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Molly brcught me struck me to the heart, that I cannot think you are in earnest. which was, it seems, and is, your ill con- But the certainty given me in your mes litions for my love and respects to you. sage by Molly, that you do not love me, is
For she told me, if I came forty times what robs me of all comfort. She says you to you, you would not speak with me, will not see me: if you can have so much which words I am sure is a great grief cruelty, at least write to me, that I may to me.
kiss the impression made by your fair Now, my dear, if I may not be permit- hand. I love you above all things, and, in ted to your sweet company, and to have my condition, what you look upon with inthe happiness of speaking with your sweet difference is to me the most exquisite plea person, I beg, the favour of you to accept sure or pain. Our young lady and a fine of this my secret mind and thoughts, which gentleman from London, who are to marry hath so long lodged in my breast, the which for mercenary ends, walk about our garif you do not accept, I believe will go nigh dens, and hear the voice of evening nightto break my heart.
ingales, as if for fashion sake they courted For, indeed, my dear, I love you above those solitudes, because they have heard all the beauties I ever saw in my life. lovers do so. Oh, Betty! could I hear those
The young gentleman, and my master's rivulets murmur, and birds sing, while you laughter, the Londoner that is come down stood near me, how little sensible should I o marry her, sat in the arbour most part be that we are both servants, that there is of last night. On, dear Betty, must the any thing on earth above us! Oh! I could nightingales sing to those who marry for write to you as long as I love you, till money, and not to us true lovers! Oh, my death itself.
JAMES. lear Betty, that we could meet this night N. B. Bù the words ill conditions. James where we used to do in the wood!
means, in a woman coquetry, in a man inNow, my dear, if I may not have the olessing of kissing your sweet lips, I beg Il
R. may have the happiness of kissing your fair hand, with a few lines from your dear self, presented by whom you please or
No. 72.] Wednesday, May 22, 1711. hink fit. I believe, if time would permit -Genus immortale manet, multosque per a R70: me, I could write all day; but the time be
Stat fortuna domus, et avi numerantur avorum.
Virg. Georg. iv. 208 ing short, and paper little, no more from
Th' immortal line in sure succession reigns, your never failing lover till death,
The fortune of the family remains,
Drydoni, Poor James! since his time and paper were so short, I that have more than I can
HAVING already given my reader an acuse well of both will put the sentiments of count of several extraordinary clubs both this kind letter (the style of which seems
ancient and modern, I did not design to to be confused with scraps he had got in
have troubled him with any more narrahearing and reading what he did not un
tives of this nature; but I have lately rederstand) into what he meant to express.
ceived information of a club which I can
call neither ancient nor modern, that I DEAR CREATURE, -Can you then ne- dare say will be no less surprising to my glect him who has forgot all his recrea- reader than it was to myself; for which tions and enjoyments to pine away his life reason I shall communicate it to the pubin thinking of you? When I do so, you ap- lic as one of the greatest curiosities of its pear more amiable to me than Venus does / kind. in the most beautiful description that ever A friend of mine complaining of a tradeswas made of her. All this kindness you man who is related to him, after having rereturn with an accusation, that I do not presented him as a very idle, worthless love you: but the contrary is so manifest, fellow, who neglected his family, and spent
most of his time over a bottle, told me, to * The writer of this loving epistle was James Hirst, à servant to the Hon. Edward Wortley, esq. In de
In de member of the Everlasting Club, So very livering a number of letters to his master, he gave him, by mistake, this which he had just written to his
odd a title raised my curiosity to inquire sweetheart, and in its stead kept one of his master's. James soon discovered the error he had committed, and
sounding name; upon which my friend returned to rectify it, but it was too late: the letter to Betty was the first which met Mr. Wortley's eye, and
gave me the the following account. he had indulged his curiosity in reading the pathetic The Everlasting Club consists of a hunBffusion of his love-lorn footman, James begged to dred members, who divide the whole have it returned: “No, James," said his master, “ You shall be a great man; and this letter must appear in
twenty-four hours 'among them in such a the Spectator."
manner, that the club sits day and night James at length succeeded in convincing Betty from one end of the year to another; no that he had no “ill conditions," and obtained her corsent to marry him : the marriage, however, was un.
| party presuming to rise till they are refortunately prevented by her sudden death; and James,
e to suco who seems to have been a good sort of soul, soon
eans a I after inarried her sister. This sister was, most proba. Bly, the Molly who trudged so many miles to carry the
the Everlasting Club never wants compaangry message.
Iny; for though he is not upon duty himself,
ne is sure to find some who are; so that if clubs with an eye of contempt, and talks he be disposed to take a whet, a nooning, even of the Kit-Cat and October as of a an evening's draught, or a bottle after couple of upstarts. Their ordinary dismidnight, he goes to the club, and finds a course, (as much as I have been able to knot of friends to his mind.
learn of it) turns altogether upon such ad: It is a maxim in this club, that the stew-ventures as have passed in their own asard never dies; for as they succeed one an- sembly; of members who have taken the other by way of rotation, no man is to quit glass in their turns for a week together, the great elbow-chair which stands at the without stirring out of the club; of others upper-end of the table, till his successor is who have smoked an hundred pipes at a in readiness to fill it: insomuch that there sitting; of others, who have not missed has not been a sede vacante in the memory their morning's draught for twenty years of man.
together. Sometimes they speak in rapThis club was instituted towards the end tures of a run of ale in king Charles's reign; (or as some of them say, about the middle) and sometimes reflect with astonishment of the civil wars, and continued without upon games at whist, which have been miinterruption till the time of the great fire, * raculously recovered by members of the which burnt them out, and dispersed them society, when in all human probability the for several weeks. The steward at that case was desperate. time maintained his post till he had like to They delight in several old catches, have been blown up with à neighbouring which they sing at all hours, to encourage house, (which was demolished in order to one another to moisten their clay, and stop the fire;) and would not leave the grow immortal by drinking; with many chair at last, till he had emptied all the other edifying exhortations of the like nabottles upon the table, and received re- ture. peated directions from the Club to with- There are four general clubs held in a draw himself. This steward is frequently year, at which times they fill up vacantalked of in the club, and looked upon by cies, appoint waiters, confirm the old fireevery member of it as a greater man than maker, or elect a new one, settle contributhe famous captain mentioned in my lord tions for coals, pipes, tobacco, and other Clarendon, who was burnt in his ship be- necessaries. cause he would not quit it without orders. The senior member has outlived the It is said, that towards the close of 1700, whole club twice over, and has been drunk being the great year of jubilee, the club with the grandfathers of some of the pre had it under consideration whether they sent sitting members. should break up or continue their session; but after many speeches and debates, it was at length agreed to sit out the other
No. 73. ] Thursday, May 24, 1711. . century. This resolution was passed in a - - Dea certe! Virg. Æn. i. 328. general club nemine contradicente.
O goddess! for no less you seem. Having given this short account of the It is very strange to consider, that a institution and continuation of the Ever- creature like man, who is sensible of so lasting Club, I should here endeavour to many weaknesses and imperfections, should say something of the manners and charac- be actuated by a love of fame: that vice ters of its several members, which I shall and ignorance, imperfection and misery, do according to the best lights I have re- should contend for praise, and endeavour ceived in this matter.
| as much as possible to make themselves It appears by their books in general, objects of admiration.. that since their first institution, they have. But notwithstanding man's essential persmoked fifty tons of tobacco, drank thirty fection is but very little, his comparative thousand butts of ale, one thousand hogs- perfection may be very considerable. If he heads of red port, two hundred barrels of looks upon himself in an abstracted light, brandy, and a kilderkin of small beer. he has not much to boast of; but if he conThere has been likewise a great consump- siders himself with regard to others, he tion of cards. It is also said, that they ob- may find occasion of glorying, if not in his serve the law in Ben Jonson's club,+ which own virtues, at least in the absence of anorders the fire to be always kept in focus other's imperfections. This gives a difperennis esto) as well for the convenience ferent turn to the reflections of the wise of lighting their pipes, as to cure the damp- man and the fool. The first endeavours to ness of the club-room. They have an old shine in himself, and the last to outshine woman in the nature of a vestal, whose others. The first is humbled by the sense business it is to cherish and perpetuate the of his own infirmities, the last is lifted up. fire, which burns from generation to gene- by the discovery of those which he observes ration, and has seen the glass-house fires in in other men. The wise man considers and out above an hundred times.
| what he wants, and the fool what he The Everlasting Clu) treats all other abounds in. The wise man is happy when
The gains his own approbation, and the fool * Anno 1666.
when he recommends himself to the ap† See the Leges Convivales of this club, in L laine's Lives of English Poets, &c. Art. Ben Jonson. plause of those about him.
But however unreason able and absurd smiles make men happy; their frowns drive this passion for admiration may appear in them to despair. I shall only add under such a creature as man, it is not wholly to this head, that Ovid's, book of the Art of be discouraged; since it often produces very | Love is a kind of heathen ritual, which good effects, not only as it restrains him contains all the forms of worship which are from doing any thing which is mean and made use of to an idol. contemptible, but as it pushes him to ac- It would be as difficult a task to reckon tions which are great and glorious. The up these different kinds of idols, as Milton's principle may be defective or faulty, but was to number those that were known in the consequences it produces are so good, Canaan, and the lands adjoining. Most of that for the benefit of mankind, it ought not them are worshipped like Moloch in fires to be extinguished.
and flames. Some of them, like Baal, love It is observed by Cicero, that men of the to see their votaries cut and slashed, and greatest and the most shining parts are the shedding their blood for them. Some of most actuated by ambition; and if we look them, like the idol in the Apocrypha, must into the two sexes, I believe we shall find have treats and collations prepared for this principle of action stronger in women them every night. It has indeed been than in men,
known, that some of them have been used The passion for praise, which is so very by their incensed worshippers like the Chivehement in the fair sex, produces excel- nese idols, who are whipped and scourged lent effects in women of sense, who desire when they refuse to comply with the prayto be admired for that only which deservesers that are offered to them. admiration; and I think we may observe, I must here observe that those idolaters without a compliment to them, that many who devote themselves to the idols I am of them do not only live in a more uniform here speaking of, differ very much from all course of virtue, but with an infinitely other kinds of idolaters. For as others fall greater regard to their honour, than what out because they worship different idols, we find in the generality of our own sex. these idolaters quarrel because they worHow many instances have we of chastity, ship the same. fidelity, devotion! How many ladies distin- The intention therefore of the idol is quite guish themselves by the education of their contrary to the wishes of the idolater: as children, care of their families, and love of the one desires to confine the idol to himtheir husbands, which are the great quali- self, the whole business and ambition of the ties and achievements of womankind! as other is to multiply adorers. This humour the making of war, the carrying on of traffic, of an idol is prettily described in a tale of the administration of justice, are those by Chaucer. He represents one of them sitting which men grow famous, and get them- at a table with three of her votaries about selves a name.
her, who are all of them courting her faBut as this passion for admiration, when vour, and paying their adorations. She it works according to reason, improves the smiled upon one, drank to another, and trod beautiful part of our species in every thing upon the other's foot which was under the that is laudable; so nothing is more destruc-table. Now which of these three, says the tive to them when it is governed by vanity old bard, do you think was the favourite? and folly, What I have therefore here to In troth, says he, not one of all the three. say, only regards the vain part of the sex, The behaviour of this old idol in Chaucer, whom for certain reasons, which the reader puts me in mind of the beautiful Clarinda, will hereafter see at large, I shall distin- one of the greatest idols among the moderns. guish by the name of idols. An idol is She is worshipped once a week by candlewholly taken up in the adorning of her per- light, in the midst of a large congregation, son. You see in every posture of her body, generally called an assembly. Some of the air of her face, and motion of her head, gayest youths in the nation endeavour to that it is her business and employment to plant themselves in her eye, while she sits gain adorers. For this reason your idols in form with multitudes of tapers burning appear in all public places and assemblies, about her. To encourage the zeal of her in order to seduce men to their worship. idolaters, she bestows a mark of her favour The playhouse is very frequently filled upon every one of them, before they go out with idols; several of them are carried in of her presence. She asks a question of one, procession every evening about the ring, tells a story to another, glances an ogle and several of them set up their worship upon a third, takes a pinch of snuff from even in churches. They are to be accosted the fourth, lets her fan drop by accident to in the language proper to the deity. Life give the fifth an occasion of taking it up. and death are in their power: joys of hea- In short, every one goes away satisfied with ven and pains of hell, are at their disposal; his success, and encouraged to renew his paradise is in their arms, and eternity in devotions on the same canonical hour that every moment that you are present with day seven-night. them, Raptures, transports, and ecstacies. An idol may be undeified by many acciare the rewards which they confer; sighs dental causes. Marriage in particular is a and tears, prayers and broken hearts, are kind of counter-apotheosis, or a deification the offerings which are paid to them. Their inverted. When a n an becomes familiar
with his goddess, she quickly sinks into a will see in several of the following quotawoman.
tions. Old age is likewise a great decayer of What can be greater than either the your idol. The truth of it is, there is not a thought or the expression in that stanza, more unhappy being than a superannuated | "To drive the deer with hound and horn idol, especially when she has contracted Earl Percy took his way; such airs and behaviour as are only graceful
The child may rue that is unborn
I'he hunting of that day! when her worshippers are about her.
Considering therefore that in these and This way of considering the misfortunes many other cases the woman generally out- which this battle would bring upon pos lives the idol, I must return to the moral of terity, not only on those who were born imthis paper, and desire my fair readers to mediately after the battle, and lost their give a proper direction to their passion for fathers in it, but on those also who perished being admired; in order to which, they in future battles which took their rise from must endeavour to make themselves the this quarrel of the two earls, is wonderfully objects of a reasonable and lasting admira- beautiful, and conformable to the way of tion. This is not to be hoped for from thinking among the ancient poets. beauty, or dress, or fashion, but from those Audiet pugnas vitio parentum inward ornaments which are not to be de Rara juventus. Hor. Lib. 1. Od. ii. 13. faced by time or sickness, and which ap Posterity, thinn'd by their fathers' crimes, pear most amiable to those who are most
Shall read, with grief, the story of their times. acquainted with them.
What can be more sounding and poetical, or resemble more the majestic simplicity on
the ancients, than the following stanzas. No. 74.] Friday, May 25, 1711.
"The stout Earl of Northumberland
A vow to God did make,
His pleasure in the Scottish woods
Three summers days to take.
"With fifteen hundred bowmen bold,
All chosen men of might, In my last Monday's paper I gave some
Who knew full well, in time of need
To aim their shafts aright. general instances of those beautiful strokes which please the reader in the old song of
* The hounds ran swiftly through the woods
The nimble deer to take, Chevy-Chase; I shall here, according to And with their cries the hills and dales my promise, be more particular, and show
An echo shrill did make.' that the sentiments in that ballad are ex
- - Vocat ingenti clamore Citharon, tremely natural and poetical, and full of thel Taygetique
T'aygetique canes, domnitrixque Epidaurus equorum: majestic simplicity which we admire in the
Et vox assensu nemorum ingeminata remugit. greatest of the ancient poets: for which
. Georg. iii. 43. reason I shall quote several passages of it,
Cithæron loudly calls me to my way;
Thy hounds, Taygetus, open, and pursue the prey. in which the thought is altogether the same
High Epidaurus urges on my speed, with what we meet in several passages of Fam'd for his hills, and for his horses' breed : the Æneid; not that I would infer from
From hills and dales the cheerful cries rebound;
For Echo hunts along and propagates the sound. thence that the poet (whoever he was)
Dryden proposed to himself any imitation of those
"Lo yonder doth Earl Douglas come, passages, but that he was directed to them
His men in armour bright; in general by the same kind of poetical Full twenty hundred Scottish spears, genius, and by the same copyings after
All marching in our sight. nature.
• All men of pleasant Tividale, Had this old song been filled with epi Fast by the river Tweed,' &c. grammatical turns and points of wit, it The country of the Scotch warriors, demight perhaps have pleased the wrong scribed in these two last verses, has a fine taste of some readers; but it would never romantic situation, and affords a couple of have become the delight of the common smooth words for verse. If the reader compeople, nor have warmed the heart of Sir pares the foregoing six lines of the song Philip Sidney like the sound of a trumpet; with the following Latin verses, he will see it is only nature that can have this effect, how much they are written in the spirit of and please those tastes which are the most Virgil: unprejudiced, or the most refined. I must
Adversi campo apparent, hagtasque reductis however beg leave to dissent from so great Protendunt longe dextris; et spicula vibrant: an authority as that of Sir Philip Sidney, in Quique altum Præneste viri, quique arva Gabinæ
Junonis, gelidumque Anienem, et roscida rivis the judgment which he has passed as to the
Hernica saxa colunt:-qui rosea rura Velini, rude style and evil apparel of this anti
Qui Tetricæ horrentes rupes, montemque Severum, quated song; for there are several parts in Casperiamque colunt, Forulosque, et flumen Himelfa
Qui Tiberim Fabarimque bibunt.-it where not only the thought but the lan
Æn. xi. 605--vii. 682, 71% guage is majestic, and the numbers sonor
Advancing in a line, they couch their spears ous; at least the apparel is much more
Præneste sends a chosen band, gorgeous than many of the poets made use
With those who plow Saturnia's Gabine land: of in Queen Elizabeth's time, as the reader! Besides the succours which cold Anien yields;
ela's wanton those that lie Druden.
The rocks of Hernicus:--besides a land,
son I do not mention this part of the poem That followed from Velinum's dewy land
but to show the natural cast of thought And mountaineers that from Severus came: And from the craggy cliffs of Tetrica;
which appears in it, as the two last verses And those where yellow Tiber takes his way, look almost like a translation of Virgil. And where Himella's wanton waters play:
Cadit et Ripheus, justissimus unus Casperia sends her arms with those that lie
Qui fuit in Teucris, et servantissimus æqui. By Fabaris, and fruitful Foruli.
Diis aliter visum
Æn. ii. 425. But to proceed:
Then Ripheus fell in the unequal fight,
Just of his word, observant of the right;
Heav'n thought not so.
Dryder. Rode foremost of the company,
In the catalogue of the English who fell, Whose armour shone li
Witherington's behaviour is in the same Turnus ut antevolans tardum præcesstrat agmen, &c. Vidisti, quo Turnus equo, quibus ibat in armis
manner particularized very artfully, as the Aureus
reader is prepared for it by that account Our English archers bent their bows,
which is given of him in the beginning of Their hearts were good and true;
the battle; though I am satisfied your little At the first flight of arrows sent, Full threescore Scots they slew.
buffoon readers (who have seen that pas
sage ridiculed in Hudibras) will not be able *They clos'd full fast on ev'ry side, No slackness there was found;
to take the beauty of it: for which reason I And many a gallant gentleman
dare not so much as quote it. * · Lay gasping on the ground.
• Then stept a gallant 'squire forth, With that there came an arrow keen
Witherington was his name, Out of an English bow,
Who said, I would not have it told Which struck Earl Douglas to the heart,
l'o Henry our king for shame, A deep and deadly blow.'
"I nat e'er my captain fought on foot, Æneas was wounded after the same manner
And I stood looking on.' by an unknown hand in the midst of a par-We meet with the same heroic sentiment ley,
in Virgil. Has inter voces, media inter talia verba,
Non pudet, O Rutuli, cunctis pro talibus unam Ecce viro stridens alis allapsa sagitta est,
Objectare animam? numerone, an viribus æqui Incertum qua pulsa manu- An. xii. 318.
Non sumus-- - -?
An, xii. 220 Thus while he spake, unmindful of defence,
For shame, Rutilius, can you bear the sight A winged arrow struck the pious prince;
Of one expos'd for all, in single fight, But whether from a human ñand it came,
Can we before the face of Heav'n confess Or hostile god, is left unknown by fame. Dryden.
Our courage colder, or our numbers less? Dryden. But of all the descriptive parts of this song, What can be more natural, or more move there are none more beautiful than the fourlin
nan the four ing, than the circumstances in which he following stanzas, which have a great force describes the behaviour of those women and spirit in them, and are filled with very who had lost their husbands on this fatal natural circumstances. The thought in the day? third stanza was never touched by any other
"Next day did many widow's come poet, and is such a one as would have shined
Their husbands to bewail; in Homer or Virgil:
They wash'd their wounds in brinish tears,
But all would not prevail.'
"Their bodies bath'd in purple blood, An English archer then perceiv'd
They bore with them away;
They kiss'd them dead a thousand times,
When they were clad in clay.' "He had a bow bent in his hand, Made of a trusty tree,
Thus we see how the thoughts of this An arrow of a cloth-yard long
poem, which naturally arise from the subUnto the head drew he.
ject, are always simple, and sometimes exAgainst Sir Hugh Montgomery
quisitely noble; that the language is often So right his shaft he set, The grey-goose wing that was thereon
very sounding, and that the whole is writIn his heart-blood was wet.
ten with a true poetical spirit. *This fight did last from break of day
If this song had been written in the Till setting of the sun;
Gothic manner, which is the delight of all For when they rung the ev'ning bell The battle scarce was done.'
our little wits, whether writers or readers, Une may observe, likewise, that in the ca
it would not have hit the taste of so many talogue of the slain, the author has followed
| ages, and have pleased the readers of all the example of the great ancient poets, not
ranks and conditions. I shall only beg par
don for such a profusion of Latin quotaonly in giving a long list of the dead, but
tions; which I should not have made use by diversifying it with little characters of
of, but that I feared my own judgment particular persons.
would have looked too singular on such a And with Earl Douglas there was slain Sir Hugh Montgomery,
subject, had not I supported it by the pracSir Charles Carrel, that from the field
tice and authority of Virgil. One foot would never fly: • Sir Charles Murrel of Ratcliff too, His sister's son was he;
* There is nothing ludicrous in the verse alluded to Sir David Lamb, so well esteemid,
as it stands in the original ballad: Yet saved could not be.
. 'For Wetharryngton my harte is wo, The familiar sound in these names destroys
That ever he slayne shulde be;
For when both his legges wear hewyne in to, ca . Yet he knul'd and fought on his kne.'