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and said, "My lord, if ye have taken from him King James and his supplies from Scotland, liis head, dispone upon the body as ye please;": | and of striking the Scottish monarch with and with that called for his horse, and leaped surprise, as he seems to have relied on tl.e thereon ; and when he was on horseback, he depth of the river in his front. But as the said to the Earl on this inanner, "My lord, if passage, both over the bridge and through the I live you shall be rewarded for your labours ford, was difficult and slow, it seems possible that you have used at this time, according to that the English might have been attacked to your demerits.”
great advantage while struggling with these At this saying the Earl was highly offended, natural obstacles. I know not if we are to and cried for horse. Sir Patrick, seeing the impute James's forbearance to want of miliEarl's fury, spurred his horse, but he was tary skill, or to the romantic declaration chased near Edinburgh ere they left him ; which Pitscottie puts in his inouth, 'that he and had it not been his led horse was so trieci was determined to have his enemies before and good, he had been taken.'--PITSCOTTIE's him on a plain field,' and therefore would History, P. 39.
suffer no interruption to be given, even by
artillery, to their passing the river. NOTE LXXXVIII
The ancient bridge of Twisel, by which the
English crossed the Till, is still standing A letter forged! Saint Jude to speed !
beneath Twisel Castle, a splendid pile of Did ever knight so foula dccd !-P. 160.
Gothic architecture, as now rebuilt by Sir
Francis Blake, Bart., whose extensive plantaLest the reader should partake of the Earl's tions have so much improved the country astonishment, and consider the crime as in around. The glen is romantic and delightful, consistent with the manners of the period, I with steep banks on each side, covered with have to remind him of the numerous forgeries copse, particularly with hawthorn. Beneath (partly executed by a female assistant) de
a tall rock, near the bridge, is a plentiful founvised by Robert of Artois, to forward his suit against the Countess Matilda ; which,
tain, called St. Helen's Well. being detected, occasioned his fight into England, and proved the remote cause of Elward' the Third's memorable wars in
Note XCI. France. John Hariling also was expressly hired by Edward VI to forge such docú
Hence might they see the full array, ments as might appear to establish the claim (if either host, for deadly fray.-P. 163. of fialty asserted over Scotland by the English monarchs.
The reader cannot here expect a full account of the battle of Flodden; 'but, so far as is
necessary to understand the romance, I beg Note LXXXIX.
to remind him, that, when the English army, by
their skilful countermarch, were fairly placed Lennel's convent.-P. 161.
between King James and his own country, This was a Cistertian house of religion, now
the Scottish inonarch resolved to fight; and, almost entirely demolished. Lennel House setting fire to his tents, descended from the is now the residence of my venerable friend,
ridge of Flodden to secure the neighbouring Patrick Brydone, Esquire, so well known in
eminence of Brankstone, on which that village the literary world. It is situated near Cold
is built. Thus the two armies met, almost stream, almost opposite to Cornhill, and conse
without seeing each other, when, according quently very near to Flodden Field.
to the old poem of 'Flodden Field,'
And southward were their faces set;
The Scottish northward proudly prest,
And manfully their foes they inet.'
The English army advanced in four divisions. On the evening previous to the memorable On the right, which first engaged, were the battle of Flodden, Surrey's head-quarters were sons of Ear Surrey, namely, Thomas Howard, at Barmoor Wood, and King James held an the Admiral of England, and Sir Edmund, inaccessible position on the ridge of Flodden the Knight Marshal of the army. Their divihill, one of the last and lowest eminence's sions were separated from each other; but, detached from the ridge of Cheviot. The Till, at the request of Sir Erlmund, his brother's a deep and slow river, winded between the battalion was drawn very near to his own. armies. On the morning of September 9, 1513, The centre was commanded by Surrey in perSurrey marched in a north-westerly direction, son; the left wing by Sir Elward Stanley, and crossed the Till, with his van andartillery, with the men of Lancashire, and of the palatiatTwiscl-bridge, nigh where that river joins the nate of Chester. Lord Dacres, with a large Tweed, his rear-guard column passing about body of horse, formed a reserve. When the a mile higher, by'aford. This movement had smoke, which the wind had driven between the double effect of placing his army between the armies, was somewhat dispersed, they
perceived the Scots, who had moved down the The spot from which Clara view's the battle hill in a similar order of battle, and in deep must be supposed to have been on a hillock silence. The Earls of Huntley and of Home commanding the rear of the English right commanded their left wing, and charged Sir wing, which was defeated, and in which conEdmund Howard with such success as en flict Marmion is supposed to have fallen, tirely to defeat his part of the English right wing: Sir Edmund's banner was beaten down, and he himself escaped with difficulty to his brother's division. "The Admiral, however,
XOTE XCII. stood firm; and Dacre advancing to his sup Brian Tunstall, stainless knight. port with the reserve of cavalry, probably be
- P. 16.4. tween the intervalof the divisions commanded by the brothers Howard, appears to have kept Sir Brian Tunstall, called in the romantic the victors in effectual check. Home's men, language of the time, Tunstall the l'ndetiled, chiefly Borderers, began to pillage the bag. was one of the few Englishmen of rank slain gage of both arinies; and their leader is at Flodden. He figures in the ancient English Branded by the Scottish historians with negli poem, to which I may safely refer my readers; gence or treachery. On the other hand, as an edition, with full explanatory notes, Huntley, on whom they bestow many inco has been published by my friend, Mr. Henry miums, is said by the English historians to Weber. Tunstall, perhaps, derived his epithet have left the field after the first charge. of undefiled from his white armour and banMeanwhile the Admiral, whose flank these ner, the latter bearing a white cock, about to chiefs ought to have attacked, availed himself crow, as well as from his unstaineel loyalty of their inactivity, and pushed forwardagainst and knightly faith. His place of residence was another large division of the Scottish army Thurland Castle. in his front, headed by the Earls of Crawford and Montrose, both of whom were slain, and their forces routed. On the left, the success of the English was yet more decisive; for the
Note XCIII. Scottish right wing, consisting of undisciplined! Reckless of life, he desperate fught, Highlanders, commanded by Lennox and And follon Flodden plain : Argyle, was unable to sustain the charge of And all in death his trusty brand, Sir Edward Stanley, and especially the severe
Firm clench'd within his manly hand, execution of the Lancashire archers. The
Beseem'd the monarch slain.--.P. 168. King and Surrey, who commanded the respective centres of their armies, were mean There can be no doubt that King James fell while engaged in close and dubious conflict. in the battle of Flodden. lle was killed, says James, surrounded by the flower of his king the curious French Gazette, within a lance's dom, and impatient of the galling discharge length of the Earl of Surrey; and the same of arrows, supported also by his reserve under account adus, that none of his division were Bothwell, charged with such íury, that the made prisoners, though many were killed; a standard of Surrey was in danger. At that circumstance that testifies the desperation of critical moment, Stanley, who had routed the their resistance. The Scottish historians releft wing of the Scottish, pursued his career core many of the idle reports which passed of victory, and arrived on the right flank, among the vulgar of their day. Home was and in the rear of James's division, which, accused, by the popular voice, not only of throwing itself into a circle, disputed the battle | failing to support the king, but even of having till night came on. Surrey then drew back carried him
out of the field, and murdered him. his forces; for the Scottish centre not having And this tale was revived in my remembrance, been broken, and their left wing being vic | by an unauthenticated story of a skeleton, torious, he yet doubted the event of the field. wrapped in a bull's hide, and surrounded with The Scottish army, however, felt their loss, an iron chain, said to have been found in the and abandoned the field of battle in disorder, well of Home Castle; for which, on inquiry, before dawn. They lost, perhaps, from eight I could never find any better authority than to ten thousand men; but that included the the sexton of the parislı having said, that, if very prime of their nobility, gentry, and even the well were cleaned out, he would not be clergy. Scarce a family of eminence but has surprised at such a discovery. Home was an ancestor killed at Flodden; and there is no the chamberlain of the King, and his prime province in Scotland, even at this day, where favourite; he had much to lose (in fact did the battle is mentioned without a sensation lose all) in consequence of James's death, and of terror and sorrow. The lenglish lost also a nothing earthly to gain by that event! but great number of men, perhaps within one-third the retreat, or inactivity of ihe left wing which of the vanquished, but they were of inferior he commanded, after lefeating Sir Edmund note. - See the only distinct detail of the Field | Howard, and even the circumstance of his of Flolden in PINKERTOx's llistory, Book returning unhurt, and loaded with spoil, from xi; all former accounts being full of blunders so fatal a conflict, rendered the propagation and inconsistency.
of any calumny against him easy and accept
able. Other reports gave a still more ro
Note XCIV. mantic turn to the King's fate, and averred that James, weary of greatness after the
The fair cathedral storm'd and took.
-P. 169. carnage among his nobles, had gone on a pilgrimage, to merit absolution for the death of This storm of Lichfield cathedral, which his father, and the breach of his oath of amity had been garrisoned on the part of the King, to Henry. In particular, it was objected to the took place in the Great Civil War. Lord English, that they could never show the token Brook, who, with Sir John Gill, commanded of the iron belt, which, however, he was likely the assailants, was shot with a musket-ball enough to have laid aside on the day of battle through the vizor of his helmet. The royalists as encumbering his personal exertions. They remarked that he was killed by a shot fired produce a better evidence, the monarch's from St. Chad's cathedral, and upon St. Chad's sword and dagger, which are still preserved Day, and received his death-wound in the in the Heralds College in London. Stowe | very eye with which, he had said, he hoped to has recorded a degrading story of the disgrace see the ruin of all the cathedrals in England. with which the remains of the unfortunate The magnificent church in question suifered monarch were treated in his time. An un cruelly upon this, and other occasions; the hewn column marks the spot where James fell, principal spire being ruined by the fire of the still called the King's Stone.
The Lady of the Lake.
TO THE MOST NOBLE
JOHN JAMES MARQUIS OF ABERCORX
THIS POEM IS IXSCRIBED BY
The Scene of the following Poem is laid chiefly in the vicinity of Loch Katrine, in the Western Highlands of Perthshire. The time of Action includes Six Days, and the transactions of each Day occupy a Canto.
| At each according pause was heard
aloud The Chase.
Thine ardent symphony sublime HARP of the North ! that mouldering and high! long hast hung
Fair dames and crested chiefs attenOn the witch-elm that shades Saint
tion bow'd; Fillan's spring,
For still the burden ofthyminstrelsy And down the fitful breeze thy num
Was Knighthood's dauntless deed, bers flung,
and Beauty's matchless eye. Till envious ivy did around thee cling,
O wake once more! how rude soc'er Muffling with verdant ringlet every the hand string,
That ventures v'er thy magic maze Ominstrel Harp, still must thine
to stray; accents sleep?
O wake once more! though scarce my 'Mid rustling leaves and fountains skill command murmuring,
Some feeble echoing ofthine carlier Still must thy sweeter sounds their
lay: silence keep,
Though harsh and faint, and soon to Nor bid a warrior smile, nor teach a
die away, maid to weep?
And all unw
nworthy of thy nobler Not thus, in ancient days of Caledon, strain, Was thy voice mute amid the festal Yet if one heart throb higher at its crowd,
sway, When lay of hopeless love, or glory The wizard note has not been won,
touch'd in vain. Aroused the fearful, or subdued 'Then silent be no more! Enchantress, the proud.
With hark and whoop and wild The stag at eve had drunk his fill,
halloo, Where danced the moon on Monan's
No rest Benvoirlich's echoes knew. rill,
Far from the tumult fled the roe, And deep his midnight lair had made Close in her covert cower'd the doc; In lone Glenartney's hazel shade;
The falcon, from her cairn on high, But, when the sun his beacon red
Cast on the rout a wondering eye, Had kindled on Benvoirlich's head,
Till far beyond her piercing ken The deep-mouth'd bloodhound's heavy The hurricane had swept the glen. bay
Faint and more faint, its failing din Resounded up the rocky way,
Return'd from cavern, cliff, and linn, And faint, from farther distance borne, And silence settled, wide and still, Were heard the clanging hoof and on the lone wood and mighty hill. horn.
iv. As Chief, who hears his warder call,
Less loud the sounds of silvan war ‘To arms! the foemen storm the wall Disturb'd the heights of Uam-Var, The antler'd monarch of the waste
And roused the cavern, where, 'tis told, Sprung from his heathery couch in . A giant made his den of old; haste.
For ere that steep ascent was won, But, ere his fleet career he took,
High in his pathway hung the sun, The dew-drops from his flanks he And many a gallant, stay'd perforce, shook;
Was fain to breathe his faltering horse, Like crested leader proud and high,
And of the trackers of the dcer, Toss'd his beam`d frontlet to the sky; Scarce half the lessening pack was A moment gazed adown the dale,
near; A moment snuff’d the tainted gale,
So shrewdly on the mountain side A moment listen'd to the cry,
llad the bold burst their mettle tried. That thicken'd as the chase drew nigh ; Then, as the headmost foes appear'd, With one brave bound the copse he The noble stag was pausing now cleard,
Upon the mountain's southern brow, And, stretching forward free and far, Where broad extended, far beneath, Sought the wild heaths of Uam-Var. The varied realms of fair Menteith.
With anxious eye he wander'd o'er
Mountain and meadow, mossand moor, Yell'd on the view the opening pack; And ponder'd refuge from his toil Rock, glen, and cavern, paid them By far Lochard or Aberfoyle. back;
But nearer was the copsewood grey, To many a mingled sound at once That waved and wept on Loch-Achray, The awaken'd mountain gave re And mingled with the pinc-trees blue sponse.
On the bold cliffs of Benvenue. A hundred dogs bay'd deep and strong, Fresh vigour with the hope return'd, Clatter'd a hundred steeds along, With flying foot the heath he spurn'd, Their peal the merry horns rung out, Held westward with unwearied race, A hundred voices join'd the shout; And left behind the panting chase.