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things.] Those Essays will be increased in Secondly, I am thus persuaded because of its their number, and enlarged in the handling of infinite usefulness; for which reason it may be them.

ascribed to divine encouragement. Also that tome will contain the book of the I pray your fatherhood to commend me to that Wisdom of the Ancients. And this tome (as I most excellent man, Signor Molines, to whose said) doth, as it were interlope, and doth not stand most delightful and prudent letters I will return in the order of the Instauration.

answer shortly, if God permit. Farewell, most After these shall follow the Organum Novum, reverend father. to which a second part is yet to be added which I

Your most assured friend, have already comprised and measured in the idea

FRANCIS ST. ALBAN. of it. And thus the second part of my Instauration will be finished.

As for the third part of the Instauration, that is to say, the Natural History, it is plainly a work TRANSLATION OF A LETTER OF THE LORD BA for a king or a pope, or for some college or order;

CON'S, IN FRENCII, TO THE MARQUESS FIAT, and cannot be by personal industry performed as it ought.

Those portions of it, which have already seen My LORD AMBASSADOR, My Son, the light, to wit, concerning winds, and touching

Seeing that your excellency makes and treats life and death, they are not pure history, by rea- of marriages, not only betwixt the princes of son of the axioms and larger observations which France and England, but also betwixt their lanare interposed. But they are a kind of mixed guages, (for you have caused my book of the Adwritings, composed of natural history, and a rude vancement of Learning to be translated into and imperfect instrument, or help, of the under- French,) I was much inclined to make you a prestanding.

sent of the last book which I published, and

readiness for you. And this is the fourth part of the Instauration. which I had Wherefore that fourth part shall follow, and shall

I was sometimes in doubt whether I ought to contain many examples of that instrument, more have sent it to you, because it was written in the exact, and much more fitted to rules of induction. English tongue. But now, for that very reason I

Fifthly, there shall follow a book to be entitled send it to you. It is a recompilement of my by us, Prodromus Philosophiæ Secundæ, [the Essays, Moral and Civil; but in such manner forerunner of Secondary Philosophy.] This enlarged and enriched both in number and weight, shall contain our inventions about new axioms to that it is in efiect a new work. I kiss your hands, be raised from the experiments themselves, that and remain they which were before as pillars lying uselessly

Your most affectionate and along may be raised up. And this we resolve on

most humble servant, etc. for the fifth part of our Instauration.

Lastly, there is yet behind the Secondary Philosophy itself, which is the sixth part of the Instauration. Of the perfecting this I have cast TRANSLATION OF A LETTER FROM THE UNIVER

SITY OF OXFORD TO THE LORD BACON, UPON away all hopes; but in future ages perhaps the design may bud again. Notwithstanding, in our Prodromie, (or prefatory works,] such I mean only, which touch almost the universals of nature, Most NOBLE, AND (---) MOST LEARNED Viscount, there will be laid no inconsiderable foundations Your honour could have given nothing more of this matter.

agreeable, and the University could have received Our meanness, you see, attempteth great things; nothing more acceptable than the sciences. And placing our hopes only in this, that they seem to those sciences which she formerly sent forth poor, proceed from the providence and immense good- of low stature, unpolished, she hath received eleness of God.

gant, tall, and, by the supplies of your wit, by And I am by two arguments thus persuaded. which alone they could have been advanced, most

First, I think thus, from that zeal and con- rich in dowry. She esteemeth it an extraordinary stancy of my mind, which has not waxed old in favour to have a return with usury, made of that this design, nor after so many years grown cold by a stranger, if so near a relation may be called and indiferent. I remember that about forty a stranger, which she bestows as a patrimony years ago I composed a juvenile work about these upon her children. And she readily acknowthings, which with great confidence and a pom- ledgeth, that though the muses are born in Oxpous title, I called Temporis Partum Maximum,* ford they grow elsewhere. Grown they are, and (or the most considerable birth of time.] under your pen, who, like some mighty Hercules,

in learning have by your own hand further * Or, it may be Masculum, as I find it read elsewhere.

advanced those pillars in the learned world, which VOL. JII.-9



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by the rest of that world were supposed immo- was slain before all worlds; without which etervable.

nal counsel of his, it was impossible for him to We congratulate you, you most accomplished have descended to any work of creation; but he combatant, who, by your most diligent patronage should have enjoyed the blessed and individual of the virtues of others, have overcome other society of Three Persons in Godhead, only, forpatrons; and, by your own writings, yourself. ever." For, by the eminent height of your honour, you This point I have heard some divines question, advanced only learned men, now at last, o whether God, without Christ, did pour his love ravishing prodigy! you have also advanced upon the creature ? and I had sometime a dispute learning itself.

with Dr. Sharp, * of your university, who held, The ample munificence of this gift lays a bur- that the emanation of the Father's love to the den upon your clients, in the receiving of which creature, was immediate. His reason, amongst we have the honour; but, in the enjoying of it, others, was taken from that text, “So God loved the emolument will descend to late posterity. If, the world, that he gave his only begotten Son." therefore, we are not able of ourselves to return Something of that point I have written amongst sufficient and suitable thanks, our nephews of the my papers, which on the sudden I cannot light next age ought to give their assistance, and pay upon. But I remember that I held the point in the remainder, if not to yourself, to the honour of the negative; and that St. Austin, in his comyour name.

Happy they, but we, how much ment on the fifth chapter to the Romans, gathered more happy, &c., to whom you have pleased to by Beda, is strong that way. do the honour of sending a letter, written by no In page 2, line the 9th to the 13th, are these other than by your own hand. To whom you. words: have pleased to send the clearest instructions for - "God, by the reconcilement of the Medireading (your works,] and for concord in our ator, turning his countenance towards his creastudies, in the front of your book; as if it were a tures, (though not in equal light and degree,) small thing for your lordship to enrich the muses made way unto the dispensation of his most holy out of your own stock, unless you taught them and secret will, whereby some of his creatures also a method of getting wealth. Wherefore this might stand and keep their state; others might, most accurate pledge of your understanding has possibly, fall and be restored ; and others might been, with the most solemn reverence, received fall, and not be restored in their estate, but yet in a very full congregation, both by the doctors remain in being, though under wrath and corrupand masters; and that which the common vote tion, all with respect to the Mediator; which is hath placed in our public library, every single the great mystery, and perfect centre of all God's person has gratefully deposited in his memory. ways with his creatures, and unto which all his Your lordship's most devoted servant, other works and wonders do but serve and refer."

The University of Oxford. Here absolute reprobation scems to be defendFrom our Convocation House,

ed, in that the will of God is made the reason of December 20, 1623.

the non-restitution of some; at leastwise his lordThe superscription was thus:

ship seems to say, that 'twas God's will that some To the Right Honourable Francis, Baron of Veru- should fall; unless that may be meant of voluntas lum, and Viscount of St. Alban, our very good permissiva, [his will of permission.] Lord.

In page the second, at the end, I where he saith, “ Amongst the generations of men, he

elected a small flock," if that were added, "of A LETTER WRITTEN BY DR. ROGER MAYNWAR- fallen men," it would not be amiss; lest any ING TO DR. RAWLEY, CONCERNING THE LORD

should conceive that his lordship had meant, the BACON'S CONFESSION OF FAITH.

decree had passed on massa incorrupta, con Sir, I have, at your command, surveyed this mankind considered before the fall.? deep and devout tract of your deceased lord, and

In page the 4th, lines the 13th and 14th, are send back a few notes upon it.

these words: In the first page, line 7,* are these words: "Man made a total defection from God, pre

“I believe that God is so holy, pure, and suming to imagine, that the commandments and jealous, that it is impossible for him to be pleased prohibitions of God were not the rules of good in any creature, though the work of his own and evil, but that good and evil had their own hands'; so that neither angel, man, nor world, principles and beginnings." could stand, or can stand, one moment in his eyes, without beholding the same in the face of a

* The same, I think, who was committed to the Tower, Mediator; and, therefore, that before him, with having taught Hoskins his Allusion to the Sicilian Vespers. whom all things are present, the Lamb of God See Reliqu. Wootton, p. 434.

+ That is, in Resuscitatio, p. 118, 1. 9, to "refer."

# That is, ibid, p. 118, 1. 21, &c. That is, in Resuscitatio, p. 117, 1. 8, to "forever,” in p. 118. That is, ibid. p. 119, 1. 36, &c.

Consider whether this be a rule universal, that serving you upon all occasions, and in performthe commands and prohibitions of God are the ing towards you all offices, either of friendship or rales of good and evil: for, as St. Austin saith, observance. many things are prohibita quia mala, [for that I will, to the utmost of my power, take care to reason forbidden because they are evil,] as those publish the [remaining] labours of that illustrisins which the schools call specifical.

ous hero, the Lord Verulam, esteeming it my In page 7, lines the 23d and 24th, * are these greatest happiness to have formerly served him, words:

and still to do so. And that I may avoid all susThe three heavenly unities exceed all natural picion of being worse than any word, I will unities; that is to say, the unity of the three perform my promise with all convenient speed. Persons in Godhead; the unity of God and man I desire that this friendship and mutual inwardin Christ, and the unity of Christ and the church, ness begun betwixt us may always continue, the Holy Ghost being the worker of both these and, if you please, live and flourish by letters, latter unities; for, by the Holy Ghost was Christ the badges and nourishers of it, even when you incarnate, and quickened in flesh; and by the are at Paris; a place which, if ever I be so hapHoly Ghost is man regenerate, and quickened in ry, I will see for your sake, as well as for other spirit.”

reasons. Pray think not that I am free of my Here two of the unities are ascribed to the words and frugal of my deeds, but rather that my Holy Ghost. The first seems excluded; yet thick and very troublesome occasions, whilst I divines say, that “Spiritus Sanctus est amor, et was in the city, would not suffer me to kiss your vinculum Patris et Filii;” [the Holy Ghost is hands. It remains that I heartily honour you, the love and the bond of the Father and the and retaliate your love, and wish you all the Son.)

good in the world, as being, In page 3, line the 13th, are these words:

Sir, “Christ accomplished the whole work of the Your most faithful servant, redemption and restitution of man, to a state

and constant friend, superior to the angels."

William RAWLEY. This (superior) seems to hit upon that place, March the 9th, 1632. coúyyenou, which argues but equality. Suarez (De Angelis, lib. 1, cap. 1) saith, that angels are superior to men, “Quod gradum intellectualem, et quoad immediatam habitationem ad TRANSLATION OF A LETTER WRITTEN BY MONDeum," (both in respect of the degree of their SIEUR ÆLIUS DEODATE, TO DR. RAWLEY, IN ANintellectual nature, and of the nearness of their SWER TO HIS OF MARCH THE 9th, 1632, TOUCHIN habitation to God.) Yet, St. Austin affirmeth,

HIS PUBLISHING THE LORD BACON'S WORKS. « Naturam humanam in Christo perfectiorem esse To the reverend his most honoured friend, Wilangelicâ,” [that the human nature in Christ is

liam Rawley, Doctor of Divinity, and Chaplain more perfect than the angelical.) Consider of

to the King's Majesty. this. And thus far, not as a critic or corrector, but as a learner; for,


A few days ago, I received your most accept“ Corrigere, res est tanto magis ardua, quanto Magnus, Aristarcho, major Homerus erat."

able and most desired letter, in which, to confort In haste,

me for the loss of your most agreeable company, Your servant,

(of which I was deprived by your sudden leaving Roger MAYNWARING.

the town,) you make me a new promise of a near and lasting friendship. Nothing could have happened to me more pleasing than this kindness, (which I shall diligently endeavour, to the utmost

of my power, by all ways of love and observance, TRANSLATION OF A LETTER WRITTEN BY DR.

to deserve;) so much I value your own worth and RAWLEY, TO MONSIEUR DEODATE, CONCERN

the ever estimable memory of our most illustrious ING HIS PUBLISHING OF THE LORD BACON'S

hero, a portion of whose spirit resides in your

breast. Most NOBLE AND DEAR SIR,

I so greedily expect the speedy edition of his I am now at last in the country, the spring and works, which you have promised, that I have Lent coming on. I am sorry that I had not the already almost devoured the whole of it in my upportunity of waiting on you before I left the hopes. Suffer not, I beseech you, any delay by town; but I am sure I shall never be wanting in any means to obstruct this my earnest desin:

seeing, especially, it much concerns yourself, 128 * That is, in Resuscitatio, p. 120, 1. 40, 41, &c. + That is, ibid, p. 121, lines 8 & 9.

you confess, upon many accounts, to promote it Luke IX. 36.

with all expedition.

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My design of a translation of the Natural from one not a native, in his first essay, and growHistory has not succeeded so happily as I could ing in knowledge together with his years, if they wish, as you will perceive by the specimen which be many, no man needs wonder on it, who underI send to you. Wherefore I desired him who had stands the physiological variety of an argument undertaken the work to desist from it, he having of such extent, and rendered difficult by such an done only that little which you will see in a few heap of things of which it consists, and for the leaves; whereas, he undertook the doing of the expressing of which there is not a supply of whole two years ago. I am not yet resolved words from the ancients, but some of a new about the time of my returning into France. I stamp, and such as may serve for present use, will let you know it ere I go, and tell you by are required.) I entreat you not to deny me the whom our letters may be conveyed to one another. sight of them, that so I may compare them with Farewell.

the corrections which my brother (now with God) Reverend sir,

did make with a very great deal of pains. But, Your most humble servant,

whether the truth of them answers his diligence, Ælius DEODATE, Advocate. will be best understood by yourself, and those London, April 4, 1633.

few others by whom such elegancies can be
rightly judged of.

I send you here a catalogue of these writings*
TRANSLATION OF THE FIRST LETTER OF MR.ISAAC which I had in MS. out of the study of Sir Wil-
GRUTER, TO DR. RAWLEY, CONCERNING THE liam Boswel, and which I now have by me, either

written by the Lord Bacon himself, or by some To the Reverend and most Learned William English amanuensis, but by him revised; as the Rawley, Isaac Gruter wisheth much health.

same Sir William Boswel (who was pleased to Reverend Sir,

admit me to a most intimate familiarity with him) By reason of the immature death of my brother, did himself tell me. Among my copies (as the to whom we owe the Latin translation of the Lord catalogue which comes with this letter shows) Bacon's Natural History, I have been forced to you will find the History of Rare and Dense Bostay a long while in our native country of Zealand, dies, but imperfect, though carried on to some in order to the settling of the domestic affairs of length. the person deceased. Returning home to Holland, I had once in my hands an entire and thick I found your letter, which, I assure you, was most volume concerning heavy and light bodies, but acceptable to me; yet, at this I was concerned, consisting only of a naked delineation of the that my necessary absence from the Hague had model, which the Lord Bacon had framed in his occasioned so late an answer to it. He deserves head, in titles of matters, without any description pardon who offends against his will : and who of the matters themselves. There is here enwill endeavour to make amends for this involun- closed a copy of that contexture,t containing only tary delay, by the study of such kindness as shall the heads of the chapters, and wanting a full hanbe vigilant in offices of friendship, as often as dling from that rude draught, which supplement I. occasion shall be offered.

despair of. The design of him who translated into French For the book of dense and rare bodies which the Natural History of the Lord Bacon, of which you have by you, perfected by the author's last I gave account in my former letters, is briefly hand, as likewise the Fragments, which are an exhibited in my brother's preface, which I desire appendix to it, I could wish that they might be you to peruse; as, also, in your next letter, to send here published in Holland, together with those me your judgment concerning such errors as may hitherto unpublished philosophical papers copied have been committed by him.

by me, out of MSS. of Sir William Boswel; That edition of my brother's, of which you seeing, if they come out together, they will set off write that you read it with a great deal of pleasure, and commend one another. shall shortly be set forth with his amendments, I have begun to deal with a printer, who is a together with some additions of the like argument man of great diligence and curiosity. I will so to be substituted in the place of the New Atlantis, order the matter, that you shall have no reason to which shall be there omitted. These additions complain of my fidelity and candour, if you leave will be the same with those in the version of the that edition to me. Care shall be taken by me, forementioned Frenchman, put into Latin; seeing that it be not done without honourable mention of we could not find the English originals from yourself; but be it what it will, you shall resolve which he translates them, unless you, when you upon; it shall abate nothing of the offices of our see the book, shall condemn those additions as adulterate.

* These were the papers which I. Gruter afterwards For your observations on those places, either published, under the title of Scripta Philosophica.

+ This letter came to my hands without that copy. See, not rightly understood, or not accurately turned

in lieu of it, Topica de Gravi et Levi, in lib. v. cap. 3. De out of the English by you published, (which, Augm. Scien.


friendship, which, from this beginning of it, shall / friend, and to whose care, in my matters, I owe still further be promoted upon all occasions. all regard and affection, yet without diminution

Lewis Elzevir wrote me word lately, from of that part (and that no small one neither) in Amsterdam, that he was designed to begin shortly which Dr. Rawley hath place : so that the souls an edition in quarto of all the works of the Lord of us three so throughly agreeing, may be aptly Bacon, in Latin or English; but not of the Eng- said to have united in a triga. lish without the translation of them into Latin : Though I thought that I had already sufficiently and he desired my advice, and any assistance I showed what veneration I had for the illustrious could give him by manuscripts or translations, to Lord Verulam, yet I shall take such care for the the end that, as far as possible, those works future, that it may not possibly be denied, that I might come abroad with advantage, which have endeavoured most zealously to make this thing been long received with the kindest eulogies, known to the learned world. and with the most attested applause of the learned But neither shall this design, of setting forth world. If you have any thing in your mind, or in one volume all the Lord Bacon's works, proyour hands, whence we may hope for assistance ceed without consulting you, and without invitin so famous a design, and conducing so much to ing you to cast in your symbol, worthy such an the honour of those who are instrumental in it, excellent edition: that so the appetite of the pray let me know it, and reckon me henceforth reader, provoked already by his published works, amongst the devout honourers of the name of the may be further gratified by the pure novelty of so Lord Bacon, and of your own virtues.

considerable an appendage. Farewell. For the French interpreter, who patched to

gether his things I know not whence, * and tacked I expect from you what you know about the

that motley piece to him; they shall not have ancestors of the Lord Bacon, especially concerning his father, Nicholas Bacon, concerning his place in this great collection. But yet I hope to

obtain your leave to publish apart, as an appendix youth, his studies in Cambridge, his travels, his

to the Natural History, that exotic work, gathered honours, his office of chancellor, and his deposal together from this and the other place [of his from it by sentence of parliament. The former I will undertake in a more florid and free style, Latin. For seeing the genuine pieces of the Lord

lordship's writings) and by me translated into expatiating in his just praises ; the latter, with a Bacon are already extant, and in many hands, it wary pen, lest out of my commentary of the life of this most learned man, matter be offered of understand of what threads the texture of that

is necessary that the foreign reader be given to pernicious prating, to slanderers and men of dis- book consists, and how much of truth there is in honest tempers.

that which that shameless person does, in his From the Hague, May 29, 1652.

preface to the reader, so stupidly write of you.

My brother, of blessed memory, turned his words into Latin, in the first edition of the Natural History, having some suspicion of the fide

lity of an unknown author. I will, in the second ISAAC GRUTER, TO DR. RAWLEY, CONCERNING

edition, repeat them, and with just severity ani. madvert

upon them : that they, into whose hands To the Reverend William Rawley, D. D., Isaac that work comes, may know it to be supposititious, Gruter wisheth much health.

or rather patched up of many distinct pieces; Reverend Sir,—It is not just to complain of how much soever the author bears himself upon the slowness of your answer, seeing that the the specious title of Verulam. difficulty of the passage, in the season in which Unless, perhaps, I should particularly suggest you wrote, which was towards winter, might in your name, that these words were there inserted, easily cause it to come no faster : seeing like- by way of caution; and lest malignity and rashwise there is so much to be found in it which may ness should any way blemish the fame of so emigratify desire, and perhaps so much the more the nent a person. longer it was ere it came to my hands. And al- Si me, fata, meis, paterentur ducere vitam aus. though I had little to send back, besides my piciis—(to use the words of Virgil.) If my fate thanks for the little index,* yet that seemed to would permit me to live according to my wishes, me of such moment that I would no longer sup- I would ny over into England, that I might behold press them: especially because I accounted it a whatsoever remaineth in your cabinet of the Vecrime to have suffered Mr. Smiths to have been rulamian workmanship, and at least make my without an answer : Mr. Smith, my most kind eyes witnesses of it, if the possession of the mer

chandise be yet denied to the public. * A note of some papers of the Lord Bacon's in D. R.'s hands.

+ of Christ's College, in Cambridge, and keeper of the * Certain spurious papers added to his translation of the public library there.

Advancement of Learning.



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