIS. 1. Life and Mind as Correspon- 6. The Correspondence as increasdence.

ing in Specialty. 2. The Correspondence as Direct 7. The Correspondence as increasand Homogeneous.

ing in Generality. 3. The Correspondence as Direct 8. The Correspondence as increasbut Heterogeneous.

ing in Complexity. 4. The Correspondence as extend. 9. The Coördination of Correspon. ing in Space.

dences. 5. The Correspondence as extend- 10. The Integration of Correspon. ing in Time.

dences.
11. The Correspondences in their Totality.

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