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opera-glasses, fit for short-sighted people troller-general of the London Cries, which as well as others, these glasses making the are at present under no manner of rules or objects appear either as they are seen with discipline. I think I am pretty well qualithe naked eye, or more distinct, though fied for this place, as being a man of very somewhat less than life, or bigger and strong lungs, of great insight into all the nearer. A person may by the help of this branches of our British trades and manufac invention, take a view of another without tures, and of a competent skill in music. the impertinence of staring; at the same - The Cries of London may be divided time it shall not be possible to know whom into vocal and instrumental. As for the lator what he is looking at. One may look to-ter, they are at present under a very great wards his right or left hand, when he is disorder. A freeman of London has the supposed to look forwards. This is set forth privilege of disturbing a whole street for an at large, in the printed proposals for the hour together, with the twanking of a brasssale of these glasses, to be had at Mr. Dil-kettle or a frying-pan. The watchman's lon's in Long-Acre, next door to the White thump at midnight startles us in our beds, Hart. Now, sir, as your Spectator has as much as the breaking in of a thief. The occasioned the publishing of this invention sow-gelder's horn has indeed something for the benefit of modest spectators, the in-musical in it, but this is seldom heard within ventor desires your admonitions concerning the liberties. I would therefore propose, the decent use of it; and hopes, by your that no instrument of this nature should be recommendation, that for the future beauty made use of, which I have not tuned and may be beheld without the torture and con- licensed, after having carefully examined fusion which it suffers from the insolence of in what manner it may affect the ears of starers. By this means you will relieve the her majesty's liege subjects. innocent from an insult which there is no • Vocal cries are of a much larger extent, law to punish, though it is a greater offence and indeed so full of incongruities and barthan many which are within the cognizance barisms, that we appear a distracted city of justice. I am, sir, your most humble to foreigners, who do not comprehend the servant, ABRAHAM SPY.' meaning of such enormous outcries. Milk
is generally sold in a note above E-la, and
in sounds so exceeding shrill, that it often No. 251.1 Tuesday, December 18, 1711.
sets our teeth on edge. The chimney
sweeper is confined to no certain pitch; he Linguæ centum sunt, oraque centum, sometimes utters himself in the deepest Ferrea vox
Virg. n. vi. 625.
base, and sometimes in the sharpest treble; - A hundred mouths, a hundred tongues,
sometimes in the highest, and sometimes in And throats of brass inspired with iron lungs.
the lowest note of the gamut. The same THERE is nothing which more astonishes
observation might be made on the retailers a foreigner, and frights a country squire,
of small-coal, not to mention broken glasses than the Cries of London. My good friend
and or brick-dust. In these therefore, and the Sir Roger often declares that he cannot get
et I like cases, it should be my care to sweeten them out of his head or go to sleep for them,
and mellow the voices of these itinerant the first week that he is in town. On the
tradesmen, before they make their appearcontrary Will Honeycomb calls them the
e ance in our streets, as also to accommodate Ramage de la Ville, and prefers them to !
their cries to their respective wares: and to the sound of larks and nightingales, with
th take care in particular, that those may not all the music of the fields and woods. I
I make the most noise who have the least to have lately received a letter from some
ésell, which is very observable in the venders very odd fellow upon this subject, which Il
T of card-matches, to whom I cannot but apshall leave with my reader, without saying |
ho ply the old proverb of " Much cry but little
wool.” any thing further of it.
Some of these last-mentioned musicians SIR,--I am a man out of all business, are so very loud in the sale of these trilling and would willingly turn my head to any manufactures, that an honest splenetic genthing for an honest livelihood. I have in- tleman of my acquaintance bargained with vented several projects for raising many one of them never to come into the street millions of money without burdening the where he lived. But what was the effect of subject, but I cannot get the parliament to this contract? why, the whole tribe of cardlisten to me, who look upon me, forsooth, match-makers which frequent that quaras a crack, and a projector; so that despair- ter, passed by his door the very next day, ing to enrich either myself or my country in hopes of being bought off after the same by this public-spiritedness, I would make manner. some proposals to you relating to a design It is another great imperfection in our which I have very much at heart, and London Cries, that there is no just time which may procure me a handsome sub- nor measure observed in them. Our news sistence, if you will be pleased to recom-should indeed be published in a very quick mend it to the cities of London and West- time, because it is a commodity that will minster.
f not keep cold. It should not, however, be The post I would aim at, is to be comp- cried with the same precipitation as fire: Yet this is gmerally the case. A bloody I apples of a bellows-mender, and ginger battle alarms the town from one end to an- bread from a grinder of knives and scissors. other in an instant. Every motion of the Nay, so strangely infatuated are some very French is published in so great a hurry, eminent artists of this particular grace in a that one would think the enemy were at our cry, that none but their acquaintance are gates. This likewise I would take upon me able to guess at their profession: for who to regulate in such a manner, that there else can know, that “work if I had it," should be some distinction made between should be the signification of a corn-cutter. the spreading of a victory, a march, or an For as much therefore as persons of this encampment; a Dutch, a Portugal, or a rank are seldom men of genius or capacity, Spanish mail. Nor must I omit under this I think it would be very proper that some head those excessive alarms with which man of good sense and sound judgment several boisterous rustics infest our streets should preside over these public cries, who in turnip-season; and which are more inex- should permit none to lift up their voices in cusable, because these are wares which are our streets, that have not tuneable throats, in no danger of cooling upon their hands and are not only able to overcome the nvise
There are others who affect a very slow of the crowd, and the rattling of coaches, time, and are in my opinion much more but also to vend their respective merchantuneable than the former. The cooper in dises in apt phrases, and in the most disparticular swells his last note in a hollow tinct and agreeable sounds. I do therefore voice, that is not without its harmony; nor humbly recommend myself as a person can I forbear being inspired with a most rightly qualified for this post; and if I meet agreeable melancholy, when I hear that with fitting encouragement, shall communisad and solemn air with which the public cate some other projects which I have by are very often asked, if they have any me, that may no less conduce to the emoluchairs to mend? Your own memory may ment of the public. I am, sir, &c. suggest to you many other lamentable dit- C.
RALPH CROTCHET.' ties of the same nature, in which the music is wonderfully languishing and melodious.
"I am always pleased with that particular time of the year which is proper for the
for the No. 252.] Wednesday, December 19, 1711. pickling of' dill and cucumbers; but alas! | Erranti, passimque oculos per cuncta ferenti. this cry, like the song of the nightingale, is
Virg. Æn. ii. 570.* not heard above two months. It would Exploring every place with curious eyes. therefore be worth while to consider; whe-||
MR. SPECTATOR, I am very sorry to ther the same air might not in some cases find by your discourse upon the eve that be adapted to other words.
you have not thoroughly studied the nature 'It might likewise deserve our most land force of that part of a beauteous face. serious consideration, how far, in a well Had you ever been in love, you would have regulated city, those humorists are to be said ten thousand things, which it seems tolerated, who, not contented with the tra- I did not occur to you. Do but reflect upon ditional cries of their forefathers, have in- ! the nonsense it makes inen talk, the flames vented particular songs and tunes of their
which it is said to kindle, the transport it own: such as was not many years since, raises, the dejection it causes in the bravest the pastry-man, commonly known by the men: and if you do believe those things are name of the Colly-Molly-Puff;* and such
expressed.to an extravagance, yet you will as is at this day the vender of powder and
own that the influence of it is very great, wash-balls, who, if I am rightly informed,
which moves men to that extravagance. goes under the name of Powder-Watt.
Certain it is, that the whole strength of the I must not here omit one particular ab- mind is sometimes seated there: that a kind surdity which runs through this whole vo
look imparts all that a year's discourse ciferous generation, and which renders their could give you, in one moment. What matcries very often not only incommodious, but ters it what she says to you, o see how she altogether useless to the public. I mean, looks." is the language of all who know that idle accomplishment which they all of what love is. When the niind is thus sumthem aim at, of crying so as not to be un
med up and expressed in a glance, did you derstood. Whether or no they have learn
never observe a sudden joy arise in the ed this from several of our affected singers,
countenance of a lover. Did you never see I will not take upon me to say; but most the attendance of years paid, overpaid, in certain it is, that people know the wares an instant? You a Spectator, and not know they deal in rather by their tunes than by that the intelligence of affection is carried their words; insomuch that I have some
on by the eye only; that good-breecling has times seen a country-boy run out to buy
made the tongue falsify the heart, and act * This little man was but just able to support the basket of pastry which he carried on his head, and sung
* ADAPTED in a very peculiar tone the cant words which passed With various power the wonder-working eye into his name, Colly-Molly-Puff. There is a half sheet Can awe, or sooth, reclaim, or lead astray, print of him in the Set of London Cries, M. Lauron, The motto in the original fclio was taken from Virg del. P. Tempest, cxc. Granger's Biographical History of Ecl. iii. 103. England.
Nescio quis teneros oculus mihi fascinat agnos,
a part of continual restraint, while nature have heard many eminent pleaders in my has preserved the eyes to herself, that she time, as well as other eloquent speakers of may not be disguised or misrepresented. both universities, yet I agree with you, that The poor bride can give her hand and say, women are better qualified to succeed in "I do," with a languishing air, to the man oratory than the men, and believe this is to she is obliged by cruel parents to take for be resolved into natural causes. You have mercenary reasons, but at the same time mentioned only the volubility of their she cannot look as if she loved: her eye is tongues: but what do you think of the silent full of sorrow, and reluctance sits in a tear, flattery of their pretty faces, and the perwhile the offering of a sacrifice is perform- suasion which even an insipid discourse ed in what we call the marriage ceremony. carries with it when flowing from beautiful Do you never go to plays? Cannot you dis lips, to which it would be cruel to deny any tinguish between the eyes of those who go thing? It is certain, too, that they are posto see, from those who come to be seen? Isessed of some springs of rhetoric which am a woman turned of thirty, and am on men want, such as tears, fainting-fits, and the observation a little; therefore if you, or the like, which I have seen employed upon your correspondent, had consulted me in occasion, with good success. You must your discourse on the eye, I could have told know that I am a plain man, and love my you that the eye of Leonora is slily watch- money; yet I have a spouse who is so great ful while it looks negligent; she looks round an orator in this way, that she draws from her without the help of the glasses you me what sums she pleases. Every room in speak of, and yet seems to be employed on my house is furnished with trophies of her objects directly before her. This eye is eloquence, rich cabinets, piles of china, what affects chance-medley, and on a sud- japan screens, and costly jars; and if you den, as if it attended to another thing, turns were to come into my great parlour, you all its charms against an ogler. The eye of would fancy yourself in an India warehouse. Lusitania is an instrument of premeditated Besides this, she keeps a squirrel, and I murder; but the design being visible, de- am doubly taxed to pay for the china he stroys the execution of it; and with much breaks. She is seized with periodical fits more beauty than that of Leonora, it is not about the time of the subscriptions to a new half so mischievous. There is a brave sol- opera, and is drowned in tears after having dier's daughter in town, that by her eye seen any woman there in finer clothes than has been the death of more than ever her herself. These are arts of persuasion purely father made fly before him. A beautiful feminine, and which a tender heart cannot eye makes silence eloquent, a kind eye resist. What I would therefore desire of makes contradiction an assent, an enraged you, is, to prevail with your friend who has eye makes beauty deformed. This little promised to dissect a female tongue, that member gives life to every other part about he wouldat the same time give us the anatomy us, and I believe the story of Argus im- of a female eye, and explain the springs and plies no more, than that the eye is in every sluices which feed it with such ready suppart; that is to say, every other part would plies of moisture; and likewise show by be mutilated, were not its force represent- what means, if possible, they may be stoped more by the eye than even by itself. ped at a reasonable expense. Or indeed, But this is heathen Greek to those who since there is something so moving in the have not conversed by glances. This, sir, very image of weeping beauty, it would be is a language in which there can be no de- worthy his art to provide, that these eloceit, nor can a skilful observer be imposed quent drops may no more be lavished on upon by looks, even among politicians and trifles, or employed as servants to their courtiers. If you do me the honour to print wayward wills: but reserved for serious this among your speculations, I shall in my occasions in life, to adorn generous pity, next make you a present of secret history, true penitence, or real sorrow. I am, &c.' by translating all the looks of the next assembly of ladies and gentlemen into words, to adorn some future paper. I am, sir, your No. 953,7 Thursday, December 20. 1711. faithful friend, MARY HEARTFREE.' Indignor quicquam reprehendi, non quia crasse
Compositum, illepideve putetur, sed quia nuper. MR. SPECTATOR,--I have a sot of a
Hor. Lib. 1. Ep. ii. 76. husband that lives a very scandalous life;
I feel my honest indignation rise, who wastes away his body and fortune in When with affected air a coxcomb cries, debaucheries; and is immoveable to all the
The work I own has elegance and ease,
But sure no modern should pretend to please. arguments I can urge to him. I would
Francos gladly know whether in some cases a cudgel
THERE is nothing which more denotes & may not be allowed as a good figure of
envy speech, and whether it may not be lawfully 15 used by a female orator. Your humble
and detraction. This passion reigns more servant, BARBARA CRABTREE.'
among bad poets than among any other se:
of men. MR. SPECTATOR,—Though I am a As there are none more ambitious of fame, practitioner in the law of some standing, and than those who are conversant in poetry, it
is very natural for such as have not suc- mention what Monsieur Bcileau has so very ceeded in it to depreciate the works of those well enlarged upon in the preface to his who have. For since they cannot raise works, that wit and fine writing do not conthemselves to the reputation of their fel- sist so much in advancing things that are low-writers, they must endeavour to sink new, as in giving things that are known an that to their own pitch, if they would still agreeable turn. It is impossible for us, keep themselves upon a level with them, who live in the later ages of the world, to
The greatest wits that ever were pro- make observations in criticism, morality, duced in one age, lived together in so good or in any art or science, which have not an understanding, and celebrated one an been touched upon by others. We have other with so much generosity, that each little else left us, but to represent the comof them receives an additional lustre from mon sense of mankind in more strong, more his contemporaries, and is more famous for beautiful, or more uncommon lights. If a having lived with men of so extraordinary reader examines Horace's Art of Poetry, a genius, than if he had himself been the he will find but very few precepts in it, sole wonder of the age. I need not tell my which he may not meet with in Aristotle, reader that I here point at the reign of and which were not commonly known by Augustus, and I believe he will be of my all the poets of the Augustan age. His way opinion, that neither Virgil nor Horace of expressing and applying them, not his would have gained so great a reputation in invention of them, is what we are chiefly the world, had they not been the friends to admire. and admirers of each other. Indeed all the For this reason I think there is nothing great writers of that age, for whom singly in the world so tiresome as the works of we have so great an esteem, stand up to those critics who write in a positive doggether as vouchers for one another's repu-matic way, without either language, genius, tation. But at the same time that Virgil / or imagination. If the reader would see was celebrated by Gallus, Propertius, Ho-how the best of the Latin critics wrote, he race, Varius, Tucca, and Ovid, we know may find their manner very beautifully that Bavius and Mavius were his declared described in the characters of Horace, Pefoes and calumniators.
tronius, Quintilian, and Longinus, as they In our own country a man seldom sets are drawn in the essay of which I am now up for a poet, without attacking the repu- speaking. tation of all his brothers in the art. The “Since I have mentioned Longinus, who ignorance of the moderns, the scribblers of in his reflections has given us the same the age, the decay of poetry, are the topics kind of sublime which he observes in the of detraction with which he makes his en- several passages that occasioned them; I trance into the world: but how much more cannot but take notice that our English noble is the fame that is built on candour author has, after the same manner, exand ingenuity, according to those beautiful emplified several of his precepts in the lines of Sir John Denham, in his poem on very precepts themselves. I shall produce Fletcher's works!
two or three instances of this kind. Speak
ing of the insipid smoothness which some But whither am I stray'd? I need not raise Trophies to thee from other men's dispraise :
readers are so much in love with, he has Nor is thy fame on lesser ruins built,
the following verses: Nor needs thy juster title the foul guilt Of Eastern kings, who, to secure their reign,
These equal syllables alone require, Must have their brothers, sons, and kindred slain. Tho' oft the ear the open vowels tire,
While expletives their feeble aid do join, I am sorry to find that an author, who.is And ten low words oft creep in one dull line. very justly esteemed among the best judges,
The gaping of the vowels in the second has admitted some strokes of this nature
line, the expletive "do,' in the third, and into a very fine poem; I mean the Art
the ten monosyllables in the fourth, give of Criticism, which was published some
such a beauty to this passage, as would months since, and is a master-piece in its
have been very much admired in an ancient kind. The observations follow one another like those in Horace's Art of Poetry, with
poet. The reader may observe the follow
ing lines in the same view: 0 out that methodical regularity which would have been requisite in a prose author. They | A needless Alexandrine ends the song, are some of them uncommon, but such as
That like a wounded snake drags its slow length along the reader must assent to, when he sees And afterwards, them explained with that elegance and
'Tis not enough no harshness gives offence, perspicuity in which they are delivered. The sound must seem an echo to the sense. As for those which are the most known,
Soft is the strain when Zephyr gently blows,
And the smooth stream in smoother numbers flows' and the most received, they are placed in
But when loud surges lash the sounding shore, so beautiful a light, and illustrated with The hoarse rough verse should like the torrent roar. such apt allusions, that they have in them
When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw,
The line too labours, and the words move slow; all the graces of novelty, and make the
Not so, when swift Camilla scours the plain, reader, who was before acquainted with Flies o'er th' unbending corn, and skims along the them, still more convinced of their truth
main. and solidity And here give me leave to! The beautiful distich upon Ajax in the
foregoing lines, puts me in mind of a de- 1 grogram gown, the spouse of your parish scription in Homer's Odyssey, which none vicar, who has by this time, I am sure, of the critics have taken notice of. It is well furnished you with receipts for making
a as Ilinnian »v a gro
stone up the hill, which is no sooner carried making syrups, and applying poultices. to the top of it, but it immediately tumbles Blest solitude! I wish thee joy, my dear, to the bottom. This double motion of the of thy loved retirement, which indeed you stone is admirably described in the num- would persuade me is very agreeable, and bers of these verses; as in the four first it different enough from what I have here is heaved up by several spondees, inter- described: but, child, I am afraid thy brains mixed with proper breathing places, and are a little disordered with romances and at last trundles down in a continued line of novels. After six months marriage to hear dactyls:
thee talk of love, and paint the country
scenes so softly, is a little extravagant; one Kub Menu Sidugov, s1081dov, Xparepanye' EXOVT&, Λααν βασταζοντα πελώριον αμφοτερήσιν.
would think you lived the lives of sylvan 'Ητοι ο μεν σκήρυπτομενος χερσιν τε ποσίν τε, deities, or roved among the walks of ParaΛααν ανω ωθεσκε σοτι λοφον, αλλ' οτε μελλοι 'Ακρον υπερβαλέειν, τοτ' αποστρεψασκε Κραταιις,
dise, like the first happy pair. But pray Αυτις επειτα πεδoνδε κυλινδετο λάας αναιδης. thee leave these whimsies, and come to
i I Odyss. I. 11. | town in order to live and talk like other I turn'd my eye, and as I turn'd survey'd
mortals. However, as I am extremely inA mournful vision, the Sisyphian shade: With many a weary step, and many a groan,
terested in your reputation, I would wilUp the high hill he heaves a huge round stone: The huge round stone, resulting with a bound, first appearance under the character of a Thunders impetuous down, and smokes along the
married woman. It is a little insolent in ground.
. Pope. It would be endless to quote verses out
me, perhaps, to advise a matron; but I am of Virgil which have this particular kind
so afraid you will make so silly a figure as of beauty in the numbers: but I may take an occasion in a future paper to show
not to appear in any public places with several of them which have escaped the
your husband, and never to saunter about
St. James's Park together; if you presume observation of others. I cannot conclude this paper without
I to enter the ring at Hyde Park together, taking notice that we have three poems in
you are ruined for ever; nor must you take
the least notice of one another at the playour tongue, which are of the same nature, he and each of them a master-piece in its
house or opera, unless you would be laughed kind; the *Essay on Translated Verse, the
at for a very loving couple, most happily Essay on the Art of Poetry, and the Essay
paired in the yoke of wedlock. I would upon Criticism.
recommend the example of an acquaintance of ours to your imitation; she is the most negligent and fashionable wife in the
world; she is hardly ever seen in the same No. 254.] Friday, December 21, 1711. place with her husband, and if they hap
Eeuvos sgws agetus, o de nu podos am05 0062286. pen to meet, you would think them perfect Virtuous love is honourable, but Iust increaseth sorrow.
strangers; she was never heard to name
W him in his absence; and takes care he shall WHEN I consider the false impressions never be the subject of any discourse that which are received by the generality of the she has a share in. I hope you will proworld, I am troubled at none more than pose this lady as a pattern, though I am a certain levity of thought, which many very much afraid you will be so silly to young women of quality have entertained, think Portia, &c., Sabine and Roman wives, to the hazard of their characters, and the much brighter examples. I wish it may certain misfortune of their lives. The first never come into your head to imitate those of the following letters may best representantiquated creatures, so far as to come into the faults I would now point at, and the public in the habit as well as air of a Roanswer to it, the temper of mind in a con- man matron. You make already the entrary character.
tertainment at Mrs. Modish's tea-table; MY DEAR HARRIOT, --If thou art she, she says she always thought you a discreet but oh how fallen, how changed, what an person, and qualified to manage a family apostate! how lost to all that is gay and with admirable prudence; she dies to see · agreeable! To be married I find is to be what demure and serious airs wedlock has buried alive; I cannot conceive it more dis- given you, but she says, she shall never mal to be shut up in a vault to converse forgive your choice of so gallant a man as with the shades of my ancestors, than to Bellamour, to transform him into a mere be carried down to an old manor house in sober husband: it was unpardonable. You the country, and confined to the conversa- see, my dear, we all envy your happiness, tion of a sober husband, and an awkward and no person more than your humble serchambermaid. For variety, I suppose you
LYDIA.' may entertain yourself with madam in her
• Be not in pain, good madam, for my * By the Earl of Roscommon.
| appearance in town; I shall frequent no