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regardless of what kind of wives they take, i parson has lost his cloak,” is not mightily they think riches will be a minister to all in vogue amongst the fine ladies this Chrisť kind of pleasures, and enable them to keep mas, because I see they wear hoods of all mistresses, horses, hounds; to drink, feast, colours, which I suppose is for that purand game with their companions, pay their pose. If it is, and you think it proper, I debts contracted by former extravagances, will carry some of those hoods with me to or some such vile and unworthy end; and our ladies in Yorkshire: because they enindulge themselves in pleasures which are joined me to bring them something from a shame and scandal to human nature. London that was very new. If you can tell Now as for women, how few of them are any thing in which I can obey their comthere who place the happiness of their mands more agreeably, be pleased to inmarriage in the having a wise and virtuous form me, and you will extremely oblige friend? One who will be faithful and just your humble servant.' . to all, and constant and loving to them? Who with care and diligence will look after

Oxford, Dec. 29. and improve the estate, and without grudg

•MR. SPECTATOR, -Since you appear ing allow whatever is prudent and con- inclined to be a friend to the distressed, I venient? Rather, how few are there who beg you would assist me in an affair under do not place their happiness in outshining which I have suffered very much. The others in pomp and show? and that do not reigning toast of this place is Patetia; I think within themselves when they have have pursued her with the utmost diligence married such a rich person, that none of this twelvemonth, and find nothing stands their acquaintance shall appear so fine in in my way but one who flatters her more their equipage, so adorned in their persons, in

than I can. Pride is her favourite passion; or so magnificent in their furniture as thema | therefore if you would be so far my friend selves? Thus their heads are filled with as to make a favourable mention of me in vain ideas; and I heartily wish I could say one of your papers, I believe I should not that equipage and show were not the chief fail in my addresses. The scholars stand good of so many women as I fear it is. in rows, as they did to be sure in your

After this manner do both sexes deceive time, at her pew door; and she has all the themselves, and bring reflections and dis- devotion paid to her by a crowd of youths grace upon the most happy and most ho- who are unacquainted with the sex, and nourable state of life: whereas, if they would have inexperience added to their passion. but correct their depraved taste, moderate | However, if it succeeds according to my their ambition, and place their happiness vows, you will make me the happiest man upon proper objects, we should not find

# find in the world, and the most obliged amongst felicity in the marriage state such a wonder all your humble servants. in the world as it now is.

MR. SPECTATOR,- I came to my misSir, if you think these thoughts worth

tress's toilet this morning, for I am admitted inserting among your own, be pleased to

when her face is stark naked: she frowned give them a better dress; and let them pass

and cried pish, when I said a thing that abroad, and you will oblige your admirer,

A. B.''

I stole; and I will be judged by you whether

it was not very pretty. “Madam,” said I, * MR. SPECTATOR, -As I was this day you shall forbear that part of your dress; walking in the street, there happened to it may be well in others, but you cannot pass by on the other side of the way a place a patch where it does not hide a beauty, whose •charms were so attracting, beauty.”

T. that it drew my eyes wholly on that side, insomuch, that I neglected my own way, and chanced to run my nose directly against No. 269.1 Tuesday, January 8, 1711-12. a post; which the lady no sooner perceived, but she fell into a fit of laughter, though at

-Ævo rarissima nostro the same time she was sensible that she

Simplicitas

Ovid. Ars Am. Lib. i. 241. herself was the cause of my misfortune, Most rare is now our old simplicity.-Dryden. which in my opinion was the greater aggravation of her crime. I being busy wip

I was this morning surprised with a great ing off the blood which trickled down my

knocking at the door, when my landlady's face, had not time to acquaint her with her

daughter came up to me and told me that barbarity, as also with my resolution, viz.

there was a man below desired to speak never to look out of my way for one of her

with me. Upon my asking her who it was, sex more: therefore, that your humble ser

she told me it was a very grave elderly vant may be revenged, he desires you to

person, but that she did not know his name. insert this in one of your next papers, which

I immediately went down to him, and found he hopes will be a warning to all the rest

him to be the coachman of my worthy friend of the women-gazers, as well as to poor

Sir Roger de Coverley. He told me that ANTHONY GAPE.'

his master came to town last night, and

would be glad to take a turn with me in * MR. SPECTATOR,-I desire to know in Gray's Inn walks. As I was wondering your next, if the merry game of " The with myself what had brought Sir Roger to town, not having lately received any , laudable custom of his ancestors, always letter from him, he told me that his master keeps open house at Christmas. I learned was come up to get a sight of Prince Eu- from him that he had killed eight fat hogs gene, and that he desired I would imme- for this season, that he had dealt about his diately meet him.

chines very liberally amongst his neighI was not a little pleased with the curiosity bours, and that in particular he had sent a of the old knight, though I did not much string of hog's puddings with a pack of wonder at it, having heard him say more cards to every poor family in the parish. than once in private discourse, that he "I have often thought,' says Sir Roger, it looked upon Prince Eugenio (for so the happens very well that Christmas should knight always calls him,) to be a greater fall out in the middle of winter. It is the man than Scanderbeg. *

most dead uncomfortable time of the year, I was no sooner come into Gray's Inn when the poor people would suffer very walks, but I heard my friend upon the ter- much from their poverty and cold, if they race hemming twice or thrice to himself had not good cheer, warm fires, and Christwith great vigour, for he loves to clear his mas gambols to support them. I love to pipes in good air, (to make use of his own rejoice their poor hearts at this season, and phrase,) and is not a little pleased with any to see the whole village merry in my great one who takes notice of the strength which hall. I allow a double quantity of malt to he still exerts in his morning hems. my small-beer, and set it a running for

I was touched with a secret joy at the twelve days to every one that calls for it. I sight of the good old man, who before he have always a piece of cold beef and a saw me was engaged in conversation with mince-pie upon the table, and am wondera beggar-man that had asked alms of him. fully pleased to see my tenants pass away I could hear my friend chide him for not a whole evening in playing their innocent finding out some work; but at the same tricks, and smutting one another. Our friend, time saw him put his hand in his pocket Will Wimble is as merry as any of them, and give him sixpence.

and shows a thousand roguish tricks upon Our salutations were very hearty on both these occasions. sides, consisting of many kind shakes of the I was very much delighted with the rehand, and several affectionate looks which flection of my old friend, which carried so we cast upon one another. After which the much goodness in it. He then launched out knight told me my good friend his chaplain into the praise of the late act of parliament was very well, and much at my service, \ for securing the church of England, † and and that the Sunday before he had made a told me with great satisfaction, that he bemost incomparable sermon out of Dr. Bar- lieved it already began to take effect, for row. I have left,' says he, all my affairs that a rigid dissenter who chanced to dine in his hands, and being willing to lay an at his house on Christmas-day, had been obligation upon him, have deposited with observed to eat very plentifully of his plum him thirty marks, to be distributed among porridge. his poor parishioners.'

After having despatched all our country He then proceeded to acquaint me with matters, Sir Roger made several inquiries the welfare of Will Wimble. Upon which concerning the club, and particularly of his he put his hand into his fob and presented old antagonist Sir Andrew Freeport. He me in his name with a tobacco-stopper, asked me with a kind smile, whether Sir telling me that Will had been busy all the Andrew had not taken the advantage of his beginning of the winter in turning great absence, to vent among them some of his quantities of them; and that he made a pre- republican doctrines; but soon after, gathersent of one to every gentleman in the coun- ing up his countenance into a more than try who has good principles, and smokes. ordinary seriousness, Tell me truly,' says He added, that poor Will was at present un- he, do you not think Sir Andrew had a der great tribulation, for that Tom Touchy hand in the Pope's procession?'-But withhad taken the law of him for cutting some out giving me time to answer him, "Well, hazel sticks out of one of his hedges. well,' says he, I know you are a wary

Among other pieces of news which the man, and do not care to talk of public knight brought from his country-seat, he matters.' informed me that Moll White was dead, The knight then asked me, if I had seen and that about a month after her death the Prince Eugenio, and made me promise to wind was so very high, that it blew down get him a stand in some convenient place the end of one of his barns. But for my where he might have a full view of that own part,' says Sir Roger, 'I do not think extraordinary man, whose presence did so that the old woman had any hand in it.' much honour to the British nation. He

He afterwards fell into an account of the dwelt very long on the praises of this great diversions which had passed in his house general, and I found that since I was with during the holidays; for Sir Roger, after the him in the country, he had drawn many

observations together, out of his reading in

Baker's Chronicle, and other authors, who * George Castriot, a ceiebrated Albanian chief in the fifteenth century: he was called Scanderbeg by the Turks, with whom he long continued at war.

| The act against occasional conformity,

O

always lie in his Hall wincow, which very i play. Such beautiful prospects gladden our much redound to the honour of this prince. minds, and when considered in general,

Having passed away the greatest part of give innocent and pleasing ideas. He that the morning in hearing the knight's reflec- dwells upon any one object of beauty may tions, which were partly private and partly fix his imagination to his disquiet; but the political, he asked me if I would smoke a contemplation of a whole assembly together pipe with him over a dish of coffee at is a defence against the incroachment of Squires's? As I love the old man, I take desire. At least to me, who have taken delight in complying with every thing that pains to look at beauty abstracted from the is agreeable to him, and accordingly waited consideration of its being the object of deon him to the coffee-house, where his vener sire; at power, only as it sits upon another, able figure drew upon us the eyes of the without any hopes of partaking any share whole room. He had no sooner seated him- | of it; at wisdom and capacity, without any self at the upper end of the high table, but pretensions to rival or envy its acquisitions. he.called for a clean pipe, a paper of to- I say to me, who am really free from formbacco, a dish of coffee, a wax-candle, and ing any hopes by beholding the persons of the Supplement,* with such an air of cheer- beautiful women, or warming myself into fulness and good-humour, that all the boys ambition from the successes of other men, in the coffee-room (who seemed to take this world is not only a mere scene, but a pleasure in serving him) were at once em- very pleasant one. Did mankind but know ployed on his several errands, insomuch the freedom which there is in keeping thus that nobody else could come at a dish of aloof from the world, I should have more tea, until the knight had got all his con- imitators, than the powerfullest man in the veniences about him.

L. :) nation has followers. To be no man's rival

in love, or competitor in business, is a character which, if it does not recommend you

as it ought to benevolence among those No. 270.] Wednesday, January 9, 1711-12.

whom you live with, yet has it certainly Discit enim citius, meminitque libentius illud,

this effect, that you do not stand so much Quod quis deridet, quam quod probat

in need of their approbation, as you would Hor. Ep. i. Lib. 2. 262.

if you aimed at it more, in setting your heart For what's derided by the censuring crowd,

on the same things which the generality Is thought on more than what is just and good.

Dryden.

doat on. By this means, and with this easy There is a lust in man no power can tame,

philosophy, I am never less at a play than

when I am at the theatre; but indeed I am On eagle's wings invidious scandals fly,

seldom so well pleased with action as in While virtuous actions are but born, and die.

E. of Corke.

that place; for most men follow nature no Sooner we learn, and seldomer forget,

longer than while they are in their nightWhat critics scorn, than what they highly rate.

gowns, and all the busy part of the day are Hughes's Letters, vol. ii. p. 222. | in characters which they neither become, I do not know that I have been in greater

nor act in with pleasure to themselves or

their beholders. But to return to my ladies: delight for these many years, than in beholding the boxes at the play the last time

I was very well pleased to see so great a the Scornful Ladyf was acted. So great an

crowd of them assembled at a play, wherein assembly of ladies placed in gradual rows

the heroine, as the phrase is, is so just a in all the ornaments of jewels, silks, and

picture of the vanity of the sex in tormenting their admirers. The lady who pines for

the man whom she treats with so much imsion to the heart, that methought the season of the year was vanished, and I did not

| pertinence and inconstancy, is drawn with

much art and humour. Her resolutions to think it an ill expression of a young fellow who stood near me, that called the boxes;

be extremely civil, but her vanity arising those beds of tulips.' It was a pretty

| just at the instant she resolved to express variation of the prospect, when any one of

| herself kindly, are described as by one who those fine ladies rose up and did honour to

had studied the sex. But when my admiraherself and friend at a distance, by courtesy

tion is fixed upon this excellent character,

and two or three others in the play, I must ing, and gave opportunity to that friend to

confess I was moved, with the utmost inshow her charms to the same advantage in a returning the salutation. Here that action

| dignation, at the trivial, senseless, and unis as proper and graceful as it is at church

natural representation of the chaplain. It unbecoming and impertinent. By the way

is possible there may be a pedant in holy I must take the liberty to observe, that I

orders, and we have seen one or two of did not see any one who is usually so full of

them in the world: but such a driveller as

Sir Roger, I so bereft of all manner of pride, civilities at church, offer any such inde

which is the characteristic of a pedant, is corum during any part of the action of the

what one would not believe could come into the head of the same man who drew the No. 271.] Thursday, January 10, 1711-12. rest of the play. The meeting between Welford and him shows a wretch without

* A periodical paper.

I The title of Sir was anciently given to every domes. † A comedy by Beaumont and Fletcher. It is said | tic chaplain. It is surprising to observe how much has that the character of Vellum in Addisol's Drummer is been written on this subject by some of the commenta. formed upon that of Savil in this play

ors on Shakspeare. See the Merry Wives of Windsor.

Mille trahens varios adverso sole colores. any notion of the dignity of his function; and

Virg. Æn. iv. 701 it is out of all common sense that he should

Drawing a thousand colours from the light.

Dryden. give an account of himself as one sent four or five miles in a morning, on foot, for eggs.''.

LI RECEIVE a double advantage from the It is not to be denied, but this part, and that letters of my correspondents; first, as they of the maid, whom he makes love to, are show me which of my papers are most ar excellently well performed: but a thing ceptable to them: and in the next place, which is blameable in itself. grows still as they furnish me with materials for new more so by the success in the execution of speculations. Sometimes indeed I do not it. It is so mean a thing to gratify a loose make use of the letter itself, but form the age with a scandalous representation of hints of it into plans of my own invention; what is reputable among men, not to say sometimes

not to say sometimes I take the liberty to change the what is sacred, that no beauty, no excel language or thought into my own way of lence in an author ought to atone for it: nav. / speaking and thinking, and always (if it can such excellence is an aggravation of his be done without prejudice to the sense) guilt, and an argument that he errs against omit the many compliments and applauses the conviction of his own understanding and which are usually bestowed upon me. conscience. Wit should be tried by this

Besides the two advantages above menrule, and an audience should rise against tioned, which I receive from the letters such a scene as throws down the reputation

that are sent me, they give me an opporof any thing which the consideration of re- tunity of lengthening out my paper by the ligion or decency should preserve from con

skilful management of the subscribing part tempt. But all this evil arises from this one at the end of them, which perhaps does corruption of mind, that makes men resent not a little conduce to the ease, both of my offences against their virtue, less than those self and reader. against their understanding. An author Some will haveit, that I often write to myshall write as if he thoughť there was not self, and am the only punctual correspondone man of honour or woman of chastity in

voman of chastitv in lent I have. This objection would indeed the house, and come off with applause:' for be material, were the letters I communian insult upon all the ten commandments cate' to the public stuffed with my own with the little critics is not so bad as the commendations; and if instead of endeabreach of a unity of time and place. Half vouring to divert and instruct my readers, 'wits do not apprehend the miseries that I admired in them the beauty of my own must necessarily flow from a degeneracy of performances. But I shall leave these wise inanners; nor do they know that order is conjecturers to their own imaginations, and the support of society, Sir Roger and his produce the three following letters for the mistress are monsters of the poet's own entertainment of the day, forming; the sentiments in both of them are SIR, I was last Thursday in an assemsuch as do not arise in fools of their educa- bly of ladies, where there were thirteen diftion. We all know that a silly scholar, ferent coloured hoods. Your Spectator of instead of being below every one he meets that day lying upon the table, they ordered with, is apt to be exalted above the rank of me to read it to them, which I did with a such as are really his superiors; his arro- very clear voice, until I came to the Greek gance is always founded upon particular verse at the end of it. I must confess I was notions of distinction in his own head, ac- a little startled at its popping upon me so companied with a pedantic scorn of all for- unexpectedly. However, I covered my tune and pre-eminence, when compared confusion as well as I could, and after havwith his knowledge and learning. This ing muttered two or three hard words to very one character of Sir Roger, as silly as myself, laughed heartily; and cried, "a it really is, has done more towards the dis- very good jest, faith.” The ladies desired paragement of holy orders, and consequently me to explain it to them; but I begged their of virtue itself, than all the wit of that au- pardon for that, and told them, that if it thor, or any other, could make up for in the had been proper for them to hear, they conduct of the longest life after it. I do not might be sure the author would not have pretend in saying this, to give myself airs wrapped it up in Greek. I then let drop of more virtue than my neighbours, but several expressions, as if there was someassert it from the principles by which man- thing in it that was not fit to be spoken dekind must always be governed. Sallies of fore a company of ladies. Upon which the imagination are to be overlooked, when they matron of the assembly, who was dressed are committed out of warmth in the recom- in a cherry-coloured hood, commended the mendation of what is praise-worthy; but a discretion of the writer for having thrown deliberate advancing of vice, with all the his filthy thoughts into Greek, which was wit in the world, is as ill an action as any likely to corrupt but few of his readers. that comes before the magistrate, and ought At the same time she declared herself very to lie received as such by the people.. well pleased that he had not given a deci

sive opinion upon the new-fashioned hoods;

. " for to tell you truly," says she, “I was the ladies wore coloured hoods, and ordered afraid he would have made us ashamed to me to get her one of the finest blue. I am show our heads.” Now, sir, you must know forced to comply with her demands whilst since this unlucky accident happened to she is in her present condition, being very me in a company of ladies, among whom willing to have more of the same breed. I I passed for a most ingenious man, I have do not know what she may produce me, consulted one who is well versed in the but provided it be a show I shall be very Greek language, and he assures me upon | well satisfied. Such novelties should not, his word, that your late quotation means I think, be concealed from the Britislı Specno more than that “manners, not dress, tator; for which reason I hope you will exare the ornaments of a woman.” If this cuse the presumption in your most dutiful, comes to the knowledge of my female ad- most obedient, and most humble servant, mirers, I shall be very hard put to it to L.

SS. T.' bring myself off handsomely. In the mean while, I give you this account, that you may take care hereafter not to betray any No. 272.] Friday, January 11, 1711-12. of your well-wishers into the like incon

Longa est injuria, longæ veniences. It is in the number of these Ambages

Virg. Æn, i. 345. that I beg leave to subscribe myself, | Great is the injury, and long the tale. TOM TŘIPPIT.'

MR. SPECTATOR,—The occasion of .MR. SPECTATOR,Your readers are so I this letter is of so great importance, and well pleased with the character of Sir the circumstances of it such, that I know Roger de Coverley, that there appeared a you will but think it just to insert it, in sensible joy in every coffee-house. upon preference to all other matters that can hearing the old knight was come to town. | present themselves to your consideration. I am now with a knot of his admirers, I need not, after I have said this, tell you who make it their joint request to you,

that I am in love. The circumstances of my that you would give us public notice of the passion I shall let you understand as well window or balcony where the knight in-| as a disordered mind will admit. 66 That tends to make his appearance. He has cursed pick-thank, Mrs. Jane!” Alas, I already given great satisfaction to several am railing at one to you by her name, as who have seen him at Squires's coffee-house, familiarly as if you were acquainted with If you think fit to place your short face at her as well as myself: but I will tell you Sir Roger's left elbow, we shall take the all, as fast as the alternate interruptions of hint and gratefully acknowledge so great love and anger will give me leave. There a favour. I am, sir, your most devoted is the most agreeable young woman in the humble servant,

C. D.:. | world whom I am passionately in love with,

and from whom I have for some space of "Sir,-Knowing that you are very in- time received as great marks of favour as. quisitive after every thing that is curious

| were fit for her to give, or me to desire. in nature, I will wait on you if you please The successful progress of the affair, of all in the dusk of the evening, with my show others the most essential towards a man's upon my back, which I carry about with happiness, gave a new life and spirit not me in a box, as only consisting of a man,

only to my behaviour and discourse, but woman, and horse.* The two first are also a certain grace to all my actions in the married, in which state the little cavalier

? the little cavalier commerce of life, in all things however rehas so well acquitted himself, that his lady mote from love. You know the predomiis with child. The big-bellied woman and

nant passion spreads itself through all a her husband, with their whimsical palfrey, man's transactions, and exalts or depresses are so very light, that when they are put him according to the nature of such a pastogether in a scale, an ordinary man may sion. But, alas! I have not yet begun my weigh down the whole family. The little story, and what is making sentences and man is a bully in his nature; but when he observations when a man is pleading for grows choleric I confine him to his box un- his life? To begin, then. This lady has til his wrath is over, by which means I have corresponded with me under the names of hitherto prevented him from doing mis- love; she my Belinda, I her Cleanthes. chief. His horse is likewise very vicious, Though I am thus well got into the account for which reason I am forced to tie him of my affair. I cannot keep in the thread of close to his manger with a packthread. The it so much as to give you the character of woman is a coquette. She struts as much Mrs. Jane, whom I will not hide under a as it is possible for a lady of two feet high, borrowed 'name; but let you know, that and would ruin me in silks, were not the this creature has been since I knew her, quantity that goes to a large pincushion very handsome (though I will not allow sufficient to make her a gown and petticoat. her even - she has been " for the future, She told me the other day, that she heard and during the time of her bloom and

| beauty, was so great a tyrant to her lovers, * About the time this paper was published, there were exhibited in London, two dwarfs (a man and his

so overvalued herself and underrated all wife) and a horse of a very diminutive size.

her pretenders, that they have deserted

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