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son of North-Kilworth, for the rectory of Weft-Tilbury in Eflex, in order to be near his patron bishop Neile, who, in May 1610, gave him the rectory of Cuckstone in Kent. October the second following, be resigned his fellowship of St. John's college in Oxford.

Finding the air of Cuckstone prejudicial to him, he exchanged it for the living of Norton; into which he was inducted in November 1610, by proxy.

About Christmas the same year, the lord chancellor Ellesmere complained against him to the king, at the instigation of Dr. Abbot, archbishop elect. May the tenth 1611, he was elected president of St. John's college ; but his election being called in question, it was at last confirmed by his majesty. The fame year, on the third of November, he was sworn the king's chaplain. April the eighteenth 1601, Dr. Neile, then bishop of Lincoln, gave him the prebend of Bugden; and Deeember the first 1615, conferred upon him the archdeaconry of Huntingdon. In November 1616, he was advanced by his majesty to the deanery of Gloucester, and attended him to wards Scotland, -from whence he returned a little before him in 1617.

He resigned his living of Weft. Tilbury, and was inducted into that of Ibstock, in Leicestershire, on the second of August 1617. January the twenty-second 1620, he was installed prebendary of Westminster, having had the advowson of it ten years the November be


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fore. June the twenty-ninth 1621, the king gave him the grant of the bishopric of St. Da. vid's; to which see he was chosen on the tenth of Cetober following, and resigned the presidentship of St. John's college on the seventeenth of November.

Shortly after, he contracted an intimacy with George Villiers, then marquifs of Buckingham; before whom, and the countess his mother, he had a conference with Filher the jesuit, which confirmed their attachment to the protestant religion. January the twentyfirst 1622-3, he was inducted into the rectory of Creeke, in Northamptonshire, which he held in commendam with his bishopric.

In O&tober 1623, he incurred the displeafure of Dr. John Williams, bishop of Lincoln, then lord keeper of the great seal. April the seventeenth 1624, he became deputy-clerk of the closet to king Charles I. for Dr. Neile, then bishop of Durham, who was indisposed, and executed that office till the first of May following:

February the second 1625-6, he officiated at the coronation of his majesty, as dean of Weftminfter ; the king having commanded bihop Williams, the dean of that church, not to be present at that ceremony. June the twentieth 1626, he was nominated to the fee of Bath and Wells ; to which he was elected on the fixteenth of August. In the beginning of October, the same year, he was made dean of the chapel royal; and April the twenty-pinth



1627, was made privy-counsellor to his majelly.

On the fifteenth of July 1628, he was translated to the bihopric of London ; and, about this time, his ancient acquaintance, Sir James Whitelocke, a judge, used to say of him, that he was too full of fire, though & jus and good man; and, that his want of experience in state-maiters, and his too much zeal for the church, and heat, if he proceeded in the way he was then in, would set this nation on fire.

April the twelfth 1630, he was elected chancctor of the university of Oxford. In May 1633, he attended the king into Scotland; and, June the fifteenth, was sworn counsellos of that kingdom. August the fourth, the fame year, upon the death of archbishop Abbot, the king resolved to advance him to the fee of Canterbury:

The same morning a person came to him, and offered him to be a cardinal. This offer he rejected, saying, that something dwelt within him which would not suffer that, till Rome was other than it was.

September the nineteenth, he was translared to the archbishopric of Canterbury. May the thirteenth he received the feals of his being chosen chancellor of the university of Dublin in Ireland, to which office he had been elected on the fourteenth of September 1633. March the fourteenth 1634.5, he was named one of the commiffioners of the exchequer, upon B 3


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the death of Walton, lord high-treasurer of England. March the fixth, 1635.6, he procured the staff of lord high-treasurer of England for Dr. William Juxon, bishop of Lon. don. June the fourteenth 1637, he made a speech in the Star-chamber at the censure of Dr. John Baftwic, Henry Burton, B. D. and William Prynne, Esq.

In Odober following, he fell under the dirpleasure of her majesty, for complaining of the increase and behaviour of the catholic party. In the beginning of the long parliament, he was attacked on account of the canons made by the convocation in May 1640; whereupon he wrote a letter to Mr. Seldon, dated November the twenty-ninth 1640.

December the fixteenth, these canons were condemned by the house of commons, as con. taining in them things contrary to the king's . prerogative, to the fundamental laws and iiatutes of this realm, to the rights of parliament, to the property and liberty of the subject, and tending to sedition and dangerous consequence.

December the eighteenth, he was accused by the commons of high creason ; upon which he was committed to the custody of the usher of the black rod, and on the first of March to the Tower.

On the twelfth of March 1643-4, he was brought to his tryal, which lasted for twenty days, till the twenty-ninth of July; and on the twenty-first of September, he made his


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fecapitulation. November the thirteenth, a dill of attainder of him passed the house of pmmons; and, January the fixth, 1644.5, it pafled the house of lords,

He was beheaded on Tower. hill, on Fri. day, the tenth of January, aged feventy-one years, thirteen weeks, and four days; and his body was interred in the chancel of the church of Alhallow's, Barkin ; from whence, in July, 1663, it was removed to Oxford, and depofited in the chapel of St. John's college.

He composed several pieces besides his an{wer to Fisher.

“ He was of low ftature," says Dr. Heylin, ". but of a ftrong compofition ; his countenance chearful and ruddy; which chearfulness and vivacity he carried with him to the very block, notwithstanding the afflictions of four. years imprisonment. Of apprehenfion he was quick and sudden ; of a.very fociable wit and pleasant humour;, and one that knew as well how to put off the gravity of his place and perfon, when he saw occafion, as any man living." The following is an authentic relation

of the Archbishop's Speech on she scaffold, and other circumstances: attending his execution.

66. Good people, " THIS is an uncomfortable time to preach, yet I shall begin with a text of scrip

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