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chaces that smell, as foxes, bore, and such falne for feare. Which being told mee, I left like, than other, because they find themselves the stagg, and followed the gentleman who neither of swiftness nor courage to hunt and (first] spake it. But I found him of that cold kill the chaces that are lighter and swifter. teinper, that it seems his words inade: an The bloodhounds of this colour proue good, escape from him; as by his denial and especially those that are cole blacke, but repentance it appeared. But this made mee I made no great account to breed on them, more violent in the pursuit of the stagg, to or to keepe the kind, and yet I found a book recover my reputation. And I happened to which a hunter did dedicate to a prince of be the only horseman in, when the dogs Lorayne, which seemed to loue hunting much, sett him up at bay; and approaching near wherein was a blason which the same hunter | him on horsebacke, he broke through the gaue to his bloodhound, called Souyllard, dogs, and run at inee, and tore my horse's which was white :

side with his hornes, close by iny thigh. My name came first from holy Hubert's race,

Then I quitted iny, horse, and grew more Souyllard my sire, a hound of singular grace." cunning (for the dogs, had sette him up Whereupon we may presume that some of

againe), stealing behind him with my sword,

and cut his hamstrings; and then got upon the kind proue white sometimes, but they are not of the kind of the Grefflers or Bouxes,

his back, and cut his throate; which, as which we haue at these dayes.'— The noble

I was doing, the company came in, and Art of Veneric or Hunting, translated and

blamed my rashness for running such a

hazard.'– PECK's Desiderato Curiosa, ii. 464. collected for the l'se of all Voblemen and Gentlemen. Lond. 1611, tto, p. 15.

Note IV.
NOTE III.

And now, to issue from the glen,
For the death-wound and death-halloo,

Vo pathway meets the wanderer's ken,

L’nless he clim.), with footing nice, Muster'd his breath, his whinyard drew. A far projecting precipice.-P. 211.

--P. 20). When the stag turned to bay, the ancient

L’ntil the present road was inade through

the romantic pass which I have presumphunter had the perilous task of going in upon, tuously attempted to describe in the preceding. and killing or disabling the desperate animal.

stanzas, there was no mode of issuing out of At certain times of the year this was held the defile called the Trosachs, excepting by particularly dangerous, a wound received from a stag's horn being then deemed

a sort of ladder, composed of the branches poisonous, and more dangerous than one

and roots of trees. from the tusks of a boar, as the old rhyme testifies :

Note V. "If thou be hurt with hart, it brings thee to thy bier, But liarber's hand will boar's hurt heal, therefore

To meet with Highland plunderers hero, thou need'st not fear.'

Were worse than loss of steed or deer. At all times, however, the task was danger

-P. 211. ous, and to be adventured upon wisely and The clans who inhabited the romantic warily, either by, getting behind the stag regions in the neighbourhood of Loch Katrine while he was gazing on the hounds, or by were, even until å late period, much addicted watching an opportunity to gallop roundly in to predatory excursions upon their Lowland upon him, and kill him with the sword. neighbours. 'In former times, those parts of See many directions to this purpose in the this district, which are situated beyond the Booke of Hunting, chap. 41. Wilson the Grainpian range, were rendered almost inac. historian has recorded a providential escape cessible by strong barriers of rocks, and which befell him in this hazardous sport, while mountains, and lakes. It was a border a youth and follower of the Earl of Sussex. country, and, though on the very verge of

Sir Peter Lee, of Lime, in Cheshire, the low country, it was almost totally seinvited my lord one summer to hunt the questered from the world, and, as it were, sta g. And having a great stagg in chase, insulated with respect to society. 'Tis well and many gentlemen in the pursuit the stagg known that in the Highlands, it was, in fortook soyle. And divers, whereof I was one, mer times, accounted not only lawful, but alighted, and stood with swords drawne, to honourable, among hostile tribes, to commit have a cut at him, at his coming out of the depredations on one another; and these water. The staggs there being wonderfully habits of the age were perhaps strengthened fierce and dangerous, made us youths more in this district, by the circumstances which eager to be at him. But he escaped us all. have been mentioned. It bordered on a And it was my misfortune to be hindered of country, the inhabitants of which, while they my coming nere him, the way being sliperie, were richer, were less warlike than they, and by a falle; which gave occasion to some, widely differenced by language and manners. who did not know mee, to speak as if I had -GRAHAM'S Sketches of scenery in Perik

it :

shire. Edin. 1806, p. 97. The reader will (which is not frequent) it will be accomplished therefore be pleased to remember, that the in a few hours afterwards. If at noon, it will scene of this poem is laid in a time,

commonly be accomplished that very day. If When tooming faulds, or sweeping of a glen,

in the evening, perhaps that night ; if after Had still been held the deed of gallant inen.'

candles be lighted, it will be accoinplished that night : the later always in accomplish

ment, by weeks, months, and sometimes Vote VI.

years, according to the time of night the

vision is seen. d grey-hair'd sire, whose eye intent was on the vision'd future bent.-- P. 213.

"When a shroud is perceived about one, is

a sure prognostic of death; the time is judged If force of evidence could authorise us to according to the height of it about the person; believe facts inconsistent with the general for if it is seen above the middle, death is not laws of nature, enough might be produced in to be expected for the space of a year, and favour of the existence of the Second-sight. It perhaps some months longer; and as it is is called in Gaelic Taishitaraugh, from frequently seen to ascend higher towards the Taish, an unreal or shadowy appearance; head, death is concluded to be at hand withand those possessed of the faculty are called in a few days, if not hours, as daily experiTaishatrin, which may be aptly translated ence confirins. Examples of this kind were visionaries. Martin, a steady believer in the shewn me, when the persons of whom the second-sight, gives the following account of observations were then made, enjoyed perfect

health. * The second-sight is a singular faculty, One instance was lately foretold by a seer, of seeing an otherwise invisible object, with, that was a novice, concerning the death of one out any previous means used by the person of my acquaintance; this was communicated that used it for that ond: the vision makes to a few only, and with great confidence; I such a lively impression upon the seers, that being one of the number, did not in the least they neither see, nor think of anything else, regard it, until the death of the person, except the vision, as long as it continues; about the time foretold, did confirm me of and then they appear pensive or jovial, ac the certainty of the prediction. The novice cording to the object that was represented to incntioned above, is now a skilful seer, as them.

appears from many late instances; he lives At the sight of a vision, the eyelids of the l in the parish of St. Mary's, the most northern person are erected, and the eyes continue in Skie. staring until the object vanish. This is 'If a woman is seen standing at a man's obvious to others who are by, when the left hand, it is a presage that she will be his persons happen to see a vision, and occurred wife, whether they be married to others, or more than once to my own observation, and unmarried at the time of the apparition. to others that were with me.

If two or three women are seen at once 'There is one in Skie, of whom his acquaint near a man's left hand, she that is next him ance observed, that when he sees a vision, the will undoubtedly be his wife first, and so on, inner part of his eyelids turns so far upwards, whether all three, or the man, be single or that, after the object disappears, he must married at the time of the vision or not; of draw them down with his fingers, and some which there are several late instances among times employ others to draw them down, those of my acquaintance. It is an ordinary which he finds to be the much easier way. thing for them to see a man that is to come

*This faculty of the second-sight does not to the house shortly after : and if he is not of lineally descend in a family, as some imagine, the seer's acquaintance, yet he gives such a for I know several parents who are endowed lively description of his stature, complexion, with it, but their children not, and vice versa; habit, &c. that upon his arrival he answers neither is it acquired by any previous compact. the character given him in all respects. And, after a strict enquiry, I could never learn 'If the person so appearing be one of the that this faculty was coinmunicable any way seer's acquaintance, he will tell his name, as whatsoever.

well as other particulars; and he can tell by * The seer knows neither the object, time, his countenance whether he comes in a good nor place of a vision, before it appears; and or bad humour. the same object is often seen by different 'I have been seen thus myself by seers of persons living at a considerable distance from both sexes, at some hundred miles' distance ; one another. The true way of judging as to some that saw me in this manner had never the time and circumstance of an object, is by seen me personally, and it happened acobservation ; for several persons of jud, yınent, corring to their vision, without any previous without this faculty, are more capable to design of mine to go to those places, my judge of the design of a vision, than a novice coming there being purely accidental. that is a seer. If an object appear in the day * It is ordinary with them to see houses, or night, it will come to pass sooner or gardens, and trees, in places void of all three; later accordingly.

and this in progress of time uses to be ac'If an object is seen carly in the inorning complished :'as at Mogshot, in the Isle of

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Skie', where there were but a few sorry cow interspersed. The habitation called the houses, thatched with straw, yet in a very few Cage, in the face of that mountain, was withyears after, the vision, which appeared often, in a small thick bush of wood. There were was accomplished, by the building of several first some rows of trees laid down, in order good houses on the very spot represented by to level the floor for a habitation; and as the the seers, and by the planting of orchards place was steep, this raised the lower side to there.

an equal height with the other : and these "To see a spark of fire fall upon one's arm trees, in the way of joists or planks, were or breast, is a forerunner of a dead child to be le-velled with earth and gravel.' There were seen in the arms of those persons ; of which betwixt the trees, growing naturally on their there are several fresh instances.

own roots, some stakes fixed in the earth, "To see a seat empty at the time of one's which, with the trees, were interwoven with sitting in it, is a presage of that person's ropes, made of heath and birch twigs, up to death soon after.

the top of the (age, it being of a round or 'When a novice, or one that has lately ol) rather oval shape; and the whole thatched tained the second-sight, sees a vision in the and corered over with fog. The whole night-time without coors, and he be near a fabric hung, as it were, by a large tree, which fire, he presently falls into a swoon.

reclined from the one end, all along the roof, Some find themselves as it were in a crowd to the other, and which gave it the name of of people, having a corpse which they carry the Cage; and by chance there happened to along with them; and after such visions, the be two'stones at a small distance from one Seers come in sweating, and describe the another, in the side next the precipice, irpeople that appeared: if there be any of their / sembling the pillars of a chimney, where the acquaintance among 'em, they give an account fire was placed. The smoke had its vent out of their names, as also of the bearers, but here, all along the fall of the rock, which was they know nothing concerning the corpse. so much of the same colour, that one could

All those who have the second-sight do not discover no difference in the clearest day.' always see these visions at once, though they HOME's History of the Rohellion, Lon. be together at the time. But if one who has 1802, 4to, p. 381. this faculty, designedly touch his fellow-seer at the instant of a vision's appearing, then the second sees it as well as the first; and this is

YOTE VIII. sometimes discernede Honthose that are not My sures tall for might cracsike part

(.P. 215 scription of the Il'estern Islands, 1710), 810, P. 300 et seq.

These two sons of Anak flourished in To these particulars innumerable examples

romantic fable. The first is well known to might be added, all attested by grave and

I the admirers of Ariosto, by the name of credible authors. But, in despite of evidence

Ferrau. He was an antagonist of Orlando, which neither Bacon, Boyle, nor Johnson and was at length slain by him in sirişle were able to resist, the: Tisch, with all its

combat There is a romance in the Auclinvisionary properties, seems to be now uni leck MS., in which Ferragus is thus deVersally abandoned to the use of poetry;

scribed :The exquisitely beautiful poem of Lochiel

On a day come tiding will at once occur to the recollection of every

l'nto Charls the Kins. reader.

Al of a dough:i knight
Wascimento Xavers,
Stout he was and fers,

Vernigu helight.
Noru VII.

Or Bal.i.un the Sun

Thidler him sende gan, TIere, for retreat in dangerous hour,

With King (hartu tiglit. Some chief had framed a rustic hower.

So harı he was to find 1 .-P. 217.

That no vint of brond

Yo greuel him, aplight. The Celtic chieftains, whose lives were con

He hailde twenti inen strengthe

And frirti fet of lengthe', tinually exposed to peril, had usually, in the

Thilke painim heile most retired spot of their connains, some

And four feet in the face, place of retreat for the hour of necessity, i

Y-meten in the place;

And fifteen in bredie 4 which, as circumstances would admit, was a

His nose was a fot ansi 114r; tower, a cavern, or a rustic hut, in a strong

His lorow, as bristle; wores; and secluded situation. One of these last

He that it seizhe it sede. gave refuge to the unfortunate Charles El

llel.ke I lothliche, ward, in his perilous wanderings after the

And was swart " as any picha, battle of Culloden.

Of lim men might alrede.' It was situated in the face of a very tough,

Romanestiharlema!!!, 11. 401.4.

.Tuckin's 1/., folio 25. high, and rocky mountain, calleel Letter nilichk, still a part of Benalder, full of great 1 Hound, provedl. Il.d. 3 Meisure 1. stones and crevices, and some scattered wood 1 Breadth.

3 Were. 6 Bach.

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Ascapart, or Ascabart, makes a very. strings of the clairschoes are made of brass material figure in the History of Bevis of wire, and the strings of the harps of sinews; Hampton, by whom he was conquered. His which strings they strike either with their effigies may be seen guarding one side of nayles, growing long, or else with an instrua gate at Southampton, while the other is ment appointed for that use. They take occupied by Sir Bevis himself. The dimen- | great pleasure to decke their harps and sions of Ascabart were little inferior to those clairschoes with silver and precious stones; of Ferragus, if the following description be the poore ones that cannot attayne hereunto, correct:

decke them with christall. They sing verses They metten with a geaunt,

prettily compound, contayning (for the most With a lotheliche semblaunt.

part) prayses of valiant men. There is not lle was wonderliche strong,

almost any other argument, whereof their Romel thretti fote long,

rhymes intreat. They speak the ancient His berd was bot gret and rowe 2;

French language altered a little 1: _'The
A space of a fot betweene is 3 browe;
His clob was, to yeue 4 a strok,

harp and clairschoes are now only heard of A lite bodi of an oak 5.

in the Highlands in ancient song. At what

period these instruments ceased to be used, Beues hadde of him wonder gret,

is not on record; and tradition is silent on this And askedde him what a het, And yafmen of his contre

head. But, as Irish harpers occasionally Were ase meche ase was he.

visited the Highlands and Western Isles till “Me name," a sede, 'is Ascopard,

lately, the harp might have been extant so Garci me sent hiderward,

late as the middle of the last century. Thus lor to bring this quene ayen, And the Beues her of-slen1",

far we know, that from remote times down Incham Garci is 11 champioun,

to the present, harpers were received as welAnd was i-driue out of ine 12 toun

come guests, particularly in the Highlands Al for that ich was so litell

of Scotland, and so late as the latter end of Eueri man me wolle sinite, Ich was so lite and so merugh11,

the sixteenth century, as appears by the Eueri man me clepede dwerugh 15,

above quotation, the harp was in common use And now icham in this londe,

among the natives of the Western Isles. How I wax inor 16 ich understonde,

it happened that the noisy and unharmonious And stranger than other tene 17; And that schel on us be sene."

bagpipe banished the soft and expressive Sir Bevis of Hampton, i. 2512.

harp, we cannot say; but certain it is, that Inchinleck JS., fol. 189.

the bagpipe is now the only instrument that
obtains universally in the Highland districts.'
-Campbell's Journey through North

Britain. Lond. 1808. 4to. i. 175.
Note IX.

Mr. Gunn, of Edinburgh, has lately pub

lished a curious Essay upon the Harp and Though all unask'd his birth and name.

Harp Music of the Highlands of Scotland. -P. 215

That the instrument was once in common use

there is most certain. Clelland numbers an The Highlanders, who carried hospitality to a punctilious exce are said to have

acquaintance with it among the few accom

plishments which his satire allows to the considered it as churlish, to ask a stranger his name or lineage, before he had taken re

Highlanders:freshment. Feuds were so frequent among 'In nothing they're accounted sharp, them, that a contrary rule would in many

Except in bagpipe or in harp.' cases have produced the discovery of some circumstance which might have excluded the guest from the benest of the assistance he stood in need of.

Note XI.

Morn's genial influence roused a minstrel Note X.

grey.-P. 217.

That Highland chieftains, to a late period, and still a harp unseen retained in their service the bard, as a family Filld up the symphony betwcen.

officer, admits of very casy proof. The -P. 215.

author of the Letters from the North of Scot

land, an officer of engineers, quartered at They', (meaning, the Highlanders) 'clelight much in musicke, but chiefly in harps

Inverness about 1720, who certainly cannot

be deemed a favourable witness, gives the and clairschoes of their own fashion. The

following account of the office, and of a bard 1 Fully 2 Rough.

whom he heard exercise his talent of recita: His. 4 Give. 5 The stem of a little oak tree. 6 le hight, was called.

& Great. 9 He sail. 1o Slay 11 llis. 1 Vide 'Certayne Matters concerning the Realme 12 My. 13 Little. 11 Leun. 15 Dwarf. of Scotland, &c. as they were Anno Domini 1597.' 1. Greater, taller,

Lond. 1603, 4to.

If.

17 Ten.

..-P. 219.

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tion :The bard is skilled in the genealogy

Note XIII. of all the Highland families, sometimes preceptor to the young laird, celebrates in Irish

This harp, which erst Saint Modan sway'd. verse the original of the tribe, the famous warlike actions of the successive heads, and

I am not prepared to show that Saint Modan sings his own lyricks as an opiate to the chief was a performer on the harp. It was, howwhen indisposed for sleep; but pocts are not ever, no unsaintly accomplishment; for Saint equally esteemed and honoured in all coun Dunstan certainly did play upon that instrutries. "I happened to be a witness of the lis ment, which retaining, as was natural, a porhonour done to the muse at the house of one tion of the sanctity attached to its master's of the chiefs, where two of these bards were character, announced future events by its set at a good distance, at the lower end of a spontaneous sounds. But labouring once long table, with a parcel of Highlanders of no in these mechanic arts for a devout matrone extraordinary appearance, over a cup of ale. that had sett him on work, his violl, that Poor inspiration! They were not asked to hung by him on the wall, of its own accord, clrink a glass of wine at our table, though without anie man's helpe, distinctly sounded the whole company consisted only of the this anthime :-Gaudent in coelis animac grea: man, one of his near relations, and my sanctorum qui Christi vestigia sunt secuti; self. After some little time, the chief ordered . et quia pro eius amore sanguinem suum one of them to sing me a Highland song. !.fuderunt, ideo cum Christo gaudent The bard readily obeyed, and with a hoarse i acternum. Whereat all the companie being voice, and in a tune of few various notes, be much astonished, turned their eyes from gan, as I was told, one of his own lyricks; i beholding him working, to looke on that and when he had proceeded to the fourth or strange accident. ... Not long after, manie fifth stanza, I perceived, by the names of of the court that hitheruntó had borne several persons, glens, and mountains, which ! a kind of fayned friendship towards him, I had known or heard of before, that it was began now greatly to envie at his progress an account of some clan battle. But in his and rising in goodnes, using inanie crooked, going on the chief (who piques himself upon backbiting meanes to diffame his vertues withi his school-learning), at some particular the black maskes of hypocrisie. And the passage, bid him ccase, and cried out, better to authorize their calumnie, they There's nothing like that in Virgil or brought in this that happened in the violl, Homer." I bowed, and told him I believed affirming it to have been done by art magick,

This you may believe was very edifying What more? This wicked rumour encreascal and delightful.'- Letters, ii. 167.

dayly till the king and others of the nobilitie taking hould thereof, Dunstan grew odious in their sight. Therefore he resolued to

leaue the court and go to Elphegus, surname NOTE XII.

the Bauld, then Bishop of Winchester, who

was his cozen. Which his enemies underThe Græme.-P. 219.

standing, they layd wayt for him in the way,

and hauing throwne him off his horse, beate The ancient and powerful family of Graham him, and dragged him in the durt in the inost (which, for metrical reasons, is here spelt miserable manner, meaning to have slaine after the Scottish pronunciation) held ex him, had not a companic of mastiue dogges tensive possessions in the counties of Dum that came unlookt uppon them defende barton and Stirling. Few families can boast and redeemed him from their crueltie. When of more historical renown, having claim to with sorrow he was ashamed to see dosges three of the most reinarkable characters in more humane than they. And giuing thanks the Scottish annals. Sir John the Grame, to Almightie God, he sensibly againe perthe faithful and undaunted partaker of the criued that the tunes of his violl har given labours and patriotic warfare of Wallace, fell him a warning of future accidents.'- - Flower in the unfortunate field of Falkirk, in 1208., of the lines of the most renvant Sginis The celebrated Marquis of Montrose, in whom of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by the De Retz saw realized his abstract idea of the Å. Father Mierome Porter. Doway, 1932, heroes of antiquity, was the second of these 40, tome i.p. 438. worthies. And, notwithstanding the severity The same supernatural circumstance is of his temper, and the rigour with which he alluced to by the anonymous author of "Grim, executed the oppressive mandates of the the Collier of Croydon.' princes whom he served, I do not hesitate to !

Trunstan's harp sounds on the wall.] name as a third, John Grirme of Claverhouse', l'iscount of Dundee, whose heroic death in

Forist Ilark, hark, my lorils, the holy ablut's harp

Sounds by it if so hanging on the wall: the arms of victory may be allowed to cancel Puustain. I'nhallow m.in, that surn'st the sacrest the memory of liis cruelty to the Yoncon role, formists during the reigns of Charles II and i lark, how the testimony of my truth

Sounds heavenly music with an angel's han.l,
James II.

To testify Dunstan's integrity
Inil piruve thy active boast of no effect.'

so.

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