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withal, no more instances would be made hereafter on the part of Spain for justice to be done ever in these particulars: but that if slackness were used here, they would be laid up in the deck, and would serve for materials (this was the very word) of future and final discontentments. Now, as the humour and design of some may carry them towards troubling of the waters, so I know your lordship's both nature and great place require an appeasing them at your hands. And I have not presumed to say this little out of any mind at all, that I may have, to meddle with matters so far above me, but out of a thought I had, that I was tied in duty to lay thus much under your lordship's eye; because I know and consider of whom I heard that speech, and with how grave circumstances it was delivered.

I beseech Jesus to give continuance and increase to your lordship's happiness; and that, if it may stand with his will, myself may one day have the honour of casting some small mite into that rich treasury. So I humbly do your lordship reverence, and continue

The most obliged of your lordship's many faithful servants,


Nottingham, this 21st of August, 1618.



MR. WAKE,—I have received some letters from you; and hearing from my Lord Cavendish* how well he affects you, and taking notice also of your good abilities and services in his majesty's affairs, and not forgetting the knowledge I had, when young, of your good father, I thought my self in some measure tied not to keep from you my good opinion of you, and my desire to give you any furtherance in your fortunes and occasions, whereof you may take knowledge and liberty to use me for your good. Fare you well. Your very loving friend, FR. VERULAM, Canc.

York House, this 1st of Sept., 1618.



His majesty is desirous to be satisfied of the fitness and conveniency of the gold and silver the Spanish ambassador, on account of a boy's being hurt by him as he was riding. [Camdeni Annales Regis Jacobi I., p. 33.] They were proceeded against by commissioners, at Guildhall, on Wednesday, the 12th of August following; seven being found guilty, and adjudged to six months' imprisonment, and to pay five hundred pounds apiece. Two others were acquitted. MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton, London, August 15, 1618.

*William Cavendish, son and heir of William, created Baron Cavendish Hardwicke in Derbyshire, in May, 1605, and Earl of Devonshire, July 12, 1618.

+ Arthur Wake, rector of Billing in Northamptonshire, master of the hospital of St. John in Northampton, and canon of Christ Church, Oxford.

thread business; as also of the profit that shall any way accrue unto him thereby. Wherefore his pleasure is, that you shall, with all convenient speed, call unto you the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench,* the attorney-general,† and the solicitor, and consider with them of every of the said particulars, and return them to his majesty, that thereupon he may resolve what present course to take for the advancement of the execution thereof. And so I rest

Your lordship's faithful servant,

Theobalds, the 4th of Oct., 1618.



I send the commission for making Lincoln's Inn Fields into walks, for his majesty's signature. It is without charge to his majesty.

We have had my Lord of Ormonde§ before us. We could not yet get him to answer directly, whether he would obey the king's award or no. After we had endured his importunity and impertinences, and yet let him down to this, that his majesty's award was not only just and within his submission, but in his favour; we concluded in few words, that the award must be obeyed, and if he did refuse or impugn the execution of it in Ireland, he was to be punished by the justice of Ireland: if he did murmur or scandalize it here, or trouble his majesty any more, he was to be punished in England. Then he asked, whether he might be gone. For that, we told him, his majesty's pleasure was to be known.

Sir Robert Mansell hath promised to bring his summer account this day sevennight. God pre

serve and prosper you.

Your lordship's most obliged
. friend and faithful servant,

November 12, 1618.


I send your lordship the commission signed by his majesty, which he was very willing to

* Sir Henry Montagu.

+ Sir Henry Yelverton.

Sir Thomas Coventry.

Walter, Earl of Ormonde, grandfather of James, the first Duke of Ormonde. This earl, upon the death of Thomas, Earl of Ormonde and Ossory, succeeding to those honours, should have inherited likewise the greatest part of the estate but his right was contested by Sir Richard Preston, Lord Dingwell, supported by the favour of King James I., who made an award, which Walter, Earl of Ormonde, conceiving to be unjust, refused to submit to, and was, by the king's order, committed to the Fleet, where he remained eight years before the death of that king; but in 1625 recovered his

He had been created Lord Verulam on the 12th of July, 1618. liberty. Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

despatch, as a business very commendable and worthy to be taken in hand.

For the Earl of Ormonde, his majesty made no other answer, but that he hopeth he is not so unmannerly, as to go away without taking leave of his majesty.

For Sir Robert Mansell's account, his majesty saith he is very slow, especially being but a summary account, and that he promised to bring it in before and therefore would have him tied to the day he hath now set, without any farther delay. This last his majesty commanded me to put in after I had written and signed my letter. Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

Royston, the 13th of November, 1618.



Having formerly moved your lordship in the business of this bearer, Mr. Wyche, of whom, as I understand, your lordship hath had a special care to do him favour, according to the equity of his cause; now, seeing that the cause is shortly to be heard, I have thought fit to continue my recommendation of the business unto you, desiring your lordship to show what favour you lawfully may unto Mr. Wyche, according as the justness of the cause shall require: which I will acknowledge as a courtesy from your lordship, and ever rest

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,
Newmarket, the 18th of November, 1618.




I have written a letter unto your lordship, which will be delivered unto you in behalf of Dr. Steward; and, besides, have thought fit to use all freedom with you in that, as in other things; and, therefore, have thought fit to tell you, that he being a man of very good reputation, and a stout man, that will not yield to any thing, wherein he conceiveth any hard course against him, I should be sorry he should make any complaint against you. And, therefore, if you can advise of any course, how you may be eased of that burden, and freed from his complaint, without show of any fear of him, or any thing he can say, I will be ready to join with you for the accomplishment thereof: and so, desiring you to excuse the long stay of your man, I rest

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,
From Newmarket, 3d of December, 1618.



Yesternight we despatched the Lord Ridgeway's account. Good service is done. Seven or eight thousand pounds are coming to the king, and a good precedent set for accounts.

There came to the seal about a fortnight since a strange book passed by Mr. Attorney to one Mr. Hall; and it is to make subjects, (for so is denization,) and this to go to a private use, till some thousand pounds be made of it. The number one hundred denizens. And, whereas, all books of that nature had an exception of merchants, (which importeth the king not much in his customs only, for that is provided for in the book, but many other ways,) this takes in merchants and all. I acquainted the commissioners with it, and by one consent it is stayed. But let me counsel his majesty to grant forth a commission of this nature, so to raise money for himself, being a flower of the crown: and Hall may be rewarded

that it may be carried with election and discretion, whom to admit to denization, and whom not. God ever bless and prosper you.

I send your lordship the bill of the sheriff of Hereford and Leicester, pricked and signed by his majesty, who hath likewise commanded me to send unto your lordship these additions of instruc-out of it; and it would be to principal persons, tions, sent unto him by the surveyor and receiver of the Court of Wards; wherein, because he knoweth not what to prescribe without understanding what objections can be made, his pleasure is, that your lordship advise and consider of them, and send him your opinion of them, that he may then take such course therein, as shall be fit.

His majesty commanded me to give you thanks
for your care of his service; and so I rest
Your lordship's faithful servant,

Newmarket, 22d of November.

Endorsed, 1618.

*Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

Your lordship's most faithful
and obliged friend and servant,

December 8, 1618.



I thank your lordship for the favour, which I understand Sir Francis Engelfyld hath received

Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

+ Ibid.

from your lordship upon my last letter, whereunto I desire your lordship to add this one favour more, (which is the same that I understand your lordship granted him at Christmas last,) to give him liberty for the space of a fortnight, to follow his business in his own person; whereby he may bring it to the more speedy end, putting in security according to the ordinary course, to render himself prisoner again as soon as that time is expired: which is all that I desire for him, and in which I will acknowledge your lordship's favour towards him; and ever rest

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

Newmarket, the 10th of December, 1618.

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We have appointed Monday morning for these mint businesses, referred by his majesty to certain commissioners, and we will carry it sine strepitu. The patent touching Guinea and Bynny for the trade of gold, stayed first by myself, and after by his majesty's commandment, we have now settled by consent of all parties.

Mr. Attorney, by my direction, hath made, upon his information exhibited into the Star Chamber, a thundering motion against the transportation of gold by the Dutch; which all the town is glad of; and I have granted divers writs of ne exeat regnum, according to his majesty's warrant.

Sir Edward Coke keeps in still, and we have miss of him; but I supply it as I may by my farther diligence. God ever bless you and keep

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upon the reason you allege, whereof his majesty will speak farther with you at his return.

The letter, which you sent me about my Lord of Ormonde's son, is not according to his majesty's meaning; but I would have you frame another to my lord deputy to this purpose: "That his majesty having seen a letter of his to Sir Francis Blundell, advertising, that the Earl of Ormonde's son, and some other of his kindred, did victual and fortify their houses; his majesty hath thereupon commanded you to write unto him, that if the ground of information be true, (which he may best know,) that then he send for the said earl's son, and the principal of his kindred to appear before him: and if they appear, and give him satisfaction, it is well; but if they refuse to appear, or give him not satisfaction, though they appear; that then he assemble what forces he can, be they never so few, and go against them, that he may crush the rebellion in the egg."

I have remembered his majesty, as I promised your lordship, about the naming you for a commissioner to treat with the Hollanders: but, besides that you have so many businesses, both of the Star Chamber, and others in the term time, when this must be attended as well as in the vacation, whereby this would be either too great a toil to you, or a hindrance to his majesty's service; he thinketh it could not stand with the honour of your place to be balanced with those that are sent from the state, so far unequal to his majesty, and being themselves none of the greatest of the state. Therefore, his majesty holdeth it not fit or worthy of you to put you into such an employment, in which none of your predecessors, or any of the chief counsellors, have been ever used in this kind, but only in a treaty of marriage or conclusion of a peace; as when the Constable of Castile was here, when the commissioners on both sides had their authority under the great seal of either kingdom, with direct relation to their sovereigns, far differing from this commission, which is now given to these men, and whereunto his majesty is to frame the course of his. As for the part which concerneth Scotland, the choice hath not been made of the chancellor or Archbishop of St. Andrew's, but of men nearer the rank of those that come hither to treat. As yet his majesty delayeth to give any commission at all, because he would first be informed from the lords, both of the points and form of their commission, which his majesty hitherto understandeth to be, with authority to overrule and direct their merchants in what they shall think fit; which, if it be so, then his majesty holdeth it fit for his part, to appoint the whole body of the council with like power over his merchants. As for me, I shall be ever ready upon any occasion to show myself

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

Newmarket, the 14th of December, 1618



I shall not be wanting in any thing, that may express my good affection and wishes towards your ladyship, being so near unto me, and the daughter of a father, to whom I was in the passages of my fortune much obliged. So, with my loving commendations, in the midst of business, I rest

Your affectionate kinsman

and assured friend, FR. VERULAM, Canc.

York House, this 25th of January, 1618.



Lest my often writing may make your lordship conceive that this letter hath been drawn from you by importunity, I have thought fit, for preventing of any such conceit, to let your lordship know, that Sir John Wentworth, whose business I now recommend, is a gentleman whom I esteem in more than an ordinary degree. And therefore I desire your lordship to show him what favour you can, for my sake, in his suit, which his majesty hath referred to your lordship: which I will acknowledge as a courtesy unto me, and rest

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

Newmarket, January 26, 1618.

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gone into England. He tells me, that Galileo had answered your discourse concerning the flux and reflux of the sea, and was sending it unto me; but that Mr. White hindered him, because his answer was grounded upon a false supposition, namely, that there was in the ocean a full sea but once in twenty-four hours. But now I will call upon Galileo again. This Mr. White is a discreet and understanding gentleman, though he seem a little soft, if not slow; and he hath in his hands all the works, as I take it, of Galileo, some printed, and some unprinted. He hath his discourse of the fiux and reflux of the sea, which was never printed; as also a discourse of the mixture of metals. Those which are printed, in his hand, are these: the Nuncius sidereus; Macchie solari, and a third Delle Cose, che stanno su l'acqua, by occasion of a disputation, that was amongst learned men in Florence, about that which Archimedes wrote, de insidentibus humido.

I have conceived that your lordship would not be sorry to see these discourses, of that man; and therefore I have thought it belonging to my service to your lordship, to give him a letter of this date, though it will not be there so soon as this. The gentleman hath no pretence or business before your lordship, but is willing to do your lordship all humble service; and, therefore, both for this reason, as also upon my humble request, I beseech your lordship to bestow a countenance of grace upon him. I am beholden to this gentleman; and, if your lord ship shall vouchsafe to ask him of me, I shall receive honour by it. And I most humbly do your lordship's reverence.

Your lordship's most obliged servant, TOBIE MATTHEW. Brussels, from my bed, the 14th of April, 1619.



His majesty hath commanded me to signify unto your lordship, that it is his pleasure you put off the hearing of the cause between Sir Arthur Manwaring and Gabriel Demmis, till toward the end of the term; because his majesty is graciously pleased to be at the hearing thereof himself. And so I rest

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

Royston, April 13, 1619.



It may please your lordship, there was with me this day, one Mr. Richard White, who hath


MY LORDS,-His majesty having been moved spent some little time at Florence, and is now by the Duke of Savoy's ambassador, in the

*Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

*Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

behalf of Philip Bernardi, whom he is to send about some special employment over the seas, to the Duke of Savoy, that before his going, the business mentioned in this petition may be ended, hath commanded me to recommend the same unto your lordship's care, that with all expedition the cause may be heard and ended by your lordships, according to his majesty's refer

ence; or left to the determination of the Court

of Chancery, where it is depending, and where
the party assureth himself of a speedy end.
And so I rest your lordship's

very assured friend at command,

Royston, the 19th of April, 1619.



I am much bounden to his majesty, and likewise to your lordship. I see, by the late accesses I have had with his majesty, and now by his royal and real favour, that he loveth me, and acknowledgeth me for the servant that I am, or desire to be. This, in me, must turn to a great alacrity to honour and serve him with a mind less troubled and divided. And, for your lordship, my affection may and doth daily receive addition, but cannot, nor never could, receive alteration. I pray present my humble thanks to his majesty; and I am very glad his health confirmeth; and I hope to see him this summer at Gorhambury; there is sweet air as any is. God preserve and prosper you both. I ever rest Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful servant, FR. VERULAM, Canc.


I think fit to let your lordship understand what passed yesterday in the Star Chamber, touching Suffolk's business.

There came to me the clerk of the court in the inner chamber, and told me that my Lord of Suffolk desired to be heard by his council, at the * sitting of the court, because it was pen ***him. I marvelled I heard not of it by Mr. Attorney, who should have let me know as much, that I might not be taken on the sudden in a cause of that weight.

I called, presently, Mr. Attorney to me, and asked him whether he knew of the motion, and what it was, and how he was provided to answer it. He signified to me, that my lord would desire to have the commission for examinations in Ireland, to be returnable in Michaelmas term. I said it might not be, and presently drew the council, then present, to me, and made Mr. Attorney repeat to them the passages past, and settled it, that the commission should be returnable the first day of the next term, and then, republication granted, that it might, if accidents of wind and weather permit, come to hearing in the term. And, upon motion in open court, it was ordered accordingly.

God ever preserve and prosper you. I pray God this great easterly wind agree well with his majesty.

Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful servant, FR. VERULAM, Canc.

May 9, 1619.



His majesty was pleased, at the suit of some who have near relation to me, to grant a license for transportation of butter out of Wales, unto one Lewis and Williams, who, in consideration that the patent should be passed in their names, entered into articles for the performance of certain conditions agreed upon between them, which, now that the patent is under the great seal, they utterly refuse to perform. My desire, therefore, to your lordship is, that you would call the said Lewis and Williams before you, with the other parties, or some of them, who shall be ready at all times to attend your lordship; and, out of your consideration of the matter, according to equity, to take such course therein, that either the said agreement may be performed, or that they which refuse it may receive no benefit of the patent; which, upon reason thereof, was passed in their names. And herein I desire your lordship to make what expedition you can; because, now is the season to make provision of the butter that, for this year, is to be transported, whereof they take advantage to stand out. And so I rest Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

Greenwich, May 14, 1619.

May 6, 1619.


Sent by Sir Gilbert Houghton.



Though it be nothing, and all is but duty, yet,

* Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, who had been made I pray, show his majesty the paper enclosed, that

lord treasurer in 1614. He was accused of several misdemeanors in that office, together with his lady, and Sir John Bingley, her ladyship's agent; and an information preferred against them all in the Star Chamber.

* Probably the grant made to him, about this time, of twelve hundred pounds a year.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

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