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No. 75.] Saturday, May 26, 1711. | vail, as the standards of behavicur, in the
country wherein he lives. What is oppoOmnis Aristippum decuit color, et status, et res. . Hor. Lib. 1. Ep. 23. xvii.
site to the eternal rules of reason and gocd All fortune fitted Aristippus well.-- Creech.
sense, must be excluded from any place in It was with some mortification that I
the carriage of a well-bred man. I did not,
I confess, explain myself enough on this suffered the raillery of a fine lady of my
subject, when I called Dorimant a clown, acqaintance, for calling, in one of my pa
and made it an instance of it, that he called. pers, * Dorimant a clown. She was so un
the orange-wench, Double Tripe: I should merciful as to take advantage of my in-| vincible taciturnity, and on that occasion
have shown, that humanity obliges a gen with great freedom to consider the air, the
tleman to give no part of humankind re. height, the face, the gesture of him, who
proach, for what they, whom they re could pretend to judge so arrogantly of gal
proach, may possibly have in common with lantry. She is full of motion, janty and when a gentleman speaks coarsely, he has
the most virtuous and worthy amongst us. lively in her impertinence, and one of those
* dressed himself clean to no purpose. The that commonly pass, among the ignorant, for persons who have a great deal of hu
I clothing of our minds certainly ought to be mour. She had the play of Sir Fopling in
regarded before that of our bodies. To beher hand, and after she had said it was
tray in a man's talk a corrupt imagination, happy for her there was not so charming a
is a much greater offence against the concreature as Dorimant now living, she began
versation of a gentleman, than any negli
gence of dress imaginable. But this sense with a theatrical air and tone of voice to
of the matter is so far from being received read, by way of triumph over me, some of his speeches. ''Tis she! that lovely air,
among people even of condition, that Vocithat easy shape, those wanton eyes, and all
fer passes for a fine gentleman. He is loud, those melting charms about her mouth,
haughty, gentle, soft, lewd, and obsequious which Medley spoke of. I'll follow the
| by turns, just as a little understanding and
great impudence prompt him at the prelottery, and put in for a prize with my friend Bellair.'
sent moment. He passes among the silly
| part of our women for a man of wit, beIn love the victors from the vanquish'd fly; They fly that wound, and they pursue that die.'
cause he is generally in doubt. He contra Then turning over the leaves, she reads
dicts with a shrug, and confutes with a
certain sufficiency, in professing such and alternately, and speaks,
such a thing is above his capacity, What And you and Loveit to her cost shall find makes his character the pleasanter is, that I fathom all the depths of woman-kind.'
he is a professed deluder of women; and Oh the fine gentleman! But here, continues because the empty coxcomb has no regard she, is the passage I admire most, where to any thing that is of itself sacred and inhe begins to tease Loveit, and mimic Sir violable. I have heard an unmarried lady Fopling. Oh, the pretty satire, in his re- of fortune say, It is a pity so fine a gentlesolving to be a coxcomb to please, since man as Vocifer is so great an atheist. The noise and nonsense have such powerful crowds of such inconsiderable creatures, charms
that infest all places of assembling, every 'I, that I may successful prove,
reader will have in his eye from his own Transform myself to what you love.'
observation; but would it not be worth Then how like a man of the town, so wild
considering what sort of figure a man
who formed himself upon those principles and gay is that!
among us, which are agreeable to the dic"The wise will find a diff'rence in our fate, You wed a woman, I a good estate.'
tates of honour and religion, would make
in the familiar and ordinary occurrences of It would have been a very wild endeavour lif
life? for a man of my temper to offer any oppo
I hardly have observed any one fill his sition to so nimble à speaker as my fair
several duties of life better than Ignotus. enemy is; but her discourse gave me very
All the under parts of his behaviour, and many reflections, when I had left her com
such as are exposed to common observapany. Among others, I could not but con
tion, have their rise in him from great and sider with some attention, the false impres
noble motives. A firm and unshaken exsions the generality (the fair sex more especially) have of what should be in
pectation of another life makes him become tended, when they say 'a fine gentleman;'
this; humanity and good-nature, fortified and could not help revolving that subject
by the sense of virtue, has the same effect in my thoughts, and settling, as it were, an
upon him as the neglect of all goodness has
upon many others. Being firmly established idea of that character in my own imagina
in all matters of importance, that certain tion.
inattention which makes men's actions look No man ought to have the esteem of the rest of the world, for any actions which are
easy, appears in him with greater beauty. disagreeable to those maxims which pre-i
| by a thorough contempt of little excel
lencies, he is perfectly master of them.
| This temper of mind leaves him under no *Spect. No. 65.
necessity of studying his air, and he has this peculiar distinction, that his negligence is alliances. A man who is but a mere Spec unaffected.
tator of what passes around him, and net He that can work himself into a pleasure engaged in commerces of any consideration, in considering this being as an uncertain is but an ill judge of the secret motions of one, and think to reap an advantage by its the heart of man, and by what degrees it is discontinuance, is in a fair way of doing all actuated to make such visible alterations in things with a graceful unconcern, and a the same person: but at the same time, gentleman-like ease, Such a one does not when a man is no way concerned in the behold his life as a short, transient, per- effect of such inconsistencies in the beha
and great anxieties; but sees it in quite an- must be in the utmost degree both divertother light; his griefs are momentary and ing and instructive; yet to enjoy such obhis joys immortal. Reflection upon death servations in the highest relish, he ought is not a gloomy and sad thought of resign- to be placed in a post of direction, and have ing every thing that he delights in, but it the dealings of their fortunes to them. I is a short night followed by an endless day, have therefore been wonderfully diverted What I would here contend for is, that the with some pieces of secret history, which
naturally be to the character of genteel and as a curiosity. They are memoirs of the agreeable. A man whose fortune is plenti- private life of Pharamond of France. Phaful, shows an ease in his countenance, and ramond,' says my author, was a prince of confidence in his behaviour, which he that infinite humanity and generosity, and at the is under wants and difficulties cannot as- same time the most pleasant and facetious sume. It is thus with the state of the mind; companion of his time. He had a peculiar he that governs his thoughts with the ever- taste in him, which would have been unlasting rules of reason and sense, must have lucky in any prince but himself; he thought something so inexpressibly graceful in his there could be no exquisite pleasure in conwords and actions, that every circumstance versation, but among equals; and would must become him. The change of persons pleasantly bewail himself that he always or things around him does not alter his situa- lived in a crowd, but was the only man in tion, but he looks disinterested in the oc- France that could never get into company. currences with which others are distracted, This turn of mind made him delight in because the greatest purpose of his life is midnight rambles, attended only with one to maintain an indifference both to it and person of his bed-chamber. He would in all its enjoyments. In a word, to be a fine these excursions get acquainted with men gentleman, is to be a generous and a bravel (whose temper he had a mind to try) and man. What can make a man so much in recommend them privately to the particonstant good humour, and shine, as we cular observation of his first minister. He call it, than to be supported by what can generally found himself neglected by his
ever happens to him was the best thing of growing great; and used on such occathat could possibly befal him, or else he on sions to remark, that it was a great injuswhom it depends, would not have permitted tice to tax princes of forgetting themselves it to have befallen him at all.
R, | in their high fortunes, when there were so
few that could with constancy bear the favour of their very creatures.' 'My author
in these loose hints has one passage that No. 76.] Monday, May 28, 1711.
gives us a very lively idea of the uncommon Ut tu fortunam, sic nos te, Celse, feremus.
genius of Pharamond. He met with one Hor. Lib. 1. Ep. viii. 17. man whom he had put to all the usual proofs As you your fortune bear, we will bear you. | he made of those he had a mind to know
| thoroughly, and found him for his purpose. THERE is nothing so common as to find | In discourse with him one day, he gave him a man whom in the general observation of an opportunity of saying how much would nis carriage you take to be of a uniform satisfy all his wishes. The prince immetemper, subject to such unaccountable starts diately revealed himself, doubled the sum, of humour and passion, that he is as much and spoke to him in this manner: “Sir, you unlike himself, and differs as much from have twice what you desired, by the favour the man you at first thought him, as any of Pharamond; but look to it, that you are two distinct persons can differ from each satisfied with it, for it is the last you shall other. This proceeds from the want of ever receive. I from this moment consider forming some law of life to ourselves, or you as mine; and to make you truly so, I fixing some notion of things in general, give you my royal word you shall never be which may affect us in such a manner as to greater or less than you are at present. create proper habits both in our minds and Answer me not (concluded the prince smilbodies. The negligence of this, leaves us ing,) but enjoy the fortune I have put you exposed, not only to an unbecoming levity in in, which is above my own condition; for our usual conversation, but also to the same you have hereafter nothing to hope or fear. instability in our friendships, interests, and His majesty having thus well chosen and birught a friend and companion, he enjoyed | which no man else cai ever have an opalternately all the pleasures of an agreeable portunity of enjoying. He gave fortune to private man, and a great and powerful mo- none but those whom he knew could renarch. He gave himself, with his compa-ceive it without transport. He made a nonion, the name of the merry tyrant; for he ble and generous use of his observations, punished his courtiers for their insolence and did not regard his ministers as they and folly, not by any act of public disfavour, were agreeable to himself, but as they were but by humorously practising upon their useful to his kingdom. By this means, the imaginations. If he observed a man un- king appeared in every officer of state; and tractable to his inferiors, he would find an no man had a participation of the power, opportunity to take some favourable notice who had not a similitude of the virtue of of him, and render him insupportable. He Pharamond. knew all his own looks, words, and actions, had their interpretations; and his friend Monsieur Eucrate (for so he was called) having a great soul without ambition, he No. 77.] Tuesday, May 29, 1711. could communicate all his thoughts to him, and fear no artful use would be made of
Non convivere licet, nec urbe tota
Quisquam est tam prope tam proculque nobis. that freedom. It was no small delight when
Mart. Epig. 87. I. i. they were in private, to reflect upon all
What correspondence can I hold with you, which had passed in public.
Who are so near, and yet so distant too? Pharamond would often, to satisfy a vain fool of power in his country, talk to him in
in / My friend Will Honeycomb is one of a full court, and with one whisper make
ke those sort of men who are very often absent him despise all his old friends and acquain in conversation, and what the French call tance. He was come to that knowledge of a reveur and a distrait. A little before our men by long observation, that he would club-time last night, we were walking toprofess' altering the whole mass of blood in gether in Somerset-gardens, where Will some tempers, by thrice speaking to them. nag pig
on to them. I had picked up a small pebble of so odd a As fortune was in his power, he gave him-make, that he said he would present it to a self constant entertainment in managing the
the friend of his, an eminent virtuoso. After mere followers of it with the treatment they we hi
hey we had walked some time, I made a full deserved. He would, by a skilful cast of stop with my face towards the west, whicli his eye, and half a smile, make two fellows, Will knowing to be my usual method of who hated, embrace and fall upon each asking what's o'clock, in an afternoon, imother's necks with as much eagerness, as mediately pulled out his watch, and told me if they followed their real inclinations, and we had seven minutes good. We took å intended to stifle one another. When he turn or two more, when to my great surwas in high good humour, he would lay the prise, I saw him squir away his watch a scene with Eucrate, and on a public night considerable way into the Thames, and exercise the passions of his whole court. with great sedateness in his looks put up He was pleased to see a haughty beauty the pebble, he had before found, in his fob. watch the looks of the man she had long As I have naturally an aversion to much despised. from observation of his being speaking, and do not love to be the messentaken notice of by Pharamond; and the ger of ill news, especially when it comes lover conceive higher hopes, than to follow too late to be useful, I left him to be conthe woman he was dying for the day be. | vinced of his mistake in due time, and confore. In a court, where men speak affectinued my walk, reflecting on these little tion in the strongest terms, and dislike in
absences and distractions in mankind, and the faintest, it was a comical mixture of resolving to make them the subject oi a incidents to see disguises thrown aside in
future speculation. one case, and increased on the other, ac
I was the more confirmed in my design, cording as favour or disgrace attended the
i the when I considered that they were very respective objects of men's approbation or
often blemishes in the characters of men of disesteem. Pharamond, in his mirth upon
excellent sense; and helped to keep up the the meanness of mankind, used to say, “As
reputation of that Latin proverb, which he could take away a man's five senses, he
Mr. Dryden has translated in the following could give him a hundred. The man in
lines: disgrace shall immediately lose all his na Great wit to madness sure is near ally'd, tural endowments, and he that finds favour And thin partitions do their bounds divide.'* have the attributes of an angel.' He would My reader does, I hope, perceive, that 1 carry it so far as to say, “It should not be distinguish a man who is absent, because he only so in the opinion of the lower part of thinks of something else, from one who is his court, but the men themselves shall absent, because he thinks of nothing at all. think thus meanly or greatly of themselves, The latter is too innocent a creature to be as they are out or in the good graces of a taken notice of; but the distractions of the court." A monarch, who had wit and humour
* Nullum magnum ingenium sine mixtura dementia like Pharamond, must have pleasures
Seneca De Tranquil, Anin cap. XV
former may, I believe, be generally ac- 1 house about 'Change. I was 'his bail in counted for from one of these reasons. the time of the Popish plot, when he was
Either their minds are wholly fixed on taken up for a Jesuit.' If he had looked on some particular science, which is often the me a little longer, he had certainly decase of mathematicians and other learned scribed me so particularly, without ever men; or are wholly taken up with some considering what led him into it, that the violent passion, such as anger, fear or love, whole company must necessarily have which ties the mind to some distant object, found me out; for which reason, rememor, lastly, these distractions proceed from bering the old proverb, Out of sight out a certain vivacity and fickleness in a man's of mind,'I left the room; and upon meettemper, which while it raises up infinite ing him an hour afterwards, was asked by numbers of ideas in the mind, is continually him, with a great deal of good humour, in pushing it on, without allowing it to rest on what part of the world I lived, that he had any particular image. Nothing therefore not seen me these three days. is more unnatural than the thoughts and Monsieur Bruyere has given us the chaconceptions of such a man, which are sel-racter of an absent man, with a great deal dom occasioned either by the company he of humour, which he has pushed to an is in, or any of those objects which are agreeable extravagance: with the heads of placed before him. While you fancy he is it I shall conclude my present paper. admiring a beautiful woman, it is an even Menalcas,' says that excellent author, wager that he is solving a proposition in comes down in a morning, opens his door Euclid; and while you may imagine he is to go out, but shuts it again, because he reading the Paris Gazette, it is far from perceives that he has his night-capon: and being impossible, that he is pulling down examining himself further, finds that he is and rebuilding the front of his country but half shaved, that he has stuck his house.
sword on his right side, that his stockings At the same time that I am endeavouring are about his heels, and that his shirt is to expose this weakness in others, I shall over his breeches. When he is dressed, readily confess that I once laboured under he goes to court, comes into the drawingthe same infirmity myself. The method I room, and walking bolt-upright under a took to conquer it was a firm resolution | branch of candlesticks, his wig is caught up to learn something from whatever I was by one of them, and hangs dangling in the obliged to see or hear. There is a way of air. All the courtiers fall a-laughing, but Me thinking, if a man can attain to it, by which nalcas laughs louder than any of them and he may strike somewhat out of any thing. looks about for the person that is the jest of I can at present observe those starts of good the company, Coming down to the courtsense, and struggles of unimproved reason gate he finds a coach, which taking for his in the conversation of a clown, with ás much own, he whips into it; and the coachman satisfaction as the most shining periods of drives off, not doubting but he carries his the most finished orator; and can make a master. As soon as he stops, Menalcas shift to command my attention at a pup- throws himself out of the coach, crosses pet-show or an opera, as well as at Hamlet | the court, ascends the stair-case, and runs or Othello. I always make one of the com- through all the chambers with the greatest. pany I am in; for though I say little my- familiarity; reposes himself on a couch, self, my attention to others, and those nods and fancies himself at home. The master of approbation which I never bestow un- of the house at last comes in; Menalcas merited, sufficiently show that I am among rises to receive him, and desires him to sit them. Whereas Will Honeycomb, though down; he talks, muses, and then talks a fellow of good sense, is every day doing again. The gentleman of the house is tired and saying a hundred things, which he af- and amazed; Menalcas is no less so, but is terwards confesses, with a well-bred frank every moment in hopes that his impertiness, were somewhat mal à propos, and nent guest will at last end his tedious visit. undesigned.
Night comes on, when Menalcas is hardly I chanced the other day to go into a cof- undeceived. fee-house, where Will was standing in the When he is playing at backgammon, midst of several auditors, whom he had he calls for a full glass of wine and water gathered round him, and was giving them it is his turn to throw, he has the box in an account of the person and character of one hand, and his glass in the other; and Moll Hinton. My appearance before him being extremely dry, and unwilling to lose just put him in mind of me, without making time, he swallows down both the dice, and him reflect that I was actually present. at the same time throws his wine into the So that, keeping his eyes full upon me, to tables. He writes a letter, and flings the the great surprise of his audience, he sand into the ink-bottle; he writes a second broke off his first harangue, and proceed- and mistakes the superscription. A nobleed thus:-Why now there's my friend,' man receives one of them, and upon open mentioning me by my name, "he is a fel- ing it reads as follows: 'I would have you, low that thinks a great deal, but never honest Jack, immediately upon the receipt opens his mouth; I warrant you he is now of this, take in hay enough to serve me the thrusting his short face into some coffee-/ winter.' His farmer receives the other,
and is amazed to see in it, My lord, I re- | per season; on which account this is to as: ceived your grace's commands, with an en- sure you that the club of Ugly Faces was tire submission tom. If he is at an enter- | instituted originally at Cambridge, in the tainment, you may see the pieces of bread | merry reign of King Charles II. As in continually multiplying round his plate. It great bodies of men it is not difficult to find is true, the rest of the company want it as members enough for such a club, so (I rewell as their knives and forks, which Me- member) it was then feared, upon their nalcas does not let them keep long. Some- intention of dining together, that the hall times in a morning he puts his whole family belonging to Clare-hall, the ugliest then in in a hurry, and at last goes out without be- the town (though now the neatest) would ing able to stay for his coach or dinner, not be large enough handsomely to hold and for that day you may see him in every the company. Invitations were made to part of the town, except the very place great numbers, but very few accepted where he had appointed to be upon a busi- them without much difficulty. One pleadness of importance. You would often take ed, that being at London, in a bookseller's him for every thing that he is not; for a shop, a lady going by with a great belly fellow quite stupid, for he hears nothing: longed to kiss him. He had certainly been for a fool, for he talks to himself, and has excused, but that evidence appeared, that an hundred grimaces and motions with his indeed one in London did pretend she longhead, which are altogether involuntary; ed to kiss him, but that it was only a pickfor a proud man, for he looks full upon pocket, who during his kissing her stole you, and takes no notice of your saluting away all his money. Another would have him. The truth of it is, his eyes are open, got off by a dimple in his chin; but it was but he makes no use of them, and neither proved upon him, that he had, by coming sees you, nor any man, nor any thing else. into a room, made a woman miscarry, and He came once from his country-house, and frightened two children into fits. A third his own footmen undertook to rob him, and alleged, that he was taken by a lady for succeeded. They held a flambeau to his another gentleman, who was one of the throat, and bid him deliver his purse; he handsomest in the university: but upon did so, and coming home told his friends he inquiry it was found that the lady had achad been robbed; they desired to know the tually lost one eye, and the other was very particulars, Ask my servants,' says Me- much upon the decline. A fourth pronalcas, "for they were with me.'
duced letters out of the country in his vindication, in which a gentleman offered him
his daughter, who had lately fallen in love No. 78.] Wednesday, May 30, 1711.
with him, with a good fortune; but it was
made appear, that the young lady was Cum talis sis, utinam noster esses!
amorous, and had like to have run away Could we but call so great a genius ours!
with her father's coachman, so that it was The following letters are so pleasant, supposed, that her pretence of falling in that I doubt not but the reader will be as love with him, was only in order to be well much diverted with them as I was: I have married. It was pleasant to hear the sea nothing to do in this day's entertainment, veral excuses which were made, insomuch but taking the sentence from the end of that some made as much interest to be exthe Cambridge letter, and placing it at the cused, as they would from serving sheriff; front of my paper, to show the author I however, at last the society was formed, wish him my companion with as much and proper officers were appointed; and earnestness as he invites me to be his.
the day was fixed for the entertainment, SIR.-I send you the enclosed, to be in- fellow of King's-college (commonly called
which was in venison season. A pleasant serted (if you think them worthy of it) in Crab, from his sour look, and the only man your Spectator; in which so surprising a wh
surprising a who did not pretend to get off) was nomigenius appears, that it is no wonder if all
is no wonder if an nated for chaplain; and nothing was wanta mankind endeavours to get somewhat into ing but some one to sit in the elbow-chair. a paper which will always live.
by way of president, at the upper end of 8 As to the Cambridge affair, the hu
hu, the table; and there the business stuck, for mour was really carried on in the way I
there was no contention for superiority describe it. However, you have a full the
there. This affair made so great a noiség commission to put out or in, and to do tha
that the King, who was then at Newmarwhatever you think fit with it. I have al- |
ket, heard of it, and was pleased merrily ready had the satisfaction of seeing you
| and graciously to say, 'He could not be take that liberty with some things I have there himself.' but he would send them a before sent you. Go on, sir, and prosper.
brace of bucks.' You have the best wishes of, sir, your very 'I would desire you, sir, to set this affair affectionate and obliged humble servant.'
in a true light, that posterity may not be
s Cambridge. I misled in so important a point; for when MR. SPECTATOR,—You well know it is the wise man who shall write your true of great consequence to clear titles, and it history,' shall acquaint the world, that you is of importance that it be done in the pro- I had a diploma sent from the Ugly Club at