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of Abel cried from the earth that opened her mouth to receive it, and reached to the holy ear,-how loud will be the cry of the blood of so many thousands of the Indians and negroes, who have been slain in this land? And have our hands been clear of being accessary thereto, if the Indians' lands have been coveted, and many under our name so soon have been ready to follow the armies that have destroyed men, women and children without mercy, in order to get possession of their lands?
5th. I had two meetings; one at Crooked Run, the other at Mount Pleasant. The first was large, and in it I had close labour for my great Master's cause. The general customs of the people are vain; and the cause of Truth seems to be at a low ebb. This makes it hard for the few to stem the current of this world. I said, what will become of those little ones, whose delight is in the ways of the Lord? They must endeavour to take shelter under his holy wing; which is a safe hiding-place for the righteous in every time of trouble. Jerusalem is a quiet habitation, a refuge for all the little ones, and babes in Christ.
Next day I had a meeting at Centre, near Winchester, in which some tenderness appeared. Then rode about twenty-five miles towards the Allegany mountains, and lodged at an inn, where we were kindly entertained. The people here seemed fond of music. After one began to play on a fiddle, I told them it would be more agreeable to me, if that were laid by. This was readily done, and they excused themselves. In two days, with hard travelling, we got over the mountain to the Glades, or Sandy Creek, where we had a meeting. Thence to Beeson-town, in Pennsylvania, and had a meeting in which some solid countenances and tenderness appeared.
On the 11th, we reached Redstone, and had a large meeting in which I had much close labour, which seemed to be solidly attended to. I thought I clearly saw the people, as if they were going from Jerusalem to Jericho; and, as I told them, from better to worse. Some said afterwards they were afraid it would be said I had been informed, as I had spoken so plainly to the state of particulars there.
13th. A large meeting at Sewickly, and one next day at Providence; both exercising. In these parts, the love of the world, and too much free conversation on transitory things, I believe, greatly hinder the promotion of solid truth among its professors. I had to mention that such a flow of discourse on worldly things was burdensome to me. peace consists in doing my Master's work faithfully, leaving the event to him, to set it home to the hearts of the people, as he sees meet.
I hope my labours will not all be lost.
After a meeting at Centre, I was at a general meeting for the members of Redstone monthly meet: ing by themselves. It was large and a season of favour. It seems to me they have in too general a way, come over the western mountains to settle, for the sake of this world's treasure. Many of them appear to have obtained this, and are eagerly pursuing after more. Their minds are so overcharged with cares of this kind, that the better part hath been wounded, both in parents and children.
A great part of their conversation is about mure land, new countries, and the things of this world. I laboured to turn their minds to a consideration of their lat
I find my
ter end, and to make suitable preparations for a death-bed; greatly desiring they might not put off a work of such importance until the evening of the day, lest any should be found in an unprepared state.
17th. Crossing the Monongahela river, I had a meeting at Fallowfield in the morning, and another at Pike Run in the afternoon; in which I had more exercising labour. There seems to be few faithful labourers; too many are like those who worship the works of their own hands, and bow down to what their own fingers have made. Are there not among the people, lords many, and gods many; no better than those formerly made of wood and stone? Doth not the language of conduct speak so; however some may have been favoured in times past? These sentiments, though left by a simple man, may be pondered hereafter.
It is with sorrow of heart that I have reflected on the condition of places where I have travelled, from whence the poor Indians, by force and arms, have been driven from their natural right; notwithstanding an agreement early made with their ancestors, as I have understood, that the Blue mountains should remain to be a boundary between them and the white people, so long as the sun should shine, and the waters run. But, contrary to this, and other solemn covenants, how have the white people, from time to time, trespassed, by settling over the bounds, without the Indians' leave! And, instead of redressing their frequent complaints of injustice, how have powerful armies been sent into their countries, burning their towns, destroying their corn, and cutting in pieces their innocent women and children! Thus have our poor fellow-creatures been treated, and driven still farther back into the wilderness. Aud though, after such forcible possession, some kind of purchases have been niade, for much less price than the reasonable value of the Indians' land, and they have been obliged to take what was offered them, yet, how far it is justifiable in my brethren, after such cruelty, to be the eager purchasers of lands obtained as aforesaid, has been a subject of serious weight and concern with me. Would it not have been better, if we had maintained the credit of that noble testimony against war and bloodshed, by doing unto others as we would have them do unto us in like case? And would not our light then have shone as a morning without clouds, and the knowledge of our principles have spread much more than has been the case; and we should not have become so mixed with the world and the corrupt spirit thereof.
13th. I had a large meeting at Westland, for all the members of that monthly meeting; in which I was silent, yet believe it was a profitable season. At this meeting I took leave of my friends in near love and affection; having laboured about ten days in the Lord's cause on this side of the Allegany mountains. Next morning, I set out on my return to Virginia, feeling low in body and mind. In two days, we travelled through a rough mountainous way, about one hundred miles, to a place called Bear Garden, where next day, the 21st, I had a meeting; another at Back creek the 22d, and one the day following at the Ridge. These are mostly small meetings of Friends.
After attending Centre meeting, near Winchester, on first-day, I was next day at Hopewell monthly
meeting, in which I had opportunity tenderly to labour among them, in close, plain dealing, as the state of things appeared to me. I told them that business once well done, was better than twice illy done; and gave them my sentiments on a superficial way of answering the queries, and pointed out the danger of a light or hasty manner of treating weighty subjects, and doing church business. I also attended a meeting of ministers and elders at this place, and had further close labour respecting wrong things that had crept in amongst this class; which seems to be a principal cause of degeneracy prevailing among other members.
9th month 27th. This day, being sixty-six years old, I was at Middle Creek meeting. Thence taking meetings at Bull Skin, and the Gap, I attended Fairfax Quarterly meeting of ministers and elders, where I had some service in a line of plain dealing. After two meetings on first-day, one at Goose Creek the other at South Fork, I was at the Quarterly meeting for business at Fairfax. I thought here was much needed to be done, and few to put a hand to the work. The harvest is great and the faithful labourers very few. I was enabled to stir up things to the bottom, both among men and women Friends. A large youth's meeting was held the day after the Quarter, in which I was silent. At the close thereof, the select members stopped together, and it being a parting season, I had some close hints to deliver concerning superfluous dress.
I then travelled towards Indian Spring in Maryland; being very low in mind, which I believe is permitted in wisdom, and is beneficial to me.