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time, yet we see no reason why it should be productive of any convulsions, either while it lasts, or in the transition to still more popular institutions. One thing is certain, the feudal system is worn out, and with it all the institutions that rested on it; so that the form cannot much longer be kept up. The state of the world requires a simpler action of Government; and despotism or liberty is the alternative. Hume has paradoxically said, that the English monarchy would find its Euthanasia in despotism. Hume certainly was never claimed for the liberal party; but it is not easy to imagine what ideas he could have had of the objects of any Government, that enabled him to view the degeneracy of the English system into a despotism as an Euthanasy. But if despotism is to be its Euthanasia, we believe republicanism will be its resurrection. If it must die an absolute Government, it will revive a popular one. ‘The period and the progress of this change will be greatly dependent on the result of the present movements in Europe, of which, as we have ventured to express the hope, we have no doubt the final result will be favorable to the cause of liberty, although the most terrific fluctuations and vicissitudes of fortune may prolong the struggle for generations. But what are thirty, what are a hundred years in the history of a movement, destined in all probability to create a new era in the world It was just two generations from the commencement of the social war in Italy, which sealed the fate of the Roman republic, to the battle of Actium, which established the empire.’—pp. 188, 189.
We do not deem it necessary to express an opinion of our own upon all the points enforced by the author of this pamphlet: at the same time we conceive that no harm, but much good, may arise from familiarizing our countrymen with the ideas which are entertained by our American brethren, with respect to the important changes now going on in Europe. . There is really, so much of simplicity and of sterling sense in their mode of treating political questions generally ; it is so free from cant, from balances, and prejudices and ridiculous delicacies of every kind, that we do not scruple to recommend it as a model, worthy not only of being admired, but of being imitated.
ART. X.-Love: a Poem. By the third edition of it. We must say
Author of Corn-law Rhymes. Third Edition. 8vo. pp. 131. London: Steill. Sheffield: Blackwell and Pearce. 1831. THE good people of the excessively smoky town of Sheffield, appear to have experienced not a little relief from the obscurity of atmosphere to which they are condemned, by basking in the sunshine of this poem, since they have already called for a
that in this respect they have shown much taste, for we have not seen any thing half so good; not to say half so sweet, as ‘Love –the poem we mean, not the passion,during the whole of the now expiring season in London. The principal objection to it is that it treats the subject rather too technically, if we may be allowed the phrase : we have part the first and part the
second, and then each part is subdivided into books, a process which preoccupies the reader with the notion, that he has taken up a regular treatise in verse upon the Platonic phases of the passion, rather than a poem fraught with the passion itself, and breathing its raptures fresh from the source of feeling. The delights of hope and of the imagination, and of memory, were susceptible of a calm and yet poetical display, as all those persons must know, who have read Campbell, Akenside, and Rogers; but it is at once evident that before Love as a theme can be lengthened out and shaped into a regular poem upon a similar plan, it must be tempered down to the requisite degree of coldness, and of all things cold love is the most contemptible. This is too much the case in the work before us. The affections are twisted and turned in every possible way, in order to afford a variety of topics:—maternal love, brotherly and sisterly, and filial, and friendly, and religious love, virtuous love and
vicious love, successful and unfor
tunate love, declared and concealed love, and, in short, love of every kind and degree are put into requisition for the meditated number of books. We were not surprised to find the author soon oppressed by the task he had undertaken :-
“Scarce have I reach'd the middle of my song: My languid lines drag mournfully along Their gloomy length,’ he declares in Book the first, Part the second : and the declaration is literally true, to a certain extent, for we must not allow the reader to suppose that all the lines, are here meant. We can assure him that he will find in many of them neither languor nor gloom, although they are given rather to the melting
mood, and terminate in a regular sermon, wherein the text as well as the discourse itself are duly versified and rhymed. There are many pleasing passages in the work,which indicate high poetical talent; the diction is terse, the imagery chaste and natural, and the tendency of the whole deserves our unqualified commendation.
ART. XI.-Tales of the late Revolution, with a few others. By F. W. N. Bayley. 12mo. pp. 359. London : Dalton. 1831. Who can resist the entreaty with which Mr. Bayley (we wish these Bayleys would in some way or other distinguish themselves: there are so many of them, old and young, that we hardly know which is which) author of “Four Years in the West Indies,” &c. &c., concludes his present volume :‘Alas! my fame is yet but small, I hope this book will raise it; Do thou, good reader, con it all, And ye reviewers praise it?’ He does not ask us reviewers, it will be observed, to read one word of his tales; the only task which he imposes upon us is to praise them, conceiving most probably that were he to request us to do both, his fame might still remain in that depressed and diminutive state in which, notwithstanding his West Indian compilation, his “ Love's Offering;” his “Cadeau;” and his ‘ hundred other nameless trifles,' these tales have found it. But we shall be just, and acknowledge that his present work contains at all events a sufficient variety of subjects, for so small a book. We have a touch of the Polish insurrection in a sketch on the Vistula, something of the Belgian revolution in the Maniac of Brussels, two stories of the French “three days,”
a passing glance at the affairs of Italy, in a poem on the execution of Menotti, and at the burnings in Kent, and the deeds of Swing in The Incendiary. The accession of their gracious majesties and other topics follow in diversified array, amongst which is a tale to shew the impolicy of emancipating the negroes in the West Indies, and the collection very properly concludes, as such a medley of ingredients would naturally lead one to expect, with an explosion, and—a marriage! We regret to say that we cannot bestow much praise upon Mr. Bayley's rhymes. His prose is sometimes dull too, though occasionally frisky, rather than lively. He has not been a witness of any one of the revolutionary scenes, with which he has connected his tales; and thus has told us nothing of them in which he has not been long since anticipated by the newspapers.
ART. XII.-The Soldier Boy ; or,
the last of the Lyals. By Ro
salia St. Clair. 12mo. London :
Newman and Co. 1831. WAR, love, desertion, seduction, duels, form the basis of this tale, which, however common the topics, is really executed in a manner that does credit to the imaginative powers of the fair author. The action of the story is chiefly laid in America, during the war of independence, and we have many striking scenes and episodes connected with that important contest. The soldier boy, after fleshing his sword against the Bostonians, and wandering for some time among the Indians, lived long enough to share in the glories of the Peninsula, where he fell in the early part of the war, valiantly fighting under the banner of the gallant Graeme.
A Rt. XIII. – The Life and Sur
prising Adventures of Itobinson
Crusoe, with a Biographical Ac
count of Defoe. 8vo. pp. 442.
London. Baldwin & Co. 1831. A New and by far the handsomest edition of this celebrated tale, which we have seen for some years. It is illustrated by nearly fifty wood engravings from drawings by Harvey, which are much above the ordinary run of these things, in the distinctness and neatness of their execution. A biographical sketch of the author, Daniel Defoe, is prefixed to the ever-enduring story, comprising the essence of the three volumes of his life, published some time ago. The volume is prettily covered with glazed linen, which looks quite as well as watered silk.
ART. XIV.-An Essay on the Influence of Temperament in modifying Dyspepsia, or Indiges– tion. By Thomas Mayo, M.D. 8vo. pp. 144. London : B. Fellowes. 1831. DR. Mayo's system is, that no system at all can be applied to cases of feeble digestion. In this, speaking from the dictates of common sense, we think that he is perfectly right. We have had within the last half dozen years, some fifty treatises upon this subject, all of which laid down different rules of diet. Some restricted us to a small portion of animal food, but gave bread and vegetables at discretion. Some declared vegetables to be so much poison to weak stomachs. Some prescribed milk and eggs. Some declared that milk and eggs would ruin the stomach of a dyspeptic. Some forbade tea, others coffee, others beer, wine, and even water, so that the result of the whole of their doctrines compounded toge
Waverley Novels.-It is with much regret that we have heard of the sale by auction lately of the original manuscripts of the Waverley Novels, all in the handwriting of Sir Walter Scott, Bart. The sale commenced with the autograph manuscript of the Monastry, 3 vols. in one, warranted perfect, and bound in green morocco; the few erasures, alterations, or additions which occur from the first conceptions of the illustrious author, to their final transmission to the press, are very remarkable in this curious manuscript. After a spirited competition, it was knocked down to Mr. Thorpe, at 18l. The second lot was the manuscript of Guy Mannering, three
vols., wanting a folio at the end of the second volume, bound in green morocco. The alterations in this manuscript were more numerous; it was purchased by Mr. Thorpe, at 27 l. 10s. The third lot was Old Mortality, 3 vols., perfect, and bound in green morocco; it was knocked down to Capt. Basil Hall for 33l. The Antiquary, 3 vols., warranted perfect, was also bought by Capt. Basil Hall for 42l. Lot 5, was the manuscript the most popular of the whole,_namely, Rob Roy. This was in 3 vols. 4to, complete, though the second volume was wrong paged. After great competition, it was knocked down to Mr. Wilks, M. P. for 50l. the highest price brought by any of the other manuscripts. The sixth lot was the manuscript of Peveril of the Peak, 4 vols. bound up in two, in green morocco, and was sold at 421. The seventh lot was Waverley, 3 vols. very imperfect, purchased by Mr. Wilks, M.P. for 18l. The manuscript of The Abbott, 3 vols., imperfect, sold for 14l. Ivanhoe for 12l., bought by Mr. Rumbold, M. P. The tenth lot was the manuscript of the Pirate, imperfect, and sold for 12!. to Mr. Molteno. The eleventh lot was the manuscript of the Fortunes of Nigel, and sold for 16l. The next lot was the manuscript of Kenilworth, which was imperfect, and was sold for 17 l. to Mr. Wilks, M. P. The last lot was the manuscript of the Bride of Lammermoor, and was knocked down at 14l. 14s, to Capt. Basil Hall. The total sum realized by the sale, was 31.6l. 4s. It is much to be lamented that for so small a sum total, these manuscripts should ever have left the family of the distinguished author. New South Wales.—The New Emigration Commission, appointed for the purpose of giving information and advice to emigrants, have sent forth a statement, from which it appears that the price of a passage to New South Wales and Van Dieman's Land, for an adult mechanic or labourer is not to exceed 16l., —and 8l. is the amount for children, including in both cases, maintenance during the voyage. They state that there is a great demand for labour
in the Australian colonies, and that
common labourers receive from 25l. to 30l. a year, besides board and lodging ; whilst artizans may easily obtain 50l. a year, besides board and lodging, African Discovery.—We regret to have to record the death of another victim to the enthusiasm in
favour of African Discovery. Lander, (the account of whose late researches is now in the press) the well known successor of his friend and master, Capt. Clapperton, in the enterprize to Africa, has brought home an account of the murder of Dr. Dickson, a native of Scotland, who was induced at the suggestion of Clapperton, to become a fellow labourer in the cause of discovery. Dickson was imprudent enough to boast before a Portuguese resident of the name of De Sousa, who happened to be a great slave proprietor, that one of the main objects of the expedition to Africa, was to put an end to the slave trade. In a very short time afterwards, whilst pursuing his journey in the interior, Dr. Dickson was peremptorily commanded by one of the native chiefs, whom he met, to put his mouth to a poisoned spear. The doctor drew upon the chief and plunged his sword into his heart. His followers instantly fell upon the assailant, and literally cut him to pieces. We sincerely hope that this tragic anecdote will be a warning to all our travellers, in what quarter soever they may direct their route, to observe a little more of discretion in their intercourse with strangers, than they too generally are in the habit of doing. New London Bridge—This magnificent structure was opened on the 1st of August by the King. The act of parliament authorizing the construction of the bridge, was passed on the 4th July, 1823. The first pile was driven down on the 15th March, 1824; and on June 15th, 1825, the first stone was laid. This and Waterloo bridge are the only instances we have of the cofferdam foundation for bridges in London. The coffer-dam is a space in the river which is isolated by piles driven into the bottom, when the