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take it, and from me only the advice to perform a subject and as he that took once the oath of it. If you part not speedily with it, you may counsellor, to make known to your lordship an defer the good, which is approaching near you, advertisement which came to me this morning. and disappointing other aims, (which must either A gentleman, a dear friend of mine, whom your shortly receive content, or never,) perhaps anew lordship cannot but imagine, though I name him yield matter of discontent, though you may be not, told me thus much, that some English priests indeed as innocent as before. Make the treasurer that negotiated at Rome to facilitate the dispensabelieve, that since the marquis will by no means tion, did their own business, (that was his phrase ;) accept of it, and that you must part with it, you for they negotiated with the pope to erect some are more willing to pleasure him than anybody titulary bishops for England, that might ordain, else, because you are given to understand may and have other spiritual faculties ; saying withal lord marquis so inclines; which inclination, if the most honestly, that he thought himself bound to treasurer shortly send unto you about it, desire impart this to some counsellor, both as a loyal may be more clearly manifested, than as yet it subject, and as a Catholic ; for that he doubted it hath been; since, as I remember, none hitherto might be a cause to cross the graces and mercies hath told you in terminis terminantibus, that the which the Catholics now enjoy, if it be not premarquis desires you should gratify the treasurer. vented: and he asked my advice, whether he I know that way the hare runs; and that my lord should make it known to your lordship, or to my marquis longs until Cranfield hath it; and so I lord keeper,* when he came back to London. I wish too, for your good, yet would not it were commended his loyalty and discretion, and wished absolutely passed, until my lord marquis did send, him to address himself to your lordship, who or write, unto you, to let him have it; for then, might communicate it with my lord keeper, if you his so disposing of it were but the next degree saw cause, and that he repaired to your lordship removed from the immediate acceptance of it, and presently, which he resolved to do. Nevertheless, your lordship freed from doing it otherwise than I did not think mine own particular duty acquitted, to please him, and to comply with his own will except I certified it also myself, borrowing so
much of private friendship in a cause of state, as I have no more to say, but that I am, and ever not to tell him I would do so much. will be
Endorsed, Your lordship's most affectionate friend My letter to my lord marquis, touching the business
and humble servant, of estate advertised by Mr. Matthew.t
TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.
MY MOST HONOURED LORD, TO THE LORD KEEPER, DR. WILLIAMS, BISHOP OF of thanksgiving for the continuance of your ac
I come in these to your lordship with the voice LINCOLN MY VERY GOOD LORD,
customed noble care of me and my good, which I understand there is an extent prayed against
overtakes me, I find, whithersoever I me, and a surety of mine, by the executors of one
for the present itself, (whereof your lordship Harrys, a goldsmith. The statute is twelve writes,) whether or no it be better than that I was years old, and falleth to an executor, or an execu
wont to bring your lordship, the end only can tor of an executor, I know not whether. And it prove. For I have yet no more to show for it than was sure a statute collected out of a shop-debt, good words, of which many times I brought your and much of it paid. I humbly pray your lord- lordship good store. But because modicefideans ship, according to justice and equity, to stay the were not made to thrive in court, I mean to lose extent, being likewise upon a double penalty, no time from assailing my lord marquis, for which till I may better inform myself touching a mat purpose. I am now hovering about New-hall,& ter so long past; and, if it be requisite, put in where his lordship is expected (but not the king) a bill
, that the truth of the account appearing, this day, or to-morrow : which place, as your such satisfaction may be made as shall be fit. So
Dr. Williams, Bishop of Lincoln. I rest
+ The date of this letter may be pretty nearly determined Your lordship's affectionate
by one of the lord keeper to the Marquis of Buckingh m, dated August 23, 1622, and printed in the Cabala.
The postto do you faithful service,
script to that letter is as follows: “The Spanish ambassador
FR. ST. ALBAN. took the alarm very speedily of the titulary Roman bishop; May 30, 1622.
and before my departure from his house at Islington, whither I went privately to him, did write both to Rome and Spain to
prevent it. But I am afraid that Tobie will prove but an TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.
apocryphal, and no canonical, intelligencer, acquainting the MY VERY GOOD LORD,
state with this project for the Jesuits' rather than for Jesus's
sake.” I thought it appertained to my duty, both as
# In Essex. VOL. III.-19
lordship adviseth, may not be ill chosen for my memorial to my lord treasurer: that your lordship business. For, if his lordship be not very thick offered, and received, and presented my petition of hearing, sure New-hall will be heard to speak to the king, and procured me a reference: that
your lordship moved his majesty, and obtained And now, my good lord, if any thing make me for me access to him, against his majesty comes diffident, or indeed almost indifferent how it suc- next, which, in mine own opinion, is better than ceeds, it is this; that my sole ambition having if it had been now, and will be a great comfort to ever been, and still is, to grow up only under me, though I should die next day after : that your your lordship, it is become preposterous, even to lordship gave me so good English for my Latin my nature and habit, to think of prospering, or book. My humble request is, at this time, that receiving any growth, either without or besides because my lord treasurer keepeth yet his answer your lordship. And, therefore, let me claim of in suspense, (though by one he useth to me, he your lordship to do me this right, as to believe speaketh me fair,) that your lordship would nick that which my heart says, or rather swears to me, it with a word : for if he do me good, I doubt it namely, that what addition soever, by God's good may not be altogether of his own.
God ever providence, comes at any time to my life or for- prosper you. tune, it is, in my account, but to enable me the Your lordship's most bounden more to serve your lordship in both ; at whose
and faithful servant, feet I shall ever humbly lay down all that I have,
Fr. St. ALBAN. or am, never to rise thence other than
4th of November, 1622.
TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.
MY MOST HONOURED LORD,
Since my last to your lordship, I find by Mr. TO THE COUNTESS OF BUCKINGHAM,* MOTHER Johnson, that my lord treasurer is not twice in
TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. one mind, or Sir Arthur Ingram not twice in one MY VERY HONOURABLE GOOD LADY,
tale. For, Sir Arthur, contrary to his speech but Your ladyship's late favour and noble usage yesterday with me, puts himself now, as it
seems, towards me were such, as I think your absence a in new hopes to prevail with my lord treasurer for great part of my misfortunes. And the more I your lordship's good and advantage, by a proposifind my most noble lord, your son, to increase in tion sent by Mr. Johnson, for the altering of your favour towards me, the more out of my love to patent to a new mould, more safe than the other, him, I wish he had often by him so loving and which he seemed to dissuade, as I wrote to your wise a mother. For if my lord were never so lordship. I like my lord treasurer's heart to your wise, as wise as Solomon; yet, I find, that Solo-lordship, so much every day worse than other,
Ι mon himself, in the end of his Proverbs, sets especially for his coarse usage of your lordship's down a whole chapter of advices that his mother name in his last speech, as that I cannot imagine taught him.
he means you any good. And, therefore, good Madam, I can but receive your remembrance my lord, what directions you shall give herein to with affection, and use your name with honour, Sir Arthur Ingram, let them be as safe ones as you and intend you my best service, if I be able, ever can think upon; and that your lordship surrender resting
not your old patent, till you have the new under Your ladyship’s humble
seal, lest my lord keeper should take toy, and and affectionate servant,
stop it there. And I know your lordship cannot
FR. ST. ALBAN. forget they have such a savage word among them Bedford House, this 29th of October, 1622.
as fleecing. God in heaven bless your lordship from such hands and tongues; and then things
will mend of themselves. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.
Your lordship’s, in all humbleness, MY VERY GOOD LORD,
to honour and serve you, I have many things to thank your lordship for,
This Sunday morning. since I had the happiness to see you ; that your lordship, before your going out of town, sent my
Endorsed-251h of November, 1622.
Mary, daughter of Anthony Beaumont, a younger son of
TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.
I find my lord treasurer, after so many days and uf William, Earl of Northampton. She was created Countess uf Buckingham, July 1, 1618; and died April 19, 1632. appointments, and such certain messages and pro
mises, doth but mean to coax me, (it is his own which I will endeavour, upon all opportunities, word of old,) and to saw me asunder, and to do to deserve: and in the mean time do rest just nothing upon his majesty's gracious reference, Your lordship's assured faithful nobly procured by your lordship for this poor rem
poor friend and servant, want. My lord, let it be your own deed; and to
Jo. LINCOLN, C. S. use the prayers of the litany, good Lord, deliver
Westminster College, this 7th of Feb., me from this servile dependence; for I had rather beg and starve, than be fed at that door. God ever prosper your lordship. Your lordship's most bounden
TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. and faithful servant,
FR. ST. ALBAN. Though your lordship's absence* fall out in an Bedford House, this
ill time for myself; yet, because I hope in God Endorsed,
this noble adventure will make your lordship a To Buckingham, about Lord Treasurer Cranfield's rich return in honour, abroad and at home, ana using of him.
chiefly in the inestimable treasure of the love and trust of that thrice-excellent prince; I confess I am so glad of it, as I could not abstain from your
lordship’s trouble in seeing it expressed by these TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.
few and hasty lines. EXCELLENT LORD,
I beseech your lordship, of your nobleness I perceive this day by Mr. Comptroller,* that vouchsafe to present my most humble duty to his I live continually in your lordship’s remembrance highness, who, I hope, ere long will make me and noble purposes concerning my fortunes, as leave King Henry the Eighth, and set me on well for the comfort of my estate, as for counte- work in relation of his highness's adventures. nancing me otherwise by his majesty's employ- I very humbly kiss your lordship's hands, ments and graces; for which I most humbly kiss resting ever your hands, leaving the times to your good lord- Your lordship's most obliged ship; which, considering my age and wants, I
friend and servant. assure myself your lordship will the sooner take February 21, 1622. into your care. And for my house at Gorhambury, I do infinitely desire your lordship should have it; and howsoever I may treat, I will conclude with TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. none, till I know your lordship’s farther pleasure, Excellent LORD, ever resting
Upon the repair of my Lord of Rochford unto Your lordship’s obliged
your lordship, whom I have ever known so fast and faithful servant,
and true a friend and servant unto you; and who FR. ST. ALBAN.
knows likewise so much of my mind and affection Bedford House, this 5th of Feb. 1622.4
towards your lordship, I could not but kiss your lordship's hands, by the duty of these few lines.
My lord, I hope in God, that this your noble
adventure will make you a rich return, especial y TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.
in the inestimable treasure of the love and trust of MY VERY GOOD LORD,
that twice-excellent prince. And although, to a I have received by this bearer, the privy seal man that loves your lordship so dearly as I do, for the survey of coals, which I will lay aside, and knows somewhat of the world, it cannot be, until I shall hear farther from my Lord Steward, but that in my thoughts there should arise many and the rest of the lords.
fears, or shadows of fears, concerning so rare an I am ready to do as much as your lordship accident; yet, nevertheless, I believe well, that desireth, in keeping Mr. Cottong off from the this your lordship’s absence will rather be a glass violence of those creditors: only himself is, as unto you, to show you many things, whereof you yet, wanting in some particular directions. may make use hereafter, than otherwise any hurt
I heartily thank your lordship for your book; or hazard to your fortunes; which God grant. For and all other symbols of your love and affection, myself, I am but a man desolate till your return,
and have taken a course accordingly. Vouchsafe,
of your nobleness, to remember my most humble * Henry Cary, Viscount Falkland.
+ Two days before, ihe Marquis of Buckingham set out duty to his highness. And so God, and his holy privately with the prince, for Spain.
angels guard you, both going and coming 1 Duke of Lenox. Probably the surety of Lord Bacon for the debt to Harrys
Endorsed - March 10, 1622. the goldsmith, mentioned in his lordship's letter of May 30, į
TO THE KING.
TO SIR FRANCIS COTTINGTON, SECRETARY TO
TO MR. SECRETARY CONWAY.
Good MR. SECRETARY,
When you did me the honour and favour to Though I wrote so lately unto you, by my Lord visit me, you did not only in general terms express Rochford; yet, upon the going of my Lord Vaugh- your love unto me, but, as a real friend, asked an,* the prince's worthy and trusty servant, and me whether I had any particular occasion, wheremy approved friend, and your so near ally, I in I might make use of you? At that time I had could not but put this letter into his hand, com- none: now there is one fallen. It is, that Mr. mending myself and my fortunes unto you. You Thomas Murray, Provost of Eton, (whom I love know the difference of obliging men in prosperity very well,) is like to die. It were a pretty cell and adversity, as much as the sowing upon a for my fortune. The college and school, I do not pavement and upon a furrow new made. Myself doubt, but I shall make to flourish. His majesty, for quiet, and the better to hold out, am retired to when I waited on him, took notice of my wants, Gray's Inn:t for when my chief friends were and said to me, that, as he was a king, he would
а gone so far off, it was time for me to go to a cell. have care of me: this is a thing somebody would God send us a good return of you all.
have, and costs his majesty nothing. I have I ever rest, &c.
written two or three words to his majesty, which My humble service to my lord marquis, to I would pray you to deliver. I have not expressed whom I have written twice. I would not cloy this particular to his majesty, but referred it to him. My service also to the Count Gondomar, your relation. My most noble friend, the marand Lord of Bristol.
quis, is now absent. Next to him I could not Endorsed,
think of a better address than to yourself, as one To Mr. Secretary, Sir Francis Cottinglon, March likest to put on his affection. I rest 22, 1622.
Your honour's very affectionate friend,
FR. ST. ALBAN.*
Gray's Inn, the 25th of March, 1623. IT MAY PLEASE your MAJESTY,
Now that my friend is absent, (for so I may call him still, since your majesty, when I waited on
TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM, IN SPAIN. you, told me, that fortune made no difference,) Excellent Lord, your majesty remaineth to me king, and master,
Finding so trusty a messenger as Sir John and friend, and all. Your beadsman therefore addresseth himself to your majesty for a cell to lines into his hands. I thank God, that those
Epsley, I thought it my duty to put these few retire into. The particular I have expressed to shadows, which either mine own melancholy, or my very friend, Mr. Secretary Conway. This
my extreme love to your lordship, did put into help, which costs your majesty nothing, may my mind concerning this voyage of the prince and reserve me to do your majesty service, without being chargeable unto you; for I will never deny otherwise. The gross fear is past of the passage
your lordship, rather vanish and diminish than but my desire to serve your majesty is of the of France. I think you had the ring which they nature of the heart, that will be ultimum moriens write of, that, when the seal was turned to the with me.
palm of the hand, made men go invisible. God preserve your majesty, and send you a Neither do I hear of any novelty here worth the good return of the treasure abroad, which passeth
esteeming. all Indian fleets.
There is a general opinion here that your lordYour majesty's most humble
ship is like enough to return, and go again, before and devoted servant,
the prince come: which opinion, whether the March 25, 1623.
Fr. St. ALBAN.
business lead you to do so, or no, doth no hurt ; Endorsed, To the king, touching the Provostship of Eton.[
for it keeps men in awe.
I find, I thank God, some glimmering of the * He was son and heir of Walter Vaughan, of Golden Grove, in Caermarthenshire, Esq.; and was created Lord * To this letter Secretary Conway wrote an answer, acVaughan, in the year 1620. The Lord St. Alban, after he quainting the Lord Viscount St. Alban, that the king could was delivered from his confinement in the Tower, was per- not value his lordship so little, or conceive that he limited mitted to stay at Sir John Vaughan's house, at Parson's his desires so low ; in which, however, he should have been Green, near Fulham.
gratified, had not the king been engaged, by the Marquis of # In a MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carle- Buckingham, for Sir William Becher, his agent in France.ton, dated at London, March 8, 1622-3, is the following pas- See Account of the Life of Lord Bacon, p. 20, prefixed to the sage: "The Lord of St. Alban is in his old remitter, and edition of his Letters, Memoirs, &c., by Robert Stephens, Esq. came to lie in his old lodgings in Gray's Inn; which is the The Duke of Buckingham himself, likewise, after his return fulfilling of a prophecy of one Locke, a familiar of his, of the from Spain, in a letter to the Lord Viscount St. Alban, dated same house, that knew him intus et in cute : who, seeing him at Hinchinbrook, October 27, 1623, expresses his concern that go thence in pomp, with the great seal before him, said to he could do his lordship no service in that affair, “having divers of his friends, we shall live to have him here again.” engaged myself," says he, "to Sir William Becher, before
Mr. Thomas Murray, the provost of that college, having my going into Spain; so that I cannot free myself, unless been cut for the stone, died April 1, 1623.
there were means to give him satisfaction."
king's favour, which your lordship's noble work I was looking of some short papers of mine of my access, no doubt, did chiefly cherish. I am touching usury, * to grind the teeth of it, and yet much bound to Mr. Secretary Conway. It is make it grind to his majesty's mill in good sort, wholly for your lordship’s sake, for I had no without discontentment or perturbation. If you acquaintance with him in the world. By that I think good, I will send it to his majesty, as the see of him, he is a man fit to serve a great king, fruit of my leisure. But yet, I would not have and fit to be a friend and servant to your lordship. it come from me, not for any tenderness in the Good my lord, write two or three words to him, thing, but because I know, in courts of princes, both of thanks, and a general recommendation of it is usual, non res, sed displicet auctor. me unto him.
your honour, &c. Vouchsafe, of your nobleness, to present my
Endorsed, most humble duty to his highness. We hear he To Mr. Secretary Conway, touching the provostship is fresh in his person, and becomes this brave of Eton, March 31, 1623. journey in all things. God provide all things for the best. I ever rest, &c.
TO THE EARL OF BRISTOL, AMBASSADOR IN Endorsed-March 30, 1623.
MY VERY GOOD Lord,
Though I have written to your lordship lately, TO MR. SECRETARY CONWAY.
yet I could not omit to put a letter into so good a Good MR. SECRETARY,
hand as Mr. Matthew's, being one that hath often I am much comforted by your last letter, made known unto me how much I am beholden wherein I find that his majesty, of his mere grace to your lordship; and knoweth, likewise, in what and goodness, vouchsafeth to have a care of me, estimation I have ever had your lordship, not aca man out of sight, out of use; but yet his, as the cording to your fortunes, but according to your Scripture saith, God knows those that are his. inward value. Therefore, not to hold your lordIn particular, I am very much bound to his mia- ship in this time of so great business, and where jesty (and I pray you, sir, thank his majesty most I have so good a mean as Mr. Matthew, who, if humbly for it) that, notwithstanding the former there be any thing that concerns my fortune, designment of Sir William Becher, * his majesty can better express it than myself, I humbly com(as you write) is not out of hope, in due time, to mend myself, and my service to your lordship, accommodate me of this cell, and to satisfy him resting, &c. otherwise. Many conditions, no doubt, may be as contenting to that gentleman, and his years may expect them. But there will hardly fall,
TO SIR FRANCIS COTTINGTON, SECRETARY TO especially in the spent hourglass of my life, any thing so fit for me, being a retreat to a place of study so near London, and where (if I sell my
Good Mr. Secretary, house at Gorhambury, as I purpose to do, to put
Though I think I have cloyed you with letters, myself in some convenient plenty) I may be yet, had I written a thousand before, I must adá accommodated of a dwelling for summer time. one more by the hands of Mr. Matthew, being as And, therefore, good Mr. Secretary, further this true a friend as any you or I have; and one that his majesty's good intention, by all means, if the made me so happy, as to have the assurance of place fall.
our friendship; which, if there be any stirring for For yourself, you have obliged me much. I my good, I pray practise in so good a conjunction will endeavour to deserve it: at least your noble- as his. I ever rest, &c. ness is never lost; and my noble friend, the marquis, I know, will thank you for it.
Sir William had not, however, that post, but, in lieu of it, the promise of two thousand five lundred pounds, Good MR. Matthew, upon the fall of the first of the six clerks' places, and was permitted to keep his clerkship of the council. ---MS. Letter of
Because Mr. Clarke is the first that hath been Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton, dated at London, sent since your departure, who gave me also the July 24, 1624. The provostship was given to Sir Henry comfortable news, that he met you well, I could Woiton, who was instituted into it the 26th of that month, having purchased it by a surrender of a grant of the reversion not but visit you with my letters, who have so of the mastership of the rolls, and of another office, which often visited me with your kind conferences. was fit to be turned into present money, which he then, and My health, I thank God, is better than when afterwards, much wanted : [Life of him by Mr. Isaac Walton:] for, when he went to the election at Eton, soon after his you left me; and, to my thinking, better than bebeing made provost, he was so ill provided, that the fellow's of the college were obliged to furnish his bare walls, and * In his works is published, A Draught of an Act against whatever else was wanting.-MS. Letter of Mr. Chamberlain, an usurious Shift of Gain in delivering of Commodities instead Aug. 7, 1624.
TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW.