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-P. 255.

-.-P. 257.

Note LXIV.

with his own hand, and while under his royal

safe-conduct, is familiar to all who read Thy threats, thy mercy, I defy!

Scottish history: Murdack Duke of Albany; Lei recreant yield, who fears to die. Duncan Earl of Lennox, his father-in-law, and

his two sons, Walter and Alexander Stuart, I have not ventured to render this duel so

were executed at Stirling, in 1425. They savagely desperate as that of the celebrated

were beheaded upon an eminence without Sir Ewan of Lochiel, chief of the clan !

the castle walls, but making part of the same Cameron, called, from his sable complexion, bill, from whence they could behold their land who maintained the royal cause during possessions. This heading hill," as it was the great Civil War, and his constant incur

sometimes termed, bears commonly the less sions rendered him a very unpleasant neigh having been the scene of a courtly amuse

terrible name of Hurly-hacket, from its bour to the republican garrison at Inverlochy, now Fort-William. The governor of the

ment alluded to by Sir David Lindsay, who fort detached a party of three hundred men : says of the pastimes in which the young king to lay waste Lochiel's possessions, and cut

was engaged, down his trees; but, in a sudden and desper

*Some harled him to the Hurly-hacket ;' ate attack made upon them by the chieftain which consisted in sliding, in some sort of with very inferior numbers, they were almost chair it may be supposed, from top to bottom all cut to pieces. The skirmish is detailed in

of a smooth bank. The boys of Edinburgh, a curious memoir of Sir Ewan's life, printed about twenty years ago, used to play at the in the Appendix of Pennant's Scottish Tour. 'In this engagement, Lochiel himself had

hurly-hacket, on the Calton Hill, using for

their seat a horse's skull. several wonderful escapes. In the retreat of the English, one of the strongest and bravest of the Officers retired behind a bush, when he

YOTE LXVI. observed Lochiel pursuing, and seeing him unaccompanied with any, he leapt out, and The burghers hold their sports to-day. thought him his prey. They met one another with equal fury: The combat was long and doubtful: the English gentleman had by far

Every burgh of Scotland, of the least note, the advantage in strength and size; but i but more especially the considerable towns, Lochiel, exceeding him in nimbleness and

had their solemn play, or festival, when feats agility, in the end tript the sword out of his of archery were exhibited, and prizes distrihänd: they closed and wrestled, till both fell

buted to those who excelled in wrestling, to the ground in each other's arms. The ; hurling the bar, and the other gymnastic English officer got above Lochiel, and

exercises of the period. Stirling, a usual pressed him hard, but stretching forth his place of royal residence, was not likeiy to be neck, by attempting to disengage himself, : deficient in pomp upon such occasions, Lochiel, who by this time had his hands at especially since Jaines y was very partial to liberty, with his left hand seized him by the thim. His ready participation in these popucollar, and jumping at his extended throat, he i lar amuseinents was one cause of his acquirbit it with his teeth quite through, and kept

ing the title of King of the Commons, or Rex such a hold of his grasp, that he brought Plebeiorum, as Lesley has latinized it. The away his mouthful: this, he said, was the

usual prize to the best shooter was a silver sweetest hit he ever had in his lifetime.'

arrow. Such a one is preserved at Selkirk Vol. i. p. 375.

and at Peebles. At Dumfries, a silver gun

was substituted, and the contention transNote LXV.

ferred to fire-arms. The ceremony, as there

performed, is the subject of an excellent Ye towers! within whose circuit dread Scottish poem, by Mr. John Mayne, entitled A Douglas by his sovereign hled ;

the Siller Gun, 1808, which surpasses the And thou, (sad and fatal mound! efforts of Fergusson, and comes near to those That oft hast heard the death-axe sound.

of Burns.

Of James's attachment to archery, Pit. Aneminence on the north-east of the Castle,

scotties

, the faithful, though rude recorder of where state criminals were executed. Stir

the manners of that period, has given us

evidence : ling was often polluted with noble blood. It

'In this year there came an embassador is thus apostrophized by J. Johnston : out of England, named Lord William Discordia tristis

Howard, with a bishop with him, with many Heu quoties procerum sanguine tinxit humum ! other gentlemen, to the number of threescore Hoc uno infelix, et.felix cetera ; nusquam 1.actior aut coeli frons geniusve soli.'

horse, which were all able men and waled

(picked) men for all kinds of games and The fate of William, cighth Earl of Douglas, i pastimes, shooting, louping, running, wrestwhom James II stabbel in Stirling Castle , ling, and casting of the stone, but they were

-P. 257

well 'sayed (essayed or triedl ere they passed country church, where the people refused to out of Scotland, and that by their own hear him, because it was Robin Hood's day; provocation; but ever they tint: till at last, and his mitre and rochet were fain to give the Queen of Scotland, the king's mother, way to the village pastime. Much curious favoured the English-men, because she was information on this subject may be found in the King of England's sister; and therefore the Preliminary Dissertation to the late Mr. she took an enterprise of archery upon the Ritson's edition of the songs respecting this English-men's hands, contrary her son the memorable outlaw. The game of Robin king, and any six in Scotland that he would Hood was usually acted in May; and he was wale, either gentlemen or yeomen, that the associated with the morrice-dancers, on whom Englishmen should shoot against them, so much illustration has been bestowed by either at pricks, revers, or buts, as the Scots the commentators on Shakespeare. A very pleased.

lively picture of these festivities, containing "The king, hearing this of his mother, was a great deal of curious information on the content, and gart her

pawn a hundred crowns, subject of the private life and amusements of and a tun of wine, upon the English-men's our ancestors, was thrown, by the late inhands; and he incontinent laid down as much genious Mr. Strutt, into his romance entitled for the Scottish-men. The field and ground Queenhoo Hall, published after his death, in was chosen in St. Andrews, and three landed 1808. men and three yeomen chosen to shoot against the English

men,-to wit, David Wemyss of that ilk, David Arnot of that ilk,

Note LXVIII. and Mr. John Wedderburn, vicar of Dundee Indifferent as to archer wight, the yeomen, John Thomson, in Leith, Steven

The monarch gave the arrowbright.-P.258. Taburner, with a piper, called Alexander Bailie; they shot very near, and warred The Douglas of the poem is an imaginary (worsted) the English-men of the enterprise, person, a supposed uncle of the Earl of and wan the hundred crowns and the tun of Angus. But the King's behaviour during an wine, which made the king very merry that unexpected interview with the Laird of Kilhis men wan the victory.-P. 147.

spindie, one of the banished Douglases, under circumstances similar to those in the text, is imitated from a real story told by

Hume of Godscroft. I would have availed Note LXVII.

myself more fully of the simple and affecting

circumstances of the old history, had they Robin Hood.-P. 258.

not been already woven into a pathetic ballad The exhibition of this renowned outlaw by my friend Mr. Finlay? and his band was a favourite frolic at such the family of Douglas) did also appear in his

His (the king's) implacability (towards festivals as we are describing. This sporting, carriage towards Archibald of Kilspindie, in which kings did not disdain to be actors,

whom he, when he was a child, loved sinwas prohibited in Scotland upon the Reformation, by a statute of the 6th Parliament of gularly well

for his ability of body, and was

wont to call him his Grey-Steill. Archibald, Queen Mary, c. 61, A.D. 1555, which ordered, being

banislred into

England, could not well under heavy penalties, that na manner of

comport with the humour of that nation, person be chosen Robert Hude, nor Little

which he thought to be too proud, and that John, Abbot of Unreason, Queen of May, they had too high a conceit of themselves, nor otherwise.

But in 1561, the 'rascal joined with a contempt and despising of all multitude,' says John Knox, were stirred up to make a Robin Hude, whilk enormity life, and remembering the king's favour of was of inany years left and damned by old towards him, he determined to try the statute and act of Parliament; yet would king's mercifulness and clemency. so he they not be forbidden.' Accordingly, they raised a very serious tumult, and at length

comes into Scotland, and taking occasion of made prisoners the magistrates who en

the king's hunting in the park at Stirling, he

casts himself to be in his way, as he wa deavoured to suppress it

, and would not

coming home to the castle. So soon as the release them till they extorted a forinal promise that no one should be punished for his

king saw him afar off, ere he came near, he

guessed it was he, and said to one of his share of the disturbance. It would seem,

courtiers, yonder is my Grey-Steill, Archifrom the complaints of the General Assembly of the Kirk, that these profane festivities

bald of Kilspindie, if he be alive. The other

answered, that it could not be he, and that were continued down to 15921. Bold Robin

he durst not come into the king's presence. was, to say the least, equally successful in

The king approaching, he fell upon his knees maintaining his ground against the reformed clergy of England: for the simple and evan

2 See Scottish Historical and Romantic Ballads. gelical Latimer complains of coming to a

Glasgow, 1808, vol. ii. p. 117.

3 A champion of popular romance. See Ellis's i Buok of the l'niversal Kirk, p. 414.

Romances, vol. iii.

none.

and craved pardon, and promised from

Note LXX. thenceforward to abstain from meddling in public affairs, and to lead a quiet and private

These drew not for their fields the sword, life. The king went by, without giving him

Like tenants of a feudal lord, any answer, and trotted a good round pace

Nor own'd the patriarchal claim up the hill. Kilspindie followed, and though

Of Chieftain in their leader's name; he wore on him à secret, a shirt of mail, for

Adventurers they

-P. 262. his particular enemies, was as soon at the The Scottish armies consisted chiefly of castle gate as the king: There he sat him

the nobility and barons, with their vassals, down upon a stone without, and entreated who held lands under them, for military some of the king's servants for a cup of

service by themselves and their tenants. The drink, being weary and thirsty; but they, patriarchal influence exercised by the heads fearing the king's displeasure, durst give him of clans in the Highlands and Borders was When the king was set at his dinner,

of a different nature, and sometimes at he asked what he had done, what he had variance with feudal principles. It flowed said, and whither he had gone? It was told from the Patria Potestas, exercised by the him that he had desired a cup of drink, and chieftain as representing the original father had gotten none. The king reproved them of the whole name, and was often obeyed in very sharply for their discourtesy, and told

contradiction to the feudal

superior. James them, that if he had not taken an oath that V seems first to have introduced, in addition po Douglas should ever serve him, he would to the militia furnished from these sources, have received him into his service, for he had

the service of a small number of mercenaries, seen him sometime a man of great ability; who formed a body-guard, called the FootThen he sent him word to go to Leith, and

Band. The satirical poet, Sir David Lindsay expect his further pleasure. Then some (or the person who wrote the prologue to his kinsman of David Falconer, the cannonier,

play of the 'Three Estaites,') has introduced that was slain at Tantallon, began to quarrei Finlay of the Foot-Band, who, after much with Archibald about the matter, wherewith swaggering upon the stage, is at length put the king showed himself not well pleased when to flight by the Fool, who terrifies him by he heard of it. Then he commanded him to means of a sheep's skull upon a pole. I have go to France for a certain space, till he heard rather chosen to give them the harsh features farther from him. And so he did, and died of the mercenary soldiers of the period, than shortly after. This gave occasion to the

of this Scottish Thraso. These partook of the King of England (Henry VIII) to blame his character of the Adventurous Companions nephew, alleging the old saying, That a of Froissart or the Condottieri of Italy. king's face should give grace. For this

One of the best and liveliest traits of such Archibald (whatsoever were Angus's or Sir

manners is the last will of a leader, called George's fault) had not been principal actor

Geffroy Tete Noir, who having been slightly of anything, nor no counsellor nor stirrer up,

wounded in a skirmish, his intemperance but only a follower of his friends, and that

brought on a mortal disease. When he noways cruelly disposed.'—Hume of Gods found himself dying, he summoned to his croft, ii. 107.

bedside the adventurers whom he com

manded, and thus addressed them :NOTE LXIX.

* Fayre sirs, quod Geffray, I knowe well

ye have alwayes served and honoured me as Prise of the wrestling match, the king inen ought to serve their soveraygne and To Douglas gave a golden ring:-P. 258. capitayne, and I shal be the gladder if ye wyll The usual prize of a wrestling was a ram

agre to have to your capitayne one that is and a ring, but the animal would have em

discended of my blodle. Beholde here Aleyne barrassed my story. Thus, in the Cokes Tale

Roux, my cosyn, and Peter his brother, who of Gamelyn, ascribed to Chaucer :

are men of armes and of my blode. I require *There happed to be there beside

you to make Aleyne your capitayne, and to Tryed a wrestling :

swere to hym faythe, obeysaunce, love, and And therefore there was y-setten

loyalte, here in my presence, and also to his A ram and als a ring.'

brother ; howe be it, I wyll that Aleyne have Again the Litil Geste of Robin Hood: the soverayne charge. "Sir, quod thry, we By a bridge was a wrestling,

are well content, for ye hauve ryghi well And there taryed was he,

chosen. There all the companyons made And there was all the best yemen

them servyant to Aleyne Roux and to Peter Of all the west countrey.

his brother.'-LORD BERNERS' Froissart. A full fayre game there was set up,

A white bull up y-pight,
A great courser with saddle and brydle,

Note LXXI.
With gold burnished full bryght;
A payre of gloves, a red golde ringe,

Thou now hast glee-maiden and harp!
А
pipe of wyne, good fay;

Get thee an ape, "and trudge the land,
What man bereth him best, I wis,
The prise shall bear away.'

The leader of a juggler band... P. 2011.
RITSON'S Robin Ilood, vol, i. The: jongleurs, or jugglers, as we learn

from the elaborate work of the late Mr. the Bairns,' for which a certain Gallovidian Strutt, on the sports and pastimes of the

laird is said to have evinced this strong people of England, used to call in the aid of mark of partiality. It is popularly told of various assistants, to render these perform a famous freebooter, that he composed the ances as captivating as possible. The glee tune known by the name of Macpherson's maiden was a necessary attendant. Her Rant, while under sentence of death, and duty was tumbling and dancing; and there- played it at the gallows-tree. Some spirited fore the Anglo-Saxon version of Saint Mark's words have been adapted to it by Burns. Gospel states Herodias to have vaulted or A similar story is recounted of a Welsh tumbled before King Herod. In Scotland,

bard, who composed and played on his these poor creatures seem, even at a late

deathbed the aircalled Dafyddy Garregg period, to have been bondswomen to their Wen. But the most curious example is masters, as appears from a case reported given by Brantome, of a maid of honour at by Fountainhall :-'Reid the mountebank the court of France, entitled, Mademoiselle pursues Scott of Harden and his lady, for

de Limeuil. Durant sa maladie, dont elle stealing away from him a little girl, called trespassa, jamais elle ne cessa, ains causa the tumbling lassie, that danced upon his tousjours; car elle estoit fort grande parstage: and he claimed damages, and pro

leuse, brocardeuse, et très-bien et fort à produced a contract, whereby he bought her pos, et très-belle avec cela. Quand l'heure from her mother for £30 Scots. But we de sa fin fut venue, elle fit venir a soy son have no slaves in Scotland, and mothers

valet (ainsi que le filles de la cour en ont cannot sell their bairns; and physicians chacune un), qui s'appelloit Julien, et scavoit attested the employment of tumbling would très-bien joüer du violon. "Julien," luy dit kill her; and her joints were now grown stiff

, elle,. “prenez vostre violon, et sonnez moy and she declined to return; though she was at tousjours jusques a ce que vous me voyez least a 'prentice, and so could not run away morte (car je m'y en vais) la défaite des from her master : yet some cited Moses's Suisses, et le mieux que vous pourrez, et law, that if a servant shelter himself with quand vous serez sur le mot, Tout est thee, against his master's cruelty, thou shalt perdu, sonnez le par quatre ou cing fois le surely not deliver him up. The Lords, plus piteusement que vous pourrez, ce qui renitente cancellario, assoilzied Harden, on fit l'autre, et elle-mesme luy aidoit de la the 27th of January (1687).'-FOUNTAIN yoix, et quand ce vint "tout est perdu," elle HALL's Decisions, vol. i. p. 4391.

le réïtera par deux fois; et se tournant de The facetious qualities of the ape soon

l'autre costé du chevet, elle dit à ses comrendered him an acceptable addition to the pagnes: "Tout est perdu à ce coup, et à bon strolling band of the jongleur. Ben Jonson,

escient;" et ainsi décéda. Voila une morte in his splenetic introduction to the coinedy joyeuse et plaisante. Je tiens ce conte de of 'Bartholomew l'air,' is at pains to inform deux de ses compagnes, dignes de foi, qui the audience that he has ne'er a sword-and

virent jouer ce mystere.'-Éuvres de Branbuckler man in his Fair, nor a juggler, with

tome, iii. 507. The tune to which this fair a well-educated ape, to come over the chaine i lady chose to make her final exit, was comfor the King of England, and back again for

posed on the defeat of the Swiss at Marignano. the Prince, and sit still on his haunches for The burden is quoted by Panurge, in Rabelais, the Pope and the King of Spaine.'

and consists of these words, imitating the
jargon of the Swiss, which is a mixture of

French and German :
Note LXXII.

"Tout est verlore, That stirring air that peals on high,

La Tintelore, O'er Dermid's race our viciory.

Tout est verlore, bi Got! Strike it!

-P. 266. There are several instances, at least in

NOTE LXXIII. tradition, of persons so much attached to particular tunes, as to require to hear them Battle of Beal' an Duine.-P. 267. on their deathbed. Such an anecdote is inentioned by the late Mr. Riddel of Glen

A skirmish actually took place at a pass riddel, in his collection of Border tunes,

thus called in the Trosachs, and closed with respecting an air called the 'Dandling of

the remarkable incident mentioned in the

text. It was greatly posterior in date to 1 Though less to my purpose, I cannot help noticing the reign of James V. a circunstance respecting another of this Mr. Reid's 'In this roughly-wooded island?, the counattendants, which occurred during James Il's zeal for Catholic proselytism, and is told by Fountainhall, with

try people secreted their wives and children, (iry Scotch irony :- January 17th, 1687.-Reid the and their most valuable effects, from the mountebank is received into the Popish church, and rapacity of Cromwell's soldiers, during their one of his blackamores was persuaded to accept of inroad into this country, in the time of the baptison from the Popish priests, and to turn Christian

republic. These invaders, not venturing to papist; which was a great trophy: he was calleri James, after the king and chancellor, and the Apostle James.'-Ibid. p. 440.

2 That at the eastern extremity of Loch Katrine.

ascend by the ladders, along the side of the latter is perhaps the best comic ballad in lake, took a more circuitous road, through any language. the heart of the Trosachs, the most frequented Another adventure, which had nearly cost path at that time, which penetrates the James his life, is said to have taken place at wilderness about half way between Binean ihe village of Cramond, near Edinburgh, and the lake, by a tract called Yea-chilleach, where he had rendered his addresses acceptor the Old Wife's Bog.

able to a pretty girl of the lower rank. Four 'In one of the defiles of this by-road, the or five persons, whether relations or lovers men of the country at that time hung upon of his mistress is uncertain, beset the disguised the rear of the invading enemy, and shot one monarch as he returned from his rendezvous. of Cromwell's men, whose grave marks the Naturally gallant, and an admirable master scene of action, and gives name to that pass. of his weapon, the king took post on the high In revenge of this insult, the soldiers resolved and narrow bridge over the Almond river, to plunder the island, to violate the women, and defended himself bravely with his sword. and put the children to death. With this A peasant, who was threshing in a neighbrutal intention, one of the party, more bouring barn, came out upon the noise, and expert than the rest, swam towards the whether moved by compassion or by natural island, to fetch the boat to his comrades, gallantry, took the weaker side, and laid which had carried the women to their asylum, about with his flail so effectually, as to and lay moored in one of the creeks. His disperse the assailants, well threshed, even companions stood on the shore of the main according to the letter. He then conducted land, in full view of all that was to pass, the king into his barn, where his guest waiting, anxiously for his return with the requested a basin and a towel, to remove the boat. "But just as the swimmer had got to stains of the broil. This being, procured the nearest point of the island, and was with difficulty, James employed himself in laying hold of a black rock, to get on shore, learning what was the summit of his dea heroine, who stood on the very point where liverer's earthly wishes, and found that they he meant to land, hastily snatching a dagger | were bounded by the desire of possessing, in from below her apron, with one stroke! property, the farm of Braehead, upon which severed his head from the body. His party he laboured as a bondsman. The lands seeing this disaster, and relinquishing all chanced to belong to the crown; and James future hope of revenge or conquest, made directed him to come to the palace of the best of their way out of their perilous Holyrood, and enquire for the "Guidman situation. This amazon's great-grandson (i.c. farmer) of Ballengiech, a name hy which lives at Bridge of Turk, who, besides others, he was known in his excursions, and which attests the anecdote.'--Sketch of the Scenery answered to the Il Bondocani of Haroun near Callendar, Stirling, 1806, p. 20. I have Alraschid. He presented himself accordingly, only to add to this account, that the heroine's and found, with due astonishment, that he name was Helen Stuart,

had saved his monarch's life, and that he was to be gratified with a crown charter of

the lands of Braehead, under the service of NOTE LXXIV.

presenting a ewer, basin and towel, for the And Snowdoun's Knight is Scotland's

king to wash his hands when he shall happen King.–P. 272.

to pass the Bridge of Cramond. This person

was ancestor of the Howisons of Braehead, This discovery, will probably remind the in Mid-Lothian, a respectable family, who reader of the beautiful Arabian tale of continue to hold the lands (now passed into 11 Bondocani. Yet the incident is not the female line) under the same tenure. borrowed from that elegant story, but from Another of James's frolics is thus narrated Scottish tradition. James 1, of whom we by Mr. Campbell from the Statistical Acare treating, was a monarch whose good and count:-"Being once benighted when out benevolent intentions often rendered his a-hunting, and separated from his attendants, romantic freaks venial, if not respectable, he happened to enter a cottage in the midst since, from his anxious attention to the of a moor at the foot of the Ochil hills, near interests of the lower and most oppressed Alloa, where, unknown, he was kindly class of his subjects, he was, as we have seen, received. In order to regale their unexpected popularly termed the King of the Commons. guest, the gudeman (i. e. landlord, farmer) For the purpose of seeing that justice was desired the gudewife to fetch the hen that regularly administered, and frequently from roosted nearest the cock, which is always the the less justifiable motive of gallantry, he plumpest, for the stranger's supper. The used to traverse the vicinage of his several king, highly pleased with his night's lodging palaces in various disguises. The two ex and hospitable entertainment, told mine host cellent comic songs, entitled, 'TheGaberlunzie | at parting, that he should be glad to return man,' and 'We'll gae nae mair a roving.' his civility, and requested that the first time are said to have been founded upon the he came to Stirling, he would call at the success of his amorous adventures when castle, and enquire for the Gudeman of travelling in the disguise of a beggar. The Ballenguich.

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