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Mr. Francis Bacon to the Queen
The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon... 205
Mr. Francis Bacon to his brother Antony... 205
to Sir Robert Cecil, a copy of which was sent
with the preceding to Mr. Antony Bacon.. 206
to Sir Thomas Egerton, lord keeper of the
Mr. Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex, on his
lordship's going on the expedition against
The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon... 209
Mr. Francis Bacon to his brother Antony..... 210
Mr. Francis Bacon's letter framed for my Lord of
Mr. Francis Bacon to Sir John Davis, his majes-
ty's attorney-general in Ireland .......... 211
Sir Francis Bacon to the reverend University of
Lord Keeper Bacon to Mr. Maxey, fellow of Tri-
The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Keeper Bacon 211
4. Quod sub certa forma concessum vel reser-
vatum est, non trahitur ad valorem vel
5. Necessitas inducit privilegium quoad jura
6. Corporalis injuria non recepit æstimationem
7. Excusat aut extenuat delictum in capitali-
bus, quod non operatur idem in civilibus 231
8. Astimatio præteriti delicti ex post facto
9. Quod remedio destituitur ipsa re valet, si
10. Verba generalia restringantur ad habilita-
11. Jura sanguinis nullo jure civili dirimi pos-
12. Receditur a placitis juris potius quam injuria,
ne delicta maneant impunita...... 235
13. Non accipi debent verba in demonstratio-
nem falsam, quæ competunt in limita-
14. Licet dispositio de interesse futuro sit inu-
tilis, tamen potest fieri declaratio præce-
dens quæ fortiatur effectum interveniente
15. In criminalibus sufficit generalis malitia in-
tentionis cum facto paris gradus..... 238
16. Mandata licita recipiunt strictam interpre-
tationem, sed illicita latam et extensivam 238
17. De fide et offcio judicis non recipitur quæs-
tio, sed de scientia, sive error sit judicis
18. Persona conjuncta æquiparatur interesse
19. Non impedit clausula derogatoria qua mi-
nus ab eadem potestate res dissolvantur
20. Actus inceptus, cujus perfectio pendet ex
voluntate partium revocari potest, si
autem pendet ex voluntate tertiæ personæ
vel ex contingenti, revocari non potest.. 241
21. Clausula vel dispositio inutilis per præ-
sumptionem remotam vel causam ex post
22 Non videtur consensum retinuisse, si quis
ex præscripto minantis aliquid immutavit 2:14
23. Ambiguitas verborum latens verificatione
suppletur, nam quod ex facto oritur ambi-
guum verificatione facti tollitur. ....... 244
24. Licita bene miscentur, formula nisi juris
25. Præsentia corporis tollit errorem nominis,
et veritas nominis tollit errorem demon-
to Sir Francis Vere.......
to Mr. Cawfielde..
Lord Bacon to Mr. Tobie Matthew....
to my Lord Montjoye....
The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-
cellor and the Lord Mandeville, Lord Trea-
surer of England.....
Sir Francis Bacon to the Reverend University of
The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Keeper Bacon 214
Sir Francis Bacon to Lord Norris, in answer to him 214
to the King...
The Lord Chancellor and two Chief Justices to
the Marquis of Buckingham...
Sir Francis Bacon to King James..
Lord Bacon to the Count Gondomar, Ambassador
from the Court of Spain......
to Count Gondomar.
to Count Gondomar, then in Spain.... 217
THE ELEMENTS OF THE COMMON LAWS OF
THE MAXIMS OF THE LAW.
1. In jure non remota causa, sed proxima
2. Non potest adduci exceptio ejusdem rei,
cujus petitur dissolutio.......
3 Verba fortius accipiuntur contra proferentem 225
'THE USE OF THE LAW: PROVIDED FOR PRESERVA-
OF ALL Persons, Goods, AND GOOD
What the Use of the Law principally consisteth
Action of the case, for slander, battery, &c.... 247
Appeal of murder given to the next of kin.... 247
Manslaughter, and when a forfeiture of goods,
Felo de se, felony by mischance, deodand..... 248
Cutting out of tongues, and putting out of eyes,
The office of the constable ...
Two high constables for every hundred, and
one petty constable for every village ..... 248
The King's Bench first instituted, and in what
matters they anciently had jurisdiction... 248
The court of Marshalsea erected, and its juris-
diction within twelve miles of the chief tun-
nel of the king, which is the full extent of
Sheriff's Tourn instituted upon the division of
England into counties : the charge of this
court was committed to the earl of the
Subdivision of the county courts into hundreds 249
The charge of the county taken from the earls,
and committed yearly to such persons as
The sheriff is judge of all hundred courts not
given away from the crown...... 249
County courts kept monthly by the sheriff.... 249
Hundred courts, to whom first granted..... 249
Lord of the hundred to appoint two high con-
Of what matters they inquire of in leets and
Conservators of the peace, and what their office
Conservators of the peace by virtue of their
5. Of the peace..
Justices of peace ordained in lieu of conserva-
tors ; of placing and displacing of justices
of peace by use delegated from the king to
the chancellor ...
The power of the justice of peace to fine the
offenders to the crown, and not to recom-
pense the party grieved.....
Authority of the justices of peace, through
whom ran all the county services to the
Beating, killing, burning of houses.
Attachments for surety of the peace..
justices at their sessions..... ... 250
Quarter-sessions held by the justices of peace. 250
The authority of justices of the peace out of
Judges of assize came in place of the ancient
judges in eyre, about the time of R. H.... 251
England divided into six circuits, and two
learned men in the laws assigned by the
king's commission to ride twice a year
through those shires allotted to that circuit,
for the trial of private titles to lands and
goods, and all treasons and felonies, which
the county courts meddle not in......... 251
The authority of the judges in eyre translated
by Parliament to justices of assize...... 251
The authority of the justice of assizes much
lessened by the Court of Common Pleas,
erected in Henry IIl's. time...... 251
The justices of assize have at this day five
commissions by which they sit, viz., 1.
Oyer and Terminer. 2. Jail Delivery. 3.
To take assizes. 4. To take Nisi Prius.
Book allowed to clergy for the scarcity of
them to be disposed in religious houses.. 252
The course the judges hold in their circuits in
the execution of their commission concern-
ing the taking of Nisi Prius....... 253
The justices of the peace and the sheriff are to
attend the judges in their county........ 253
Of property of lands to be gained by entry.. 253
Land left by the sea belongeth to the king..... 253
Property of lands by descent....
Three rules of descent..
Customs of certain places..
Every heir having land is bound by the binding
acts of his ancestors, if he be named..... 254
Property of lands by escheat..
In escheat two things are to be observed... 255
Concerning the tenure of lands. ....... 255
The reservations in knight's service tenure are
Homage and fealty......
Knight's service in capite is a tenure de per-
Grand serjeantry, petty serjeantry............ 256
The institution of soccage in capite, and that
it is now turned into moneys rents...... 256
Ancient demesne, what.....
Office of alienation......
How manors were at first created. ........... 256
Knight's service tenure reserved to common
Soccage tenure reserved by the lord....... 257
Villenage or tenure by copy of court-roll...... 257 Legacies are to be paid before debts by shop
Court baron, with the use of it......... 257 books, bills unsealed, or contracts by word 266
What attainders shall give the escheat to the An executor may pay which legacy he will first.
257 Or if the executors do want, they may sell
He that standeth mute forfeiteth no lands, ex-
When a will is made, and no executor named,
258 administration is to be committed cum tes-
He that killeth himself forfeiteth but his
Flying for felony a forfeiture of goods.
258 ARGUMENTS IN LAW IN CERTAIN GREAT AND
Lands entailed, escheat to the king for treason 258
A person attainted may purchase, but it shall The Case of Impeachment of Waste..
258 The Argument in Low's Case of Tenures.... 276
Property of lands by conveyance is first distri-
The Case of Revocation of Uses.....
buted into estates, for years, for life, in tail, The Jurisdiction of the Marches....
THE LEARNED READING OF MR. FRANCIS BA-
Lease for years go to the executors, and not to
cor, UPON THE STATUTE OF Uses, being
Leases, by what means they are forfeitable.... 259
his double reading to the Honourable So-
ciety of Gray's Inn, 42 Eliz........ 295
What livery of seisin is, and how it is requisite
to every estate for life.........
259 | THE OFFICE OF CONSTABLES, ORIGINAL AND
Of the new device, called a perpetuity, which
Use or Court's LEET, SHeriff's Turn,
is an entail with an addition........ 260
&c., with the Answers to the Questions
The inconveniences of these perpetuities..... 260 propounded by Sir Alexander Hay, Knt.,
The last and greatest estate in land is fee
touching the Office of Constables.... 315
The difference between a remainder and a
An AccounT OF THE LATELY ERECTED SER-
VICE, CALLED THE OFFICE OF COMPOSI-
THE GREAT INSTAURATION OF LORD
A conveyance to stand seised to a use. 262
Of the continuance of land by will..
Property in goods: 1. By gift. 2. By sale.
By letters of administration.....
Where the intestate had bona notabilia in
divers dioceses, then the archbishop of
SECOND PART OF THE GREAT INSTAURATION.
that province where he died is to commit
THE Novcm ORGANUM; OR, FIVE SUGGES-
An executor may refuse the executorship before
the bishop, if he have not intermeddled
Summary of the Second Part, digested in
An executor ought to pay, 1. Judgments. 2.
Stat. Recog. 3. Debts by bonds and bills
Aphorisms on the Interpretation of Nature and
sealed. 4. Rent unpaid. 5. Servants'
The Second Book of Aphorisms on the Inter-
book, and contracts by word...
pretation of Nature, or the Reign of Man 37!
Debts due in equal degree of record, the execu-
tor may pay which of them he pleases A PREPARATION FOR A NATURAL AND EXPE-
But it is otherwise with administrators.
A Description of such a Natural and Experi-
mental History as shall be sufficient and
suitably arranged for forming the basis and THE HISTORY OF LIFE AND DEATH.
foundation of a true philosophy....... 426
Aphorisms on the Formation of the first History 427
To the present Age and Posterity..
Catalogue of Particular Histories, arranged
The Particular Topic-Places; or, Articles of
Inquisition touching Life and Death..... 469
THIRD PART OF THE GREAT INSTAURATION.
Nature durable, and not durable....... 470
A NATURAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HISTORY, to
Desiccation, prohibiting of Desiccation, and
inteneration of that which is desiccated
serve as a Foundation for Philosophy, or
Phenomena of the Universe. .....
Length and shortness of life in living crea-
Dedication to the most illustrious and excel.
The Rule of this present History...... 436
Alimentation or Nourishment; and the way of
The Entry into the History of Winds.....
Length and Shortness of Life in Man.. 479
Particular Topics: or, Articles of Inquisition
I. The operation upon the spirits, that
they may remain youthful, and retain
Stayed or certain winds. .....
II. The operation upon the exclusion of
Customary or attending winds..
The qualities and powers of winds..
III. The operation upon the blood, and the
Accidental generations of winds......
IV. The operation upon the juices of the
Extraordinary winds and sudden blasts.. 449
Helps to winds; namely, to original winds 450 V. The operation upon the bowels of their
452 VI. The operation upon the outward parts
for their attraction of aliment....... 504
The motion of winds in the sails of ships 455
VII. The operation upon the aliment itself,
The motion of winds in other engines of
for the insinuation thereof......... 504
VIII. The operation upon the last act of assi-
IX. The operation upon the inteneration of
Movable rules concerning winds.
that which begins to be arefied, or the
malacissation of the body... 506
A human map, or optatives, with such
things as are next to them concerning
X. The operation upon the purging away of
old juice, and supplying of new
juice; or of renovation by turns.... 508
''RE History of DENSITY AND Rarity.
464 The differences of youth and old age..
Movable canons of the duration of life and
THE HISTORY OF HEATI AND LIGHT.
MISCELLANEOUS TRACTS, (translated from Of the variety of the bodies which yield
sound; and the instruments; and of
The Ebb and Flow of the Sea ...
the species of sounds which occur.... 540
530 Of the multiplication, majoration, diminu-
tion, and fraction of sound...
Catalogue of Bodies attractive and not attractive 532
Inquisition of the Conversion of Bodies...... 533 Of the repercussion of sounds and echo..... 541
The Masculinė Birth of Time.......... 533, 534
Of the consents and dissents of audibles and
The History and first Inquisition of Sound and
visibles, and of other so called spiritual
Of the generation of sound, and the first
Of the quickness of the generation, and ex-
tinction of sound, and the time in which
Of the lasting of sound, and its perishing and
537 Of the affinity, or non-affinity, which sound
Of the confusion and perturbation of sounds 537
hath with the motion, local and per-
Of the accessory aids and impediments of
ceptible, of the air in which it is car-
sound; of the stay of sound; and the
Of the communication of the air percussed
of the penetration of sounds..
and elided with the ambient air, and
Of the carriage of sounds, and their direction
or spreading; and of the area which
sound fills, together and severally..... 539 | INDEX.