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TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW.

gus than felt, as whereby I am not likely to be safing so to visit this poorest and unworthiest of able to wait upon your lordship, as I desired, your servants. It d8th me good at heart, that, your lordship being the person, of whom I pro- although I be not where I was in place, yet I am mise myself more almost than of any other; and, in the fortune of your lordship’s favour, if I may again, to whom, in all loving affection, I desire call that fortune, which I observe to be so no less to approve myself a true friend and ser- unchangeable. I pray hard that it may once vant. My desire to your lordship, is to admit come in my power to serve you for it; and who this gentleman, my kinsman and approved can tell but that, as fortis imaginatio generat friend, to explain to you my business, whereby casum, so strange desires may do as much? to save further length of letter, or the trouble of Sure I am, that mine are ever waiting on your your lordship's writing back.

lordship; and wishing as much happiness as is
due to your incomparable virtue, I humbly do
your lordship reverence.
Your lordship’s most obliged

and humble servant, Good MR. Matthew,

Tobie Matthew. The event of the business, whereof you write, is, it may be, for the best: for seeing my lord,

P. S. The most prodigious wit that ever I of himself, beginneth to come about, quorsum as

knew of my nation, and of this side of the sea, is yet? I could not in my heart, suffer my Lord of your lordship's name, though he be known by

another. Digby to go hence, without my thanks and acknowledgments. I send my letter open, which I pray seal and deliver. Particulars I would not

TO THE LORD ARCHBISHOP OF YORK.* touch. Your most affectionate and assured friend,

My very good Lord,
FR. ST. ALBAN.

I mi use a better style than mine own in saying, Amor tuus undequaque se ostendit ex literis

tuis proximis, for which I give your grace many TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW.

thanks, and so, with more confidence, continue Good MR. Matthew,

my suit to your lordship for a lease absolute for When you write by pieces, it showeth your twenty-one years of the house, being the number continual care; for a flush of memory is not so of years which my father and my predecessors much; and I shall be always, on my part, ready fulfilled in it. A good fine requires certainty of to watch for you, as you for me.

term; and I am well assured, that the charge I I will not fail, when I write to the lord marquis, have expended in reparations, amounting to one to thank his lordship for the message, and to name thousand marks at least already, is more than the nuntius. And, to tell you plainly, this care hath been laid out by the tenants that have been they speak of, concerning my estate, was more in it since my remembrance, answerable to my than I looked for at this time; and it is that which particular circumstance, that I was born there, pleaseth me best. For my desires reach but to a and am like to end my days there. Neither can fat otium. That is truth; and so would I have I hold my hand, but, upon this encouragement, all men think, except the greatest; for I know am like to be doing still, which tendeth to the patents, absque aliquid inde reddendo, are not so improvement, in great measure, of the inheritance easily granted.

of your see by superlapidations, if I may so call I pray my service to the Spanish ambassador, it, instead of dilapidations, wherewith otherwise and present him my humble thanks for his favour. it might be charged. I am much his servant; and ashes may be good And whereas a state for life is a certainty, and for somewhat. I ever rest

not so well seen how it wears, a term of years Your most affectionate and assured friend, makes me more depending upon you and your

FR. ST. ALBAN. succession.

For the providing of your lordship and your I have sought for your little book, and cannot find it. I had it one day with me in my coach. successors a house, it is part of the former co

venant, wherein I desired not to be released. But sure it is safe; for I seldom lose books or

So, assuring myself of your grant and perfectpapers.

ing of this my suit, and assuring your grace of

my earnest desire and continual readiness to TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN. deserve well of you, and yours chiefly, and likeMOST HONOURED Lord,

wise of the see in any the causes or preeminences I have received your great and noble token and thereof, I commend your grace to God's goodfavour of the 9th of April, and can but return the ness, resting, &c. humblest of my thanks for your lordship’s vouch

* Dr. Tobie Matthew.

MINUTE OF A LETTER TO THE COUNT PALATINE Je ne puis aussi passer sous silence la grando OF THE RHINE.

raison, que vostre altesse fait à vostre propre

honneur en choississant tels conseilleurs et minisMONSEIGNEUR,

tres d'estat, comme se montre très-bien estre Je me tiens à grand honneur, qu'il plaise à Monsieur le Baron de Dhona et Monsieur de vostre altesse de me cognoistre pour tel, que je Plessen, estants personages si graves, discrètes et suis, ou pour le moins voudrois estre, envers vous habiles; en quoy vostre jugement reluict assez. et vostre service : et m'estimeray heureux, si par Vostre altesse de vostre grâce excusera la mes conseils auprès du roy, ou autre devoir, je faulte de mon langage François, ayant esté tant pourroy contribuer à vostre grandeur, dont il versé es vielles loix de Normandie : mais le coeur semble que Dieu vous a basti de belles occasions, supplera la plume, en priant Dieu de vous tenir ayant en contemplation vostre très-illustre person- en sa digne et saincte garde, ne, non seulement comme très-cher allié de mon Monseigneur, de vostre Altesse le plus maistre, mais aussi, comme le meilleur appui,

humble et plus affectionné serviteur. après les roys de Grande Bretagne, de la plus saine partie de la chrestieneté.

Endorsed, May 13, 1619.

LETTERS FROM THE BRITISH MUSEUM.

NEVER BEFORE PRINTED.

CO LADY BURGHLEY, TO SPEAK FOR HIM TO HER TO LORD BURGHLEY, TO RECOMMEND HIM TO LORD.*

TIIE QUEEN.* MY SINGULAR GOOD LADY,

MY SINGULAR GOOD LORD, I was as ready to show myself mindful of my

My humble duty remembered, and my humble duty, by waiting on your ladyship, at your being thanks presented for your lordship’s favour and in town, as now by writing, had I not feared lest countenance, which it pleased your lordship, at your ladyship's short stay, and quick return might my being with you, to vouchsafe me, above my well spare me, that came of no earnest errand. I degree and desert. My letter hath no further am not yet greatly perfect in ceremonies of court, errand but to commend unto your lordship the whereof, I know, your ladyship knoweth both the remembrance of my suit, which then I moved right use, and true value. My thankful and ser- unto you; whereof it also pleased your lordship viceable mind shall be always like itself, howso- to give me good hearing, so far forth as to promise ever it vary from the common disguising. Your to tender it unto her majesty, and withal to add, ladyship is wise, and of good nature to discern in the behalf of it, that which I may better deliver from what mind every action proceedeth, and to by letter than by speech ; which is, that although esteem of it accordingly. This is all the message it must be confessed that the request is rare and which my letter hath at this time to deliver, unaccustomed, yet if it be observed how few there unless it please your ladyship further to give me be which fall in with the study of the common leave to make this request unto you, that it would laws, either being well left or friended, or at their please your good ladyship, in your letters, where-own free election, or forsaking likely success in with you visit my good lord, to vouchsafe the other studies of more delight, and no less prefermention and recommendation of my suit; where- ment, or setting hand thereunto early, without in your ladyship shall bind me more unto you waste of years ; upon such survey made, it may than I can look ever to be able sufficiently to ac-be my case may not seem ordinary, no more than knowledge. Thus, in humble manner, I take my my suit, and so more beseeming unto it. As I leave of your ladyship, committing you, as daily force myself to say this in excuse of my motion, in my prayers, so, likewise, at this present, to the lest it should appear unto your lordship altogether merciful providence of the Almighty.

indiscreet and unadvised, so my hope to obtain Your ladyship's most dutiful

it resteth only upon your lordship's good affection and bounden nephew,

toward me, and grace with her majesty, who,

B. Fra. methinks, needeth never to call for the experience From Grey's Inn, this 16th September, 1580.

of the thing, where she hath so great and so good * Lansd. MS. xxxi., art. 14. Vol. 111.-21

* Lansd. MS. xxxi art. 14.

02

TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE LORD

TREASURER.*

of the person which recommendeth it. According themselves, yet laborant invidia ; I find, also, that to which trust of mine, if it may please your such persons as are of nature bashful (as myself lordship both herein and elsewhere to be my is,) whereby they want that plausible familiarity patron, and to make account of me, as one in which others have, are often mistaken for proud. whose well doing your lordship hath interest, But once I knew well, and I most humbly bealbeit, indeed, your lordship hath had place to seech your lordship to believe, that arrogancy benefit many, and wisdom to make due choice of and overweening is so far from my nature, as if lighting places for your goodness, yet do I not I think well of myself in any thing, it is in this, fear any of your lordship's former experiences for that I am free from that vice. And I hope upon staying my thankfulness borne in heart, howso- this your lordship's speech, I have entered into ever God's good pleasure shall enable me or dis- those considerations, as my behaviour shall no able me, outwardly, to make proof thereof; for I more deliver me for other than I am. And so, cannot account your lordship's service distinct wishing unto your lordship all honour, and to from that which I owe to God and my prince; the myself continuance of your good opinion, with performance whereof to best proof and purpose is mind and means to deserve it, I humbly take the meeting point and rendezvous of all my my leave. thoughts. Thus I take my leave of your lordship, Your lordship's most bounden nephew, in humble manner, committing you, as daily in

Fr. Bacon. my prayers, so, likewise, at this present, to the Grey's Inn, this 6th of May, 1586. merciful protection of the Almighty. Your most dutiful and bounden nephew,

B. Fra. From Grey's Inn, this 16th of September, 1560.

TO SIR ROBERT CECIL, KNIGIIT.. Sır:-I thank your honour very much for the signification which I received by Mr. Hickes, of your good opinion, good affection, and readiness; and as to the impediment which you mention,

and I did forecast, I know you bear that honouraMY VERY GOOD LORD,

ble disposition, as it will rather give you appreI take it as an undoubted sign of your lord- hension to deal more effectually for me than ship’s favour unto me, that, being hardly informed otherwise, not only because the trial of friends of me, you took occasion rather of good advice is in case of difficulty, but again, for that without than of evil opinion thereby. And if your lord- this circumstance, your honour should be only ship had grounded only upon the said information esteemed a true friend and kinsman, whereas now of theirs, I might, and would truly have upholden you shall be further judged a most honourable that few of the matters were justly objected; as counsellor; for pardons are each honourable, the very circumstances do induce, in that they because they come from mercy, but most honourwere delivered by men that did misaffect me, able towards such offenders. My desire is, your and, besides, were to give colour to their own honour should break with my lord, your father doings. But because your lordship did mingle as soon as may stand with your convenience, therewith both a late motion of mine own, and which was the cause why now I did write. And somewhat which you had otherwise heard, I so I wish your honour all happiness. know it to be my duty, (and so do I stand affect- Your honour's in faithful affection ed,) rather to prove your lordship's admonition

to be commanded, effectual in my doings hereafter, than causeless

FR. Bacon. by excusing what is past. And yet, (with your From Grey's Inn, this 16th of April, 1593 lordship's pardon humbly asked,) it may please you to remember, that I did endeavour to set forth that said motion in such sort, as it might breed no harder effect than a denial. And I

TO MR. MICHAEL HICKES, SECRETARY TO THE pro

LORD HIGH TREASURER. test simply before God, that I sought therein an ease in coming within bars, and not any extraor- Mr. Hickes, still I hold opinion that a good solidinary or singular note of favour. And for that, citor is as good as a good counsellor, I pray as you your lordship may otherwise have heard of me, have begun so continue, to put Sir Robert Cecil it shall make me more wary and circumspect in in mind. I write now because I understand, by carriage of myself; indeed, I find in my simple occasion of Mr. Solicitor's ordering at the court, observation, that they which live, as it were, in things are like to be deliberated, if not resolved. umbra and not in public or frequent action, how I pray learn what you can, both by your nearness moderately and modestly soever they behave

Lansd. MS. Ixxv. art. 36, Orig. * Lansd. Ms. li. art. 5, Orig.

+ Lansd. NS. Ixxv. art. 56, Orig

a

HICKES.

to my lord, and by speech with Sir Robert, and with more ease, practise the law, which, percase, write what you find. Thus, in haste, I wish you I may use now and then for my countenance,) yet, right well.

to speak plainly, though perhaps vainly, I do not Your friend assured,

think that the ordinary practice of the law, not Fr. Bacon.

serving the queen in place, will be admitted for From Gorhambury, this 26th of September, 1593.

a good account of the poor talent that God hath

given me, so as I make reckoning, I shall reap no I pray send me word what is your day of pay- great benefit to myself in that course. Thus, again ment, and whether you can be certain to renew, desiring the continuance of your lordship’s goodbecause my brother's land is not yet sold.

ness as I have hitherto found, and on my part, sought also to deserve, I commend your good

lordship to God's good preservation. TO THE LORD HIGH TREASURER.

Your lordship’s most humbly hounden,

Fr. Bacon. After the remembrance of my humble and From Gray's Inn, this 21st of March, 1594. bounden duty, it may please your good lordship, the last term I drew myself to my house in the country, expecting that the queen would have placed another solicitor, and so I confess a little TO MR. HENRY MAYNARD, AND MR. MICHAEL to help digestion, and to be out of eye, I absented myself, for I understood her majesty not only to Mr. Maynard and Mr. Hickes, I build somecontinue in her delay, but, (as I was advertised what, upon the conceit I have of your good wills, chiefly by my Lord of Essex,) to be retrograde, which maketh me direct my request to you in so (to use the term applied to the highest powers ;) pressing an occasion as is fallen unto me, by the since which time, I have, as in mine own conceit, strange slipping, and uncertain over-cunning deal. given over the suit, though I leave it to her ma- ing of a man in the city, who, having concluded a jesty's tenderness, and the constancy of my bargain with me for certain marsh lands, now in honourable friends, so it be without pressing. mortgage for a thousand pounds, and standing to

And now my writing to your lordship is chiefly be redeemed the 24th of this present, which is to give you thanks. For, surely, if a man con- but twelve days hence, and being to give me sixsider the travail and not the event, a man is often teen hundred and odd pounds for the sale, doth more bounden to his honourable friends for a suit now upon a point, as clear as any case in Littledenied than for a suit succeeding. Herewithal, ton, and wherein Mr. Attorney-General, Mr. I am bold to make unto your lordship three re- Brograve, Mr. Heskett, Mr. Gerard, Mr. Altham, quests, which ought to be very reasonable, and all that I can speak with, make no manner because they come so many at once.

But I of doubt, quarrel upon the assurance, and so in cannot call that reasonable, which is only this time of difficulty for money pensions, and in grounded upon favour. The first is, that your so instant a quantity of time as twelve days, lordship would yet tueri opus tuum, and give as plunge me to seek my redemption money, or to much life unto this present suit for the solicitor's forfeit my land to seven hundred pounds less and place, as may be without offending the queen, more. This maketh me desire the help of two (for that were not good for me.) The next is, so good friends as I esteem yourselves to be, the that, if I did show myself too credulous to idle rather because the collateral pawn which I would hearsays, in regard of my right honourable kins-offer, which is the assurance of my lease of man and good friend, Sir Robert Cecil, (whose Twickenham, being a thing which will pass with good nature did well answer my honest liberty,) easy and short assurance, and is every way clear your lordship will impute it to the complexion of and unsubject to encumbrance, (because it is my a suitor, and of a tired sea-sick suitor, and not to pleasure and my dwelling,) I would not offer but mine own inclination; lastly, that howsoever this to a private friend; upon which assurance my matter go, yet I may enjoy your lordship's good desire is, that upon your joint means or credit, I favour and help, as I have done in regard of my might be furnished at my day, and if either of private estate, which, as I have not altogether you like the bargain of my marsh lands, you shall neglected, so I have but negligently attended, have their refusal, and I shall think you true and and which hath bero bottered only by yourself, timely friends. So, in great haste, I bid you (the queen except,) and not by any other in mat- both farewell. ter of importance. This last request, I find it

Your friend, loving and assured, more necessary for rie to make, because, (though

a

FR. Bacon I am glad of her majesty's favour, that I may, From my chamber, this 12th of March, 1595.

* Lansd. M8. Ixxviii, art. 31, Orig.

• Lansd. MS. lxxx. art. 71, Orig.

TO MR. MICHAEL MICKES.*

TO LORD BURGHLEY..

not but allow; for as I was ever sorry that your IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP.

lordship shauld fly with waxen wings, doubting I am sorry the joint mask from the four inns Icarus's fortune, so, for the growing up of your of court faileth, wherein I conceive there is no

own feathers, specially ostrich's, or any other, other ground of that event but impossibility. Save of a bird of prey, no man shall be more glad; Nevertheless, because it falleth out inat at this and this is the axletree whereupon I have turned, time Gray's Inn is well furnished of gallant and shall turn, which to signify to you, though I

, young gentlemen, your lordship may be pleased think you are of yourself persuaded as much, is to know that rather than this occasion shall

the cause of my writing; and so commend I your

pass without some demonstration of affection from the lordship to God's goodness. inns of court; there are a dozen gentlemen of

Your lordship’s most humbly,

FR. Bacon. Gray's Inn, that out of the honour which they bear to your lordship and my lord chamberlain, From Gray's Inn, this 20th of July, 1600. to whom at their last mask they were so much bounden, will be ready to furnish a mask, wishing it were in their powers to perform it according to their minds. And so for the present I humbly take my leave, resting Your lordship's very humble

MR. Hickes,—I thank you for your letter, and much bounden,

testifying your kind care of my fortune, which FR. Bacon.

when it mendeth, your thanks will likewise amend. In particular you write you would be in town as on Monday, which is passed, and that

you would make proof of Mr. Billett, or some TO MR. MICHAEL HICKES.

other friend for my supply, whereof I see you are

the more sensible, because you concur in approvSır,—The queen hath done somewhat for me, ing my purpose and resolution, of first freeing my though not in the proportion I hoped ; but the credit from suits and speech, and so my estate by order is given, only the moneys will not in any degrees, which in very truth was the cause which part come to my hand this fortnight; the later made me sub impudens in moving you for new by reason of Mr. Attorney's absence, busied to help, when I should have helped you with your

# the queen, and I am like to borrow the former money. I am desirous to know what mean while. Thus hoping to take hold of your success you have had since your coming to town, invitation some day this borrowing, I rest

in your kind care. I have thought of two sureYour assured friend,

ties for one hundred pounds a piece: the one Mr. FR. Bacon.

Fra. Anger, of Gray's Inn, he that was the old Count of Lincoln's executor, a man very honest and very able, with whom I have spoken, and he

hath promised; the other Sir Thomas Hobby, TO THE EARL OF SALISBURY.

whom I have not spoken with, but do presume of, My Lord,--No man can better expound my though I never used him in that kind. So leaving doings than your lordship, which maketh me it to your good will, I rest need to say the less; only I humbly pray you to Your assured loving friend, believe that I aspire to conscience and commenda

Fr. Bacon. tion, first of bonus civis, which with us is a good and true servant to the queen, and next of bonus vir, that is, an honest man. I desire your lordship also to think that though I confess I love some

TO MR. M. HICKES. things much better than I love your lordship, as

MR. Hickes,-Your remain shall be with you the queen's service, her quiet and contentment,

but I have now a further request, which, her honour, her favour, the good of my country, if you perform, I shall think you one of the best and the like, yet, I love few persons better than

friends I have, and yet, the matter is not much to yourself, both for gratitude's sake, and for your own trueness, which cannot hurt but by accident you, but the timing of it is much to me; for I am or abuse, of which my good affection, I was ever which are any ways in suit or urged, following a

now about this term to free myself from all debts, and am ready to yield testimony by any good faster pace to free my credit than my means can uffers, but with such reservations as yourself

follow to free my state, which yet cannot stay

long after ; I having resolved to spare no means • Lansd. MS.cvii. art. 8, Orig +Lansd. MS. cvii. art. 9, Orig. $ Difficult to decypher, q. intercede ?

* Lansd. MS. Ixxxvii. art. 86, Orig. > Lansd. MS. Ixxxvii. art. 79, Orig.

+ Lansd. MS. lxxxviii. art 3 Orig

1600.

this term,

can

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