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and, being carried to the earl of Arnndel's house there, he expired, after a week's illness, on the ninth of April, 1626, without any issue by his wife, who was a daughter of alderman Barnham, of London, whom he married when about the age of forty, and with whom he received a plentiful fortune.

Notwithstanding the great hurry and bustle he appears to have been concerned in, from his firft entering upon business, to the moment of his condemnation ; yet, even during that busy time, he often employed himself in mak ing experiments, and published some of his philosophical works; which is a proof of the vast extent of his genius.

From them it appears, that he may justly be reckoned the chief among those who first began to free the world from the slavish chains of the old scholaftic learning, and to introduce true philosophy and useful knowledge ; therefore, whatever he may have deserved for his politics from the generation in which he lived, to pofterity his memory has been, and will always be, sacred.

To conclude, his character seems to have been a perfect contrast; for he appears to have been ambitious, yet daftardly ; ftudious, yet buftling; avaritious, yet negligent of money ; virtuous, yet venal; fond of a character, yet ready to sacrifice it upon every occasion ; and of a penetrating and solid judgment in all sorts of literature, but weak in the conduct of life. If he had confined his ambition to that of be

ing a great philosopher and a learned man, as he had friends enough to have provided for

him in some sine-cure post that would have ! furnished him a handsome subfiftence, he might

have lived happily, and died with glory unsullied; but he affected to be a statesman, and might indeed have been a useful-minister to a great and wise prince; but, as his lot was under a weak one, and, as he had not the reso. lution to adhere to the counsels he gave, be lived in continual agonies, and died under a public reproach.

How common is it for men, even of the most fining talents, to mistake the true road to happiness!

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(Written by a courtier of those times.)

G

EORGE VILLIERS, duke of Buck,

ingham, was born in the year 1592, on the twentieth of August, at Brookeby in Lei.. cestershire, where his ancestors had chiefly continued about the space of four hundred years, rather without obfcurity, than with any great lustre, after they had long before been feated at Kinalton in the county of Nottingham. He was the third son of George Vil. liers, knight, and Mary,late countess of Buckingham, and daughter to Anthony Beaumont of Coleorton, Esg; names on either side well known of ancient extraction. He was nurtured where he had been born, in his first ru. diments, till the years of ten; and from thence fent to Billisden-school in the same county, where he was taught the principles of music, and other flight literature, till the thirteenth of his age; at which time his father died. Then his beautiful and provident mother (for those attributes will not be denied her) took him home to her house at Goodby, where she had him in especial care ; fo as he was first (as

we

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