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THE LIFE OF

SIR WALTER RALEIGH.

IR WALTER RALEIG# was born in Sith

the year 1552, being descended of an ancient family in Devonshire, and when but fourteen, was sent to finish his education at the university of Oxford, where he became a commoner of Oriel College. Here he diitinguished himself both by the strength and vivacity of his genius, and bis application to his study : che continued here but three years, for in 1569, being only seventeen years old, he was one of the troop of an hundred gentlemen volunteers, whòm queen Elizabeth permitted Henry. Champernon to transport into France for the fervice of the proteftant princes. Mr. Raleigh had here a good opportunity of acquiring experience in the art of war, and improving himself in the knowledge of the languages, and of men; he did not return till the end of the year 1975, having spent fix years in France.

The activity of his temper did not fuffer him to rest long at home, for he went into the fervice of the prince of Orange against the Spaniards, in 1578.

Soon

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Soon after this he had an opportunity of trying his fortune at sea ; his half brother, Sir Humphry Gilbert, having obtained a patent 10 plant and inhabit fome northern parts of America, unpossessed by any people in alliance with the queen of England, Mr. Raleigh engaged with a considerable number of gentlemen in an expedition to Newfoundland; but this proved unsuccessful, for divisions arifing among the volunteers, Sir Humphry, the general, was in 1579, obliged to set sail with only a few of his friends; and, atier variety of misfortunes at sea, returned with the loss of one of his ships in an engagement with the Spaniards, in which Mr. Raleigh was exposed to great danger.

The next year, 1580, upon the dėscent of the Spanish and Italian forces into Ireland, under the pope's banner, for the support of the Desmonds in the rebellion in Munster, he obtained a captain's commission; where, under the command of Thomas earl of Or. mond, governor of Munster, he surprised the Irish Kerns at Rakele, and having enclosed them, took

every
rebel
upon

the spot; among them was one loaded with withies, who being asked, What he intended to have done with them? boldly answered, To have hung up the English churls ; upon which captain Raleigh ordered him to be hanged immediately. He assisted likewise at the fiege of Fort Del Vore, which the Spanish succours under San

Josepho

Josepho their commander, affifted by their Irish confederates, had raised and fortified as a place of retreat. The lord-deputy himself besieged this fort by land, Sir William Winter, the admiral, attacked it by sea, and captain Raleigh commanded in the trenches ; it was, however, on the ninth of November 1589, obliged to surrender at discretion : when, by order of the lord-deputy, the greatest part of the garrison were put to the sword, the execution of which fell to the share of the captains Raleigh and Mackworth, who firit entered the castle.

During the winter of this year, captain Raleigh had his quarters affigned him at Cork ; when observing the feditious practices of David lord Barry, and other ringleaders of the rebellion in those parts, to distress the peaceable, and to excite the disaffected to an infurrection, he took a journey to Dublin, and remonstrated to the lord-deputy the dangerous consequences of these practices, info ftrong a manner, that his lordship gave him full commission to seize the lands of lord Barry, to reduce him to peace and subjection, by such means as he should think proper; for which purpose he was furnished with a party of horfe : but during this interval, that lord himself burnt the castle to the ground, though it was his principal feat, and laid waste the country round it with greater outrage and defruction, than even the zeal of his enemies would have extended to.

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Captain

Captain Raliegh in his return to Cork, was. attacked by Fitz Edmonds, an old rebel of Barry's faction, at a fort between Youghal, and Cork; he was inferior to Fitz-Edmonds in number, yet he forced his way through the enemy, and got over the river ; but a gentleman of his company being by some accident thrown in the middle, between the fear of drowning and being taken, called out to the captain for help; who, though he had escaped both dangers, yet ventured into them again to rescue his companion, who in the hafte and confusion of remounting, over-leaped his horse, and fell down on the other side into a deep. mire, where he must have been suffocated, if the humane Raleigh had not recovered him a second time, and brought him to land. He now waited on the oppolite bank, with a staff in one hand and a pistol in the other, for the rest of his campany who were yet to cross the river; but though Fitz-Edmonds had got a recruit of twelve men, yet finding captain Raleigh Itand his ground, only exchanged a few rough words with him and retired.

In 1981, the earl of Ormond going to England, his government of Muniter was given to captain Raleigh, in commission with. Sir William Morgan and captain peers. Ra. leigh resided for some time at Lismore; but afterwards, returning with his little band of eighty foot and eight horse, to his old quarters at Cork, he received intelligence that Barry was af Clove with feveral hundred men :

ha

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