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tabernacle of the congregation, to be offered as an offering unto the Lord before the tabernacle of the Lord. He, who did not bring his offering in this manner was guilty of blood;----Blood shall be imputed unto that man, he hath shed blood; and that man shall be cut otf from among his people.” Lev. xvii, 4. It was required that the whole bullock, after his blood was shed, should be carried forth without the camp, unto a clean place where the ashes were poured out, and be burnt on the wood with fire. Lev. iv, 12.
The Jewish Sanhedrim or Ecclesiastical Court, made up of the chief priests, scribes, and elders of the people, together with the high priest at their head, may be considered as answering to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation; for at the door of this court the blessed Jesus was condemned to be crucified. And when the sentence of death was pronounced upon him, his blood, in effect, was then shed. Hence said the multitude, “His blood be upon us and on our children."
- Jesus, having bad a mock trial,'was, when they had bound him, delivered to Pontius Pilate the Roman governour, to be crucified. The Jewish Sanhedrim had no authority to put any man to death without the approbation of the Roman government; Pilate there. fore might have saved the innocent Jesus; but for fear of the people, having scourged him, he delivered him up to be crucified. “The governour's soldiers took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. And they stripped hini, and put on him a scarlet robe”—“And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, the same as Calvary, that is to say, A place of a skull, they gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall—“And they crucified him." Thus the holy Redeemer, who was
' the Antitype of the Jewish sacrifices and burnt-offerings, was condemned at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and then carried without the camp to be crucified; answering the type of slain beast's bei ing carried without the camp to be offered as a burntoffering unto the Lord Or as the apostle to the Hebrews expresses it. “We have an altar whereof they have no right to eat who serve the tabernacle. For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burnt without the camp. Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.” Hence the Jewish offerings, as saith the Apostle Paul, “serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle;" for, “See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern-shewed thee in the mount.”
THE SUBJECT OF THE PRECEDING DISCOURSE
JOHN v, 39. Search the scriptures; for in them
eternal life; and they are they which testify of me. THE institution of the Passover is, evidently, designed to bring into view, him, who is eminently styled the Lamb of God, who was without blemish and without spot. It was the purpose of God not only to de
. liver his people from Egyptian bondage, but to pre. serve them after this deliverance, when all the firstborn of Egypt were doomed to destruction. of this institution we have an account in the twelfth chapter of Exodus. The Lord proposed, that the time in which he should deliver his people from Egypt, should be the first month of the year; and that on the tenth day of the same month they should take every man a lamb And it was required that the lamb should be *without blemish, a male of the first year.” It was also required that the lamb be kept up four days; that is, from the tenth day to the fourteenth; and then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel were to kill him in the evening. The blood of the lamb was to be sprinkled on the door-posts of the houses wherein they were to eat it. They were commanded not to eat it raw, or sodden at all with water; but it must be roasted with fire. And nothing of it was allowed to remain till morning. Here we have an account of the type: Now let us see how itagrees w jt the Antitype. And,
First; Christ was without blemish and without spot; that is he was without sin.
Secondly; The paschal lamb was to be kept up un. til the fourth day before it was killed. And Christ was crucified on the fourth year after he entered upon bis public ministry.
Thirdlý; The whole assembly of the congregation of Israel were to kill this lamb. So Christ was put to death by the general assembly of the congregation of Israel. The high priest said of him, he hath spoken blasphemy. What think ye? And they said he is guilty of death. This was the language of the council which condemned him. And when Pilate
proposed to the people to release him; "the chief priests and the rulers and the people, cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man.” “Pilate, therefore, willing to
, release Jesus, spake again to them. But they cried, saying, Crucify him, Crucify him.”
Fourthly; T'he paschal lamb was to be killed in the evening; so upon the cross, in the evening, did Christ the Lord expire. “And, from the sixth hour until the ninth hour, there was darkness over all the earth." “And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.”
Fifthly; Christ did not remain upon the cross all night. In connexion with these things we see the propriety of Paul's exhortation to the Corinthians; 6. Purge out, therefore, the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us."
As the passover was an eminent type of Christ who was slain for us; a type of the Lamb of God, who was slain from the foundation of the world; there was great propriety in the Jews' keeping the feast of the passuver, in remembrance of Messiah whom they looked for as the Saviour to come. But of the true design of this feast, that nation, in general, had no adequate conception. As a type of Christ, they were perfectly ignorant of its spiritual meaning Some of the nation, however, understood the design of it. Moses, it is evident, un
derstood it, not only as a device to distinguish the people of Israel from the Egyptians; that Israel might be saved, when all the first-born of Egypt were reserved for inevitable destruction; but also, as a type of the true Messiah: That Moses understood the true, and spiritual design of this institution, is evident from what the apostle says concerning him. By faith, Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter-By faith he for600k Egypt - Through faith he kept the passover anıl the sprinkling of blood, lest hethat destroyed the first-born should touch them."
As the passover was a type of Christ, when the blood of Christ should be shed, the type should pass away as a shadow. Hence, it is evident, that Christ did not mean that this feast should be kept as an ordinance in the church, after the night in which he was betrayed to be crucified. Accordingly the very night in which he was betrayed, an appointment was made to celebrate it for the last time; “And, his disciples made ready the passover.
Now when evening was come, he sat down with his disciples." While they were together at the last feast of the passover, Jesus informed his disciples that one of them should betray him. * And they were exceedingly sorrowful; and began every one of them to say uuto bim, Lord, is it ? Then Judas who betrayed him answered and said Master, is it 1? He said unto him, Thou hast said. And as they were eating," that is, the passover, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it. For this is
blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. But I
But I say unto you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in my Father's kingdom."
From this time the feast of the passover was to cease forever. The substance being come, the shadow was